Ian Millar

Ian Millar
British Geological Survey · NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL)

Doctor of Philosophy

About

214
Publications
71,128
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6,202
Citations
Citations since 2016
79 Research Items
3248 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (214)
Article
Full-text available
The Derbyshire Platform is a Mississippian aged flat‐topped, steep sided platform that forms the westernmost expression of the Derbyshire‐ East Midlands Platform. On the south‐east platform margin, 60 km2 of Visean limestone has been dolomitised, forming two distinct bodies. One of these bodies forms along a major NW – SE trending basement fault an...
Article
Episodic giant landslides characterize the history of intraplate oceanic volcanic islands, disrupting the gradual accumulation of eruptive products during shield-building stages. On La Palma (Canary Islands), the giant Cumbre Nueva collapse, which ended volcanic activity at the Paleo-Cumbre Nueva rift, formed the 11 km wide “Caldera de Taburiente”...
Article
Full-text available
Porphyry-type deposits are a vital source of green technology metals such as copper and molybdenum. They typically form in subduction-related settings from large, long-lived magmatic systems. The most widely accepted model for their formation requires that mantle-derived magmas undergo an increase in volatiles and ore-forming constituents in mid- t...
Article
Full-text available
The West Burma Terrane (WBT) is a small terrane bounded to the east by the Asian Sibumasu Block and to the west by the Indo‐Burman Ranges (IBR), the latter being an exhumed accretionary prism that formed during subduction of Indian oceanic lithosphere beneath Asia. Understanding the geological history of the WBT is important for reconstruction of t...
Preprint
Scottish Newer Granites record the evolution of the Caledonides resulting from Iapetus subduction and slab breakoff during the Silurian-Devonian Scandian Orogeny, but relationships between geodynamics, petrogenesis and emplacement are incomplete. Laser ablation U-Pb results from magmatic zircons at the Cluanie pluton (Northern Highlands) identify c...
Article
Full-text available
With one of the largest watersheds in Europe draining complex geological terrains within the Alps, Bohemian Massif, Carpathians, Dinarides, and the Balkan Mountains, the Danube River valley has long been linked to the formation of thick loess deposits, particularly within the Middle and Lower Danube basins. However, uncertainty over the provenance...
Preprint
During continental collision, crustal rocks are buried, deformed, transformed and exhumed. The rates, timescales and tectonic implications of these processes are determined by linking geochemical, geochronological and microstructural data from metamorphic rock-forming and accessory minerals. Exposures of lower orogenic crust provide important insig...
Article
In Central and Eastern Europe, research has been focused on loess associated with a plateau-setting, which preserves distinct and well-developed loess and palaeosol units linked to orbital scale changes. This has led to the view that during the last glacial period the Middle and Lower Danube predominantly experienced dry continental climates and su...
Book
The first formal publication on the geology of Singapore was released in 1976 by the Public Works Department, with an updated version published in 2009 by the Defence Science and Technology Agency (DSTA). This memoir presents a comprehensive revision of the geology of Singapore based largely on information obtained from new borehole cores. Work be...
Preprint
Full-text available
Porphyry-type deposits are a vital source of green technology metals such as copper and molybdenum. They typically form in subduction-related settings from large, long-lived magmatic systems. The most widely accepted model for their formation requires that mantle-derived magmas undergo a multi-million year timescale ramp-up in volatiles and ore-for...
Article
We present the U-Pb geochronology and Hf isotope analysis of detrital zircons from the Ediacaran/Cambrian sediments of Podillya and south Volyn in western Ukraine, supplemented by the bulk rock XRD mineralogy of the host rocks. Such a combined analytical approach allows for identifying the source areas supplying detritus to sediments and for constr...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents an integrated mineralogical assessment for the provenance of sediments derived from modern-day rivers and Cenozoic deposits in Senegal and Gambia. Two distinct populations are identified from discrimination of the heavy mineral assemblages; the Senegal River sediment, sourced from the West African Craton and Mauritanides and Mes...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study investigates the Provenance of the Barremian-Aptian fluvial clastics exposed in the Essaouira-Agadir Basin which bears an important potential in terms of offshore feeding of reservoir sands. Thin section petrography and SEM, heavy minerals analysis, and detrital zircon dating were conducted and integrated with a large dataset of publishe...
Article
This study presents an integrated mineralogical assessment for the provenance of sediments derived from modern-day rivers and Cenozoic deposits in Senegal and Gambia. Two distinct populations are identified from discrimination of the heavy mineral assemblages; the Senegal River sediment, sourced from the West African craton and Mauritanides and Mes...
Article
Full-text available
Eight ferromanganese crust samples spanning the complete depth range of Tropic Seamount in the north‐east Atlantic were analysed for Pb and Nd isotopes to reconstruct water mass origin and mixing over the last 75 Ma. Pb isotopes were determined by LA‐MC‐ICP‐MS, which enables the rapid production of large, high spatial‐resolution datasets. This make...
