Ian Carnelli

Ian Carnelli
European Space Agency | ESA · Hera project manager

MSc

About

59
Publications
14,532
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
698
Citations

Publications

Publications (59)
Conference Paper
The Hera mission has been approved for development and launch in the new ESA Space SafetyProgramme by the ESA Council at Ministerial Level, Space19+, in November 2019. Hera will contributeto the first deflection test of an asteroid, in the framework of the international NASA- and ESA supportedAsteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) collabo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The AIDA (Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment) is a collaboration between NASA DART mission and ESA Hera mission. The aim is to study asteroid deflection through a kinetic collision. For this mission two spacecrafts will be developed DART provided by NASA and HERA provided by ESA. DART spacecraft will collide with Didymoon, while the orbit chan...
Preprint
Full-text available
In keeping with the Luxembourg government's initiative to support the future use of space resources, ASIME 2018 was held in Belval, Luxembourg on April 16-17, 2018. The goal of ASIME 2018: Asteroid Intersections with Mine Engineering, was to focus on asteroid composition for advancing the asteroid in-space resource utilisation domain. What do we kn...
Conference Paper
HERA is an ESA mission that, if selected, will be launched towards the Didymos binary asteroid system in 2023 while the NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft will impact on Didymos’ moon, Didy- moon, in 2022. HERA will perform a detailed post DART-impact survey. It aims to characterize physical and dynamical properties of Didymo...
Conference Paper
Hera is an ESA mission of opportunity whose primary objective is to observe and validate the outcome of a kinetic impactor deflection test on a Near-Earth Asteroid, thus providing valuable information for future mitigation capabilities. Hera is part of the international Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission, together with NASA’s Do...
Conference Paper
HERA is a candidate ESA mission that will be launched to Didymos binary asteroid system in 2023. It will perform a detailed post-impact survey of the smaller of the two bodies, Didymoon, following the kinetic impact by the NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) planned in 2022. DART and Hera were conceived together as part of the internatio...
Article
Roger Walker and colleagues consider the potential for sending nanospacecraft into deep space.
Article
Full-text available
In the frame of Near-Earth-Object exploration and planetary defence, the two-part AIDA mission is currently studied by NASA and ESA. Being composed of a kinetic impactor, DART (NASA), and by an observing spacecraft, AIM (ESA), AIDA has been designed to deliver vital data to determine the momentum transfer efficiency of a kinetic impact onto a small...
Article
Full-text available
Nanosatellites are a promising option for the exploration of the solar system and near-Earth objects, providing an agile, reduced cost and mass solution for interplanetary missions. This paper summarises the efforts done during the Phase A study aimed at assessing the feasibility of a nanosatellite-based mission concept for a 3U CubeSat to the vici...
Article
Deep space missions, and in particular missions to asteroids, impose a certain level of autonomy that depends on the mission objectives. If the mission requires the spacecraft to perform close approaches to the target body (the extreme case being a landing scenario), the autonomy level must be increased to guarantee the fast and reactive response w...
Article
The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint ESA/NASA collaboration to study the binary Near-Earth Asteroid (65803) Didymos and assess the feasibility of the kinetic impactor technique to deflect an asteroid. The European contribution to AIDA is the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM), which will characterize in detail the Didymo...
Article
Full-text available
The European component of the joint ESA-NASA Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission has been redesigned from the original version called Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM), and is now called Hera. The main objectives of AIDA are twofold: (1) to perform an asteroid deflection test by means of a kinetic impactor under detailed study at NAS...
Article
Full-text available
Our knowledge of the internal structure of asteroids is, so far, indirect – relying entirely on inferences from remote sensing observations of the surface, and theoretical modeling of formation and evolution. What are the bulk properties of the regolith and deep interior? And what are the physical processes that shape asteroid internal structures?...
Article
