Huseyin Bilgin

Huseyin Bilgin
Epoka University · Department of Civil Engineering

Professor
Performance evaluation and control of the dynamic response of structures under EQs through the use of different methods.

About

83
Publications
49,968
Reads
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527
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Bilgin's primary research interests include: The behavior and design of reinforced concrete structures subjected to earthquakes; Behavior, design and retrofit of earthquake resistant concrete structures; Dynamic inelastic analysis of reinforced concrete buildings and bridges for seismic investigation
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - February 2022
Epoka University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2014 - August 2017
Epoka University
Position
  • Dean
September 2011 - September 2014
Epoka University
Position
  • Head of Department
Education
September 2003 - August 2007
Pamukkale University
Field of study
  • civil engineering

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the evaluation of the seismic response of reinforced concrete (RC) residential buildings with the selected template designs in Albania considering their inelastic behavior of RC components. Four residential buildings having 5- and 6-story heights with template designs were chosen to represent the building practice in Albania bef...
Article
Bu çalışma kapsamında, 2018 yılında güncellenen Türkiye Bina Deprem Yönetmeliği ile kullanılmaya başlanan sahaya özgü tasarım spektrumlarının yığma tarzda inşa edilmiş bir minare için etkileri ortaya konmaya çalışılmıştır. Aynı deprem bölgesi içerisinde yer alan fakat her bir yerleşim birimi için özel olarak kullanılan tasarım spektrumlarının minar...
Chapter
Reinforcements used in RC structures lose their load-bearing capacity by suffering from various deteriorations due to external effects. Insufficient cover thickness is one of these reasons. The topic of this study consists of the concept of inadequate concrete cover. Concrete cover values with different thicknesses were chosen, and it was aimed to...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural heritage is one of most significant concerns in modern societies carrying different social and historical values. Among the stock of cultural heritage, historical monuments are one of the greatest contributors to the values in many aspects. Due to several factors, such structures have gone through changes causing structural deficiencies. T...
Article
Full-text available
2019 Durrës earthquake, construction practice, damage evaluation, reinforced concrete, masonry structures. Albania has suffered from major earthquakes in the past century that have caused varying levels of damage to buildings. As a result of the number of damaged buildings and loss of life, attention has focused mostly on the poor performance of re...
Article
Full-text available
This study covers the application of Static and Dynamic nonlinear analysis to an old moment-frame reinforced concrete building. The case study selected is a template one designed in 1982 without shear walls and built throughout Albanian region in the communism era using old standards (KTP 2-78). For the capacity calculation, Pushover analysis is pe...
Article
Full-text available
A Mw 6.4 earthquake hit the NW region of Albania on November 26, 2019, resulting in extensive damage to the civil structures in the broader area of Durres city and its surroundings. According to the official statistics, it caused 51 death toll and ∼1.2 billion US dollars economic loses. This study investigates the seismic response of masonry buildi...
Article
Full-text available
Seismic-induced damages in reinforced-concrete (RC) buildings were primarily associated with materials’ low strength and poor properties. This study aims to investigate the seismic response of RC structures according to the different material’s strength and design spectra. Adaptive static pushover and eigenvalue analysis were performed for four dif...
Article
Full-text available
In low-rise unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings, structural design is generally performed considering the load effects induced by seismic forces as well as the vertical loads. However, there might be cases where additional or unforeseen loads may be encountered during the lifespan of these buildings. The loads that are induced from the addition of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The moment magnitude 6.4 Albania earthquake which struck the Durrës region on November 26, 2019, caused an extensive damage on a large number of buildings, of nearly all types of construction. Its epicenter was located offshore north western Durrës, about 7 km north of the city and 30 km west from the capital city of Tirana. Officially, 52 died and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study covers the seismic performance evaluation of an old template reinforced concrete building in Albania designed in 1982. This building category is constructed as a residential moment-frame with no shear walls. For the demand calculation, Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA), is selected as a method which provides the response behavior of the...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the development of a European Seismic Risk Model 2020 (ESRM20), the spatial and temporal evolution of seismic design across Europe has been studied in order to better classify reinforced concrete buildings (which represent more than 30% of the approximately 145 million residential, commercial and industrial buildings in Europe) and map t...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract. This study presents the seismic performance evaluation of a typified masonry school building, Shkolla 9-Vjeçare "26 Nëntori", which was damaged by the recent earthquakes which hit Albanian territory on November 26, 2019. This building was constructed in 1985 by following the template school projects in Albanian construction practice. The...
