Ian James Norman

Ian James Norman
King's College London | KCL · Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery

BA (Keele), MSc (Edin), PhD (Lond)

About

218
Publications
133,428
Reads
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Introduction
Professor Norman’s research programme is concerned primarily with the study of workforce related and education and training initiatives for improving the delivery of health and social care and the outcome of these initiatives for patients, staff, and services and also the development and evaluation of psychological interventions to support people with mental health problems. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Nursing Studies.
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - May 2015
King's College London
Position
  • Deputy Dean of Faculty
Education
September 1989 - July 1994
University of London
Field of study
  • Nursing Studies

Publications

Publications (218)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Compassion is an important component of nursing care, but public enquiries into care failures have noted that it is not always evident. Mindfulness interventions have the potential to support compassion. However, the feasibility of delivering a mindfulness intervention at scale to nursing students has not been established. Objectives: T...
Article
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Background: Medical treatment and detoxification from opiate disorders includes oral administration of opioid agonists. Dihydrocodeine (DHC) substitution treatment is typically low threshold and therefore has the capacity to reach wider groups of opiate users. Decisions to prescribe DHC to patients with less severe opiate disorders centre on its p...
Article
Background: Early intervention for psychosis is recommended because the first 5 years beyond the first episode is considered the critical period within which individuals have the most potential to maximize their response to treatment and recovery. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been studied extensively in diverse disease groups, but r...
Article
Background: The pattern of alcohol and substance use is changing, with the introduction of novel psychoactive substances, the internet as a means of acquisition and variations in drug purity and price. Alcohol and substance use among adolescents is associated with behavioural, mental health, health and social difficulties; arising at a vulnerable...
Article
Purpose: To examine whether attachment styles of healthcare workers influence the quality of their relationships with patients, or impact patients' health outcomes. Data source: Literature database searches on the CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE and PsyCinfo, and hand searching of reference lists of the retained articles. Study select...
Article
Background: despite a 450% increase in UK alcohol-related liver disease mortality over the past 30 years, little evidence-based guidance exists regarding preventing recidivism post-liver transplant for alcohol-related liver disease. Method: a systematic literature review was conducted to identify demographic variables predictive of alcohol relap...
Article
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Background: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be classified into groups A/C or B/D based on symptom intensity. Different threshold values for symptom questionnaires can result in misclassification and, in turn, different treatment recommendations. The primary aim was to find the best fitting cut-points for Global initi...
Article
Background: Nursing is an integral part of all healthcare services, and has the potential of having a wide and enduring impact on health outcomes for a global ageing population. Over time nurses have developed new roles and assumed greater responsibilities. It is increasingly important to demonstrate the safety and overall impact of nurses' practi...
Article
Background: Misuse of codeine-containing medicines is an emerging public health issue. Aims: We present the application of Liese and Franz's (1996) cognitive developmental model of substance abuse to the trajectory from legitimate codeine use for pain, towards that of therapeutic and other forms of misuse, and physical and psychological dependen...
Chapter
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Background: Increasing evidence indicates that individuals who develop severe mental illness (SMI) are also vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to increased risk of exposure to traumatic events and social adversity. The effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPIs) for PTSD in the general popul...
Article
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Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including mental health comorbidity, which is associated with poor outcomes. Self-management is key, but there is limited access to self-management support. Internet-delivered interventions may increase access. Objective: The aim of this study was...
Article
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Purpose: Promoting and ensuring safe use of codeine containing medicines remains a public health issue given the rise in reporting of misuse and dependence particularly in countries where available over-the-counter (OTC). The aim of this unique study was to identify best practices in management of opioid abuse and dependence, particularly codeine,...
Article
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Purpose. Promoting and ensuring safe use of codeine containing medicines remains a public health issue given the rise in reporting of misuse and dependence particularly in countries where available over–the-counter (OTC). The aim of this unique study was to identify best practices in management of opioid abuse and dependence, particularly codeine,...
Article
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Background: Recruitment to clinical research studies can prove complex. This is particularly true of mental health research, given factors such as confidentiality, capacity and consent, or when attempting to recruit family members as opposed to service users themselves. Aim: This study investigated the challenges experienced and strategies emplo...
Article
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Purpose: The wellbeing and caregiving experiences of family carers supporting people with psychosis has garnered increasing interest. Evidence indicates that the burden of caregiving can adversely impact on parents' wellbeing, few studies have investigated whether this is also the case for siblings, who often take on caregiving responsibilities. T...
Chapter
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To investigate the effects of dihydrocodeine (DHC) in comparison to other pharmaceutical opioids and placebos in the detoxification of opiate-dependent individuals, as well as in maintenance substitution therapy.
Article
AimTo understand nurses' perceptions and experiences of work role transitions. Background Globally an uncertain healthcare landscape exists and when changing work roles nurses experience periods of transition when they may not cope well. A greater understanding of work role transitions may help facilitate workforce retention and successful careers....
Article
Aims: This qualitative process study, nested within a randomised controlled trial evaluating community pharmacist brief alcohol intervention delivery, aims to explore participants' engagement with the trial, so as to identify whether research participation effects may explain why the brief intervention was not found to be effective. Method: Qual...
Article
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Objective Conduct a cross-cultural adaptation of the expanded version of the 29-items Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) into Brazilian Portuguese. Method Five steps were adopted: three translations, synthesis, three back-translations, assessment by an expert committee, and pre-test. Validation comprised 327 students from 13 un...
Article
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Background: Obesity is a growing global public health problem which requires all healthcare professionals to deliver weight management care within their roles. Aim: To describe nurses' perceived barriers, skills and practices regarding weight-related care and explore differences between English and Chinese nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional, s...
Article
Background Alcohol and substance use in adolescence can be associated with a range of health, emotional, social, behavioural and legal problems. There has been a change in the recreational drugs available to users in recent years, however little is known about how this impacts on the youngest and most vulnerable population of substance users.Aim To...
