Hugo Rebelo

Hugo Rebelo
University of Porto | UP · Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos (CIBIO)

PhD

About

173
Publications
47,243
Reads
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2,510
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2013 - December 2018
CIBIO Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources
Position
  • Researcher
August 2009 - December 2013
CIBIO Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources
Position
  • PostDoc Position
February 2005 - July 2009
University of Bristol
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (173)
Article
Full-text available
Bats represent around one-fourth of the world’s mammals and their taxonomy is still controversial. Molossids are one of the most diverse bat families with a wide knowledge gap. In this study, we report the first complete mitochondrial genomes of three molossid bats: the European free-tailed bat Tadarida teniotis, the La Touche’s free-tailed bat Tad...
Article
Full-text available
In bats, sexual segregation has been described in relation to differential use of roosting and foraging habitats. It is possible that variation may also exist between genders in the use of different prey types. However, until recently this idea was difficult to test due to poorly resolved taxonomy of dietary studies. Here we use high throughput seq...
Article
Full-text available
Bats are a biodiverse mammal order providing key ecosystem services such as pest suppression, pollination, and seed dispersal. Bats are also very sensitive to human actions, and significant declines in many bat populations have been recorded consequently. Many bat species find crucial roosting and foraging opportunities in European forests. Such fo...
Article
Full-text available
Species distribution models (SDMs) offer an effective tool for identifying species conservation requirements and forecasting how global environmental changes will affect species diversity and distribution. This approach is particularly relevant for bats because their nocturnal behaviour hinders detectability and identification in flight. Despite th...
Article
Full-text available
Background The accuracy of predictions of invasive species ranges is dependent on niche similarity between invasive and native populations and on our ability to identify the niche characteristics. With this work we aimed to compare the niche dynamics of two genetically related invasive populations of Vespa velutina (an effective predator of honeybe...
Article
Full-text available
The invasive Vespa velutina has been widely referred as an effective predator of honeybees. Despite the potential risk to pollination services provision and honey production, there is no accurate quantification and assessment of its real consequences for honeybees. To date, the identification of the honeybee and other insects in the diet of V. velu...
Article
Bat arousals during hibernation are related to rises in environmental temperature, body water loss and increasing body heat. Therefore, bats either hibernate in cold places or migrate to areas with mild winters to find water and insects to intake. During winter, insects are abundant in wetlands with mild climates when low temperatures hamper insect...
Article
Full-text available
The innate immunological response in mammals involves a diverse and complex network of many proteins. Over the last years, the tripartite motif-containing protein 5 (TRIM5) and 22 (TRIM22) have shown promise as restriction factors of a plethora of viruses that infect primates. Although there have been studies describing the evolution of these prote...
Article
Chemokine receptors are an important determinant for the infectiousness of different pathogens, which are able to target the host cells by binding to the extracellular domains of these proteins. This is the mechanism of infection of HIV-1, among other concerning human diseases. Over the past years, it has been shown that two chemokine receptors, CC...
Article
The sudden loss of habitats due to natural or anthropogenic disturbances causes displacement of mobile animals from affected areas to refuge habitats, where large but often transitory concentrations of individuals may occur. While these local density increases have been previously described, the hypothesis that crowding disrupts demographic process...
Article
• In farmland landscapes worldwide, there are pervasive trends for either intensification or abandonment. Intensification is a widely recognised driver of wild bee declines, but little is known about the consequences of land abandonment, though it involves major habitat shifts from fallows, pastures and meadows, to shrublands and forests. • Focusin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cryptic species that coexist in sympatry are likely to simultaneously experience strong competition and hybridization. The first phenomenon would lead to character displacement, whereas the second can potentially promote morphological similarity through adaptive introgression. The main goal of this work was to investigate the effect of introgressiv...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the mechanisms that potentiate the dispersion of an invasive species is essential to anticipate its arrival into new regions and to develop adequate management actions to minimize damage to biodiversity and society. One of the most successful invaders in Europe, the yellow-legged hornet (Vespa velutina), is dispersing through self-dif...
Preprint
Full-text available
Genetic miscegenation was historically perceived as a maladaptive process or even an imperfection of nature. However, through adaptive introgression, some species can share genes associated with well-adapted traits. Current scientific perceptions on the benefits of adaptive introgression can help to clarify how these paradoxes condition scientific...
Article
The use of mist nets is the most widespread technique to capture bats; however, no study has compared if the type of ground-level mist net used during sampling affects bat captures. We sampled bats using three different types of mist nets that varied in mesh (16, 18, and 20 mm) and denier/ply (45/1 and 75/2) sizes over 76 half-night surveys. We use...
Article
Full-text available
Aim The need to forecast range shifts under future climate change has motivated an increasing interest in better understanding the role of biotic interactions in driving diversity patterns. The contribution of biotic interactions to shaping broad-scale species distributions is, however, still debated, partly due to the difficulty of detecting their...
Chapter
Full-text available
