Ianir Milevski

Ianir Milevski
Israel Antiquities Authority · Department of Archaeological Research

Doctor of Philosophy

About

81
Publications
23,546
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923
Citations
Citations since 2017
35 Research Items
586 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
Socio-economic formations of the late prehistory of the southern Levant
Additional affiliations
January 1988 - December 2014
Independent Researcher
Independent Researcher
Position
  • Research Archaeologist

Publications

Publications (81)
Chapter
Full-text available
Excavation of a site of the Early Bronze Age 1, Amatzia, at which a large public silo was discovered. It is much larger than expected at a settlement of the size of Amatzia. It is suggested that that and another site at Lahav, with a similar installation, were satellite communities of a larger, central site, which controlled economic activity relat...
Article
Three types of stone vessels from surveyed and excavated sites in Israel are presented and discussed: bowls with very small lug handles attached to the rim, bowls decorated with an incised row of lozenges on their exterior and chalices with a solid pedestaled base. The first two types are usually made of limestone, while the chalices are made of ba...
Conference Paper
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The current salvage excavations at the site of Motza, near Jerusalem have exposed a megasite dated to the Middle and Final PPNB (PPNC). An extended Late Pottery Neolithic (Late Wadi Rabah or Early Chalcolithic) occupation also existed at the site. Several types of stone bracelets mainly made of limestone were found. Plain rings with perforations in...
Article
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In 2019, as part of rescue excavations by the Israel Antiquities Authority, remains dating to the Ghassulian Chalcolithic were found at the southern margins of Tel Yavne, a site located on the coastal plain near Nahal Soreq. Four areas were excavated – A, B, C, and G – though retrieved Ghassulian remains only in Area A. Two Chalcolithic phases were...
Article
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This paper presents the earliest evidence for the exploitation of lignite (brown coal) in Europe and sheds new light on the use of combustion fuel sources in the 2nd millennium BCE Eastern Mediterranean. We applied Thermal Desorption/Pyrolysis–Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and Polarizing Microscopy to the dental calculus of 67 individuals an...
Article
Full-text available
The Dawn of the Bronze Age: The Pattern of Settlement in the Lower Jordan Valley and the Desert Fringes of Samaria during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age I. By Shay Bar. Culture and History of the Ancient Near East, vol. 72. Leiden: Brill Pp. vi + 607, 178 illus. $250.
Article
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This paper presents the results of the salvage excavations at Netzer Sereni in the Mediterranean Coastal Plain of Israel. The site was uncovered within alluvial sand. The sand infills a depression between two aeolianite (kurkar) ridges, where local runoff accumulated probably due to local sand damming, redepositing sandy and clay-rich sediments. Sl...
Article
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Fortification walls and other buildings discovered during renewed excavations at Tel Erani (Tell esh-Sheikh el-Areyni) shed new light on the beginnings of urbanisation in the Southern Levant during the second half of the fourth millennium BC.
Article
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En este artículo se analizarán las primeras lámparas de aceite de arcilla en forma de cuencos halladas en las excavaciones de Ein Zippori, en la Baja Galilea, y se pasará revista de los mismos hallazgos en varios sitios de la Edad del Bronce Antiguo IB en el Levante meridional. Se trata del comienzo de la aparición generalizada de estas lámparas en...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the salvage excavations at Netzer Sereni in the Mediterranean Coastal Plain of Israel. The site was uncovered within alluvial sand. The sand infills a depression between two aeolianite (kurkar) ridges, where local runoff accumulated probably due to local sand damming, redepositing sandy and clay-rich sediments. Sl...
Article
Shells found at the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B site of Yiftahel reflect various aspects of the cultic, social, and economic life at the site. Taxonomically, the assemblage is typical to sites in the Mediterranean climatic zone, dominated by Mediterranean bivalves with several local gastropods and a few specimens originating from the Red Sea. This comp...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Here we report the identification of staple and exotic food remains in Bronze and Early Iron Age dental calculus from the Southern Levant. The analysis of dietary plant microremains and proteins sheds new light on consumed exotic foods from South and East Asia during the second millennium BCE. We provide the earliest direct evidence in...
Article
Recent examination of the lithic assemblage from the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (MPPNB, 10,100–9,250 BP cal.) layers of Yiftahel in the Lower Galilee, Israel, revealed a relatively large number of flint artifacts showing evidence of intentional heating. Heat treatment of siliceous raw materials is a worldwide phenomenon usually used during the...
Article
En el mes de julio de 2018, un equipo de investigadores del Instituto de Historia Antigua Oriental “Dr. Abraham Rosenvasser” en el marco del Proyecto PICT-Raíces 2015-2943, participó en las excavaciones de la campaña arqueológica realizada en Tel Erani, Israel. Este sitio, excavado desde la década del ‘50 del siglo pasado, es clave para comprender...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the timing of the first domestication of donkeys (Equus asinus) in the southern Levant (southern Syria-Israel Palestine-/Jordan) with reference to the region’s archaeozoological record. It further examines their subsequent utilization in local exchange systems based on iconographic records (miniature, artistic-cultic represen...
Article
