Hussein A Kazem

Hussein A Kazem
Sohar University · Faculty of Engineering

BSc, MSc, PhD, MIET, SMIEEE, ISES, Pioneer of WREN
Dust impact on solar cells. Design, interaction and behavior of PV and PV/T and power electronic/systems.

About

311
Publications
271,030
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
10,293
Citations
Introduction
Hussein A Kazem: Innovator, Futurist, Exponential Technology expert, Technologist, Trends and Tech watcher, Foresight strategist, Smart Energy & Cities Expert, Industrial Revolution 4.0 Expert, Global Speaker, Researcher, Author and Social Media Influencer. Hussein currently works at the Faculty of Engineering, Sohar University. Hussein researches Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, and Computer Engineering. Also, renewable energy and particularly solar energy. His current projects are 'Photovoltaic Solar Thermal PV/T Technology,' 'The effect of Oil and gas prices' fluctuation on the international economic,' 'Design of Photovoltaic Systems' and 'Effect of Dust on PV Systems.'
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
Sohar University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2002 - August 2014
Sohar University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 1997 - September 2002
Al-Tahdi University
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
September 2004 - August 2008
Newcastle University
Field of study
  • Electrical Engineering
September 1992 - September 1994
University of Technology
Field of study
  • Electrical Engineering
September 1987 - August 1991
University of Technology
Field of study
  • Electrical Engineering

Publications

Publications (311)
Article
Dust causes losses in power generated by the PV modules as well as causes an increase in their temperatures. In this study, the photovoltaic/thermal (PVT) module dust heating effect was investigated using a spiral coil using for two PVT water cooling systems. One of the two systems was cleaned periodically (every-two weeks) and the second was left...
Article
Full-text available
The development of modern photovoltaic thermal systems (PV/T) is one of the most important steps in the application of using solar energy to produce both electricity and heat. Studies have shown that a system consisting of a heat-collecting tank the is most efficient system, in which the phase change materials (PCMs) are mixed with nanoparticles in...
Article
Full-text available
A photovoltaic/thermal system (PV/T) was investigated experimentally using silicon carbide nanofluid as a cooling fluid. A PV/T system was tested in Oman with 0.5 wt.% of nanoparticles in terms of thermophysical properties, performance parameters, and efficiencies. At 25 °C, it was found that there is an increase in the fluid’s thermal conductivity...
Article
Solar energy and photovoltaic (PV) systems became an essential part of the global energy profile. The PV systems are designed using different configurations such as standalone, grid-connected, and tracking. However, PV systems could be added to other renewable energy systems or nonrenew-able energy systems such as wind turbines and diesel generator...
Article
Full-text available
Solar cells are considered one of the most important and widespread solar applications in the world. However, the performance of the PV modules is significantly affected by the dust in the air. This paper, therefore, presents a comparison of an outdoor experimental study of dust effect on monocrystalline, and polycrystalline photovoltaic (PV) modul...
Cover Page
Dear Colleagues, I am serving as Guest Editor for a Special Issue on " Advanced Technologies Applied to the Renewable Energy" that will be published in the open access journal, Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050, IF 3.889, SCOPUS, WoS), published by MDPI. Because of your expertise and research experience, I would like to invite you and your collaborato...
Article
The presented study conducted a substantial literature review regarding the electrical modeling of photovoltaic panels. All the main models suggested in the literature to predict a photovoltaic panel's electrical behavior were reviewed, and diode-based equivalent electrical circuit models were selected for further investigations. The study performe...
Article
Full-text available
Iraq is characterized by hot and sunny weather with high radiation intensity. These conditions are suitable to produce photovoltaic electricity, on the one hand, but on the other hand are not suitable for photovoltaic modules whose efficiency decreases with increasing temperature. In this study, a photovoltaic module was practically cooled by two P...
Article
Full-text available
Many environmental parameters affect the performance of solar photovoltaics (PV), such as dust and temperature. In this paper, three PV technologies have been investigated and experimentally analyzed (mono, poly, and flexible monocrystalline) in terms of the impact of dust and thermal energy on PV behavior. Furthermore, a modular neural network is...
