Idriss Serme

Idriss Serme
Institut de l'Environnement et Recherches Agricoles | INERA · GRN/SP

Ph.D. Agronomy/ soil science
Principal scientist

About

66
Publications
27,231
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468
Citations
Citations since 2017
57 Research Items
464 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
Le diagnostic de la fertilité est un préalable pour la formulation de recommandation d'engrais équilibrée et spécifique au site. Pour ce faire, des essais soustractifs ont été mis en place sur 60 parcelles à la Vallée du Sourou. Les essais ont été répartis sur les sols bruns eutrophes ferrugineux tropicaux hydromorphes (BEFH) et les sols b sols bru...
Article
Full-text available
Burkina Faso is an agricultural and landlocked country whose agriculture is dependent on climatic hazards. Irrigated agriculture therefore appears as an alternative to secure, intensify and sustainably increase agricultural production. However, irrigation systems in Burkina Faso suffer from numerous technical, organizational, land and structural pr...
Article
Fertilizer microdosing (FM) is being disseminated to resource-limited smallholder farmers within the framework of sustainable intensification in order to boost crop productivity. However, scaling up of this technology revealed that yield response variability may be a barrier to its adoption. A total of 351 on-farm trials across three agro-climatic...
Article
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Les amendements organiques sont indispensables au maintien de la matière organique du sol, élément essentiel pour l'accroissement de la production. Pour mieux apprécier l'impact de ces amendements organiques sur la production, une étude a été menée en milieu paysan afin d'évaluer l'effet de quatre fertilisants organiques de commerce sur la producti...
Article
This study aims at contributing to the sustainable management of groundwater emergences located in the Sindou Peaks irrigated area. The choice of this study area is due, on the one hand, to its geological context located between the sedimentary and crystalline rocks and, on the other hand to its economic interest. The study focused on understanding...
Article
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This study analyzes fertilizer micro-dosing adoption and focuses on farmers' perceptions. Data used are from households selected based on agroecological characteristics. The bivariate probit model estimation results show that fertilizer microdosing adoption is a process. After the first adoption, 22.67% of farmers continued to apply fertilizer micr...
Article
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L'objectif de cet article est d'analyser les coûts économiques des déficits de rendements du sorgho et du maïs dans la région du Plateau Central au Burkina Faso. Une enquête a été conduite auprès de deux-cent quarante (240) producteurs de sorgho et de maïs choisis par l'échantillonnage aléatoire simple. La statistique descriptive a été utilisée et...
Article
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Shallow groundwater is often exposed to multiple sources of pollution that can make it unsuitable for certain uses. Complete hydrogeochemical studies are necessary for the better management of these resources. Well water samples were collected on the extent of Karfiguéla paddy field for physico-chemical parameters, such as pH, EC, TDS, Na+ , Ca2+,...
Article
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La récurrence des déficits céréaliers reste constante dans la région du Plateau Central. Parmi les céréales qui permettent l’appréciation de ces déficits, le sorgho blanc représente 36% des superficies emblavées avec un poids de 33% pour sa contribution à la couverture des besoins céréaliers (TCBC) des populations de la zone d’étude. Cette dissonan...
Article
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L’intensification de la production du maïs au Burkina Faso passe par une fertilisation adéquate sur des sols propices. L’objectif de cette étude était de développer à l’aide du modèle Information and Decision Support System (IDSS), un outil d’aide à la décision en matière de recommandation d’engrais pour la production du maïs dans la zone sud souda...
Article
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Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) is a major grain crop in Burkina Faso. A three-year experiment was conducted in the Sudanian zone to determine the combined effects of tillage methods (T) and cropping systems with different soil amendments (CS/SA) on plant nutrient concentrations and related this to human and cattle nutrient requirements. The a...
Article
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With the aim of promoting sustainable agriculture that respects the environment and human health, a study was carried out to evaluate the impact of organic and mineral fertilizers on tomato plant cultivation. The study was carried out at the Research Station of Farako-Bâ in Burkina Faso. A complete randomized block of Fisher design with four replic...
Article
Full-text available
The deficiency in available phosphorus for crops is a major constraint on cereal production in Mali. The objective of this study was to assess the combined effects of phosphorus sources at different rate and tillage practice on maize agronomic performance and soil chemical properties. The treatments used consisted of the combination of three source...
Article
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L'inadéquation de la fertilisation minérale est une contrainte qui limite la production du sorgho et du mil au Burkina Faso. Cette étude vise à déterminer l'effet des nutriments secondaires et des micronutriments (NSM) dans la production du sorgho et du mil sur des sols ferrugineux tropicaux lessivés du Burkina Faso. Elle a été conduite en station...
