Huw M L Davies

Huw M L Davies
Emory University | EU · Department of Chemistry

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512
Publications
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26,308
Citations
Citations since 2016
64 Research Items
11922 Citations
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500

Publications

Publications (512)
Article
Rhodium-catalyzed enantioselective synthesis of 1-phenoxycyclopropane-1-carbaldehydes by intermolecular cyclopropanation of terminal alkenes followed by imine hydrolysis is described. This methodology utilizes 4-aryloxy-1-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles as the carbene precursors and the chiral dirhodium(II) tetracarboxylates Rh2(S-NTTL)4 or Rh2(S-DPCP)4 a...
Article
The synthesis and evaluation of six C4-symmetric bowl-shaped dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalysts are described. These elaborate high-symmetry catalysts are readily generated by means of the self-assembly of four C1-symmetric ligands around the dirhodium core. These catalysts are capable of highly site-selective, diastereoselective, and enantiosele...
Article
The C-H functionalization of silyl ethers via carbene-induced C-H insertion represents an efficient synthetic disconnection strategy. In this work, site- and stereoselective C(sp3)-H functionalization at α, γ, δ, and even more distal positions to the siloxy group has been achieved using donor/acceptor carbene intermediates. By exploiting the predil...
Article
An enantioselective formal synthesis of (−)-aflatoxin B2 from 4-methoxyphenylacetic acid has been achieved by an approach that produces a key carbon–carbon bond, a benzylic stereocenter, and two arene carbon–oxygen bonds in the course of three site-selective C–H functionalizations. The carbonyl-directed acetoxylation of two arene C–H bonds describe...
Article
Full-text available
This study describes general methods for the enantioselective syntheses of pharmaceutically relevant 1-aryl-2-heteroaryl- and 1,2-diheteroarylcyclopropane-1-carboxylates through dirhodium tetracarboxylate-catalysed asymmetric cyclopropanation of vinyl heterocycles with aryl- or heteroaryldiazoacetates. The reactions are highly diastereoselective an...
Article
Dirhodium triarylcyclopropanecarboxylate catalysts (Rh2TPCP4) are sterically demanding and capable of con-trolling the site selectivity of C—H functionalization by means of C—H insertion with donor/acceptor carbenes. This study compares the structures and the reactivity pro-files of dirhodium triarylcyclopropanecarboxylates with dirhodium diarylcyc...
Article
Computational studies revealed that dirhodium tetrakis(1,2,2‐triarylcyclopropanecarboxylate) (Rh2(TPCP)4) catalysts adopt distinctive high symmetry orientations, which are dependent on the nature of the aryl substitution pattern. The parent catalyst, Rh2(TPCP)4, and those with a p‐substituent at the C1 aryl, such as Rh2(p‐BrTPCP)4 and Rh2(p‐PhTPCP)...
Article
Herein we demonstrate a sustainable, scalable packed bed flow reactor capable of achieving highly regio‐ and stereoselective C–H functionalization reactions using a newly developed Rh 2 ( S ‐2‐Cl‐5‐CF 3 TPCP) 4 catalyst. To optimize the immobilized dirhodium catalyst employed in the flow reactor, we systematically study both (i) the effects of liga...
Article
Supported rhodium catalysts anchored to mesoporous silica in three different locations demonstrate optimal tethering location, allowing for deployment in a fixed bed flow reactor for enantio‐ and regioselective C−H functionalization. Tuning silica particle size/shape enhances reactivity and the catalyst immobilization methodology is widely applicab...
Article
Rhodium-stabilized diaryl carbenes typically generated from diaryldiazomethanes have been generally classified as donor/donor carbenes. This combined computational and experimental study demonstrates that diarylcarbenes display reactivity characteristics that are more reminiscent of donor/acceptor carbenes. When the reactions are carried out with c...
