Ian D Bishop

Ian D Bishop
University of Melbourne | MSD · Department of Infrastructure Engineering

PhD

About

193
Publications
33,297
Reads
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5,194
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
University of Melbourne
Position
  • Professorial Fellow
September 2003 - December 2009
University of Melbourne
Position
  • Professor (Full)
May 1999 - June 1999
James Hutton Institute
Position
  • Visiting Scientist

Publications

Publications (193)
Article
SEPR authors and reviewers were surveyed to garner their attitudes and behaviors in relation to a range of environmental topics. The respondents (116) had strong agreement on many topics and, for the most part, matched their behaviors to their attitudes. The results were cross tabulated with the global regions in which people spent their childhood...
Article
Full-text available
The theory-practice gap (TPG) is well known in the environmental realm, referring to disconnects between knowledge generated through scientific research and the needs, expectations, and practices of knowledge users for environmental decision-making and practice. While the presence of the TPG is well established, we have yet to fully implement mecha...
Article
The visual impact of infrastructure in the landscape varies through the day, month to month and over longer time periods. This paper describes the use of time-lapse imagery of a wind farm in Tasmania, Australia to develop time series of modelled visual impacts based on changes in the observed visibility. A number of candidate parameters (maximum, m...
Chapter
This paper introduces an online spatial data portal with advanced data access, analytical and visualisation capabilities which can be used for evidence based city planning and supporting data driven research. Through a case study approach, focused in the city of Melbourne, the authors show how the Australian Urban Infrastructure Network (AURIN) por...
Article
Full-text available
Considerable research effort, over more than 30 years, has been directed toward better understanding of the way people respond to diverse and changing landscapes. Knowledge of human responses to a changing world is an essential ingredient in successful implementation of measures which protect our socio-ecological wellbeing. However, decision-making...
Article
The visual impact of wind turbines is a central issue in their public acceptance. New wind farm proposals are commonly subject to visual simulation and visual impact assessment. Guidelines for both these processes are already used in a number of jurisdictions and there is widespread interest in making simulation and impact assessments as meaningful...
Chapter
One important step in the development of an overarching framework for ecological wisdom is a clear process through which to classify the diverse range of human interventions in the environment. Ecological wisdom is facilitated not only by scientific knowledge but also through an ability to seek out and learn from past human intervention experience....
Chapter
On October 17–18, 2014, the first international symposium on Ecological Wisdom for Urban Sustainability was held in Chongqing, China. The symposium engaged more than 200 participants from eight different countries and diverse disciplines (e.g., philosophy, ecology, architecture, landscape architecture, planning, engineering, literature) (Healey in...
Chapter
Wind turbines are a major presence in the landscapes of some countries. This presence will become more widespread across the world as the need to reduce coal dependence becomes more broadly accepted. This chapter uses the situation of the state of Victoria in southern Australia to explore the possible extent of landscape change under a move to 100%...
Chapter
Residential energy and water consumption depend on dwelling structure and the behaviour of residents. Aspects of residential behaviour can be derived from census data. Dwelling information is harder to obtain. Using both aerial and street-level views from Google mapping products, exterior dwelling characteristics were captured in each of 40 postal...
Article
The ability to anticipate global environmental changes will significantly reduce the biophysical, social and economic costs associated with eventual adaptation. An abstract modelling process often supports evidence-based decision making. Nonetheless, there are inherent difficulties for stakeholders in understanding complex scenario modelling. It is...
Article
This paper introduces an online spatial data portal with advanced data access, analytical and visualisation capabilities which can be used for evidence based city planning and supporting data driven research. Through a case study approach, focused in the city of Melbourne, the authors show how the Australian Urban Infrastructure Network (AURIN) por...
Article
Full-text available
High density residential development in metropolitan Melbourne, where contradictory imperatives of neighbourhood character and urban intensification play important roles, remains an uncertain practice. One key issue for plan imple-mentation is the lack of consistency between authorities, developers and the community in interpreting the standards, d...
Article
A collaborative virtual environment (CVE) is a shared virtual environment used for collaboration of many participants that may be spread over large distances. CVEs have been widely used in emergency management, especially for education, training and assessment. This paper describes the design and implementation of a prototype system that facilitate...
Article
The impact of dwelling structure on residential energy and water consumption is important in urban resource management. This paper introduces Virtual Identification of Dwelling Characteristics Online (VIDCO) as a novel technique to assess dwelling characteristics. Using both aerial and street level views from Google mapping products, exterior dwell...
Chapter
Wind turbines are a major presence in the landscapes of some countries. This presence will become more widespread across the world as the need to reduce coal dependence becomes more broadly accepted. This chapter uses the situation of the state of Victoria in southern Australia to explore the possible extent of landscape change under a move to 100%...
