Hye Sun Cho

Hye Sun Cho
Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB | KRIBB · Plant Systems

About

113
Publications
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Publications

Publications (113)
Article
In plants, heat stress induces changes in alternative splicing, including intron retention; these events can rapidly alter proteins or downregulate protein activity, producing non-functional isoforms or inducing nonsense-mediated decay of mRNA. Nuclear cyclophilins (CYPs) are accessory proteins in the spliceosome complexes of multicellular eukaryot...
Article
Tuberization is an important developmental process in potatoes, but it is highly affected by environmental conditions. Temperature is a major environmental factor affecting tuberization, with high temperatures suppressing tuber development. However, the temporal aspects of thermo-responsive tuberization remain elusive. In this study, we show that F...
Article
Copy number polymorphisms (CNPs) of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in livestock can influence the innate immune response of individuals. We conducted a high-resolution analysis of the genomic variations of porcine cathelicidin PR39 using cloned PR39 amplicons corresponding to the 5′ to 3′ untranslated region (UTR) from four individuals of three diff...
Article
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The pandemic of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a public health emergency, and research on the development of various types of vaccines is rapidly progressing at an unprecedented development speed internationally. Some vaccines have already been approved for emergency use and are being supplied to people arou...
Article
Currently, several methods are available for the isolation of bacterial DNA and RNA. However, the diversity and complexity of cell envelope structures limit their efficiency depending on the target bacterial species. In this study, we compared the differences in yield and integrity of RNA prepared from four gram-negative and six gram-positive bacte...
Article
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The complete genomic sequence of scorzonera virus A (SCoVA) from a Scorzonera austriaca Willd. plant in South Korea was determined by high-throughput sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The SCoVA genome contains 9867 nucleotides, excluding the 3'-terminal poly(A) tail. The SCoVA genome structure is typical of potyviruses and contains a s...
Article
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MHC genes are highly polymorphic as antigen presenting molecules for adaptive immune response in vertebrates. In this study, we evaluated the diversity of dog leukocyte antigen (DLA) class II genes among two Korean breeds, the Sapsaree and the Jindo, and three Chinese native breeds, Tibetan Mastiff, Pug, and Pekingese, and determined their genetic...
Article
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OsFKBP20-1b, a plant-specific cyclophilin protein, has been implicated to regulate pre-mRNA splicing under stress conditions in rice. Here, we demonstrated that OsFKBP20-1b is SUMOylated in a reconstituted SUMOylation system in E.coli and in planta, and that the SUMOylation-coupled regulation was associated with enhanced protein stability using a l...
Article
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Hg-CATH and Pb-CATH4 are cathelicidins from Heterocephalus glaber and Python bivittatus that have been previously identified as potent antibacterial peptides. However, their antiviral properties were not previously investigated. In this study, their activity against the herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 was evaluated during primary human keratinocyte in...
Article
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To establish an efficient plant regeneration system from cell suspension cultures of Euonymus alatus, embryogenic callus formation from immature embryos was investigated. The highest frequency of embryogenic callus formation reached 50% when the immature zygotic embryos were incubated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1 mg/L 2,4-...
Article
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Plants absorb light energy required for photosynthesis, but excess light can damage plant cells. To protect themselves, plants have developed diverse signaling pathways which are activated under high-intensity light. Plant photoprotection mechanisms have been mainly investigated under conditions of extremely high amount of light; thus, it is largel...
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A new member of the genus Closterovirus was detected in Platycodon grandiflorus using high-throughput RNA sequencing analysis. The complete genome sequence of this new virus isolate, tentatively named “platycodon closterovirus 1” (PlaCV1), comprises 16,771 nucleotides with nine predicted open reading frames (ORFs) having the typical closterovirus g...
Preprint
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Carotenoids are phytochemicals that are precursors of vitamin A and effective antioxidants, required for human health. The mechanisms and underlying genetic network responsible for regulating carotenoid production in plants, however, is poorly understood, despite the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway being known. We found that a single amino acid ins...
Article
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The complete genome sequence of a new polerovirus found naturally infecting Artemisia princeps, artemisia virus B (ArtVB), was determined using high-throughput sequencing. The ArtVB genome comprises 6,141 nucleotides and contains six putative open reading frames (ORF0 to ORF5) with a genome structure typical of poleroviruses. A multiple sequence al...
Article
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Precise flowering timing is critical for the plant life cycle. Here, we examined the molecular mechanisms and regulatory network associated with flowering in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L.) by comparative transcriptome profiling of two Chinese cabbage inbred lines, “4004” (early bolting) and “50” (late bolting). RNA-Seq and quantitative reverse...
Article
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The efficiency of existing cell lysis methods to isolate nucleic acids from diverse bacteria varies depending on cell wall structures. This study tested a novel idea of using broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptides to improve the lytic efficiency of hard-to-lyse bacteria and characterized their differences. The lysis conditions of Staphylococcus aure...
Article
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Both obtaining high-yielding, viable protoplasts and following reliable regeneration protocols are prerequisites for the continuous expansion and development of newly emerging systems involving protoplast utilization. This study determines an efficient process from protoplast isolation to shoot regeneration in vitro. The maximum yield of protoplast...
