Hynek Böhm

Hynek Böhm
Technical University of Liberec | TUL · Department of Geography

PhD

About

44
Publications
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156
Citations

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Cross-border co-operation (CBC) is a prominent form of secondary foreign policy, implemented by local/regional actors and serving as a tool for overcoming the barriers arising from state borders. Many borders are areas of former conflicts, including territory of Euroregion Tesin/Cieszyn Silesia. Our goal is to analyse whether this Euroregion acts a...
Article
Full-text available
The Czech-Polish border is almost 800 kilometres long. Since 1991, 6 Euroregions and two European Groupings of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) were created and have been conducting cross-border cooperation (CBC) along the entire length of the border. This was probably also the institutionalisation of cross-border cooperation , what has helped to rea...
Article
Full-text available
Cross-border public services are considered to be one of the possible tools to eliminate the periphery position of border regions. The Czech part of the Gmünd/ ˇ Ceské Velenice divided twin town faces the problem of very distant healthcare, as the closest hospital on its side of the border is at around a 50 min car-drive, whereas the hospital in Au...
Chapter
The chapter deals with borders and cross-border co-operation in Europe from a perspective of political sciences. It is a part of collective publication presenting CBC from multiple social sciences perspectives.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The territory of Těšín Silesia was divided between Czechoslovakia and Poland in 1920. This artificial division forced about 200 000 non-Czech first language speakers – 64 000 of them declared themselves to be Poles - to become Czechoslovak citizens. Almost 90 years afterwards only 26 000 inhabitants declared Polish nationality during the last censu...
Article
The article asks whether the divided town Cieszyn-Český Těšín can be considered a joint "living space" in the shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic. It evaluates the impact of the pandemic on various aspects of the daily lives of the inhabitants and institutions of both parts of this divided town. Three main dimensions of cross-border integration were st...
Book
Full-text available
Nejdříve jsou představeny výzkumné metody, které byly při zpracování analýzy použity. Následuje část, ve které jsou představeny zjištěné dopady pandemie na hospodářský, společenský a administrativněprávní dopad pandemií způsobených omezení na přeshraniční spolupráci v Euroregionu Neisse-Nisa-Nysa, přičemž je zvláštní pozornost věnována dopadům pand...
Article
Full-text available
The article examines the role of the Euroregions in the first Covid-19 pandemic wave in Europe. The beginning of the pandemic in the spring of 2020 led to the closures of state borders. This complicated the situation of Polish cross-border commuters working in Germany and the Czech Republic. The border closure also showed the strength of Euroregion...
Article
The text deals with the cross-border co-operation of universities as a possible new research topic in border studies. We identified two important associations of universities operating in border areas in the EU core and two associations gathering universities from Czech, Polish and Slovak areas. Then we tried to identify the areas in which these un...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For many rural areas, tourism is an opportunity to improve local people's quality of life and prevent their migration to central regions. However, tourism also brings some negative effects to rural areas, which can cause some hostility among locals and visitors. These negative effects can arise for various reasons: it can be the ruthlessness of vis...
Article
The paper observes an advent of unilateralism, brought by the pandemic, which has restricted cross-border flows and cooperation in the E.U. The pandemic reintroduced borders back in the E.U. and introduced new national border policies, which have complicated the lives of the people in the border regions. This might imply the imperfect communication...
Article
Microprojects are an important part of Interreg programmes. This article presents areas of cooperation and categories of actors who have been active in submitting and implementing these microprojects in the Czech-Polish borderland. It identifies 11 thematic areas of microprojects, which mainly support people-to-people projects in the field of cultu...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic brought many changes to social behaviours in Europe. One of its major consequences was the temporary closure of borders, which was introduced as a measure to prevent the uncontrolled pandemic spreading and involved internal Schengen borders. This has had a major impact in the way in which cross-border cooperation has been cond...
Article
Full-text available
There are some localities in the Bohemian Paradise Geopark that suffer from temporal overtourism in the high season. On the other hand, more than half of the geopark is not so often visited by tourists, although very attractive geosites can be found there too. In the most visited localities, nature is damaged due to overloading of the tourist infra...
Article
Full-text available
English version follows (article is in Czech): Přeshraniční spolupráce v rámci evropské integrace je příběhem úspěchu. Pandemie COVID-19 způsobila uzavření vnitřní schengenské hranice, což způsobilo přeshraniční spolupráci komplikace. Cílem tohoto článku je seznámit své čtenáře s dopadem pandemie na Těšínsku. Cross-border co-operation is a success-...
Book