Article
Three-dimensional (3D) developments of land, such as complex high-rises, put enormous pressure on current land administration systems that have ad hoc approaches to 3D property management. These approaches are unable to support effective 3D storage, analysis and visualisation of property information. Effective visualisation is one of the essential...
Article
The pace of transition to new energy sources, and away from fossil fuels, is as hard to predict as any other impact of climate change. However, it appears inevitable that a transition will be made eventually. In some countries, notably Germany and Denmark, the process is already well underway. In others it is just beginning. This article uses the s...
Article
We are entering a period of rapid change in such landscape shaping forces as climate, the demand for food and water, fire, the push toward renewable energy, and the transition to GM-based agriculture. As a result the landscape, which has traditionally been a point of stability for many people, is likely to change significantly. Can the technologies...
Article
Those involved in planning and management in landscape have long recognised the value of good information provided in the form of timely, appropriate and digestible data. Whether the data is part of government infrastructure or is augmented by contributions from the public, it is apparent that on-line delivery can help ensure that the best availabl...
Article
We have limited empirical information on the value of different visualisation techniques and how they may best be applied in a range of situations. The goal of this research was to provide insights into the capacity of various visualisation techniques to communicate projected climate change data and their implications for dairy production in the so...
Article
Full-text available
In Australia, the cadastre stores and represents land ownership information in subdivision plans on paper and in digital documents (PDF). For a building subdivision, ownership boundaries are commonly drawn on floor plans, with cross-sections or isometric diagrams used to represent the 3D property rights. This method has significant shortcomings for...
Article
Population growth and scarcity of prime land, combined with more frequent natural disasters, lead to higher vulnerability of people and infrastructures. To minimise future losses, the exposure to risks should be reduced. Spatial planning has an important role in disaster risk reduction, through better management and allocation of land. This paper p...
Article
Our research is focused on developing an ecoinformatics platform to support climate change adaptation in Victoria. A multi-disciplinary, cross-organisational approach was taken in developing a platform of collaboration to support the understanding of climate change impact and the formulation of adaptation strategies.The platform comprises a number...
Article
One evidenced based approach for exploring future agricultural land use change scenarios is Land Use Allocation (LUA). This approach can be used to support medium to long term strategic planning. Specifically, land managers can consider a number of diverse environmental social, economic and physical factors, and explore land use allocation scenario...
Article
This article describes the integration of a smartphone, a world viewer and a geodatabase into a collaborative virtual environment (CVE) as a knowledge management platform for use in land management. A spatial interoperability mechanism was designed for integration of these various technologies distributed in different system layers and written in d...
Article
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Article
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There has been little progress in implementing protection of wilderness and aesthetic values in Antarctica since the coming into force of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty in 1998. This can in part be attributed to a lack of research defining these values and showing how they may be assessed. In 2009, a survey compris...
Article
This paper evaluates the role of a web based interface - Scenario Chooser - that was developed to present a range of hypothetical future forested landscapes to the public with the aim of eliciting the most/least preferred forest management scenarios. The scenarios were represented by description of the applied management techniques, quantifiable la...
Article
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This study investigates alternative energy scenarios for Victoria to minimise carbon-emissions. There are many renewable energy options for Victoria; however, the visual impact on the State's landscape is unknown. This project illustrates a Victoria powered solely by renewable energy: namely on-shore wind and solar power plants. Areas suitable for...
Article
This case study evaluated the effect on cultural understanding of three different interaction modes, each teamed with a specific slice of the digitally reconstructed environment. The three interaction modes were derived from an initial descriptive theory of cultural learning as instruction, observation and action. A major aim was to ascertain wheth...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the authors develop a model of the formation of public acceptability judgments. The model suggests that in judging environmental management, people apply their values for the natural environment through psychological processes involving beliefs, aesthetic experience, and trust. A key aim of the study was to explore relationships amon...
Article
Climate change is predicted to impact countries, regions and localities differently. However, common to the predicted impacts is a global trend toward increased levels of carbon dioxide and rising sea levels. Governments and communities need to take into account the likely impacts of climate on the landscape, both built and natural. There is a grow...
Article
Full-text available
Using landscape objects with geo-visualisation tools to create 3D virtual environments is becoming one of the most prominent communication techniques to understand landscape form, function and processes. Geo-visualisation tools can also provide useful participatory planning support systems to explore current and future environmental issues such as...
Article
Protection of the wilderness and aesthetic values of Antarctica is mandated by the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, the “Madrid Protocol,” which came into force in 1998. Despite the passage of over 13 years, systematic protection for these values has not yet been put in place, due, in part, to the absence of suitable de...