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Three Hebrew ostraca, found near Khirbet Zanu’ (Ḥorvat Zanoaḥ) and published by Milevski and Naveh in 2005, were re-imaged using a high-end multispectral imaging technique. The re-imaging yielded dozens of changed or added characters and resulted in renewed, larger and improved readings, hereby published. In addition, we interpret the texts of the...
Article
Objective: To determine the cause of a large dental lesion, tentatively identified as a case of pre-eruptive intra-coronal resorption (PEIR), in the permanent second mandibular molar of a young individual from an Iron Age cemetery at Tel Erani (Israel), dated to ca. 3000 years B.P. The provisional diagnosis was based on the massive size of the lesi...
Article
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This article presents a newly discovered figurine of chalky limestone found at a cave close to Tel Halif in the northern Negev during salvage excavations conducted after the cave was partially looted. The figurine is compared with the corpus of figurines with similar iconographic characteristics. Two exemplars found years earlier at Tel Halif itsel...
Article
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This paper offers a reappraisal of the Levantine prehistoric chronological sequence constructed by Pyotr Petrovich Efimenko (1884–1969). As a young Russian prehistorian, Efimenko visited Palestine in 1913, collected material from several sites and, in 1915, published a synthesis in which he compared the prehistory of Europe with that of the Near Ea...
Article
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In the present thematic volume of Paléorient we have addressed some facets of the socio-cultural connections and disconnections in the Levant during late Prehistory and Protohistory. The articles presented here deal with case studies across different areas of the Levant and at different periods showing similarities and/or dissimilarities. They offe...
Article
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We present in this thematic issue of Paléorient selected contributions to session A25f, “North-South connections and Disconnections in the Prehistory and Protohistory of the Levant”, in the XVIIth Congress of the International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences held at the University of Burgos, Spain, in September 2014. The session wa...
Poster
The site of Eshta’ol is situated in the Judean foothills region on a moderate slope on the western bank of the Nahal Kisalon riverbed. The region has a typical Mediterranean environment with an average annual precipitation of 500-600 mm and is covered with forest vegetation. During the past decade, several excavations conducted at the site uncovere...
Article
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Fan (or tabular) scrapers are a diagnostic tool type in Chalcolithic Ghassulian and Early Bronze Age lithic assemblages from the southern Levant. To date, only small numbers of fan scrapers have been reported from the Late Pottery Neolithic Wadi Rabah culture. In this paper we present a techno-typological analysis of a fair sample of fan scrapers a...
Article
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A unique Pottery Neolithic context corresponding to the Wadi Rabah culture was found at the multi-layered site of Ein Zippori, Israel. Given the significant amount of flakes, cortical flakes, thinning flakes, and bifacial tool rejects, it was classified as a refuse pit in which bifacial knapping waste from a nearby workshop was disposed. In this pa...
Book
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The ability to accumulate and store large amounts of goods is a key feature of complex societies in ancient times. Storage strategies reflect the broader economic and political organization of a society and changes in the development of control mechanisms in both administrative and non-administrative—often kinship based— sectors. This is the first...
Article
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A total of 266 obsidian items were found during four seasons of excavation at the Late Prehistoric site of Ein Zippori, Israel. Most of the assemblage was assigned to the Wadi Rabah culture. The obsidian artefacts originated in three Anatolian sources – Cappadocian Göllü Dağ and eastern Anatolian Bingöl A and B. Several colour and texture differenc...
Article
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Several objects bearing unusual motifs have recently been recovered during salvage excavations and surveys of sites in Israel dated to the 6th–5th millennia BC. In the southern Levantine examples (Hagoshrim, Neve Yam and Ein Zippori), these motifs appear on bone objects and stone palettes in strata identified with the Early Chalcolithic of the Wadi...
Article
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Four symbolic artefacts were recovered from the Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic (Wadi Rabah culture) site of Neveh Yam, dated to the sixth-fifth millennia BCE. These comprise two anthropomorphic figurines made of stone, one anthropomorphic image incised on bone and a sherd with zoomorphic incisions. These artefacts are described and discussed wit...
Article
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Even though the faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is among the most ubiquitously cultivated crops, very little is known about its origins. Here, we report discoveries of charred faba beans from three adjacent Neolithic sites in the lower Galilee region, in the southern Levant, that offer new insights into the early history of this species. Biometric measur...
Article
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The excavation was conducted along the western fringes of the site of Beisamun. Three areas were opened (Areas A-C), revealing four layers. Layer I, the upper layer, is a dark brown clayey soil, which contained few archaeological finds. Layer II is a graybrown clayey soil, rich in organic material and ash-most of the artifacts and architectural rem...
Article
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This article presents the flint assemblages from the Neolithic workshops exposed at Giv'at Rabi (East), which produced bidirectional blades, unidirectional blades and bifacial tools. The Neolithic blades were produced from wide cores with relatively few preparations. The bifacial tools included unfinished and finished cortical axes and adzes. These...