Article
A visible light mediated ring expansion of readily available carbo- and heterocyclic anellated cyclopropanes by molecular oxygen at ambient pressure has been developed. Tolerating a variety of functional groups, the...
Article
Full-text available
Bicyclo[1.1.1]pentanes (BCPs) are highly strained carbocycles that have fascinated the chemical community for decades because of their unique structure. Despite the immense interest in this scaffold and extensive synthetic efforts, the construction of BCP derivatives still relies substantially on the manipulation of dimethyl bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane-1...
Article
Metal carbenes, derived from the decomposition of diazo compounds, are valued for their capacity to perform a variety of transformations. A unique class of acyclic, bis-diazo compounds, the donor-acceptor-acceptor 1,3-bisdiazo compounds, are described herein. These compounds are available from acyclic β-keto esters and especially reactive at the do...
Article
Recent developments in controlled C–H functionalization transformations continue to inspire new retrosynthetic disconnections. One tactic in C–H functionalization is the intermolecular C–H insertion reaction of rhodium-bound carbenes. These intermediates can undergo highly selective transformations through the modulation of the ligand framework of...
Article
Chiral cyclooctadiene (COD) derivatives are readily prepared by rhodium-catalyzed allylic C-H functionalization of COD. Either mono- or difunctionalization of COD is possible generating the products in high yield, diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity. The double C-H functionalization generates C2-symmetric COD derivatives with four new stere...
Article
Here we report Rh(II)-catalyzed monocyclopropanation reactions on pyrroles in the presence of aryldiazoacetates, providing the corresponding dearomatized products with high levels of enantioselectivity (up to >99% ee). Under the catalysis of Rh2(R-p-PhTPCP)4, a broad range of pyrrole substrates and aryldiazoacetates are shown to be compatible. Util...
Article
The regioselective and enantioselective intermolecular sp3 C-H functionalization of silicon-substituted alkanes with aryl diazoacetates was accomplished using the recently developed dirhodium catalyst Rh2( S-TPPTTL)4. These reactions generate a diverse array of stereodefined substituted silacycloalkanes with high enantioselectivity and diastereosel...
Article
Full-text available
C–H functionalization has become widely recognized as an exciting new strategy for the synthesis of complex molecular targets. Instead of relying on functional groups as the controlling elements of how molecules are assembled, this strategy offers an altogether different logic for organic synthesis. For this type of strategy to be successful, reage...
Chapter
Carbon‐hydrogen (C‐H) bonds are ubiquitous in organic compounds, and their selective functionalization is of considerable current interest. This chapter focuses on the development of dirhodium(II)‐catalyzed enantioselective C‐H functionalization reactions that address the challenges of site selectivity and enantioselectivity associated with this ch...
Article
Full-text available
Carbon–hydrogen (C–H) bonds have long been considered unreactive and are inert to traditional chemical reagents, yet new methods for the transformation of these bonds are continually being developed1–9. However, it is challenging to achieve such transformations in a highly selective manner, especially if the C–H bonds are unactivated¹⁰ or not adjac...
Article
Research in the total synthesis of natural products has changed considerably in recent years. Much of the research effort has moved away from only focusing on the synthesis of a specific natural product, and instead toward the development of general synthetic strategies that enable the synthesis of a broad family of natural products. The new approa...
Article
Full-text available
C-H functionalization represents a promising approach for the synthesis of complex molecules. Instead of relying on modifying the functional groups present in a molecule, the synthetic sequence is achieved by carrying out selective reactions on the C-H bonds, which traditionally would have been considered to be the unreactive components of a molecu...
Article
A new chiral dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalyst, Rh2(S-2-Cl-5-BrTPCP)4, has been developed for C–H functionalization reactions by means of donor/acceptor carbene intermediates. The dirhodium catalyst contains four (S)-1-(2-chloro-5-bromophenyl)-2,2-diphenylcyclopropane-1-carboxylate ligands, in which all four 2-chloro-5-bromophenyl groups are on t...