Article
Full-text available
There have now been many studies about the public response to wind energy infrastructure. This includes at least 31 papers already published in 2010. There remains however a large gap between the knowledge required for effective planning and the agreed understanding of visual and other impact levels, and the influence of planning and communication...
Article
Full-text available
Despite many controversies, cost-benefit analysis (CBA) still been used in many countries as a tool in policy decision processes. More recently, public participation in these CBA processes has become an important issue for governments. However, CBA by itself does not provide a good environment for public participation. The major reasons for this ar...
Chapter
Spatially explicit agent-based models integrate human and environmental systems and reveal patterns that arise from a multitude of individual decisions. Properly defining micro-scale behaviours therefore has large importance for macro outcomes, bringing model validation and calibration issues into focus as a challenge for the research community. Th...
Conference Paper
In the context of urban park management, knowledge of visitor recreational activities is imperative to planners to design and manage their lands and facilities effectively. A well calibrated Multi-Agent System (MAS) for visitor simulation can offer planners a better understanding either in the current situation or in any proposed scenarios. In addi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Understanding people's visiting habits is a crucial step towards design of a visitor simulation system which can help planners to design and manage their lands and facilities effectively for conservation, recreation and education. Among the dazzling development of mobile devices in the past few years, the smartphone is equipped with powerful proces...
Chapter
The collaborative virtual environment framework SIEVE allows users to automatically build virtual environments and explore them collaboratively in real-time to aid decision making. SIEVE is currently being used in several application areas around landscape visualization and management and security and emergency response. Specific application areas...
Article
Computer game technology is advancing rapidly and is beginning to find application in landscape planning. This paper looks especially at the opportunities afforded by the advances in virtual reality games and their use as collaborative virtual environments and then at location based games and their potential to be a source of information for player...
Article
In a constantly changing environment, monitoring supports analysis and understanding of many types of change. This paper is concerned specifically with monitoring of vegetation and describes the development and application of a formal model that supports the analysis of spatiotemporal changes in the recorded attributes of a forest/heathland environ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Our research is focused on developing an ecoinformatics platform to support climate change adaptation in Victoria. A multidisciplinary, cross-organisational approach is taken in developing adaptation strategies to deal with the `diabolical' policy problem of climate change. The platform comprises a number of components including: (i) a metadata dis...
Article
Countries around the world are introducing requirements to significantly increase their proportion of energy from renewable sources, such as wind. Poor siting or poor decision process will produce considerable local opposition delaying implementation and costing both proponents and the concerned public significant time, effort and stress. We propos...
Article
1. Animals are the most important dispersal vector for a vast number of terrestrial plants. 2. Whereas our understanding of dispersal by wind has taken enormous conceptual strides in recent years, our ability to predict dispersal patterns by animals remains crude by comparison despite the large volume of research on this topic. 3. We review publish...
Article
Technology can be used to improve the legitimacy, accuracy and currency of land tenure information in urban informal settlements, site-and-service schemes and rural land restitution cases. Video images of landholders providing testimony as to their rights, interests and obligations regarding land, and palmtop computers using icon-based graphic inte...
Article
Visualization is an emerging collaboration tool to support landscape planning. Integration of collaborative visualization systems and GIS, using a touch screen table has the potential to become an essential part of land-use and environmental planning and so to facilitate better decision making. The paper focuses on a method to interactively plan fo...
Article
Full-text available
Australia's population is continually growing, making land more valuable and adding to energy demand. As the coast of Victoria, Australia has regular high winds, the development of offshore renewable energy is an excellent alternative to conventional energy sources. This provides an opportunity to meet growing energy needs while caring for the envi...
Article
This research compared individual's social acceptability ratings of six harvest and regeneration systems that could be applied in wet eucalypt forests: the clearfell, burn and sow system and five alternatives. A smaller calibration study also tested the effect of providing participants with a wider range of alternative systems including a no-harves...
Article
The effects of viewing different types of information were investigated in people judging the social acceptability of alternative forest harvest systems. Approximately 500 Tasmanians were shown still-simulated images of four harvest systems (a clearfell system, two aggregated retention systems, and a selective system) and were asked to judge their...
Chapter
The software platform SIEVE can be used to automatically build immersive and interactive 3D landscape environments from spatial data infrastructures. These environments can be viewed with SIEVE Viewer, the visualisation component, which also provides a virtual collaboration platform. We are currently developing an application platform within SIEVE...
Article
Australian spatial sciences education is facing a paradox: the demand for graduates is steadily increasing yet enrolments remain static. This paper examines a new strategy aimed at resolving the paradox. To this end, the University of Melbourne's new degree structure and its impact on Geomatics are examined. The new model enables students to obtain...