Chapter
Full-text available
Unreinforced masonry [URM] is the dominant structural type for low to moderate-rise buildings in many Balkan countries including Albania. Its dynamic response is highly inelastic, and generally shows high vulnerability to earthquake loading. In literature, there are several methods available to evaluate the seismic performance of these buildings. T...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to study the seismic performance of school buildings, which have been built in accordance with template unreinforced masonry [URM] school projects in Albania. For this purpose, the most widely used two template designs which were damaged during the 2019 Durrës (Albania) Earthquakes, have been selected. Analytical models of each scho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, seismic performance assessment of existing low and mid-rise reinforced concrete buildings is presented by using Incremental Dynamic Analysis. Incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) is known as an accurate method and it can provide the whole range of structural responses from elastic range to collapse. The method performs a series of nonl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Seismic pounding is the colliding action between two adjacent structures that occurs during earthquake vibrations. Due to insufficient separation gap between buildings that own different dynamic characteristics, structural damages to both structural and non-structural elements are magnified during the impact of buildings. Since a country like Alban...
Data
This proceedings book presents contributions to the International Conference on Critical Thinking in the Sustainable Rehabilitation and Risk Management of the Built Environment – CRIT-RE-BUILT – held in Iași, Romania, November 7–9, 2019. It mirrors outcomes in fundamental and applied research covering a broad palette of competences like observation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The surface magnitude 6.4 Durres (Albania) earthquake which struck the Durres area on November 26, 2019, damaged a large number of buildings, of nearly all construction types. Its epicentre was around 20 kilometres of west-north-west of the Mamurras (USGS). Officially, 52 died and more than 3000 were injured. Approximately, 4500 buildings were mode...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Early in the morning of Tuesday, November 26, 2019, a magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck the central western part of Albania. Its epicenter was located off-shore NW of Durrës, about 7 km North of the city and 30 km West from the capital city of Tirana. The main shock lasted about 50 seconds and was felt in the neighboring Montenegro, Italy and Greece,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study presents the seismic performance evaluation of a typified masonry school building, Shkolla 9-Vjeçare "26 Nëntori", which was damaged by the recent earthquakes which hit Albanian territory on November 26, 2019. This building was constructed in 1985 by following the template school projects in Albanian construction practice. The current si...
Presentation
Full-text available
Due to the rapid growing urbanization in earthquake prone countries and consequent increase in urban seismic risk, performance assessment of existing buildings continues to be one of the key issues in the agenda of earthquake engineering. In this presentation, I talked about the analyses procedures for the seismic performance assessment. At the end...
Article
Full-text available
Recent earthquakes occurred in many parts of the world have shown that unreinforced masonry [URM] buildings constructed according to older codes may constitute an important source of risk. It is known that the mechanical response of the masonry structures depends on several factors including the compressive and shear strength of its constituents, b...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a comparison of near and far-fault ground motion effects on the seismic response of masonry structures, using nonlinear methods. To compare the influence on low to moderate rise buildings, a detailed field investigation and archive study were executed in Albania. Based on the archive and detailed field investigation over a hundr...
Article
Full-text available
Konstruksionet e muraturës janë tipi më i përhapur për ndërtesa të ulëta deri në mesatare në gjithë Shqiperinë. Performanca e këtyre strukturave është e dominuar nga faza inelastike dhe ka vulnerabilitet të madh ndaj rrezikut sizmik. Gjithashtu shumë nga këto godina, kanë ndërhyrje strukturore në to, si psh. shtesa katesh e hapje për dyer apo drita...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, the possibility to use the inelastic capacities of structures have driven the seismic design philosophy to conceive structures with ductile elements, able to obtain large deformations without compromising structural safety. In particular, the utilization of high-strength elements combined with the purpose of reducing inertial m...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, an analytical study was carried out to propose an optimum base-isolated system for the design of steel structures equipped with lead rubber bearings (LRB). For this, 5 and 10-storey steel moment resisting frames (MRFs) were designed as Special Moment Frame (SMF). These two-dimensional and three-bay frames equipped with a set of isola...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the earthquake performance of two URM buildings having typical architectural configurations common for residential use constructed per pre-modern code in Albania. Both buildings are unreinforced clay brick masonry structures constructed in 1960 and 1984, respectively. The first building is a three-storey unreinforced one with...
Article
Full-text available
During the recent earthquakes, it has been observed that structural irregularities are one of the main reasons of the building damage. Irregularities are weak points in a building which may cause failure of one element or total collapse of the building during an earthquake. Since Albania is a country with moderate seismicity which has been hit by e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper the inelastic response of existing reinforced concrete (RC) buildings designed without seismic details is investigated, presenting the results from more than 80 nonlinear analysis. The seismic performance evaluation is conducted for two building types representing low-rise and a mid-rise residential buildings. The overall objective of...