Article
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Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) is a major grain crop in Burkina Faso. Two three-year experiments were conducted in the Sudanian and Sudano-Sahelian zones to determine how plant nutrient concentrations are affected by tillage methods (T) and soil amendments (SA). In both locations, T and SA had little effect on grain and stover nutrient concen...
Article
Full-text available
Grain sorghum intercropped with cowpea or sole cropped are common cropping systems in the Sudano-sahelian agroecological zone of Burkina Faso. A two-year experiment was conducted on the influence of tillage and cropping system with soil amendment (CS/SA) on sorghum grain and stover nutrient concentrations. Tillage had no influence on grain nutrient...
Article
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A two-year experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block designs with split plot treatment arrangements and three replications in the Sahelian agroecological zone of Burkina Faso. The main plot was tillage method and the sub-plot was cropping system/soil amendment (compost and mineral fertilizer) combinations. The objective of this study...
Article
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Burkina Faso's agricultural systems are space-intensive and are characterized by their low productivity. In the past, a shifting cultivation system with fallow was practiced by farmers. With demographic pressure and the migratory phenomenon, this traditional system of regeneration and management of soil fertility has almost disappeared. The search...
Article
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Rotation of grass ley with periods of annual crop production can be a means to increased farming system productivity, sustainability and profitability. This research review offers interpretations of rotation research results for future African agriculture. Some rotation studies were with naturally generated and severely over‐grazed fallows consisti...
Article
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The Intensification of cowpea production is a priority because of its role in household income generation and its contribution to food security. To evaluate the effect of organic fertilizers on cowpea productivity, a dispersed block experiment design was set up in Saria in the semi-arid zone of Burkina Faso during the 2017 and 2018 cropping seasons...
Article
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La déficience en phosphore assimilable du sol est l'une des contraintes majeures à la production céréalière au Mali. L'objectif de cette étude est d'évaluer les effets de différentes formules de fumures à base du phosphore naturel de tilemsi (PNT) et d'engrais azotés et potassiques sur les propriétés chimiques du sol et les performances agronomique...
Article
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L’intensification agricole est une nécessité pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire dans les pays du sahel. Cette étude avait pour objectif d’évaluer les effets de paquets technologiques de gestion intégrée de la fertilité des sols sur la productivité du sorgho. Pour ce faire, un dispositif en blocs dispersés a été mis en place en milieu paysan où ch...
Article
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A Pot experiment was conducted on 30 years long term soils under different soils management to evaluate the effect of organic amendments and soil tillage on phosphorus evolution in Ferric Lixisol. Two (2) levels of incubation with and without sorghum bicolor were used with six (6) treatments: (1) Tillage with animal traction + 10 t manure / ha / ye...
Article
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The bad practices' management of soil fertility is one of the main factors of the instability of agrarian ecosystems in cotton zones of Burkina Faso. The search for solutions to this effect requires a good knowledge of technical and socioeconomic determinants of the producers that affect the productive capital management. Using data a survey among...
Article
Full-text available
The bad practices' management of soil fertility is one of the main factors of the instability of agrarian ecosystems in cotton zones of Burkina Faso. The search for solutions to this effect requires a good knowledge of technical and socioeconomic determinants of the producers that affect the productive capital management. Using data a survey among...
Article
Full-text available
Fertilizer microdosing (FM) is being promoted in sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA) to boost crop productivity on smallholder farms. However, yield response variability is a barrier to adoption. We conducted a meta‐analysis to analyze the variability in cereal crop yield response to FM and to determine the main factors associated with this variability. Thirt...
Article
Maize (Zea mays L.) grain production increased by 428% in Burkina Faso and 82% in Nigeria during the past 20 years primarily due to increased production area. To improve profitability, yield ha−1 needs to be increased. Yield response functions for nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) and response to a Mg–S–Zn–B (MgSZnB) treatment were de...
Article
Full-text available
Experiments were conducted under rainfed conditions in the Sudanian Agroecological Zone (SAZ) of Burkina Faso from 2012 to 2014 to identify the best package of practices that will increase sorghum yields in sole cropping (Exp.1) and sorghum and groundnut yields in intercropping (Exp.2). Split plot design was used. The main plot was tillage method (...
Article
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Sole cropped pearl millet and intercropped pearl millet with cowpea are the dominant cropping systems in the Sahelien agroecological zone of Burkina Faso with low and stagnant pearl millet and cowpea yields. Two experiments were conducted in randomized complete block designs with split plot arrangements and three replications. The main plot was til...
Article
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La présente étude visait à faire une analyse de la dynamique des parcours dans l’Ouest du Burkina Faso dans un contexte de variabilité climatique et de gestion des ressources agropastorales. Les outils de télédétection ont été utilisés pour déterminer l’évolution de l’occupation des terres et de la végétation à travers l’indice de condition de l...