Article
This paper describes the influence of replacement of one of the rhodium atoms by bismuth in a chiral dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalyst on asymmetric induction in the cyclopropanation and C-H functionalization chemistry of trichloroethyl aryldiazoacetates. The chiral ligand used in this study is S-tert-butylsulphonylprolinate (S-TBSP), which was u...
Article
We demonstrate a scalable flow reactor for enantiomeric and regioselective rhodium carbene reactions (cyclopropanation and C‐H functionalization) by developing cascade reaction protocols employing a microfluidic flow reactor system containing immobilized dirhodium catalysts in conjunction with the flow synthesis of diazo compounds. This allows for...
Article
The synthesis of β-arylpyrrolidines via a catalytic enantioselective intermolecular allylic C(sp)³–H functionalization of trans-alkenes followed by immediate reduction, ozonolysis, and then in situ diversification of the resulting cyclic hemiaminal to furnish highly substituted, stereoenriched β-arylpyrrolidines is reported. This methodology utiliz...
Article
Donor/acceptor carbenes provide a powerful platform for building molecular complexity, but the majority of their reactions have been limited to aryl and vinyl donor groups. We found that a N-containing donor/acceptor carbene precursor, 4-phthalimido-N-methanesulfonyl-1,2,3-triazole, reacts with unactivated arenes resulting in a mixture of [3+2]-cyc...
Article
We demonstrate a scalable flow reactor for enantiomeric and regioselective rhodium carbene reactions (cyclopropanation and C‐H functionalization) by developing cascade reaction protocols employing a microfluidic flow reactor system containing immobilized dirhodium catalysts in conjunction with the flow synthesis of diazo compounds. This allows for...
Article
Full-text available
Aryldiazoacetates can undergo photolysis under blue light irradiation (460-490 nm) to generate free carbenes at room temperature and under air. These free carbenes can react selectively with numerous trapping agents,...
Article
The regioselective and enantioselective intermolecular sp³ C–H functionalization of silicon-substituted alkanes was accomplished using Rh2(S-NTTL)4 with readily available 1-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles as carbene precursors. These reactions generate a diverse array of stereodefined substituted silaalkanes.
Article
Rhodium(II)-catalyzed reactions between isopropyl acetate and trichloroethyl aryldiazoacetates result in the formation of oxirane intermediates that ring open under the reaction conditions to form tertiary alcohols. When the reaction is catalyzed by the dirhodium tetrakis(triarylcyclopropanecarboxylate) complex, Rh2(S-2-Cl,4-BrTPCP)4, the tertiary...
Article
Full-text available
The synthesis of complex organic compounds usually relies on controlling the reactions of the functional groups. In recent years, it has become possible to carry out reactions directly on the C-H bonds, previously considered to be unreactive. One of the major challenges is to control the site-selectivity because most organic compounds have many sim...
Article
Two approaches were developed for the conversion of isoxazol-5-ones to 2,3-dihydro-6H-1,3-oxazin-6-ones. The first involves dirhodium-catalyzed reaction of aryl diazoacetates, leading to rhodium carbene intermediates that undergo insertion into the N–O bond of isoxazol-5-ones. The second approach involves conversion of the aryldiazoacetates to the...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript describes the collaborative efforts within the NSF CCI Center for Selective C−H Functionalization (CCHF) to bring C−H functionalization into the mainstream of organic chemistry.
Article
Rh(II)-catalyzed enantioselective cyclopropanations of furans, providing access to synthetically useful building blocks, are reported. After screening of 10 Rh(II) catalysts, Rh2(S-TCPTTL)4 was identified as a highly efficient and selective catalyst (up to 98% ee, TON 88000, and TOF 24/s) for the cyclopropanation of furans. These cyclopropanes were...
Article
A tandem reaction system has been developed for the preparation of donor/acceptor-substituted diazo compounds in continuous flow coupled to dirhodium-catalyzed C–H functionalization or cyclopropanation. Hydrazones were oxidized in flow by solid-supported N-iodo-p-toluenesulfonamide potassium salt (PS-SO2NIK) to generate the diazo compounds, which w...