Article
The effects of ΔPb-CATH4, a cathelicidin derived from Python bivittatus, were evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus-infected wounds in mice. These effects were comparable to those of classical antibiotics. ΔPb-CATH4 was resistant to bacterial protease but not to porcine trypsin. A reduction in the level of inflammatory cytokines and an increase i...
Article
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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are of interest as alternatives to antibiotics or immunomodulators. We generated and characterized the phenotypes of transgenic mice overexpressing protegrin 1 (PG1), a potent porcine cathelicidin. No obvious differences were observed between PG1 transgenic and wild-type mice in terms of growth, development, general be...
Article
Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are innate immune molecules with antimicrobial activity that are important to defend against pathogenic infection. We performed genome‐level analyses of the AMP family gene repertories for six terrestrial (Homo sapiens, Bos taurus, Sus scrofa, Capra hircus, Canis lupus, and Loxodonta africana) and five aquatic (Balaenop...
Article
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Flooding is a common and critical disaster in agriculture, because it causes defects in plant growth and even crop loss. An increase in herbivore populations is often observed after floods, which leads to additional damage to the plants. Although molecular mechanisms underlying the plant responses to flooding have been identified, how plant defence...
Article
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The complete genomic sequence of achyranthes virus A (AcVA), from an Achyranthes bidentata Blume plant in South Korea, was determined. The genomic RNA has 9491 nucleotides (nt), excluding the 3′-terminal poly(A) tail and contains an open reading frame typical of members of the genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae, encoding a large putative polyprote...
Article
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Gibberellic acid (GA) is one of the factors that promotes flowering in radish (Raphanus Sativus L.), although the mechanism mediating GA activation of flowering has not been determined. To identify this mechanism in radish, we compared the effects of GA treatment on late-flowering (NH-JS1) and early-flowering (NH-JS2) radish lines. GA treatment pro...
Article
Clubroot disease, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, is one of the most devastating diseases affecting members of the Brassicaceae family. It is difficult to control by chemical or cultural means, and the molecular mechanisms underlying interactions with Brassica oleracea (cabbage) remain poorly understood. Herein, we used a proteomic approach to...
Article
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Key message: Plant possesses particular Golgi-resident cyclophilin 21 proteins (CYP21s) and the catalytic isomerase activities have a negative effect on ABA signalling gene expression during early seedling development. Cyclophilins (CYPs) are essential for diverse cellular process, as these catalyse a rate-limiting step in protein folding. Althoug...
Article
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Fructans are polymers of fructose that are present as storage carbohydrates in various plants. Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) contains a high amount of inulin. Two enzymes are involved in inulin biosynthesis. The sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST) enzyme mainly catalyzes the synthesis of 1-kestose from sucrose. In the nex...
Article
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Porcine protegrin-1 (PG-1) is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide (AMP) with potent antimicrobial activities. We produced recombinant PG-1 and evaluated its cytotoxicity toward various types of mammalian cell lines, including embryonic fibroblasts, retinal cells, embryonic kidney cells, neuroblastoma cells, alveolar macrophage cells, and neutrop...
Article
Complete genome sequences of two cycas necrotic stunt virus (CNSV) isolates from Paeonia suffruticosa and Daphne odora were determined. Phylogenetic trees and pairwise comparisons using complete RNA1- and RNA2-encoded polyproteins showed that the two CNSV isolates are divergent (83.19%–89.42% in polyprotein 1 and 73.61%–85.78% in polyprotein 2). A...
Article
Plants sense mechanical stimuli to recognize nearby obstacles and change their growth patterns to adapt to the surrounding environment. When roots encounter an obstacle, they rapidly bend away from the impenetrable surface and find the edge of the barrier. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying root obstacle avoidance are largely unknown. Her...
Article
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High-throughput sequencing revealed a tentative new badnavirus infecting Codonopsis lanceolata, provisionally named Codonopsis vein clearing virus (CoVCV). The complete 8,112-nt CoVCV genomic DNA sequence (GenBank accession: MK044821) comprises three open reading frames (ORFs) encoding conserved domains, with typical features of badnaviruses. Addit...
Article
Proline-arginine-rich (PR)-39 is neutrophil antimicrobial peptide that has potent antimicrobial activity against a broad spectrum of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and some enveloped viruses as a part of the innate immune system. We analyzed the nucleotide sequence variations of PR-39 exon 4, which is the mature peptide region responsib...
Article
Jerusalem artichoke (JA) tubers are an important bio-economy developing crop because of its invaluable bioproducts in both food and biofuel aspects. However, the molecular mechanism of its tuberization, and the differences among different cultivars have been little studied to date. Therefore, here we selected PJA, DJA, and HJA cultivars of JA tuber...
Article
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Primary porcine alveolar macrophages (PAM) are useful for studying viral infections and immune response in pigs; however, long-term use of these cells is limited by the cells’ short lifespan. We immortalized primary PAMs by transfecting them with both hTERT and SV40LT and established two immortalized cell lines (iPAMs) actively proliferating even a...