Article
In this research, the basis for social acceptability judgements of clearfell harvesting in people's values and beliefs was explored. During an initial qualitative field study the value orientations, valued objects and beliefs about consequences of 18 participants were identified. A hypothesis was then developed drawing on two cognitive hierarchy th...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative Virtual Environments or CVEs are shared virtual environments used for collaboration and interaction of many participants that may be spread over large distances. CVEs are used in diverse areas, ranging from e-tourism and VR-shops to coal mining operations and interactive house design. Due to the benefits of CVEs, they have been introd...
Article
Full-text available
Landscapes reflect the multifunctional nature of land and the complex relationships that exist between society and the environment. Land management systems have evolved to provide resources to meet societal demand but within a human lifetime these practices can significantly change both the landscape and the relationship that people have with the a...
Article
Land management issues are of public concern and so is the development of policies that deal with such issues. Public access to spatial data is increasing and also the processing power of modern desktop systems. There is an increasing need for tools that can help find consensus and aid good decision-making on land management issues. We are creating...
Article
Full-text available
Planning frequently fails to include the valuation of public goods and services. This can have long-term negative economic consequences for a region. This is especially the case in mountainous regions such as the Alps, which depend on tourism and where land-use changes can negatively impact key ecosystem services and hence the economy. In this stud...
Article
This paper describes the development of a photo-realistic visualisation method which uses the combination of a geographic information system (GIS) with off-line augmented reality (AR) techniques. The technique makes a linkage between GIS-based modelling and realistic panoramic video frames to dynamically augment a landscape view with modelled tempo...
Article
Full-text available
Over the recent years, spatial data have become more accessible to members of the public, and there is an increased awareness that spatial data are an essential ingredient in the development of governance policies. In parallel, computing devices that can render real-time 3D environments in nearly photo-realistic quality have become a common househo...
Article
Full-text available
Virtual Australia is not a well-defined or agreed concept. This discussion paper conceptualises Virtual Australia as a ‘virtual [digital] model containing and representing all non-trivial objects and their contextual environment – from blue sky to bedrock – in real world Australia’. It describes a scenario for Virtual Australia, one or two decades...
Chapter
Decision making in environmental planning and sustainable development relies on a comprehensive understanding of current scenarios and envisioning of possible future changes. With rapidly increasing computing power and graphic display capabilities, virtual environments have proven to be a powerful medium for visualising spatial information and shar...
Chapter
This chapter reports on the application of the collaborative GISbased What If? planning support system for managing data and creating exploratory future land use change scenarios. The case study area is Mitchell Shire, a local government municipality located on the urban fringe of the City of Melbourne, Australia. In this research we describe the v...
Article
a b s t r a c t Decision-making is often a complex task. There may be multiple criteria to be satisfied. The consequences of the available options will have different spatial and temporal distributions affecting different popu-lation groups and different generations. Decisions are also frequently made in a social context where perceptions can be as...
Article
Place is a complex concept. We might limit our thinking to a pair of geographic coordinates or we may seek to understand how a place came to be, what processes are happing in it now, or what options exist for its future. To really know a place we should be aware of all these aspects. Some people, based on prior training or life experience, have an...
Article
This chapter outlines a study that investigates the use of a virtual decision-making environment as a tool for better understanding individual land use choice behaviour. This chapter describes a preliminary study into the extent to which peoples’ land use decisions are affected by varying the visual and social context provided in the virtual envir...
Book
Michael Batty Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London Landscapes, like cities, cut across disciplines and professions. This makes it especially difficult to provide an overall sense of how landscapes should be studied and researched. Ecology, aesthetics, economy and sociology combine with physiognomy and deep physical struct...
Article
While data-driven visualisations are often intended to provide a realistic surrogate for actual environments, the necessary selection of landscape elements to include or exclude raises complex psychological, ethical and technical issues. This paper describes a process, based on social research, for prioritising landscape elements for inclusion in v...
Article
As a result of opposition, on the grounds of visual impact, to major wind energy installations on land, power companies are increasingly turning to off-shore sites for wind farm development. In most cases, the multiple turbines will be visible from the shore and hinterlands and opposition to the visual intrusion continues. This paper more firmly es...
Article
In order to understand land use changes it is useful to provide communities with visions of how their landscape may change. For this purpose, we have developed an envisioning system, which can help communities contemplate alternative land use configurations. This system links a geographic information system, virtual reality, mobile computing device...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of long-term forest landscape dynamics under fire exclusion, which have not been studied in north-eastern China, is increasingly needed for designing sound forest management and protection plans. In the present study, we examine whether long-term fire exclusion leads to catastrophic fires and whether the fire regimes altered by fire e...
Article
Full-text available
Planning frequently fails to include the valuation of public goods, such as scenic beauty. This can lead to negative economic impacts for a region over the longer term. Especially in mountainous regions such as the Alps in central Europe, which depend on tourist income, the change of landscape views through the development of facilities for recreat...