Iea Pvps

Iea Pvps
International Energy Agency (IEA) | IEA

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152
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657
Citations
Citations since 2016
58 Research Items
571 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100

Publications

Publications (152)
Technical Report
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The given state-of-the-art review of BIPV design and management tools presents recent developments in BIPV modelling concerning design and management processes with different levels of detail, targeting various stakeholders and their requirements in the BIPV value chain in relation to geophysical, technical, economic and environmental aspects. It g...
Technical Report
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Photovoltaic (PV) modules are designed and tested for long-term durability in harsh outdoor environments, but a small percentage may break during installation or operation. Some industry stakeholders have expressed concerns regarding potential human exposure to hazardous materials should a PV module break in the field. To evaluate these concerns, s...
Technical Report
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This report focuses on the requirements, specifications and regulations relevant to the development of BIPV performance and safety standards. After presenting a comprehensive list of possible requirement items and analysing specifications and regulations related to BIPV, this report provides information and proposals to support the development of i...
Technical Report
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In this report the effects of PV integration into diesel driven micro-grids was investigated. The focus was set to the fuel saving potential due to the PV integration and the resulting economics for the system. The report starts with a summary of the most relevant technical aspects that need to be considered for the integration of PV in a diesel dr...
Technical Report
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This report focuses on the needs for BIPV and the multiple functions that BIPV provides from the perspective of the users. The “users” may be the building owner, the building occupants or the professionals involved in planning and constructing the building, such as the architects, engineers, consultants and contractors. Other remote “users” could a...
Technical Report
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In the building sector, net-zero energy performance targets and reduction of CO2 emissions are the main drivers for building integrated photovoltaics. Recent market studies [10,18,19] show the history and perspective of the global market in the BIPV sector and calculate a global compound annual growth rate of ~ 40 % from 2009 up to 2020. In Europe...
Technical Report
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The scope of the report is to map the research and development teams and test facilities active in BIPV. It focuses on 17 country members of IEA PVPS Task 15 and thus, this report does not provide an exhaustive list of all research teams and facilities around the globe. This second edition of the report provides further information on the testing f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides an overview of current building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) definitions. The definitions have been used in standards to specify their scope, by funding programmes to differentiate between classes of photovoltaic systems that were eligible for different subsidies, and in collaborative research projects and programmes to achie...
Technical Report
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Specifically, this report presents an analysis of potential human health impacts associated with chemical release from modules during a building fire for three PV technologies, focusing on airborne release of the highest‐prioritized chemical element for each: lead (Pb) content in crystalline‐silicon (c‐Si) modules, cadmium (Cd) content in thin film...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Many individual wind and solar integration studies have been conducted in the past. The integration studies have evolved towards looking at the integration of wind and solar at the same time. Integration studies typically simulate a future power system with wind and solar contributions (share or penetration) varying from 5% to more than 50% of annu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2013, PVPS Task 1 published a comparison of policies governing PV residential selfconsumption in OECD countries. Following this report, it was decided to launch a second study, taking up the theme of PV self-consumption but focusing on so-called emerging and developing countries. This study is limited to the "net metering" mechanism in which a s...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the impact of various photovoltaic (PV) module failure modes in PV systems in the field to rank the impact of the failure types on the power generation. Therefore we designed a PV system failure survey based on a spread sheet programme. The survey is distributed to international PV experts who fill in the data. The failure data is collec...
Article
Full-text available
When photovoltaic (PV) projects are developed and constructed for investment purposes, financing from professional investors and banks are required, and financial models are developed that describe the expected cash-flow generated by the PV plant over the economic lifetime of the project. The calculation is based on models that require both technic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In PV projects it is important to establish a common practice for professional risk assessment, which serves to reduce the risks associated with related investments. The objective of this paper is to present a methodology in how to improve the current understanding of several key aspects of technical risk management during the PV project lifecycle,...
Article
Full-text available
Project investment has been and still is a primary financial factor in enabling sustainable growth in photovoltaic (PV) installations. When assessing the investment-worthiness of a PV project, different financial stakeholders such as investors, lenders and insurers will evaluate the impact and probability of investment risks differently depending o...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The monitoring of single PV modules plays an important role in the demonstration and deeper understanding of technological differences in PV module performance, lifetime and failure mechanisms. With the growing share and relevance of PV in the market, the number of stakeholders performing outdoor measurements at module level is continuously increa...