Article
Full-text available
Fault-controlled dolomitization has been documented in Lower Carboniferous (Viséan) platform carbonates at various localities in the Pennine Basin and North Wales. The largest of these dolomite bodies (approx. 60 km2) occurs on the Derbyshire Platform, on the southern margin of the Pennine Basin. This study tests the hypothesis that dolomitization...
Article
Full-text available
We report the results of a multiproxy study that combines structural analysis of a fracture–stylolite network and isotopic characterization of calcite vein cements and/or fault coating. Together with new paleopiezometric and radiometric constraints on burial evolution and deformation timing, these results provide a first-order picture of the region...
Article
The mid to Late Triassic marks an episode of magmatism, deformation and metamorphism along the proto-Pacific margin of the Antarctic Peninsula and Patagonia. Calc-alkaline magmatism at ∼227 Ma developed in a convergent margin setting across the central Antarctic Peninsula and North Patagonian Massif. Two distinct deformation and metamorphic events...
Data
Supplementary Material for Govin et al., Geology 2020
Article
Full-text available
The Himalayan syntaxes, characterized by extreme rates of rock exhumation co-located with major trans-orogenic rivers, figure prominently in the debate on tectonic versus erosional forcing of exhumation. Both the mechanism and timing of rapid exhumation of the Namche Barwa massif in the eastern syntaxis remain controversial. It has been argued that...
Article
The Cretaceous marks an episode of enhanced magmatism, sedimentation and tectonic processes along the entire proto-Pacific convergent margin of West Gondwana. Cretaceous magmatism across the Antarctic Peninsula is dominated by the intrusive Lassiter Coast intrusive suite which developed as episodic ‘flare-up’ events during the mid-Cretaceous, at a...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the results of a multi-proxy study that combines structural analysis of fracture-stylolite network and isotopic characterization of calcite vein cements/fault coating. Together with new paleopiezometric and radiometric constraints on burial evolution and deformation timing, these results provide a first-order picture of the regional fluid...
Article
New field, geochemical, and geochronological data from the Segama Valley Felsic Intrusions (SVFI) of Sabah, north Borneo, shows them to be arc-derived tonalites; not windows or partial melts of a crystalline basement beneath Sabah. UPb zircon ages date emplacement in the Triassic and Jurassic: 241.1 ± 2.0 Ma, 250.7 ± 1.9 Ma, 178.7 ± 2.4 Ma, and 178...
Article
Full-text available
Despite numerous palaeoenvironmental investigations of loess–palaeosol sequences across the Carpathian Basin, well‐dated high‐resolution records are scarce. This paper presents a new high‐resolution chronology for the loess‐palaeosol sequence at Surduk (Serbia), based on optically stimulated luminescence (quartz) and post‐infrared infrared stimulat...
Article
Full-text available
In porphyry ore deposit models, the propylitic alteration facies is widely interpreted to be caused by convective circulation of meteoric waters. However, recent field-based and geochemical data suggest that magmatic-derived fluids are likely to contribute to development of the propylitic assemblage. In order to test this hypothesis, we determined...
Article
Full-text available
Much evidence points to a dramatic thinning of East Asian lithosphere during the Mesozoic, but with little precision on when, or over what time scale. Using geochemical constraints, we examine an extensive compilation of dated volcanic samples from Russia, Mongolia and North China to determine when the lithosphere thinned and how long that process...
Article
Full-text available
A combination of new Ar/Ar dating results, major- and trace-element data, plus Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotope data, are used to investigate the petrogenesis of Triassic high-Si adakite (HSA), Cretaceous low-Si adakite-like (LSA) lavas, and Cretaceous high-K and shoshonitic trachyandesite lavas, from eastern and south-central Mongolia. All samples are light ra...
Article
Understanding the accretionary stages of Rodinia evolution and the arrangement of cratons and arc terranes is dependent upon high-precision geochronology from key piercing points of Mesoproterozoic rocks. U-Pb zircon dating is presented here from the Mesoproterozoic Haag Nunataks gneiss complex of West Antarctica where the dominant granodiorite pro...
Article
Thick (∼800 m) basaltic successions from the eastern Antarctic Peninsula have been dated in the interval 180–177 Ma and preserve a transition from a continental margin arc to a back-arc extensional setting. Amygdaloidal basalts from the Black Coast region of the eastern margin of the Antarctic Peninsula represent a rare onshore example of magmatism...
Article
The Indo-Burman Ranges (IBR) are a mountain range comprised of Mesozoic-Cenozoic rocks which run the length of Western Myanmar, extending into India and Bangladesh; to the west lies the Indian Ocean, and to the east lies the Central Myanmar Basin (CMB) along which the Irrawaddy River flows. The IBR are considered to be an accretionary prism, develo...
Article
A stalagmite from Dim Cave in southern Turkey contains a climate record documenting rapid and significant changes in amounts of precipitation between ~132 ka and ~128 ka, during the penultimate glacial – interglacial transition. Some U–Th dates have been compromised by carbonate dissolution but rigorous selection and tuning to δ¹⁸O records from oth...
Article
Full-text available
Six plutons of granitic to gabbroic rocks have been recognised in the poorly exposed ground of north and east Singapore using new data from borehole cores and field observations. Five of the plutons were emplaced sequentially during the period 285-230 Ma, and these have been grouped within a single parent unit (Bukit Timah Centre) in a new lithodem...