Article
Full-text available
Both electrical and thermal efficiencies combine in determining and evaluating the performance of a PV/T collector. In this study, two PV/T systems consisting of poly and monocrystalline PV panels were used, which are connected from the bottom by a heat exchanger consisting of a spiral tube through which a nanofluid circulates. In this study, a bas...
Article
Full-text available
Intelligent Transport System (ITS) intentions to attain traffic efficiency by diminishing traffic difficulties. It supplies information like traffic issues, real-time traveling information, parking availability, etc., in advance to the users who are connected with the smart cities that ensure travelers’ safety and comfort. This ITS technique should...
Article
Nanofluids are widely used today as an excellent heat carrier in various solar energy applications. In the current study, the possibility of using a nanofluid consisting of copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles added to a blend of water and ethylene glycol (EG) at 75% to 25%, respectively, were investigated. Nano-CuO was added in four mass fractions (0....
Article
Full-text available
The drop in photovoltaic energy conversion efficiency under actual operating conditions because of cell temperature increase is a significant challenge to PV adoption and utilization. In this study, the efficiency and effectiveness of using underground water in cooling and cleaning photovoltaics will be practically ascertained in Baghdad-Iraq. Meth...
Article
Photovoltaic modules are affected by the weather and are sensitive to dust accumulation. The accumulation of dust causes obvious losses in the produced yield. To reduce these losses to a minimum, it is recommended to clean the photovoltaic units periodically by several cleaning methods. In this practical study, the accumulated dust was collected fo...
Poster
Full-text available
أصبح البحث العلمي مؤشراً مهماً لتطور الأمم والشعوب وإرتقاء التعليم. كما أنه أصبح عنصراً مهماً للإعترف الأكاديمي للجامعات. حيث نجد أنّ على مدى السنوات الماضية، ظهرت تصنيفات الجامعات العالمية من أجل قياس أداء مؤسسات التعليم العالي من جميع أنحاء العالم عن طريق بعض المؤشرات المحددة مسبقًا. وكان البحث العلمي وإقتباساته يمثل عنصراً مهماً في التقييم ، فنج...
Poster
Full-text available
Energy is essential for a country's economic success. Because of the scarcity of fossil fuels and their negative impact on the environment, the need for renewable energy supplies is increasing. Solar energy is one of the fastest-growing renewable energy sources, and it is quickly becoming a viable alternative for future electricity generation. Phot...
Poster
Full-text available
In order to produce the electrical current from solar photovoltaic, the light must be observed by the cells. That creates mobile charged particles in semiconductors, and it is then separated. However, the cell temperature will be higher than the ambient temperature. The electrical voltage and power are reduced during the increase of ambient tempera...
Article
Photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) systems combine a hybrid photovoltaic (PV) module, and a flat-plate solar thermal collector. The hybrid design allows to simultaneously increase thermal energy while providing cooling for the PV module. In doing so, the PV module temperature will drop, and so the electrical efficiency will increase. Another benefit of PV...
Presentation
Full-text available
Over the past years, world university rankings emerged in order to measure specific areas of performance of higher education institutions around the world through some indicators identified previously. Comparison absolutely allows for the evaluation of a huge amount of complex information according to previously established factors. It would be wor...
Chapter
This chapter presents part of the efforts of the Omani experience in spreading the culture of using Photovoltaic (PV) systems to produce environmentally friendly electrical energy. Some schools have equipped with PV systems connected to the national grid. In this study, the performance of the PV power station installed in one of these schools (Asma...
Article
Full-text available
Photovoltaic (PV) investment requires a feasibility study of the PV system in terms of environmental parameters at the location, which is the implementation time and cost. In this study, a 1.4 PV system was installed in Sohar, Oman and the system recorded data, which was modelled using an artificial neural network (ANN). The contribution of this st...
