Ignacio Montorio

Ignacio Montorio
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Biological and Health Psychology

PHD

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144
Publications
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Publications

Publications (144)
Article
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The literature studying the characteristics associated with revictimization in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is heterogeneous and inconclusive. The absence of studies on the role of the emotional variables of the victims and the failure to distinguish revictimization by the same or different aggressors are two of the main limitations in this area...
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Emotional dysregulation is a construct that has drawn substantial attention as a transdiagnostic contributing factor to the loss of health. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a term used to describe physical, psychological, or sexual assault of a spouse or sexual partner. The aim of the study was to determine the variability of emotional dysregulat...
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Introduction: Will-to-live, a central concept in well-being theories, represents a positive attitudinal component towards one's own life. It has been identified as a mediator between the self-perception of aging and longevity and health. The objective of this study is to characterise elderly people with high levels of will-to-live in the main dime...
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Cognitive theories of anxiety propose that selective attention to negative information plays a central role in the development and maintenance of anxiety. The presence of such attentional bias has been confirmed in younger adults. Nevertheless, there are few studies that have explored anxiety-linked attentional bias in older adults, and the availab...
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Background: In the last two decades, successful aging (SA) and positive psychology (PP), the two paradigms of health have received great attention. They originate from different approaches, theoretical background, and objectives. Although they share many characteristics, their association remains understudied. This article aims to empirically analy...
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The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between perception of time and indicators of successful ageing. The study evaluated preference in temporal orientation, perception of speed of the passage of time and a wide range of psychosocial well-being and health indicators. The sample consisted of 1,178 people aged over 60 years from...
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Cognitive models of anxiety propose that heightened anxiety vulnerability is characterized by a tendency to interpret ambiguous situations as threatening. The presence of such an interpretive bias has been confirmed in younger adults, using assessment measures that bypass the limitations of self-report and objectively assess interpretive processing...
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The aim of this study was to test a model of emotional distress, which incorporates the potential mediator role of positive resources (sense of control, self-esteem, and optimism) in the association of age with emotional distress. The study used a cross-sectional design with intentional sampling and the voluntary participation of 325 adults between...
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The evidence for an anxiety-related memory bias is contradictory. We compiled 171 articles published until October 2016 including a group with clinical or subclinical anxiety and a control group in tasks involving implicit or explicit memory using threatening stimuli. There was an anxiety-related memory bias in free recall tasks, but it was not obs...
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El objetivo de este trabajo fue probar la eficacia de un programa piloto basado en la psicología positiva y destinado a incrementar el bienestar emocional de las personas mayores. El diseño de investigación fue experimental, con grupos de intervención y control. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 67 adultos de 60 a 89años de edad. El programa consisti...
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Aunque hemos avanzado notablemente en el desarrollo de recursos preventivos y especialmente, en la eficacia de los tratamientos psicológicos que intentan paliar los trastornos mentales, estamos aún lejos de la situación óptima. Este trabajo se centra en dos grandes cuestiones que consideramos retos y necesidades fundamentales en este ámbito: (a) la...
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La magnitud y el impacto que suponen los trastornos mentales no se corresponden con los recursos que se dedican a su investigación y atención. Aunque hemos avanzado notablemente en su comprensión y en la eficacia de los tratamientos psicológicos que intentan paliarlos, estamos aún lejos de la situación óptima. Este trabajo se centra en uno de los r...
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The aim of this study was to show the efficacy of a pilot program based on positive psychology to enhance the well-being of the elderly. The experimental design included intervention and control groups. The sample consisted of 67 adults aged 60-89. The program included nine 1.5 hour weekly sessions. The program topics included character strengths,...
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Introduction. Few validated tools exist in Spanish for conducting a precise assessment of the cognitive functioning of persons with advanced dementia. This population is a challenge due to the large number of persons who reach these states and owing to the complexity of the care that they require. This study presents a validated Spanish version of...
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Background: Several studies have shown that anxiety is associated with a better memory of negative events. However, this anxiety-related memory bias has not been studied in the elderly, in which there is a preferential processing of positive information. Objectives: To study the effect of anxiety in a recognition task and an autobiographical mem...
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The aim of the present study was to analyze factors that promote the experience of subjective recovery in people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, and their relationship with objective recovery indicators. To do so, and after reviewing the existing literature, the predictive value of a set of different clinical and psychosocial variables on subjec...
Research
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Este estudio se dirige a analizar las principales dimensiones de contenidos de preocupación entre las personas mayores, partiendo de un amplio listado de Ítems sobre contenidos específicos relevantes en esta edad. La muestra se compuso de 105 personas mayores de 65 años, seleccionadas mediante muestreo aleatorio a partir del censo de una localidad...
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Introduction: People with progressive dementia evolve into a state where traditional neuropsychological tests are not effective. Severe Impairment Battery (SIB) and short form (SIB-s) were developed for evaluating the cognitive status in patients with severe dementia. Aim: To evaluate the psychometric attributes of the SIB-s in patients with sev...