Article
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Potato ( Solanum tuberosum L.) is the third most important food crop, and breeding drought-tolerant varieties is vital research goal. However, detailed molecular mechanisms in response to drought stress in potatoes are not well known. In this study, we developed EMS-mutagenized potatoes that showed significant tolerance to drought stress compared t...
Article
Flowering time (Ft) is the most important characteristic of Chinese cabbage with high leaf yields and late-flowering are favorable traits, while little knowledge on genes involved in Ft and the flowering mechanism in this crop. In this study, we conducted genome-wide RNA-seq analysis using an inbred Chinese cabbage ‘4004’ line in response to vernal...
Article
We previously isolated Nicotiana benthamiana matrix metalloprotease 1 (NMMP1) from tobacco leaves. The NMMP1 gene encodes a highly conserved, Zn-containing catalytic protease domain that functions as a factor in the plant's defense against bacterial pathogens. Expression of NMMP1 was strongly induced during interactions between tobacco and one of i...
Article
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CYP21-4 is a novel Golgi-localized cyclophilin protein involved in oxidative stress tolerance. Here, we generated transgenic plants overexpressing AtCYP21-4 and OsCYP21-4 in potato and rice, respectively. The stems and roots of AtCYP21-4–overexpressing potato plants were longer than those of wild-type (WT) plants, which resulted in heavier tubers....
Article
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Introduction: High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) studies demonstrate that Alter-native Splicing (AS) is a widespread mechanism that enhances transcriptome diversity, particularly in plants exposed to environmental stress. In an attempt to determine the transcriptome and AS patterns of cabbage inbred line "HO" under Heat Stress (HS), RNA-Seq...
Article
Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.), a plant of the Asteraceae family, is widely cultivated for its multiple pharmacological properties and is being developed as a renewable feedstock, as well as a source of biofuels and biochemicals for industrial applications. Despite its nutritional benefits and economic potential, transcriptomic and g...
Article
Full-text available
Late bolting after cold exposure is an economically important characteristic of radish (Raphanus sativus L.), an important Brassicaceae root vegetable crop. However, little information is available regarding the genes and pathways that govern flowering time in this species. We performed high-throughput RNA sequencing analysis to elucidate the molec...
Data
Experimental design and data analysis. Samples of the NH-JS1 and NH-JS2 inbred lines subjected to various vernalization treatments, used for RNA-Seq analysis. Ver, vernalization period; 1st and 2nd, independent biological replicates. The work-flow and algorithm used for detecting DEG and flowering-time genes are shown schematically.
Data
Pairs plot between the two replicate radish transcriptomes.
Data
Summary of RNA-Seq in two radish inbred lines.
Data
Gene-specific primers used for qPCR analyses.
Data
Results of read mapping in radish transcripts.
Article
Full-text available
The complete genome sequence of ligustrum virus A (LVA) from a Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. & Zucc. plant was determined. The genomic RNA has 8,525 nucleotides, excluding the poly(A) tail, and consists of six open reading frames typical of members of the genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae. Phylogenetic analysis of the viral replicase and coa...
Article
Impatiens walleriana Hook. f. (Balsaminaceae), also known as busy Lizzie, balsam, or simply impatiens, is a flowering herbaceous perennial and very popular annual bedding plant. In June 2011, I. walleriana with virus-like symptoms—mottling and mosaic leaves on dwarfed plants—was observed in Asan-si Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea. To confirm the pre...
Article
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Disease prevention through vaccination is considered to be the greatest contribution to public health over the past century. Every year more than 100 million children are vaccinated with the standard World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended vaccines including hepatitis B (HepB). HepB is the most serious type of liver infection caused by the hepa...
Article
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Alternative splicing (AS) is an important molecular mechanism by which single genes can generate multiple mRNA isoforms. We reported previously that, in Oryza sativa, the cyclophilin 19-4 (OsCYP19-4.1) transcript was significantly upregulated in response to cold stress, and that transgenic plants were cold tolerant. Here we show that, under cold st...
Article
In our current study, to develop an efficient regeneration and transformation system of Helianthus tuberosus, we verified effects of plant growth hormones, growth conditions, explant type, and transformation conditions. Leaf segments from regenerated shoots showed higher regeneration efficiency on MS basal medium containing 1.0mgL-1 zeatin under da...
Article
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AtCYP19-4 (also known as CYP5) was previously identified as interacting in vitro with GNOM, a member of a large family of ARF guanine nucleotide exchange factors that is required for proper polar localization of the auxin efflux carrier PIN1. The present study demonstrated that OsCYP19-4, a gene encoding a putative homologue of AtCYP19-4, was up-re...
Article
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OsCYP21-4 is a rice cyclophilin protein that binds to cyclosporine A, an immunosuppressant drug. CYP21-4s in Arabidopsis and rice were previously shown to function as mitochondrial cyclophilins, as determined by TargetP analysis. In the current study, we found that OsCYP21-4-GFP localized to the Golgi, rather than mitochondria, in Nicotiana bentham...