Article
An efficient synthesis of tetrahydrocarboline-type products and polycyclic spiroindolines has been achieved. The transformation proceeds via rhodium(II)-catalyzed intramolecular annulations of indolyl- and pyrrolyl-tethered N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles. The reaction could be tuned toward either the formal [3 + 2] cycloaddition or the C-H functionaliz...
Article
Thermally induced reactions of donor/acceptor diazo compounds generate carbene intermediates capable of C-H functionalization reactions of alkanes. A variety of C-H insertion products were obtained in moderate to good yields and in certain cases with good site selectivity, favoring the functionalization of the more highly substituted C-H bond.
Article
An efficient and convenient synthesis of 2,2,2-trichloroethyl (TCE) aryl- and vinyldiazoacetates was achieved by palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions between TCE diazoacetates and aryl or vinyl iodides. The broad substrate scope allows for rapid and facile formation of TCE aryl- and vinyl-diazoacetates, which recently have emerged as versat...
Article
The enantioselective intermolecular sp(3) C-H functionalization at the allylic and benzylic positions was achieved using rhodium-catalyzed reactions with 4-phenyl-N-(methanesulfonyl)-1,2,3-triazole. The optimum dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalyst for these reactions was Rh2(S-NTTL)4. The rhodium-bound α-imino carbene intermediates preferentially re...
Article
Full-text available
The laboratory synthesis of complex organic molecules relies heavily on the introduction and manipulation of functional groups, such as carbon-oxygen or carbon-halogen bonds; carbon-hydrogen bonds are far less reactive and harder to functionalize selectively. The idea of C-H functionalization, in which C-H bonds are modified at will instead of the...
Article
A novel access to fused 5/7 ring systems through rhodium-catalyzed [4 + 3] cycloaddition of mono- and disubstituted furans to cyclic donor-acceptor diazocarboxylate (II) is described.
Article
Methods for functionalizing carbon-hydrogen bonds are featured in a new synthesis of the tricyclic core architecture that characterizes the indoxamycin family of secondary metabolites. A unique collaboration between three laboratories has engendered a design for synthesis featuring two sequential C-H functionalization reactions, namely a diastereos...
Article
Methods for functionalizing carbon–hydrogen bonds are featured in a new synthesis of the tricyclic core architecture that characterizes the indoxamycin family of secondary metabolites. A unique collaboration between three laboratories has engendered a design for synthesis featuring two sequential C−H functionalization reactions, namely a diastereos...
Article
Enantioselective C-H functionalization of relatively electron-deficient methyl sites was achieved with the combination of 2,2,2-trichloroethyl (TCE) aryldiazoacetates and tetrakis(triarylcyclopropanecarboxylate) dirhodium catalysts. The substrate scope of the transformation was relatively broad, and C-H functionalization products were furnished wit...
Article
An efficient method to directly access the bicyclo[5.3.0]decane core was achieved by rhodium-catalyzed reaction of a novel donor-acceptor cyclopentenyl diazocarboxylate with a variety of furans. As this motif is commonly found within bioactive antitumor natural products, selected systems were further manipulated and evaluated against cancer cell li...
Article
The field of organic synthesis has undergone a startling shift of emphasis during the past 20 years. The pinnacle of research was once the total synthesis of natural products. Many research groups fiercely competed to be the first to make a particular molecular target. Consequently, the field developed a highly competitive atmosphere, and it was ra...
Article
Highly functionalized cyclopropanecarboxylates were readily prepared by rhodium-catalyzed cyclopropanation of alkenes with aryldiazoacetates and styryldiazoaceates, in which the ester functionality is either trimethylsilylethyl (TMSE) or trichlorethyl (TCE). By having labile protecting groups on the ester, chiral triarylcyclopropane carboxylate lig...