Article
Full-text available
Reinforced concrete (RC) type of buildings constitutes an important part of the current building stock in earthquake prone countries such as Albania. Seismic response of structures during a severe earthquake plays a vital role in the extent of structural damage and resulting injuries and losses. In this context, this study evaluates the expected pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the present paper, seismic performance assessment of a typical low-rise unreinforced masonry (URM) building, which has been built in accordance with template designs in Albania, has been performed. For this purpose, one of the most widely used template designed URM building typology has been selected as a good representatives of residential buil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Albanian building stock is composed of reinforced concrete and masonry buildings. Most of these buildings are designed with Old Albanian Codes (KTP Codes) and some of them are constructed without any project. Considering these facts and the observations done in Albanian construction industry, presence of structural irregularities is very common in...
Article
Full-text available
A great part of existing RC structures built in Turkey is that they have been designed without considering seismic-induced actions and seismic criteria for strength and ductility design. In this context, after the recent devastating earthquakes in Turkey, there has been a concerted effort to address the seismic vulnerability of existing public buil...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses fragility curves to focus on the seismic safety evaluation of RC hospital buildings in Turkey. Three hospital buildings with varying heights of 3–5 stories are selected, and a set of fragility curves are generated for each class. The major parameters considered in this study are the number of stories, lateral stiffness, strength, an...
Article
Full-text available
Monumental historical structures are symbols of the cultural identity and continuity and they are the main part of the heritage and the human history. They should be preserved in their own settings with their original characteristics or with as minimum changes as possible. On the other hand, natural or man-made hazards cause a serious risk for the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Albania, hundreds of masonry buildings were constructed during the communist period which covers 45 years until 1990s. Most of these buildings were designed without any seismic criterion. To mitigate seismic risk in Albania, structural performance of masonry buildings have to be correctly evaluated. In this paper, the efficiency of nonlinear-sta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Albania, hundreds of masonry buildings were constructed during the communist period which covers 45 years until 1990s. Most of these buildings were designed without any seismic criterion. To mitigate seismic risk in Albania, structural performance of masonry buildings have to be correctly evaluated. In this paper, the efficiency of nonlinear-sta...
Article
Full-text available
Public buildings which are mostly built of reinforced concrete with template designs constitute a great part of the vulnerable public building stock in Turkey as well as in several other countries prone to earthquakes. This study focuses on seismic fragility assessment of reinforced concrete public buildings with representative template designs, wh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study focuses on, by means of a probabilistic approach, the seismic safety evaluation of a school building in Turkey designed before the introduction of modern anti-seismic codes. A typical school building which was designed according to the 1975 version of the Turkish Earthquake Code is selected for the performance assessment. Inelastic pusho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hundreds of masonry churches have been constructed in Albania during hundreds of years. The majority of them exist at their original location; a significant part of them are not in use any more. In this context, Roman and post - Byzantine masonry churches attract the world’s special attention to this region. It is necessary to carry out systematic...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates seismic capacity of the unreinforced masonry buildings with the selected template designs constructed per pre-modern code in Albania considering nonlinear behaviour of masonry. Three residential buildings with template designs were selected to represent an important percentage of residential buildings in medium-size cities loca...
Article
Full-text available
In this study a seismic performance assessment of school buildings, which have been built in accordance with template unreinforced masonry school projects in Turkey, has been conducted. For this purpose, the most widely used three template projects have been selected. The seismic performances of these buildings have been evaluated for various earth...
Article
Full-text available
In this study a seismic performance assessment of school buildings, which have been built in accordance with template unreinforced masonry school projects in Turkey, has been conducted. For this purpose, the most widely used three template projects have been selected. The seismic performances of these buildings have been evaluated for various earth...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to address the seismic design considerations for a case study building by using Eurocode 8 and the Albanian seismic code KTP-89 regulations. The parameter which is taken into account in this study is the design spectrum defined in each of the two codes. Basic differences exist between the two design spectra, such as t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, the pertinency of different numerical techniques for the analysis of masonry structures is investigated on a full-scale masonry specimen. Two approaches are taken into account. Namely, the nonlinear FEM modeling strategy, based on the concepts of idealized bilinear material behavior and line elements connected by special joints, is u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A seismic performance evaluation was conducted for a reinforced concrete (RC) frame structure representative of late 1990s construction in Albania. The case study building is an eight-storey RC flat-slab office building designed for the Albanian code requirements used in this region. The performance of the existing building is compared to that of m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Monumental historical structures are symbols of the cultural identity and continuity and they are the main part of the heritage and the human history. They should be preserved in their own settings with their original characteristics or with as minimum changes as possible. On the other hand, natural or man-made hazards cause a serious risk for the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A great part of existing RC structures built in Turkey have been designed without considering seismic-induced actions and seismic criteria for strength and ductility design. In this context, after the recent devastating earthquakes in Turkey, there has been a concerted effort to address the seismic vulnerability of existing public buildings in Turk...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
On 6 April 2009 an earthquake of magnitude 6.3 occurred in L'Aquila city, Italy. In the city center and surrounding villages many masonry and reinforced concrete (RC) buildings were heavily damaged or collapsed. After the earthquake, the inspection carried out in the region provided relevant results concerning the quality of the materials, method o...