Article
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The excavations at Abu Ghosh revealed two phases dated to the PreGhassulian period, between the end of the sixth millennium and the midfifth millenium BCE. Three archaeologicalsedimentary layers were identified at the site: Layer I- Topsoil, Layer II-possibly EB I, and Layer III-PreGhassulian. The architecture of Layer III consisted of rectilinear...
Article
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Several occupation levels dating to the sixth to fifth millennia BC (the Wadi Rabah and pre-Ghassulian Late Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures as well as the Early Bronze Age IB–II) were found in a salvage excavation conducted at Ein Zippori in the lower Galilee. Pottery vessels from the different periods were sampled for organic residue analysis...
Article
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Three plastered skulls, dating to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, were found at the site of Yiftahel, in the Lower Galilee (Israel). The skulls underwent refitting and restoration processes, details of which are described herein. All three belong to adults, of which two appear to be males and one appears to be a female. Virtual cross-sections were stu...
Article
In this paper we analyze the different interpretations proposed by scholars about the social structure of the Chalcolithic (Ghassulian) period of the southern Levant. Special attention is given to those proposals which argue the presence of chiefdoms or egalitarian societies in this time span. It is considered that these interpretations fail to acc...
Article
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Early Bronze Age (ca. 3600-2000 B.C.) lithic assemblages of the southern Levant have been thoroughly analyzed, both from the technological and typological viewpoints. Among the characteristic flint tools of this period are tabular scrapers and Canaanean (sickle) blades. While the former tool was in use during the previous Chalcolithic (Ghassulian-B...
Article
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Recent excavations at Ein Zippori in the Lower Galilee revealed a complex proto-historic site dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, Early Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. While the nature of the Neolithic occupation is not clear and consists of few lithic artifacts, the density of the architectural remains and rich archaeological assembla...
Article
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This is the final report of salvage excavations conducted during 2005 and 2007 at the Chalcolithic (Ghassulian) site of Horbat 'Illit B, in the Haelah Valley. We present the stratigraphy and the architectural remains of the site, including a description of one of the rare flint workshops of the Chalcolithic period found in the southern Levant. Comp...
Article
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La transition Chalcolithique – Bronze ancien dans le Sud Levant (ca 3800-3600 BC) revet de multiples facettes. Alors que le terme de transition est souvent utilise pour decrire les vestiges de la culture materielle des deux periodes, on s’attache ici a caracteriser les modifications socio-economiques qui sont advenues pendant les deux siecles envir...
Article
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Lower Paleolithic faunal and lithic assemblages serve as a major source of information on the behavior and capabilities of Early- and Middle Pleistocene hominins. The multi-layered Late Acheulian site of Revadim Quarry provides a rare opportunity to study hominin–elephant interactions during the Late Lower Paleolithic period in the Levant. A large...
Article
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Givat Rabi Est est un affleurement de silex récemment découvert dans le centre de la Galilée, à proximité de plusieurs sites du Paléolithique moyen. Cet article présente le site et traite de l’utilisation d’un amas de déchets de taille du Paléolithique moyen, fouillée sur son bord oriental. Les résultats suggèrent que les déchets de taille sont pro...
Article
At the site of Er-Rujum, located on the western slopes of the Ramallah Anticline in the northern part of the Ayyalon Valley, an Intermediate Bronze Age site was discovered below Ottoman-period rujums. The architecture at the site comprised broadrooms, with a central space and passages between them, demonstrating similarities with other Intermediate...
Article
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The Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) site of Yiftahel, Israel, contains abundant plaster floors. We surveyed the states of preservation of the plasters using an infrared spectroscopic assay that characterizes the extent of disorder of the atoms in the calcite crystal lattice. We identified the 3 best-preserved plaster samples that had disorder signat...
Article
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This paper presents the results of two recent excavations conducted at Nahal Betzet II and Ard el Samra, in the Akko Plain. Both excavations revealed stratigraphical sequences dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, Pottery Neolithic and Early Chalcolithic periods. Significant is the discovery of the Pottery Neolithic occupations attributed to the Ya...
Article
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An archaeological excavation in Northern Israel, known as Yiftahel, which was found to be historically significant for the concrete industry, was discovered while excavating for new highway. The Israeli government decided to cover Yiftahel by the new construction of a high-speed interchange to alleviate congestion at the intersection of Highways 77...
Article
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Two extended seasons of excavations were recently conducted at the site of Yiftahel (Khalet Khalladyiah) in the fringe of Beit Netofa valley, Lower Galilee. Four new areas (F, G, H and I) were opened in addition to the five areas excavated in the past. This note will present the highlights from the main occupational period at Yiftahel, i.e., the Mi...