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In this study, we tested in older and younger adults the efficacy of two well-known procedures to experimentally induce anxiety: a) Velten self-statements combined with music; b) film scenes. We extended the pre-vious findings in this field to the understudied area of mood induction in older adults. Fifty-seven older adults and 94 college students...
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Introducción. Existen pocas herramientas validadas al castellano para realizar una evaluación precisa del funcionamiento cognitivo de personas con demencias avanzadas. Esta población supone un reto por el elevado número de personas que alcanzan estos estadios y por la complejidad de cuidados que requieren. Este trabajo presenta la validación al cas...
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Background The aim of this paper is to ascertain if the subjective perception of the economic situation of a household is associated with the prevalence of disability in old age, net of education level. Subjective economic perception is less non-response biased. Knowing if the self-perceived economic situation is related to disability over and abov...
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Extensive prior research has indicated that sexual assault is highly prevalent among American college students. The purpose of this study was to assess Spanish students' attitudes about forced sex and actual experiences with male-against- female sexual aggression (SA) at a major university campus. A date-rape story was presented whereupon students...
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Background and objective Although elder abuse is not a new phenomenon, it remains hidden. There have been carried out various preliminary studies about the prevalence of elder abuse in different countries. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of suspicion of elder abuse in old persons without cognitive impairment, dwelling in communi...
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Tal y como han mostrado investigaciones previas, la agresión sexual es muy común entre los estudiantes universitarios estadounidenses. El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar tanto las actitudes de los estudiantes españoles hacia el sexo forzado como las experiencias reales de agresión sexual (AS) de los varones hacia las mujeres dentro del c...
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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although elder abuse is not a new phenomenon, it remains hidden. There have been carried out various preliminary studies about the prevalence of elder abuse in different countries. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of suspicion of elder abuse in old persons without cognitive impairment, dwelling in commun...
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The phenomenon of resilience reflects positive adaptation despite contexts of risk, significant adversity, or trauma (Masten and Powell 2003; Luthar 2006). The purpose of this investigation was to propose a mediation model to explain the relation between stress and some psychological and social resources that enhance positive adaptation throughout...
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The phenomenon of resilience reflects positive adaptation despite contexts of risk, significant adversity, or trauma (Masten and Powell 2003; Luthar 2006). The purpose of this investigation was to propose a mediation model to explain the relation between stress and some psychological and social resources that enhance positive adaptation throughout...
Article
Tesis doctoral inédita. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud, 1990 Bibliografía: p. 300-343
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Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud. Fecha de lectura: 19 de diciembre de 2008 Bibliogr.: p. 197-213. Índice
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Despite previous work have shown the important role of different psychological variables in older people with chronic pain, a more comprehensive evaluation of the multiple dimensions of pain experience and their relation with adjustment is needed. The objective of the present work is to identify new meaningful underlying variables that show the rel...
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The aim of this study is twofold. First, to assess the level of agreement between radiographic damage and functional disability in older people with osteoarthritis. And second, to assess the role of coping skills and sensory pain parameters as sources of disagreement between these variables. To achieve this objective we assess, in a sample of 104 o...
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This study has two main purposes: (a) to assess the functioning of the Geriatric Depression Scale in its Spanish version in old visually-impaired people, and (b) to assess the relevance of measuring depressive symptoms within a comprehensive assessment of psychological adjustment related to vision impairment in that population. Respondents were 329...
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The main goal of the current research was to study the relationship between holding negative aging stereotypes and cognitive performance in a cognitive stimulation program in an older adult group (n=55) with Mild Cognitive Impairment. Performance and stereotypes were contrasted before and after the cognitive stimulation program. Firstly, results sh...
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The aim of this work is to empirically generate a shortened version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), with the intention of maximising the diagnostic performance in the detection of depression compared with previously GDS validated versions, while optimizing the size of the instrument. A total of 233 individuals (128 from a Day Hospital, 105...
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ObjectiveThe aim of this work is twofold. The first is to analyse how cognitive-behavioural and perceptual variables help to explain functional disability in older people with chronic pain caused by osteoarthritis. The second is to determine how functional disability can help to explain the interference of pain in daily activity and how cognitive-b...
Article
Objective: The aim of this work is twofold. The first is to analyse how cognitive-behavioural and perceptual variables help to explain functional disability in older people with chronic pain caused by osteoarthritis. The second is to determine how functional disability can help to explain the interference of pain in daily activity and how cognitive...
Article
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El presente estudio tiene dos objetivos principales: (a) evaluar la adecuación y funcionamiento de la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica en su versión española en la población mayor con défi cit visual, y (b) evaluar la relevancia que tiene la medida de la sintomatología depresiva dentro de un proceso global de evaluación del ajuste a la pérdida visual...
Article
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Despite previous work have shown the important role of different psychological variables in older people with chronic pain, a more comprehensive evaluation of the multiple dimensions of pain experience and their relation with adjustment is needed. The objective of the present work is to identify new meaningful underlying variables that show the re...
Article
Full-text available
Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud, Fecha de lectura:17 de octubre de 2008 Bibliogr.: p. 173-187
Article
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El presente estudio tiene dos objetivos principales: (a) evaluar la adecuación y funcionamiento de la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica en su versión española en la población mayor con défi cit visual, y (b) evaluar la relevancia que tiene la medida de la sintomatología depresiva dentro de un proceso global de evaluación del ajuste a la pérdida visual...