Article
Flexible composite polymer/oxide hollow fibers are used as flow reactors for heterogeneously catalyzed reactions in organic synthesis. The fiber synthesis allows for a variety of supported catalysts to be embedded in the walls of the fibers, thus leading to a diverse set of reactions that can be catalyzed in flow. Additionally, the fiber synthesis...
Article
Flexible composite polymer/oxide hollow fibers are used as flow reactors for heterogeneously catalyzed reactions in organic synthesis. The fiber synthesis allows for a variety of supported catalysts to be embedded in the walls of the fibers, thus leading to a diverse set of reactions that can be catalyzed in flow. Additionally, the fiber synthesis...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving selective C–H functionalization is a significant challenge that requires discrimination between many similar C–H bonds. Yet, reaction systems employing Rh2(DOSP)4 and Rh2(BPCP)4 were recently demonstrated to afford high levels of selectivity in the C–H insertion of carbenes into toluene-derived substrates. Herein, we explore the origin of...
Patent
Full-text available
This disclosure relates to compositions comprising dirhodium catalysts and uses related thereto, e.g., in enantioselective transformations of donor/acceptor carbenoids. In certain embodiments, the dirhodium catalyst comprises a cyclopropyl ring substituted with a carboxylic acid ligand. In certain embodiments, the disclosure relates to compositions...
Patent
The disclosure relates to novel C4 and C6 substituted androst-4-ene diones as well as andros-1,4-diene diones and derivatives thereof, their process of preparation, pharmaceutical compounds containing them, and the use of said compounds for the treatment of hormone-related disorders in mammals. This includes hormone-dependent cancers, particularly...
Chapter
[22979-35-7] C9H8N2O2 (MW 176)
Article
A stereoselective synthesis of cyclohexanes bearing four stereocenters from vinyldiazoacetates and allyl alcohols by a rhodium-carbene initiated domino reaction is described. The reaction cascade features a tandem ylide formation/[2,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement, oxy-Cope rearrangement, and type II carbonyl ene reaction, all of which proceed with a...
Article
Various substrates bearing different alkyl chains are prepared and subjected to the functionalization procedure with diazoesters (II) and (V) in the presence of the optimal catalyst Rh2(BPCP)4(antipodes).
Article
Alkaloids constitute a large family of natural products possessing diverse biological properties. Their unique and complex structures have inspired numerous innovations in synthetic chemistry. In the realm of late-stage C-H functionalization, alkaloids remain a significant challenge due to the presence of the basic amine and a variety of other func...
Article
Syntheses of dictyodendrins A and F have been achieved using a sequential C-H functionalization strategy. The N-alkylpyrrole core is fully functionalized by means of a rhodium(I)-catalyzed C-H arylation at the C3-position, a rhodium(II)-catalyzed double C-H insertion at the C2- and C5-positions, and a Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction at the C...
Article
A new class of reagents is described for C-H functionalization by means of C-H insertion using donor/acceptor-substituted rhodium(II) carbene intermediates. The 2,2,2-trichloroethyl aryl- and heteroaryl diazoacetates, together with the dirhodium triarylcyclopropane carboxylate catalyst Rh2(R-BPCP)4, enabled the enantioselective intermolecular C-H f...
Article
A regio-, diastereo-, and enantioselective [4+3] cycloaddition between vinylcarbenes and dienes has been achieved using the dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalyst [Rh2(S-BTPCP)4]. This methodology provides facile access to 1,4-cycloheptadienes that are regioisomers of those formed from the tandem cyclopropanation/Cope rearrangement reaction of vinylca...
Article
A regio-, diastereo-, and enantioselective [4+3] cycloaddition between vinylcarbenes and dienes has been achieved using the dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalyst [Rh2(S-BTPCP)4]. This methodology provides facile access to 1,4-cycloheptadienes that are regioisomers of those formed from the tandem cyclopropanation/Cope rearrangement reaction of vinylca...