Article
Full-text available
This paper evaluated a 1.4 kW grid-connected photovoltaic system (GCPV) using two neural network models based on experimental data for one year. The novelty of this study is to propose and compare full recurrent neural network (FRNN), and principal component analysis (PCA) models based on entire year experimental data, considering limited research...
Article
Solar cells convert the irradiance to electricity, but environmental conditions affect cell performance. In this study, a general model for dust accumulation effect on solar cell performance is proposed. An improvement is introduced to the solar cell one-diode model by considering dust impact to simulate solar cell performance and particularly I-V...
Article
The emission results from the diesel engine have a damaging effect on both the environment and people. Therefore, how to reduce and control these harmful exhaust emissions is mandatory requires plenty of experiments that elevate the cost and efforts. This paper depicts an application of an intelligent technique for prognostic the internal combustio...
Article
Full-text available
The interest in solar energy applications doubles due to the necessities of the stage, and because of it, the interest in heat storage materials expands, the most important of which is paraffins. Paraffins suffer from low thermal conductivity, so many researchers have added nanomaterials that improve this property. In this study, nano-TiO2 and MgO...
Article
Full-text available
Today, photovoltaic modules have become accepted by the public and scientists in the production of clean electricity and as a possible alternative to electricity produced from fossil fuels. These modules suffer from a deterioration in their electrical efficiency as a result of their high temperature. Several researchers have proposed the use of hig...
Article
Full-text available
Solar water pumping systems are fundamental entities for water transmission and storage purposes whether it is has been used in irrigation or residential applications. The use of photovoltaic (PV) panels to support the electrical requirements of these pumping systems has been executed globally for a long time. However, introducing optimization sizi...
Poster
Full-text available
Renewable energy utilization in Oman is a topic with growing interest by the Omani government and the private sector. The existing renewable energy resources, which can be used as an energy alternative and eco-friendly energy systems, needs further research, development, planning and awareness. This initiative presents a step in the direction towar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Renewable energy utilization in Oman is a topic with growing interest by the Omani government and the private sector. The existing renewable energy resources, which can be used as an energy alternative and eco-friendly energy systems, needs further research, development, planning and awareness. This initiative presents a step in the direction towar...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, evaluation and comparison of a new designed PV/T hybrid collector with three PV/T systems and conventional PV in term of electrical and thermal performance is presented. The problem statement that drives this study is the nonhomogeneous distribution of heat on the PV module and in the collector, which produces a hot spot and reduce s...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on renewable energy are essential topics that help find new energy sources to replace fossil sources and promote environment friendliness. Hydrogen is the most practical alternative energy carrier source that meets the mentioned purposes. The mass of hydrogen element in the Earth's water was calculated and found to be about 2.1×1020 kg, whi...
Article
The continuous increase in clean energy demand and reduced CO 2 emissions in the UAE and specifically the Emirate of Ajman has put an extreme challenge to the Government. Ajman is one of the seven emirates constituting the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Ajman is located along the Arabian Gulf on its West and bordered by the Emirate of Sharjah on its N...
Article
Dust is a natural phenomenon, and it represents all the components suspended in the air. Dust causes the photovoltaic performance to deteriorate. The main dust components concentrations vary from one geographic location to another and from one season to another. These components also have different effects on the PV power losses. Therefore, studyin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Hybrid photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) is a technology with many variations and designs. The aim of this unit is cooling down PV temperature while producing hot water. In this paper, different PV/T designs are compared in terms of energy, exergy and efficiency. Data from experiments and numerical calculations conducted at Bangi, Malaysia was used for t...
Article
Full-text available
A numerical study of the impacts of porosity and particle size of a packed bed of spherical particles on free convective flow and heat transfer from an immersed cylinder heated at constant temperature is presented. In this parametric study, the finite element method is used to solve the full Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer momentum model and the one-equ...
Article
The use of phase change materials (PCMs) in photovoltaic-thermal systems (PVT) is essential for developing PV systems and raising their productivity. PCM is distinguished by its many variations and properties, the most important of which is the melting point. In this study, the driven question and focus was on investigating which is better for use...