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This study examines the psychometric properties of the Dysfunctional Thoughts about Caregiving Questionnaire (DTCQ). DTCQ was administered to 227 dementia family caregivers. Principal components analyses resulted in a two-factor solution: Perception of Sole Responsibility and Perfectionism. The DTCQ has a strong internal consistency and an adequate...
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It is usually assumed that social desirability increases with ageing, correlates with measures of emotional well-being, and represents a potential threat to research in older adults, and should therefore be systematically controlled. However, this assumption is controversial and lacks a strong empirical basis. The present study aimed to analyze the...
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This study aims to explore the relationship between knowledge about aging and severity of worry in older adults, and to test the potential mediational role of intolerance of uncertainty. The sample was composed of 120 community-dwelling older adults, with a mean of age of 71.0 years (SD = 6.3). Mediational analyses and structural equation modeling...
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The studies focused on age-related differences in emotional experience are still scarce, and most of them have been conducted with North-American samples. This study explores the presence of age-related differences in some facets of emotional experience (subjective well-being and emotional intensity), as well as in variables related to emotion regu...
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Depression is commonly associated with chronic pain, and is also a common condition in the elderly. However research in the area of depression and pain is scarce. The aim of the present work was to analyse how cognitive-behavioural and perceptual variables help to explain the presence or absence of depression in older people with chronic pain cause...
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El más conocido de los procedimientos que intenta una estimación cuantitativa del dolor es el Cuestionario de Dolor de McGill (MPQ). El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar una versión abreviada del mismo para lo que se determinó si se encontraban asociaciones significativas con el tipo de dolor, variables sociodemográficas y niveles de ansi...
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The Mc Gill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) is the most known inventary to evaluation pain. The aim of this study was assess the utility of MPQ in 127 cuban chronic pain patients . The instruments were a short version of MPQ, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (IDARE) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). No significant associations were found with sex,...
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Familism is considered to be a cultural value shared by different Hispanic groups. The familism scale (FS) was developed by Sabogal, Marín, Otero-Sabogal, Marín, and Perez-Stable (1987, Hispanic familism and acculturation: What changes and what doesn't? Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, vol. 9, pp. 397-412) as a self-report measure of this c...
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We analyzed the discriminative capacity of several risk factors for elder abuse and neglect, in order to identify what characteristics distinguish between caregivers with a high or low risk of abuse and neglect. Forty-five caregivers of relatives with dementia participated. The combination of caregiving impact, frequency of aggressive behaviors by...
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Objective: The present work aims to comparatively analyze the effectiveness of the group application of two different procedures de-signed to induce anxiety. Method: Sixty two students of psychology were randomly assigned to one of the two following anxiety induction condi-tions, using a between-subjects design with repeated measures (pre-post indu...
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The controversy concerning the validity and reliability of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) appears to be particularly relevant in the elderly, since physical symptoms associated with GAD can readily be considered as the consequences of normal aging. This study aims to analyze the structure invariance of a questionnaire assessing the DSM-IV diagn...
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En este estudio descriptivo mediante encuesta se analizó la relación entre el riesgo de maltrato y posibles factores predictores de maltrato procedentes del cuidador (estrés, carga e ira), de la persona cuidada (comportamientos problemáticos y estado funcional) y de la situación de cuidado (ayuda recibida y calidad de la relación). Además, se valor...
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Los estudios que analizan las diferencias asociadas a la edad en la experiencia y la regulación emocional son escasos y han sido realizados en su mayoría con población estadounidense. Este estudio explora, en población adulta española, las diferencias asociadas a la edad en variables relacionadas con la experiencia emocional (bienestar subjetivo e...
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In this descriptive study through questionnaires was analysed the relationship between elder abuse risk and possible elder abuse predictor factors belonging to caregiver (stress, burden, and anger), to care-receiver (problematic behaviours and functional state) to caregiving situation (received help and quality of the relationship). Moreover, it wa...
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Unlabelled: Among the diverse group of interventions developed to help dementia family caregivers cognitive-behavioural approaches show especially promising results. Objectives: This study describes a cognitive-behavioural group intervention aimed principally at the modification of dysfunctional thoughts associated with caregiving (MDTC). The ef...
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Due to the difficulties in recruiting elderly people for psychological studies, a wide range of recruitment methods has been used. The underlying assumption that the recruitment method does not seriously affect the results has to be tested. Results in different worry measures are compared between three samples which were recruited with different st...
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IntroductionThe Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) has been widely used as a screening instrument for detecting depression in older adults. Given its length (30 items), several abbreviated versions have been proposed. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of three versions of the GDS (GDS-30, GDS-1 5, and GDS-5) in screening for depression in olde...
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Both anxiety disorders and subclinical anxiety symptoms are related to poorer health and functioning in later life. Because worry is an important component of anxiety, the accurate measurement of worry is crucial to studying the etiology, prevention and treatment of anxiety disorders. Assessment of the trait worry has emerged as the most widely use...