Article
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In Burkina Faso, livestock sector has an important place in the country's economy. Essentially extensive, this livestock farming is characterized by transhumance system, which consists of leading livestock sometimes over long distances in search of good pastures and water. Satellite images from different periods can be used to monitor the evolution...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The abstract submitted to Crop Science Society of Japan (CSJJ) 247th conference meeting. This update includes the preliminary results from the field experiment that I conducted in Burkina Faso. I also presented some initial crop modeling results (APSIM) in the conference.
Article
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Crop production in sub-Saharan Africa has numerous biotic and abiotic constraints, including nutrient deficiencies. Information on crop response to macronutrients is relatively abundant compared with secondary and micronutrients (SMN). Data from 1339 trial replicates of 280 field trials conducted from 2013 to 2016 in 11 countries were analyzed for...
Article
Full-text available
Cette étude a été initiée en 2016 dans l’optique de mieux accompagner l’introduction du soja au Burkina où la problématique de sa fertilisation se pose. Elle a été réalisée en milieu réel dans les provinces de la Sissili et du nahouri suivant un dispositif en bloc complet dispersé en 2016. Trois types de fumures ont été mis en comparaison sur le so...
Article
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Nitrogen fertilization is widely used in irrigated rice fields in Burkina Faso, but its efficiency is very low due to the N-based greenhouse gas emitting traditional management practices. Urea deep placement (UDP) in lowland rice fields is one of the best currently applicable management techniques to mitigate N emissions while increasing N use effi...
Article
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Soil fertility is inherently low in sub Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was therefore to determine millet yield for two varieties in each zone using organic and inorganic fertiliser in two agro-ecological zones in Mali. A two-year experiment was conducted at Agricultural Research Station of Sotuba and Cinzana in 2013 and 2014. A combina...
Article
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Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is important in semi-arid West Africa. Yields are low due to inadequate water and nutrient availability and other constraints. Grain and fodder yield responses to nutrient application were determined from 21 site-years of research conducted in the Sahel and Sudan Savanna. The incomplete factorial treatment arran...
Article
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Farmyard manure (FYM) is valuable for soil management, especially for soils with < 10 g kg⁻¹ organic C in semi-arid West Africa. This study determined short-term FYM effects on yield and on response to N, P and K fertilizer for 20 trials in Niger and 28 trials in Burkina Faso involving six crops. The comparisons were of 0 and 2.5 Mg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ FYM a...
Article
crop productivity in sub-Saharan Africa commonly encounters numerous unmitigated constraints that affect crop response to fertilizer use and relationships of soil test properties with nutrient responses. A dataset from 1265 blocks of 267 replicated trials conducted across 11 countries was analyzed to determine relationships of soil test properties...
Article
Full-text available
In West Africa, rice (Oryza sativa L. and Oryza glaberrimaI Steud) production is not meeting current demand. Low yields are attributed to diverse biotic and abiotic constraints including nutrient deficiencies, inadequate agronomic practices, and socioeconomic constraints. This study quantified yield and profit responses of rainfed rice produced in...
Chapter
Maintaining and/or improving soil fertility under conditions of climatic deterioration remains one of the major challenges facing small-scale farmers of the sub-Saharan regions in ensuring their food production. To address this issue, trials combining mineral fertilizer microdosing, MD (2g NPK/seed hole), soil and water conservation (SWC) technique...
Chapter
A field study was conducted at Farako-Bâ, located in the south Sudan zone of Burkina Faso to update the fertilizer recommendations for maize production according to the soil type and variety of maize. The experiment was a split-plot arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications on both Luvisol and Ferralsol. The factors wer...
Chapter
Soil fertility depletion has been recognized as the most important limitation to food security in Burkina Faso. Crop production eg sorghum is constrained by inadequate supply of fertilizers and there is therefore the need to establish optimum fertilizer rates for increased and sustainable yields. This study is a short-term experiment conducted duri...
Article
Full-text available
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) were domesticated in Africa for human consumption and are often the dominant cereals in semi-arid areas where yield is constrained by soil water deficits, nutrient deficiencies, and other constraints. Research was conducted to quantify yield responses and profitab...
Article
Full-text available
It is widely believed that limited access of small scale farmers to agricultural credit is one of the key causes of rural poverty and a major constraint to adoption of innovations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Since the early 1960s, many strategies to access agricultural credits have been implemented with success. This study assessed the effects of warran...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture in Mali is vulnerable to climate change. Rainfall remains uncertain for the future, while the increase in temperature is almost a certainty. The objective of this present study was to assess the performance of DSSAT model in simulating the yield of two millet varieties in two agro-ecological zones of Mali under different scenarios of cl...