Article
On 6 April 2009 an earthquake of magnitude 6.3 occurred in L'Aquila city, Italy. In the city center and surrounding villages many masonry and reinforced concrete (RC) buildings were heavily damaged or collapsed. After the earthquake, the inspection carried out in the region provided relevant results concerning the quality of the materials , method...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates seismic performance of the school buildings with the selected template designs in Turkey considering nonlinear behavior of reinforced concrete components. Six school buildings with template designs were selected to represent major percentage of school buildings in medium-size cities located in high seismic region of Turkey. Sel...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates seismic performance of the school buildings with the selected template designs in Turkey considering nonlinear behavior of reinforced concrete components. Five school buildings with template designs were selected to represent major percentage of school buildings in medium-size cities located in high seismic region of Turkey. Se...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past two decades Turkey has been hit by several moderate to large earthquakes that resulted in significant loss of life and property. A remarkable number of casualties and heavily damaged or collapsed buildings has emphasized inadequate seismic performance of multistory reinforced concrete buildings, typically three to seven stories in hei...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates the seismic capacity of school buildings with the selected template designs constructed per pre-modern code in Turkey, considering non-linear behaviour of reinforced concrete components. Capacity curves of the investigated buildings were determined by pushover analyses conducted in two principal directions. Seismic capacity eva...
Article
Full-text available
The recent devastating earthquakes have exposed the vulnerability of the existing public buildings in Turkey. A great part of these reinforced concrete buildings has been designed considering earlier codes when seismic loads were not required or the design was at lower level of seismic loads of what is currently specified. In Turkey, template d...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past two decades Turkey has been hit by several moderate to large earthquakes that resulted in significant loss of life and property. Remarkable number of casualties and heavily damaged or collapsed buildings has emphasized inadequate seismic performance of multistory reinforced concrete buildings, typically three to eight stories in heigh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent devastating earthquakes experienced in Turkey over the past several decades have emphasized inadequate seismic performance of school buildings. This study evaluates seismic capacity and performance of existing school buildings with the selected template designs considering nonlinear behaviour of reinforced concrete components. Four template...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Seismic risk of Turkey is high due to location and vulnerable building stock. Research and advances in earthquake engineering need to be followed by civil engineers in practice to reduce seismic risk that is a primary concern for Turkey. Nonlinear static and dynamic procedures are well-known methods for the evaluation of existing structures. Howeve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soft story irregularity is one of the main reasons of the building damage during earthquakes. This irregularity is mentioned in almost all reconnaissance reports, and buildings having total collapse at some stories, even without unbroken windows at others may be seen after earthquakes. Soft story may arise not only because of sudden changes in stru...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over the past several decades, Turkey has been hit by several moderate to large devastating earthquakes that resulted in significant loss of life and property. Remarkable number of casualties and heavily damaged or collapsed buildings has emphasized inadequate seismic performance of multistory reinforced concrete buildings, typically three to seven...
Data
Full-text available
Over the past several decades, Turkey has been hit by several moderate to large devastating earthquakes that resulted in significant loss of life and property. Remarkable number of casualties and heavily damaged or collapsed buildings has emphasized inadequate seismic performance of multistory reinforced concrete buildings, typically three to seven...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the effects of confined concrete models on behavior of reinforced concrete structures are investigated at member and system levels. The widely-accepted concrete models such as Modified Kent-Park, Mander, and Saatcioglu-Razvi are considered. A four- storey structure was designed and detailed according to 1975 Turkish Earthquake Code t...
Article
Full-text available
OZET Bu çalışmada, betonarme kesitlerde doğrusal ötesi davranışın modellenmesinde kullanılan, araştırma çevrelerinde de yaygın olarak kabul gören Geliştirilmiş Kent-Park, Mander ve Saatcioglu-Razvi beton modellerinin betonarme eleman ve sistem davranışı üzerine etkileri incelenmiştir. Çalışmada göz önüne alınan yapı, Türkiye yapı stokunun çoğunluğu...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past several decades, Turkey has been hit by devastating earthquakes and remarkable number of reinforced concrete buildings has been damaged in the high seismicity regions of our country. The aim of this study is to evaluate the seismic performance of the mid-rise reinforced concrete buildings that are major part of building stock of our e...