Our knowledge of the internal structure of asteroids is, so far, indirect – relying entirely on inferences from remote sensing observations of the surface, and theoretical modeling of formation and evolution. What are the bulk properties of the regolith and deep interior? And what are the physical processes that shape asteroid internal structures?...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the frame of NEO exploration and planetary defence, the two-part AIDA mission is currently studied by NASA and ESA. Being composed of a kinetic impactor, DART (NASA), and by an observing spacecraft, AIM (ESA), AIDA has been designed to deliver vital data to determine the momentum transfer efficiency of a kinetic impact onto a small body and the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is a small mission of opportunity of the European Space Agency. Launched on a Soyuz-Fregat from Kourou, AIM will reach the binary asteroid system Didymos after only 1.5 years of cruse. AIM will demonstrate new technologies, carry out fundamental asteroid research and assess the capabilities of a kinetic impactor fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is a small mission of opportunity of the European Space Agency. Launched on a Soyuz-Fregat from Kourou, AIM will reach the binary asteroid system Didymos after only 1.5 years of cruse, taking advantage of a close approach with the Earth. AIM will demonstrate new technologies, carry out fundamental asteroid research...
Conference Paper
The moon of the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos is the target of the Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission. This mission is a joint concept between NASA and ESA to investigate the effectiveness of a kinetic impactor in deflecting an asteroid. The mission is com- posed of two components: the NASA-led Double As- teroid Red...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is an ESA mission whose goal is the exploration and study of binary asteroid 65803 Didymos. AIM is planned to be the first spacecraft to rendezvous with a binary asteroid: its mission objectives include the highly relevant scientific return of the exploration as well as innovative technological demonstrations. The...
Conference Paper
ESA has been developing on-board Guidance, Navigation, and Control technologies for characterization, sample-return, and deflection missions to asteroids and comets (Rosetta, Don-Quijote, Marco-Polo, AIM). GNC systems have been prototyped for all mission phases, from early detection until landing. The GNC technologies are based on vision-based navi...
Article
The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint cooperation between European and US space agencies that consists of two separate and independent spacecraft that will be launched to a binary asteroid system, the near-Earth asteroid Didymos, to test the kinetic impactor technique to deflect an asteroid. The European Asteroid Imp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Asteroid Impact Mission is an ESA mission, part of a joint collaboration with NASA in the AIDA (Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment) mission. The primary goal of AIDA is to assess the feasibility of deflecting the heliocentric path of a Near Earth Asteroid binary system, by impacting on the surface of the smaller asteroid of the couple. To...
Conference Paper
By the end of 2022 the binary Asteroid Didymos will pass the Earth at a distance of 15 Mio km at its closest approach. Didymos consists of a larger body (Didymain) and a small companion (Didymoon). ESA, together with NASA, DLR, APL and the Observatoire de la Cote d’Azur, are studying a mission called AIDA to test our ability to perform a spacecraft...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
AIM is part of a joint collaboration with NASA in the AIDA (Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment) mission. The primary goal of AIDA is to assess the feasibility of deflecting the heliocentric path of a Near Earth Asteroid (NEA) binary system, by impacting on the surface of the smaller secondary asteroid of the couple. The work here presented is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With increasing space activities, a new and unexpected hazard has started to emerge: space debris. In almost 50 years of space activities more than 4800 launches have placed some 6000 satellites into orbit, of which only a minor fraction of about 1000 are still operational today. Besides this large amount of intact space hardware, with a total mass...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
AIDA/DART: Double Asteroid Redirection Test Cheng, A., JHU/APL; Michel, P., University of NICE, CNRS; Rivkin, A., JHU/APL; Ulamec, S., DLR; Reed, C., JHU/APL; Carnelli, I., ESA The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first full-scale demonstration of an asteroid impact hazard mitigation technique, using a spacecraft k...
Article
The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first space experiment to demonstrate asteroid impact hazard mitigation by using a kinetic impactor to deflect an asteroid. AIDA is an international cooperation entering Phase A study at NASA and ESA, consisting of two mission elements: the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test...
Conference Paper