Kniha pojednává o paradiplomatických aktivitách vybraných veřejných aktérů Moravskoslezského kraje. Konstatuje, že nejdůležitější formou paradiplomacie je přeshraniční spolupráce, která podtrhává evropský rozměr zahraničních vztahů zkoumaných subjektů Moravskoslezského kraje.
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to try to summarize, how the scholars researching border studies and cross-border cooperation practitioners reacted to the COVID-19 pandemic during the period from 16th of March to 21st of June 2020. As it was not possible to follow all the texts (often published without peer-review in thematic blogs) and events, the overvi...
Chapter
Full-text available
On March 5, 2020 both authors co-organised a major international meeting on both sides of the well-known double town of Cieszyn/Český Těšín – on the Polish and the Czech side. The participants from the Polish-Czech borderlands and from other European border regions – in total from eleven countries – shared their ideas, fears and proposals for the f...
Chapter
The chapter presents INTERREG programme and its people-to-people part as an important Europe-building tool.
Article
Full-text available
Old maps, mainly from the period between 1890 and 1940, have been collected in the framework of the project “Old Maps of the Jizera Mountains”. These maps provide us with a complex picture, mainly of tourism, in this currently Czech–Polish territory. The territory of the Jizera Mountains was inhabited mainly by a German-speaking population on both...
Article
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The article discusses paradiplomatic activities of Moravia-Silesia in Czechia. The region, former seat of heavy industry, has hugely benefitted from the EU membership, which has helped to mitigate the consequences of economic restructuring. Yet the locals tend to have even more Eurosceptical opinions than the rest of Czechia. Research showed that t...
Chapter
The goal of the case study was an analysis whether the institutionalisation of a cross-border cooperation – irrespective of the legal form of this institutionalisation – helps to make the cooperation more efficient in both financial as well as territorial integration terms. The cooperation between Moravian-Silesian and Žilina Regions under the TRIT...
Article
Full-text available
Microprojects as an efficient cross-border co-operation tool. The article illustrates its principal use in the Czech-Polish Euroregion tesin/Cieszyn Silesia in 2007 - 2013 period. Overview brought in this article as well as current increasing eurosceptical and nationalistic movements in Europe underline the need to continue in efforts bringing peop...
Article
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Despite the Czech Republic hugely benefits from its EU membership, there is an euroscepticism on a major rise in the country. The article aims to identify whether there is any cause/or an appropriate answer to this trend in Czech schools and what instruments the teachers have to promote European values and educate towards Europeanism. The authors f...
Book
Full-text available
V Evropské unii jsou i přes vytvořený jednotný vnitřní trh stále státní hranice mentální bariérou. Tuto bariéru je však možno do určité míry eliminovat prováděním přeshraniční spolupráce, která může vyústit až k vytváření přeshraničních regionů. Tyto přeshraniční regiony vytvářejí pro spolupráci své vlastní struktury governance. Cílem této práce je...
Article
Full-text available
Tento článek popisuje trojstranný přeshraniční project Prameny spojují/Quellen verbinden, zahájený v roce 2016 a koordinovaný Technickou univerzitou v Liberci. Záměrem projektu je komplexní hydrochemické, hydrobiologické, hydrologické, geologické a humánně geografické zhodnocení souboru asi 40 pramenů v oblasti Liberec-Zittau, a to cestou vzdělávac...
Book
Full-text available
The Euroregion Šumava-Bayerischer Wald/Unterer Inn-Mühlviertel is an example of the co-operation entity between “old” and “new” Europe, which was created in the first half of 1990´s. The euroregion is full of contrasts: whereas the population on German/Bavarian and Austrian side has been there rather stable and unchanged, the most of original (Germ...
Book
Full-text available
Cross-border co-operation within the Danube Macroregion has mainly been based on the co-operation of subject at municipal levels, which have created euroregions. Only during last 10 years the co-operation entities on higher than municipal parameters started to appear, which is true also for Czech-Slovak border. Therefore, co-operation of Moravian-S...
Article
Full-text available
Article compares the ways in which the cross-border co-operation between schools is conducted in three Euroregions on Czech-Polish borders. The main research methods were based on analysis of the microprojects, which were supported in all three euroregions. Research surprisingly declined initial hypothesis expecting the most frequent use of INTERRE...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
State borders still constitute a mental barrier in the current EU, despite joint internal market was created. However this barrier can be partly eliminated by conducting a cross-border cooperation (CBC), which can result into creation of cross-border regions. These regions create their own governance structures. The research goal is critical evalua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The article tries to answer the question what are the reasons for the difference between the number of leisure cyclists and cycle commuters from geographic point-of-view. It is based on results of questionnaire survey carried out in 2014 in Brno and surroundings, focusing on the geographic aspects of the perceived barriers for commuting. However, t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the directions in research of quality of life is examining the impact of economic growth on quality of life, which presents a fundamental axiological change in quality of life if this correlation is positive. In the classical approach, based on Easterlin´s paradox, there is no correlation between economic growth, manifested by the growth in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