Technical Report
Full-text available
IEA PVPS is pleased to present its 2017 Annual Report. This document summarizes the actions of member countries and the activities in all research programs (tasks). According to annual report, 2017 has seen close to 100 GW, more precisely 98 GW, of additional installed PV capacity worldwide, raising the cumulative installed capacity to 402,5 GW. Ch...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Preliminary market numbers show that the PV market grew significantly in 2017.In total, at least 98 GW of PV capacity were installed in the IEA PVPS countries and in other major markets during 2017. The total installed capacity in the IEA PVPS countries and key markets has risen to 402 GW. These are the main outcomes of the latest IEA PVPS “Snapsho...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The IEA Task 16 has been approved at the ExCo meeting in November 2016 in Vienna. The official start of the Task was July 2017. It will go on for three years till June 2020. Task 16 is a joint Task with the TCP SolarPACES (Task V). The Task has been approved by the SolarPACES ExCo in October 2016. It will keep also minimal collaboration with the SH...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) can have a vastly different business model than other PV installations; applied on buildings or ground‐mounted. Business models for ordinary PV installations generally focus exclusively on revenues, direct or indirect, from the electricity generated, whereas BIPV has the potential to also reduce costs throug...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The quality assurance measures for PV modules are of fundamental importance for any PV power plant asset. The failure-free operation of the PV modules is a prerequisite for efficient energy production, long life, and a high return on the investment. During operation PV modules may develop defects which can be repaired if they are detected in time,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Photovoltaic (PV) technology is one of the most promising technologies for improving energy security and mitigating climate change. The PV market is growing rapidly, and further market expansion is expected all over the world. In addition to its positive impacts on energy security and climate change, PV technology is also among the most environment...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The water use of photovoltaic (PV) electricity has been investigated in very few studies so far, which may be due to the low water demand of PV systems during operation. In this study, the water consumption and water withdrawal of electricity generated by PV systems were assessed by considering all life cycle stages and by taking account of country...
Technical Report
Full-text available
With the rapid and accelerating growth of PV module installation and an increase of PV modules from the nineteen eighties and nineties reaching the end of their 30 year lifespan, their proper end of life treatment gets into focus. This report deals with the approaches, the environmental impacts and the recovered materials of PV module recycling. In...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Solar photovoltaic (PV) installations must be properly dismantled and any waste treated and disposed at the end of project life. However, because most of the world’s nearly 400 GW of PV systems have been built in the past decade – each expected to operate for between 20 and 30 years – current PV module waste volumes do not yet justify widespread op...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The IEA Task 16 (T16) has been approved at the ExCo meeting in November 2016 in Vienna. The official start of the Task was July 2017. It will go on for three years till June 2020. T16 is a joint Task with the TCP SolarPACES (Task V). The Task has been approved by the SolarPACES ExCo in October 2016. It will keep also minimal collaboration with the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Building Integrated PV (BIPV) is seen as one of the five major tracks for large market penetration of PV, besides price decrease, efficiency improvement, lifespan, and electricity storage. IEA PVPS Task 15 focuses on the international collaboration to create an enabling framework to accelerate the penetration of BIPV products in the global market o...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The dramatic increase of PV generation implies several challenges in transmission and distribution system operation. As for transmission, major issues relate to the variability, uncertainty, reduction of inertia and regulation capabilities, with consequent higher needs in flexibility resources requirements. Flexibility is considered as the ability...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Availability, high efficiency and therefore fault detection are of equal importance to the PV system owner and the grid manager for utility‐grade PV and increasingly for the small residential array. With increasing penetration of small arrays, large neighborhoods aggregate to virtual megawatt power stations, creating an amorphous and unpredictable...
Technical Report
Full-text available
PV financial models are used by project developers, banks and asset managers to evaluate the profitability of a PV project. The objective of this work is to present an overview of current practices for financial modelling of PV investments and to review them in view of technical and financial risks during the different phases of a PV project. This...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this report we present the current status and predictive ability for the power loss of PV modules for specific failure modes. In order to model PV module degradation modes it is necessary to understand the underlying degradation mechanisms and processes on the molecular level. In most cases the encapsulant and backsheet films seem to play a majo...