Article
Full-text available
A new lithostratigraphical framework for Singapore is proposed, based on the analysis of c. 20,000 m of core recovered from 121 c. 205 m deep boreholes and augmented with 218 field localities from across Singapore. The new framework describes a succession dating from the Carboniferous to the Quaternary. New U-Pb detrital zircon dates and fossil ana...
Preprint
The Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary marks a major change in global climate and East Asian monsoon dynamic. However, the role of the global atmospheric dust-cycle over this time is unclear; in particular, whether, changes in the dust cycle influenced climate change, or resulted from it. Chinese loess records past dust-cycle history and the influences...
Article
The Late Ordovician-Early Silurian (~455-435 Ma) Northparkes system is a group of silica-saturated, alkalic porphyry deposits and prospects which developed within the Macquarie Island Arc. The system is host to a spectacular and diverse range of rocks and alteration-mineralization textures that facilitate a detailed understanding of its evolution,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The full research project is pending in an upcoming EPSL volume... cheers to Yani!
Article
Permian-Triassic strata in the Transantarctic Mountains and West Antarctica carry a significant detrital component derived from a contemporaneous magmatic belt along the Gondwana margin. Hf- and O-isotope characteristics were determined for near-contemporaneous (as shown by U-Pb zircon geochronology) detrital igneous zircons in Upper Permian and Tr...
Article
Full-text available
The northward indentation of the Pamir salient into the Tarim basin at the western syntaxis of the India-Asia collision zone is the focus of controversial models linking lithospheric to surface and atmospheric processes. Here we report on tectonic events recorded in the most complete and best-dated sedimentary sequences from the western Tarim basin...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the tectonics that gave rise to the formation of Tibet is critical to our understanding of crustal deformation processes. The unusual geomorphology of the drainage basins of East Asia's major rivers has been proposed to be the result of either (1) distortion and attenuation of antecedent drainages as India indents into Asia, which can...
Article
The Oman-United Arab Emirates (UAE) ophiolite represents the largest and best-preserved fragment of obducted oceanic lithosphere in the world. However, debate continues regarding its geodynamic history. This debate is in part a consequence of the lateral variability in the later stage magmatic units, with arc signatures considered to be well develo...
Article
Full-text available
The Siwalik sedimentary rocks of the Himalayan foreland basin preserve a record of Himalayan orogenesis, paleo-drainage evolution, and erosion. This study focuses on the still poorly studied easternmost Himalaya Siwalik record located directly downstream of the Namche Barwa syntaxis. We use luminescence, palaeomagnetism, magnetostratigraphy, and ap...
Article
Full-text available
The Nile is generally regarded as the longest river in the world. Knowledge of the timing of the Nile's initiation as a major river is important to a number of research questions. For example, the timing of the river's establishment as a catchment of continental proportions can be used to document surface uplift of its Ethiopian upland drainage, wi...
Article
Magma plays a vital role in the break-up of continental lithosphere. However, significant uncertainty remains about how magma-crust interactions and melt evolution vary during the development of a rift system. Ethiopia captures the transition from continental rifting to incipient sea-floor spreading and has witnessed the eruption of large volumes o...
Article
Full-text available
A strongly oxidizing Paleoproterozoic era Two billion years ago, marine sulfate concentrations were around one-third as high as modern ones, constituting an oxidizing capacity equivalent to more than 20% of that of the modern ocean-atmosphere system. Blättler et al. found this by analyzing a remarkable evaporite succession more than 1 billion years...
Article
The Shillong Plateau (northeastern India) constitutes the only significant topography in the Himalayan foreland. Knowledge of its surface uplift history is key to understanding topographic development and unraveling tectonic-climate-topographic coupling in the eastern Himalaya. We use the sedimentary record of the Himalayan foreland basin north of...
Article
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Evidence for meteorite impacts in the geological record may include the presence of shocked minerals, spherule layers, and geochemical anomalies. However, it is highly unusual to nd unmelted crystals from the actual impactor within an ejecta layer. Here we detail the rst recorded occurrence of vanadium-rich osbornite (TiVN) on Earth, from two sites...
Article
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Hf isotope data on zircons and whole rocks from lower crustal mafic granulite and pyroxenite xenoliths from NW Russia are combined with the results of U-Pb zircon dating, Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr isotopic compositions of bulk rocks and minerals, and trace element compositions of minerals. Most zircons only preserve a record of the youngest metamorphic event...
Article
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The Snowdon caldera of North Wales is host to base metal sulfide-bearing veins and stockworks, mineralized breccias, disseminated sulfides, and localized zones of semi-massive to massive sulfide, with subordinate magnetite-rich veins. The late Ordovician host volcanic sequence accumulated in a shallow marine, back-arc environment in the Welsh Basin...
Article
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The evolution of the planetary interior during plate tectonics is controlled by slow convection within the mantle. Global-scale geochemical differences across the upper mantle are known, but how they are preserved during convection has not been adequately explained. We demonstrate that the geographic patterns of chemical variations around the Earth...