State borders still constitute barrier in the current EU. However this barrier can be partly eliminated by conducting a cross-border cooperation (CBC), which can result into creation of cross-border regions. These regions create their own governance structures, which deal with individual CBC areas. One of the principal CBC areas is environmental pr...
Thesis
Full-text available
V Evropské unii jsou i přes vytvořený jednotný vnitřní trh stále státní hranice mentální bariérou. Tuto bariéru je však možno do určité míry eliminovat prováděním přeshraniční spolupráce, která může vyústit až k vytváření přeshraničních regionů. Tyto přeshraniční regiony vytvářejí pro spolupráci své vlastní struktury governance. Cílem této práce je...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The main objective of the project is to develop a strategy to mitigate the negative effects of overtourism in affected areas without the need to introduce regulations and restrictions. A partial objective of the project is to develop a strategy to motivate tourists not only to visit the most famous and popular tourist destinations but to get to know the region more and visit more localities. Another partial objective of the project is to develop guidance material for local actors in tourism, especially for municipalities, destination management, regional authorities, and other associations, in which it will be illustrated on examples how to apply the above-mentioned strategies. Overall, the project should contribute to the sustainability of tourism in regions and regional development. TL03000020 - Technology Agency of the Czech Republic, Call Eta 3.
Project
The research has the ambition to focus on the way, how did the CBC change the borderlands in Visegrád countries from the 2004 EU enlargement until 2020. We will examine the processes of frontier ization ongoing from 2004 until now. We will also look at whether there are also boundarization/re-bordering processes going in the vice-versa direction. The main research question is: “Do the borders in V4 countries experience re-bordering?” If the answer is positive we will try to assess whether this re-bordering affects border regions as the places, where the people live. We will address this main goal with the help of the following research questions: 1. How did cross-border cooperation influence borderlands in V4 countries? Did the space construction through European and national narratives affect border regions as living spaces? How have the above-mentioned developments influenced cross-border social practices? 2. Are the structural conditions (governance structures, border regimes, cross-border infrastructure, cross-border policies) appropriate to ensure a positive social and economic development of V4 border regions as living spaces? Who are the decisive CBC actors there? What influence the pandemics had? 3. How did the various financial incentives – mainly the EU-funded INTERREG programs – contribute towards the change of borderlands in the V4? 4. Are the schools located in borderlands affected by the CBC? Do their curricula reflect this special geographical position and do the schools raise the new borderlanders, or the national Leitkultur prevails also there? The research will be organized in four thematic working packages, moreover, the horizontal factors influencing the CBC in V4 countries shall be considered: -national minorities -major population re-settlements - divided towns - different national (historical) narratives - COVID-19 pandemics
Project
The research problem and the points of analysis: a) The current course of territorial policies, either in the scenario in Europe or in Brazil South America, is referenced in the general principles of the European integrationist model and the New Regionalist Orthodoxie, aiming, among other objectives, to attribute importance to regions and their actors.b) Actions aimed at the development and transformation of regions: macro-policies (eg large infrastructure connections) and micro-policies (eg place-based policies) for local / regional development. c) Supranational and national actions - trends in new political and economic uses of the territory leading to territorial transformations according to the context and the conjuncture and the instability of development policies (especially for South America) and regional integration or even his absence.d) One of the tendencies of regional policy is to try to insert remote areas of large and economically depressed centers - bi-or tri-national (trans) border regions and "internationalized" border regions - into the dynamics of development and globalization, even in the condition of peripheral regions. Central question: Which types of territorial policies have emerged in rapidly evolving multi-scale territorial scenarios taking into account recent national and international experiences in Brazil in terms of interface with Mercosur, Unasur and the European Union? The project aims to examine territorial and sectoral policies that have territorial repercussions in regional and national scenarios and in cross-border processes. In South America:  the La Plata basin, understood as the South American cross-border macro-region. IguaçuTriple cross-border region -RTI Arg.-Bra-Uy triple cross-border - ARBRUY Mirim lagoon cross-border region In the European Union: the trinational metropolitan region of the Upper Rhine (an expanded revisit) the Greater Region (an expanded revisit) the Tesin-Silesia Euroregion - Śląsk Cieszyński in the southern republics of Poland and Slovakia