Article
Full-text available
Labile pools of soil organic matter (SOM), including soil sugars, are important to the formation and stabilization of soil aggregates and to microbial activity and nutrient cycling. The effects of cropping systems at farm level in tropical areas on SOM labile pool dynamics have not been adequately studied and the results are sparse and inconsistent...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Manure is a valuable resource of integrated soil fertility management for soils typically with soil organic C (SOC) of < 10 mg kg-1 in the Sahel and Sudan Savanna of West Africa. Manure application eeects on yield and response to fertilizer were not well established. On-farm and on-station trials were conducted during 2014 and 2015 in Niger to eval...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Decision Resources for Fertilizer Use Optimization in Africa The vast majority of farmers in sub-Saharan Africa have severe nancial constraints to fertilizer use and need very high returns on their small investments with little risk. Well-determined crop-nutrient response functions for the major crops of a farmer and the means to consider these fun...
Article
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RESUME La baisse de la fertilité des sols agit fortement sur la productivité des cultures et par conséquent, le revenu des agriculteurs. L'utilisation des engrais minéraux permet d'améliorer la productivité des sols mais son accès reste limité aux petits producteurs. L'objectif de la présente étude est d'évaluer l'efficacité agronomique et économiq...
Article
Full-text available
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) are important crops in West Africa for food security and marketing. Yields are low, partly due to soil fertility constraints. High net returns to fertilizer use are needed by poor smallholder farmers. Well-determined nutrient response functions are needed to make profit-oriented decisions...
Article
Full-text available
The availability of freely available moderate-to-high spatial resolution (10–30 m) satellite imagery received a major boost with the recent launch of the Sentinel-2 sensor by the European Space Agency. Together with Landsat, these sensors provide the scientific community with a wide range of spatial, spectral, and temporal properties. This study co...
Article
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La technique de fertilisation minérale par micro-dose a montré son efficacité pour l’amélioration de la productivité agricole en Afrique Sub-saharienne. Cependant, celle-ci n’a toujours pas été associée de façon optimale à la fumure organique. L’objectif de cette étude est de déterminer les doses optimales de matière organique et d'engrais minéraux...
Article
Full-text available
In the evaluation of Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) techniques, little attention is paid to the rain water productivity of crops. The aim of this research work, is to assess the combined effects of SWC practices and soil fertility management on rain water productivity of maize hybrid. On-farm experiments were carried out in the districts of Houn...
Chapter
This book contains 17 chapters providing details on decision tools that use linear programming to determine recommendations specific to a farmer's context intended to maximize profit from fertilizer use in sub-saharan Africa. Chapter 1 and 2 discusses the principles and approach, and spatial analysis of fertilizer use optimization, respectively. Ch...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted in Nadion, located in the South Sudan zone of Burkina Faso, to assess the impact of no-till, tied ridging; ripping and conventional tillage combined with soil fertility management options on available nitrogen dynamics in the soil. The fertility management options were: control, crop residues compost (2.5 Mg ha-1), NPK (100 kg...
Article
Full-text available
Soil degradation is recognized as a serious constraint to crop production in sub-Saharan Africa. A study was conducted in Nadion, located in the South Sudan zone of Burkina Faso to assess the impact of no-till, tied ridging; ripping and conventional tillage combined with soil fertility management options on Lixisol structural stability after two ye...
Article
Full-text available
Water and soil fertility are the most limiting biophysical factors affecting crop production in semi-arid West Africa.. This study was conducted in Nadion (south Sudan zone of Burkina Faso) to assess the impact of tillage practices (no-till, tied ridging; ripping and conventional tillage) combined with soil fertility management options (compost, NP...
Article
Full-text available
Water and soil fertility are the most limiting factors to crop production in semi-arid zones. In Burkina Faso soil and water conservation techniques were developed and promoted in the Saharan zone where the annual rainfall is less than 600 mm. This study was conducted in Nadion located in the South Sudan zone of Burkina Faso to assess the impact of...
Chapter
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La culture de Jatropha curcas se présente comme une alternative opportune à la réduction des besoins et dépenses énergé- tiques, à l’amélioration de la fertilité des sols et des revenus des producteurs agricoles en témoignent les nombreuses vertus attribuées à la plante. Un intérêt particulier est suscité pour cette culture nouvelle et cela se trad...
Chapter
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Au Burkina Faso, peu d’études se sont inté- ressées à la comparaison des rendements de de plantations de Jatropha curcas en fonction des conditions agro écologiques. L’objectif de cette étude était d’évaluer les rendements grains des différentes pratiques culturales (culture pure et haie vive). Plus spécifique- ment, il s’agissait de déterminer les...
Thesis
Full-text available
A study was conducted in Nadion, located in the South Sudan zone of Burkina Faso to assess the impact of no-till, tied ridging; ripping and conventional tillage combined with soil fertility management options on soil chemical and physical properties and on sorghum growth and yield. The fertility management options were Control, 2.5 Mg ha-1 of c...

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