The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first space experiment to demonstrate asteroid impact hazard mitigation by using a kinetic impactor to deflect an asteroid. AIDA is a joint ESA-NASA mission, which includes the ESA Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) rendezvous spacecraft and the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the preliminary analysis of an in-orbit demonstration opportunity to test plume impingement as a viable means to change the attitude state of a space debris based on the Prisma and Picard missions. This technique has been proposed as part of the COBRA concept studied by ESA in collaboration with GMV, Politecnico di Milano and Th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Inverse synthetic aperture radars (ISAR) are a valuable instrument for assessing the dynamic state of a large object in low Earth orbit. In particular, the images generated by these radars can reach a sufficient resolution to be used during launch support or contingency operations in low Earth orbit, i.e. for confirming the deployment of structures...
Article
Near Earth objects are small bodies orbiting the Sun near Earth’s orbit, some of which impact the Earth. The impact of an object as large as 30 m in diameter occurs every few centuries. The impact of such an object would already release an energy of at least a megaton of TNT, and the impact of a larger object, which would occur less often, would be...
Article
The Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) study has been undertaken by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory with support from members of NASA centers including the Goddard Space Flight Center, the Johnson Space Center, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, as one of two elements of a joint mission named Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessmen...
Article
ESA's Future Preparation and Strategic Studies Office has carried out the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) study with the objective of defining an affordable and fully independent mission element that ESA could contribute to an Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment campaign (AIDA), a joint effort of ESA, JHU/APL, NASA, OCA and DLR. The mission design...
Article
Full-text available
There is evidence of past Near-Earth-Objects (NEOs) impacts on Earth and several studies indicating that even relatively small objects are capable of causing large local damage, either directly or in combination with other phenomena, e.g. tsunamis. This paper describes a space mission concept to demonstrate some of the key technologies to rendezvou...
Article
ESA has supported studies on NEO threat assessment systems and deflection concepts in the context of the General Studies Programme and in close cooperation with the directorates of Technical and Quality Management and of the Scientific Programme. This work has made it possible to identify a project for Europe to make a significant - yet realistic -...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The combination of low-thrust propulsion and gravity assists to enhance deep space missions has proven to be a formidable task. While trajectories generated by methods based on optimal control theory are typically close to the required initial guess, recently investigated global evolutionary programming techniques often necessitate the successive u...
Article
Full-text available
This paper contains a preliminary analysis on the possibility of changing the orbit of an asteroid by means of what is here defined as an "Electrostatic Tractor". The Electrostatic Tractor is a spacecraft that controls a mutual electrostatic interaction with an asteroid and uses it to slowly accelerate the asteroid towards or away from the hovering...
Article
Full-text available
This paper contains a preliminary analysis on the possibility to change the orbit of an asteroid by means of what is here denned as "Electrostatic Tractor". The Electrostatic Tractor is a spacecraft that controls the mutual electrostatic interaction with the asteroid and uses it to slowly accelerate the asteroid towards or away from the hovering sp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The combination of low-thrust propulsion and gravity assists allows designing high-energy missions. However the optimization of such trajectories is no trivial task. In this paper, we present a novel method that is based on evolutionary neurocontrollers. The main advantage of using a neurocontroller is the generation of a control law with a limited...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Don Quijote Phase-A study is a definition study funded by ESA and devoted to the analysis of the possibilities to deflect a Near Earth Object (NEO) in the range of 300-800 m diameter. DEIMOS Space S.L. and EADS Astrium have teamed up within this study to form one of the three consortia that have analyzed these aspects for ESA. Target asteroids...
Article
The Don Quijote concept includes a rendezvous spacecraft and an impactor vehicle The main aim of the mission is to carry out an experiment to demonstrate the modification of a near-Earth asteroid s orbit in a controlled way as a first step in establishing mitigation measures against an eventual hazardous object In particular the spacecraft would st...
Article
Full-text available
There is overwhelming scientific evidence that impacts of Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) could trigger a catastrophe that might have consequences at a regional or even global scale. In July 2004 ESA's Near-Earth Object Mission Advisory Panel (NEOMAP) recommended to give Don Quijote implementation priority over other NEO mission concepts. Using these rec...

Network

Cited By