Chapter
Integrity renewable energy resources with conventional grid/network/utility for distributed generation requires locating a small-scale power generation technology close to the served loads. The advance toward on-site distributed generation has been quickened due to deregulation and upgrading of the utility business and the possibility of alternativ...
Article
Full-text available
Photovoltaic/thermal system (PVT) is a modern technology that increase the productivity of a PV panel through nanofluid cooling. In this study, the use of a group of nano-coolants consisting of nano-CuO plus water and surfactant was investigated. The study was conducted using a solar simulator and studied the thermophysical properties of the prepar...
Article
Full-text available
Photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems combine two collectors, which increase efficiency, reduce cost and space, and 8 produce electricity and heat, simultaneously. Many factors affect PV/T current, voltage, power, efficiency, and heat energy production. For example, the location of the PV system, ambient temperature, irradiance, humidity, dust, and m...
Article
Thermal stress causes reduction in the open circuit voltage of photovoltaic (PV) modules which results in a reduction in overall power generation. Photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) collectors have been used to mitigate this issue by providing both cooling of the cell temperature and yielding thermal energy in the same space. However, the implementation o...
Article
The temperature of photovoltaic cell is reduced by heat transfer fluids (HTF) in cooling channels, which are attached to the back of the photovoltaic module in a hybrid thermal photovoltaic system (PV/T). Recently, nanofluids have been implemented as HTF's in PV/T systems. Various types of nanofluids have been synthesized, prepared, and tested, how...
Poster
Full-text available
The temperature of photovoltaic cell is reduced by heat transfer fluids (HTF) in cooling channels, which are attached to the back of photovoltaic module in hybrid thermal photovoltaic system (PV/T). Recently, nanofluids have been implemented as HTF's in PV/T systems. Various types of nanofluids have been synthesized, prepared and tested, however, n...
Article
Full-text available
Providing water for different uses to maintain life activities is a target for many nations. So, managing the existing water resources and finding new water sources are essential for any nation's water security. In the present article, 4 years daily meteorological data, such as relative humidity, air-temperatures, and global solar irradiation were...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, evaluation and comparison of a new designed PV/T hybrid collector with three PV/T systems and conventional PV in term of electrical and thermal performance is presented. The problem statement that drives this study is the nonhomogeneous distribution of heat on the PV module and in the collector, which produces a hot spot and reduce s...
Article
Photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems used to produce electricity and heat concurrently. The production and efficiencies of these systems were specified by the materials, design, and weather data of the location. In this study, a 100-Watt Web-configuration PV/T systems designed, tested, and evaluated in Sohar, Oman. Two identical Web configuration PV...
Presentation
Full-text available
In this presentation, the steps of conducting research and writing the paper till it gets published in a high IF journal is presented. Some of the author's experiences to be shared and some highlight tips on the way for publishing could be helpful. https://youtu.be/uTR75IIQpGg
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents different prediction models for a grid-connected photovol-taic (GCPV) system based on long-term data sets. A 1.4 kW GCPV installed in Sohar, Oman, where measurements of the electrical and environmental parameters are taken every second for 5 years (from May 2014 to April 2019) to reduce uncertainty and improve the proposed model...
Poster
Full-text available
Renewable energy utilization in Oman is a topic with growing interest by the Omani government and the private sector. The existing renewable energy resources, which can be used as an energy alternative and eco-friendly energy systems, needs further research, development, planning and awareness. This initiative presents a step in the direction towar...
Article
Utilizing solar energy to generate electricity on large scale photovoltaic (PV) power plants became a trend as a new option adopted by many countries. The optimum installation of PV power plants depends on the geographical location, which specifies irradiation, latitude, longitude, tilt angle, orientation, etc. However, the PV panel affected by man...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster, contains my perspectives for the database published by Stanford University experts of the list of the top 2% of scientists around the world.