Article
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Poor self-management of symptoms and psychological distress leads to worse outcomes and excess health service use in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Online-delivered therapy is effective, but generic interventions lack relevance for people with specific long-term conditions, such as cardiovascular disease. To develop a comprehensive online CVD-specif...
Article
Background: Many people with severe mental illness (SMI) have siblings. Siblings are often both natural agents to promote service users' recovery and vulnerable to mental ill health due to the negative impact of psychosis within the family. Despite a wealth of research evidence supporting the effectiveness of psychoeducation for service users with...
Article
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To undertake the first randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief intervention delivered by community pharmacists to reduce hazardous or harmful drinking. This parallel group individually randomised trial, allocated participants to brief alcohol intervention (n = 205) or a leaflet-only control condition (n = 202), with fol...
Article
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of psychological interventions for PTSD symptoms or other symptoms of psychological distress arising from trauma in people with SMI.
Article
Unlabelled: This randomized, two armed feasibility study in a UK General Practice Surgery investigated the feasibility of introducing a nurse-led educational telephone intervention for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to reinforce their understanding and use of their self-management plan. Methods: 73 patients were rando...
Article
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Objectives: The E Sibling Project aims to address the needs of siblings of individuals affected by psychosis through provision of a comprehensive online intervention. The online intervention comprises four core elements, including: information on psychosis; various coping and promoting well-being strategies; siblings' blogs and discussion forum wi...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of disability & mortality. Self-management is the core of effective treatment for CVDs, but can be compromised in the presence of co-morbid depression and anxiety, which has a greater prevalence in CVD patients than in the general population. Co-morbidity can also exacerbate the perceiv...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of disability & mortality. Related conditions include: coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, peripheral arterial disease and vascular dementia. These are conditions that can be managed but not cured. Self- management is the core of effective tre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of disability & mortality. Related conditions include: coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, peripheral arterial disease and vascular dementia. These conditions can be managed but not cured. Self-management is the core of effective treatment, bu...
Article
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Aim: To establish an explanatory model of registered nurses' attitudes towards older people and working with older patients. Background: Increasing demands for health-care from an ageing population will require a higher proportion of nurses who have positive attitudes towards older people and like working with older patients. Method: A conveni...
Article
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.04.014 The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
Article
AimsTo investigate possible factors related to patient monitoring to explain the higher mortality rates associated with after-hours transfers compared with daytime transfers from critical care units to the wards.Background International research suggests that patients transferred from critical care units after-hours have a higher mortality rate tha...
Article
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Health professionals play a key role in the prevention and treatment of excess weight and obesity, but many have expressed a lack of confidence in their ability to manage obese patients with their delivery of weight-management care remaining limited. The specific mechanism underlying inadequate practices in professional weight management remains un...
Article
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This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of psychoeducation in improving the well-being of family members of people with schizophrenia and identifies the common ingredients, implementation considerations, and participants' feedback. Published articles in either English or Chinese which reported psychoeducational intervention studies th...
Article
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Background: Relatively little is known about how people and groups who function in boundary-spanning positions between different sectors, organisations and professions contribute to improved quality of health care and clinical outcomes. Objectives: To explore whether or not boundary-spanning processes stimulate the creation and exchange of knowled...
Article
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In recent years, nurse education has emphasised the development of high cost, high-fidelity simulations because they are considered to provide a more realistic learning experience. Integral is the facility to commit and learn from error. Error may provide a mechanism to make low cost, low-fidelity simulations more psychologically realistic and sali...
Article
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Background: Studies indicate that community pharmacy-based alcohol brief intervention (BI) is feasible. However, few studies report significant reductions in post-BI alcohol consumption and customer experience. Cost-effectiveness has not been previously examined. Objectives: This 5 month study adopted a single group pre- and post-experimental de...
Article
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The theoretical constructs of interprofessional education (IPE) are analyzed based on two reviews of the literature, taking the context of training for healthcare professionals in Brazil into consideration. Three types of training are identified: uniprofessional, multiprofessional and interprofessional, with predominance of the first type. The firs...
Article
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Background Physical activity (PA) in older people is critically important in the prevention of disease, maintenance of independence and improvement of quality of life. Little is known about the physical activity of the older adults or their compliance with current physical activity guidelines. Methods A systematic literature search of the publishe...
Article
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Background: Siblings of individuals with first episode psychosis are natural partners to promote service users' recovery and are themselves vulnerable to mental ill health due to the negative impact of psychosis within the family. This study aims to develop and undertake a preliminary evaluation of the efficacy of an online multi-component psychoe...
Article
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Objective: To assess the agreement between self-perceived weight status and BMI status, calculated from self-reported height and weight, in nurses and to evaluate the relationship between weight status misperceptions and personal body weight, demographics and health status. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Setting: A large univers...
Article
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There is strong evidence to support the effectiveness of Brief Intervention (BI) in reducing alcohol consumption in primary healthcare. This study is a two-arm randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of BI delivered by community pharmacists in their pharmacies. Eligible and consenting participants (aged 18 years or older) will be...
Article
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Background Sedentary lifestyles are rising in many countries which has implications for global health. Health professionals are well placed to promote increased physical activity levels to their patients. Objective To examine the relationship between physicians’ and nurses’ personal physical activity and their physical activity promotion practices...
Article
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In recent decades, development of research capacity to accompany academic d