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Citations since 2017
4 Research Items
This article explores how optimal abatement trajectories are affected by dynamic characteristics of greenhouse-gas emitting systems, such as inertia, induced innovation, and path-dependency. We formulate a compact and analytically tractable model with stylized damage assumptions to derive the optimal cost-benefit pathway. Our analytic solution high...
Europe's capacity to explore the envisaged pathways that achieve its near-and long-term energy and climate objectives needs to be significantly enhanced. In this perspective, we discuss how this capacity is supported by energy and climate-economy models, and how international modelling teams are organ-ised within structured communication channels a...
Several major economies rely heavily on fossil fuel production and exports, yet current low-carbon technology diffusion, energy efficiency and climate policy may be substantially reducing global demand for fossil fuels1,2,3,4. This trend is inconsistent with observed investment in new fossil fuel ventures1,2, which could become stranded as a result...
This paper develops a stylised mathematical interpretation of innovation and inertia in economic systems, characteristics which feature in economics literature traceable back at least to Schumpeter and other economic theorists of innovation, as well as economic historians. Such characteristics are particularly important in energy systems and their...
The performance of SQUIDs and superconducting qubits based on magnetic flux is degraded by the presence of magnetic flux noise with a spectral density scaling approximately inversely with frequency. It is generally accepted that the noise arises from the random reversal of spins on the surface of the superconductors. We introduce a numerical method...
It is generally accepted that the 1/f magnetic flux noise observed in dc SQUIDs and superconducting qubits originates in the random flipping of a uniform distribution of electron spins localized at the superconductor-insulator interface. Computer simulations and analytical calculations based on this model confirm the experimental result that the no...