Poster
Full-text available
Utilizing solar energy to generate electricity on large scale photovoltaic (PV) power plants became a trend as a new option adopted by many countries. The optimum installation of PV power plants depends on the geographical location, which specifies irradiation, latitude, longitude, tilt angle, orientation, etc. However, the PV panel affected by man...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study investigates the effect of the type of solar cell technology used on its outcomes degradation when dust accumulates on it. Therefore, in this study, practical tests were performed on the physical properties of accumulated dust in the University of Technology Campus-Iraq for a period of three months. After that, a practical study examined...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this article, an experimental analysis was performed to assess the effect of dust accumulation on PV modules resulting energy losses. The dust used in the experiments was collected from three specific sites in the Republic of Iraq. Samples of pollen and common dust were collected from three sites for a period of three months in order to assess t...
Poster
Full-text available
Renewable energy utilization in Oman is a topic with growing interest by the Omani government and the private sector. The existing renewable energy resources, which can be used as an energy alternative and eco-friendly energy systems, needs further research, development, planning and awareness. This initiative presents a step in the direction towar...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this study, the aging measurements of a 1.4 kW grid-connected photovoltaic system were analyzed. The system is located at the Solar Energy Laboratory at the College of Engineering, Sohar University, Sohar, Oman. The system variables were monitored and measured for a period of seven years, starting from 1 October 2012 until 30 September 2019, dur...
Article
In this study, the aging measurements of a 1.4 kW grid-connected photovoltaic system were analyzed. The system is located at the Solar Energy Laboratory at the College of Engineering, Sohar University, Sohar, Oman. The system variables were monitored and measured for a period of seven years, starting from 1 October 2012 until 30 September 2019, dur...
Article
Full-text available
The electrical efficiency of photovoltaic modules reduces with increase in cell temperature. However, using photovoltaic/thermal systems to enhance thermal, electrical, and overall outcomes is an excellent option. In this study, three water cooling PVT systems that have variable flow channels (web type, direct type, spiral type) installed, tested,...
Presentation
Full-text available
Oman Vision 2040: Renewable Energy Program, NEWSLETTER- Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2020
Article
The use of photovoltaics has spread widely, and government agencies have begun adopting plans to deploy plants with large capacities, due to their environmental friendliness, low manufacturing costs, and high productivity. In the sunny countries where this technology should spread, the photovoltaics' energy conversion efficiency decreases due to th...
Poster
Full-text available
In this study, the aging measurements of a 1.4 kW grid-connected photovoltaic system were analyzed. The system is located at the Solar Energy Laboratory at the College of Engineering, Sohar University, Sohar, Oman. The system variables were monitored and measured for a period of seven years, starting from 1 October 2012 until 30 September 2019, dur...
Preprint
Full-text available
A grid-connected photovoltaic system was tested and investigated for the entire year under desertic weather exhibited. The system contains 1.4 kW PV and 1.7 kW inverter-the data was measured every second and used to model and evaluate the system performance. However, dust is one of the essential parameters that affect grid-connected photovoltaic pe...
Article
Full-text available
Providing drinkable water for people is one of the crux duties of any government worldwide. As long, Oman classified among countries that suffer from a shortage of water resources, therefore finding any new sources of water is considered as very substantial work. In present work, a research was carried out on a massive quantity of water that is rel...
Article
A grid-connected photovoltaic system was tested and investigated for the entire year under desertic weather exhibited. The system contains 1.4 kW PV and 1.7 kW inverter —the data was measured every second and used to model and evaluate the system performance. However, dust is one of the essential parameters that affect grid-connected photovoltaic p...
Chapter
The key step for using nanoparticles for heat transfer applications is to prepare nanofluids, either through the one-step or two-step method. Among applications of nanofluids in heat transfer are to use them as working fluid for hybrid photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) systems. PV/T systems combine photovoltaic modules and solar thermal collectors to pro...
Article
Hybrid photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) is a technology with many variations and designs. The aim of this unit is cooling down PV temperature while producing hot water. In this paper, different PV/T designs are compared in terms of energy, exergy and efficiency. Data from experiments and numerical calculations conducted at Bangi, Malaysia was used for t...