Article
Evolution of a program directed at the enantioselective total synthesis of maoecrystal V, a highly modified ent-kauranoid, is described. An early-stage chiral auxiliary-directed asymmetric C-H functionalization for the construction of a key benzofuran intermediate enabled the first asymmetric synthesis of the natural enantiomer of maoecrystal V, co...
Article
"…︁ Ultimately through our scientific work and educational activities we aim to not only bring CH functionalization to the mainstream attention of the chemical community, but also to train chemists who can take advantage of the benefits a collaborative network creates …︁" Read more in the Editorial by Huw M. L. Davies and Daniel Morton.
Article
Treatment of (E)-1-(methoxymethylene)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene with styryl diazoacetates in the presence of catalytic amounts of the dirhodium complex Rh2(S-DOSP)4 provides a highly enantioenriched hexacyclic product with 10 new stereogenic centers. The transformation proceeds by a cascade sequence starting with a double cyclopropanation of a...
Article
Stereoselective synthesis of a cyclopentane nucleus by convergent annulation constitutes a significant challenge for synthetic chemists. Although a number of biologically relevant cyclopentane natural products are known, more often than not, the cyclopentane core is assembled in a stepwise manner because of the lack of efficient annulation strategi...
Article
An effective method for aminoacylation of indoles and pyrroles has been achieved. The transformation involves a multicomponent one-pot cascade reaction between indoles or pyrroles, ynol ethers and sulfonyl azides, creating four different bonds regioselectively through N-sulfonyltriazole intermediates. The oxo-tryptamines and oxo-pyrroloethanamines...
Article
The influence of sterically demanding dirhodium tetracarboxylate catalysts on the site selectivity of C-H functionalization by means of rhodium carbene induced C-H insertion is described. The established dirhodium tetraprolinate-catalyzed reactions of aryldiazoacetates cause preferential C-H functionalization of secondary C-H bonds due to competing...
Article
The reaction proceeds via silyl-directed intramolecular C—H functionalization yielding a β-lactone intermediate followed by the decarboxylation.
Article
A rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric synthesis of β-lactones via intramolecular C-H insertion into the ester group of aryldiazoacetates has been developed. The β-lactones were synthesized in high yields and with high levels of diastereo- and enantioselectivity. Halo and trifluoromethyl substituents at the ortho position of the aryldiazoacetates enhance i...
Article
Metal-stabilized carbenes derived from diazo compounds have become broadly useful reactive intermediates for organic synthesis. This tutorial review will describe the recent advances in using N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles as precursors for the formation of metal-bound imino carbene intermediates. These intermediates undergo a variety of synthetically...
Article
The synthesis of diverse three-dimensional libraries has become of paramount importance for obtaining better leads for drug discovery. Such libraries are predicted to fare better than traditional compound collections in phenotypic screens and against difficult targets. Herein we report the diversity-oriented synthesis of a compound library using rh...
Chapter
Indoles are a broadly occurring functional group in nature and are found in an expansive number of bioactive natural products and pharmaceutical compounds. As such, there has been a growing interest in the development of novel methods for site-selective functionalization of the indole core. This review will focus on the inter- and intramolecular re...
Article
The rhodium-catalyzed decomposition of 2-(triisopropylsilyl)ethyl aryl- and vinyldiazoacetates results in the stereoselective formation of Z-allylsilanes. The transformation is considered to proceed by silyl-directed intramolecular C-H functionalization to form a β-lactone intermediate followed by a silyl-activated extrusion of carbon dioxide.
Article
A silica-supported dirhodium(II) tetraprolinate catalyst was synthesized in four steps from l-proline and used in a range of enantioselective transformations of donor/acceptor carbenoids. These include cyclopropenation, cyclopropanation, tandem ylide formation/[2,3] sigmatropic rearrangement, and a variety of combined C-H functionalization/Cope rea...