Technical Report
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Technical Report
Full-text available
The objective of this work is to present an overview of current prac-tices for financial modelling of PV investments and to review them in view of technical and finan-cial risks during the different phases of a PV project. This report focuses on establishing common practices for translating the technical parameters of performance and reliability in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Components of photovoltaic (PV) systems undergo rigorous safety and reliability testing protocols during manufacturing and fulfill the electrical safety requirements established by various codes and standards. These systems do not pose health, safety, or environmental risks under normal operating conditions if properly installed and maintained by t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document is intended as a guide for The Renewable Energy Industry, Multi-Lateral and BiLateral Donors and Government Ministries/Departments that want to introduce competency based quality renewable training programs for technicians into a country or region. The guide provides an overview of: 1. Quality Training Frameworks; 2. The processes inv...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The “Snapshot of Global Photovoltaic Markets” aims at providing preliminary information about how the PV market developed in the last year. IEA-PVPS collects information from official governmental bodies and reliable industry sources. Information about countries outside the IEA-PVPS network is collected through the industry network, industrial ass...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The PV Performance Modeling Collaborative (PVPMC) is a group started by Sandia National Laboratories in 2010 to bring together stakeholders with the aim of advancing the “state of the art” in PV performance prediction. The PVPMC hosts a technical website (pvpmc.sandia.gov), workshops, and open-source modeling function libraries (PVLIB). In 2015, IE...
Technical Report
Full-text available
2016 was a record year which saw the PV market jumping to 76 GW for the very first time. It has confirmed the global PV markets trends and the consolidated market development observed since 2013. The rise of PV markets in Asia and Americas has been confirmed, with China installing more than 34,55 GW alone. Overall, more than 65 GW of PV were instal...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents an overview of research results and field experiences on the subject of local voltage support by distributed generators (DGs). The focus of this report is the German power supply system, which has experienced a significant photovoltaic (PV) expansion of approximately 36 GW within the last decade. Case study results from differe...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Photovoltaic energy deployment is paving the way for deep changes in the way electricity is produced and the grid is managed. While multi megawatts power plants and High Voltage power system remain the main drivers for balancing production and consumption, we see now the emergence of production of electricity and storage systems at Low Voltage leve...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This short report aims at providing a brief explanation about self-consumption concept without going in-depth into statistical analysis and current status of PV self-consumption in selected countries all over the world. Based on understanding how self-consumption works and parameters to define self-consumption, the comprehensive analysis of self-co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report aims at providing a comparative analysis of existing mechanisms supporting the self-consumption of electricity in key countries all over the world and to highlight the challenges and opportunities associated to their developments. Mechanisms promoting self-consumption of PV electricity are based on the idea that PV electricity will be u...
Technical Report
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Technical Report
Full-text available
Technical potential of materials recovered from end-of-life solar PV panels could exceed $15 billion by 2050 The global solar photovoltaic (PV) boom currently underway will represent a significant untapped business opportunity as decommissioned solar panels enter the waste stream in the years ahead, according to a report released today by the Inte...
Technical Report
Full-text available
IEA PVPS has distinguished itself throughout the years by producing unbiased reports on the development of PV all over the world, based on information from official government bodies and reliable industry sources. This fourth edition of the “Snapshot of Global PV Markets” aims at providing preliminary information on how the PV market developed in t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Recent higher penetration of variable renewable generation such as photovoltaic and wind generation has been causing various technical and financial impacts on many power systems. Many countries and area system operators are making many various efforts of generation, transmission, distribution, demands, system operation and a power market. In PVPS...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the work of the IEA PVPS Programme annual surveys of photovoltaic (PV) power applications and markets are carried out in the reporting countries. The objective of the Trends reports is to present and interpret developments in the PV power systems market and the changing applications for these products within that market. These trends are...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Net Energy Analysis (NEA) is a structured, comprehensive method of quantifying the extent to which a given energy source is able to provide a net energy gain (i.e., an energy surplus) to the end user, after accounting for all the energy losses occurring along the chain of processes that are required to exploit it (i.e., for its extraction, processi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a structured, comprehensive method of quantifying material and energy flows and their associated emissions caused in the life cycle1 of goods and services. The ISO 14040 and 14044 standards provide the framework for LCA. However, this framework leaves the individual practitioner with a range of choices that can affect...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is a suggestion on how to monitor and evaluate PV-diesel hybrid systems. It offers system users a way of understanding if their system is operated in a way that will make it last for a long time. It also gives suggestions to how to act if there are signs of unfavourable use or failures. The application of the guide requires little technical eq...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The increasing penetration of PV systems in the distribution network creates new opportunities but also raises several issues for the grid operation. New challenges, arising from the variable nature of solar energy generation, must be tackled in order to keep a stable and balanced power grid. In this study, short term variability in power output...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Technical Report
Full-text available
The “Snapshot of Global Photovoltaic Markets” aims at providing preliminary information about how the PV market developed in the last year. IEA-PVPS collects information from official governmental bodies and reliable industry sources. Information about countries outside the IEA-PVPS network is collected through the industry network, industrial ass...