Hyug Baeg Im

Hyug Baeg Im
Korea University | KU · Department of Political Science and International Relations

About

26
Publications
3,038
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244
Citations
Citations since 2016
16 Research Items
101 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025

Publications

Publications (26)
Chapter
Koreans are now on the path toward an advanced democracy with good qualities in terms of the rule of law, political freedom and civil liberties, electoral and interinstitutional accountability, responsiveness of representatives, human security, effective administration, transparency and control of corruption, active political participation of citiz...
Chapter
Korean democracy in the Three Kims Era, known as the 1987 system, was characterized by the simultaneity of the nonsimultaneous. The modernity of liberal democracy prevailed with political and civil liberties, regular and competitive elections, the rule of law, transparency, accountability, and responsiveness. However, premodernity had also coexiste...
Chapter
This chapter deals with the superiority of democracy over authoritarianism in terms of economic performance. By comparing the statistics for the economic performances of democratic governments from 1987 to 2008 to those of authoritarian governments from 1961 to 1987, I show that, regardless of their economic policy regimes, democratic governments p...
Chapter
This chapter is a game-theoretic analysis of the aborted transition to democracy in the period 1979–1981 and the successful democratic transition in the mid-1980s. The transition from authoritarianism to democracy depends on the outcome of strategic interplays among relevant political actors. The game of transition starts with the organization of v...
Chapter
This introductory chapter narrates my 40 years’ journey in studying democratization and democracy in South Korea. I explain how I began studying the transition to democracy in the last days of authoritarian regimes in Mediterranean Europe, Latin America and East Asia under the guidance of my teacher at the University of Chicago, Adam Przeworski. I...
Chapter
Chapter 3 demystifies the Park Chung Hee model of economic development that has been held up as an ideal developmental state model to achieve high economic growth with equity. Many have praised Park Chung Hee for his wise and timely choice of optimal developmental strategy based on a state-led export platform. However, the so-called “Korean miracle...
Chapter
Korean churches participated in the democratization movement for three main reasons: first, to set up a new legitimacy formula at a time of rapid socioeconomic change; second, to respond to the demands from other social movements by providing shelters to antigovernment dissidents; and, third, to find themselves a new niche market. Even though both...
Chapter
The inauguration of Yushin authoritarianism in 1972 was Park Chung Hee’s strategic choice to sustain dictatorial rule, given that a labor-intensive export platform had become incompatible with restricted democracy. Park had to appeal to the rapidly growing workers’ vote as urban-based industrialization quickly absorbed the industrial reserve army o...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the process of institutionalizing relations between interest associations of capital and labor, and conflict resolution in industrial relations in particular. Before democratization, extreme pluralism dominated Korean labor relations, characterized by high strike rates, lockouts, and police interventions in the workplace. Si...
Chapter
This chapter deals with the democratic consolidation in South Korea. After a successful democratic transition, the country completed the democratic consolidation process in a relatively short period of time. Since 1987, South Koreans have institutionalized and regularized competitive and fair elections, and the electoral space has expanded from the...
Chapter
The Three Kims (Kim Young Sam, Kim Dae Jung, and Kim Jong Pil) played leading roles in the first generation of Korean democracy. They presided over a very rapid and successful transition from military authoritarianism to liberal democracy by reinstituting civilian control over the military, institutionalizing elections, and finally ensuring a peace...
Book
This is a perfect one-country study: deeply engaged in the theoretical and comparative literature, intimately informed about South Korean history, bringing to bear some unknown aspects of the case. A major contribution to studies of authoritarianism and of transitions to democracy. —Adam Przeworski, Carroll and Milton Petrie Professor Emeritus, Dep...
Article
This paper explores why is there no regional, multilateral, collective security community like NATO in East Asia and how to construct regional security community from difficult conditions. East Asian regional community originated from two divergent paths of international system: the regional community of commerce called East Asian Mediterranean and...
Chapter
With the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008, the ideological hegemony of neo-liberalism has been called into question. Globalization has exacerbated inequality among countries, regions, and social classes, and between regular and irregular workers, thus seriously weakening the material base of democracy. In this chapter Im first analyzes...
Chapter
The financial crisis in 1997 was a shock to South Koreans. In the midst of national economic crisis, newly elected president Kim Dae Jung launched structural economic reforms in the four major areas: private firms, public sectors, financial sector, and labor market. This chapter analyzes the evolution of tripartism under Kim Dae Jung presidency. Fi...
Article
Koreans have worked hard to improve the quality of their democracy. They have promoted the rule of law, accountability, control of corruption, freedom, and responsiveness, and made an effort to make government more effective. They are also committed to economic freedom. In relation to the rule of law, significant attention has been devoted to reduc...
Article
This article examines why although the two Koreas have had many talks and reached many agreements, economic cooperation and exchanges have met setbacks, stalemate, spillback, and not spillover. It also explores why the two Chinas have made a relatively successful case of functionalist cooperation and exchanges but have failed to make economic coope...
Article
This paper traces the role that US played in the development of Korean democracy and maintaining peace and security in the Korean peninsula. First, it looks back into the US role in the Korean political transformation from 1950s through 1980s. It examines why the US introduced American style democracy in the divided country and what was the role of...
Article
This article is a case study of South Korean democratic consolidation in the ‘three Kims’ era that ended in 2002. The article evaluates the achievements and failures with regard to democratic consolidation. In a negative sense the ‘three Kims’ made great progress toward consolidation, such as reinstituting a firm civilian control over the military,...
Article
A new myth is in the making. Once held as a model of development by practitioners and theorists alike, East Asia's Newly Industrializing Countries (NICs) are now identified as an epitome of ‘crony capitalism,’ a perversely deformed system of political and economic exchange driven by rent seekers. The privileged few have allegedly captured the state...
Article
In this paper, I investigate why a bureaucratic-authoritarian (hereafter BA) regime emerged in South Korea during the early 1970s. The regime transition was the outcome of conflict among key political actors who were constrained, although not in a deterministic way, by the change in the Korean economic structure. It can be understood as the outcome...
Article
So called ‘North Korean Question’ not only remains unresolved but also becomes the most important source of instability in Korean Peninsula as well as Northeast Asia in the aftermath of the sinking of Chunan Ship and the artillery strike to Yunpyung Island by North Korean army. Since the end of Korean War various efforts have been made to end North...

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