Identification of echolocation and social calls of the Serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus).
Article
Securing biodiversity values alongside ecosystem services and other socioeconomic assets, is a priority in the European policy and territorial planning. Here, we design a landscape planning approach that identifies priority conservation areas and informs on their ecosystem services' potential in the context of a legally binding spatial planning ins...
Chapter
Identification of echolocation and social calls of the Meridional serotine (Eptesicus isabellinus)
Article
Full-text available
There is growing evidence about the role of insectivorous bats against agricultural pests in various crops. Nevertheless, little research addressed the aggregational and functional responses of bat assemblages to changes in pest availability across a spatio-temporal scale. Therefore, we examined the activity and diet habits of different bat species...
Article
In multifunctional landscapes, diverse communities of flying vertebrate predators provide vital services of insect pest control. In such landscapes, conservation biocontrol should benefit service-providing species to enhance the flow, stability, and resilience of pest control services supporting the production of food and fibre. However, this would...
Article
Full-text available
Species occupying semi-arid and dry regions around the globe face an uncertain future due to increases in the frequency and severity of droughts. In this study we modelled the potential effect of climate change on bat communities within two high-drought risk regions of the world and assessed the magnitude and direction of the predicted shifts in cl...
Article
• The Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus) is an endangered stream-dwelling insectivore endemic to the Iberian Peninsula and the north of the Pyrenees. It favours riffles over slow habitats such as runs or pools, yet it is still unclear whether habitat preference is based on prey availability or on other factors, such as mechanical constraints on i...
Article
During the day, flying animals exploit the environmental energy landscape by seeking out thermal or orographic uplift, or extracting energy from wind gradients.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 However, most of these energy sources are not thought to be available at night because of the lower thermal potential in the nocturnal atmosphere, as well as the difficulty...
Article
Wetland areas have decreased by up to 33% globally over the past ten years, threatening the biodiversity they support and essential ecosystem services they provide. Despite this, the importance of wetlands for bat conservation and the consequences of losing these habitats are not comprehensively understood. • Through a systematic literature review,...
Article
Highlights • Bat roadkill hotspot locations may shift along time. • Stable hotspots accounted only for 3% of road length, but for 27% of roadkilled bats. • Spatiotemporal congruence of hotspots declined with decreasing vegetation productivity. • Water stress on roadsides decrease the persistence of bat roadkill hotspots. • Remote sensing inform...
Article
Full-text available
The advent and boom of DNA barcoding technologies have provided a powerful tool for the fields of ecology and systematics. Here, we present the InBIO Barcoding Initiative Database: Portuguese Bats (Chiroptera) dataset containing DNA sequences of 63 specimens representing the 25 bat species currently known for continental Portugal. For that, we sequ...
Data
The dataset contains 63 records of Chiroptera species collected in continental Portugal. All specimens were identified to species level, for a total of 26 species belonging to three different families. Bat samples were collected under the scope of several projects spanning from 2005 to 2018. All bats were captured during mist-netting sessions or us...
Article
Adenoviruses (AdV) are pathogens capable of infecting animals and humans leading to a wide spectrum of diseases. They have a widespread geographical dissemination and infect several species, including red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris). In the Iberian Peninsula, there are no reports of infection of red squirrels by AdV. In this study, we report for t...
Article
Full-text available
Inferences of the interactions between species’ ecological niches and spatial distribution have been historically based on simple metrics such as low-resolution dietary breadth and range size, which might have impeded the identification of meaningful links between niche features and spatial patterns. We analysed the relationship between dietary nic...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean Basin is a global biodiversity hotspot, hosting a number of native species belonging to families that are found almost exclusively in tropical climates. Yet, whether or not these taxa were able to survive in the Mediterranean region during the Quaternary climatic oscillations remains unknown. Focusing on the European free‐tailed b...
Article
Full-text available
Primates are facing an impending extinction crisis, driven by extensive habitat loss, land use change, and hunting. Climate change is an additional threat, which alone or in combination with other drivers, may severely impact those taxa unable to track suitable environmental conditions. Here, we investigate the extent of climate and land use/cover...
Article
The effects of roads on bats are still a poorly documented issue. Most of the available research focuses on large and high-traffic highways, while low-medium-traffic roads are often assumed to have negligible impacts. However, small roads are ubiquitous in landscapes around the world. We examined the effects of these roads, as well as habitat types...
Poster
Full-text available
Over the past decade biocontrol programs against invasive plants started to be implemented in Europe; in parallel, low cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV, a.k.a. drones) technology has been applied to monitor invasive species. In Portugal, the univoltine biocontrol agent (BA) Trichilogaster acaciaelongifoliae was recently released against Acacia lo...
Poster
Full-text available
Helminths are a taxonomically diverse group of parasitic worms that live and feed on living hosts. It is estimated that between 75,000 and 300,000 helminth species parasitize vertebrates alone. Yet, few studies focus on entire host communities, and even less on bats. In the last few years metabarcoding has revolutionized predator-prey interaction s...
Article
Full-text available
DNA metabarcoding is increasingly used in dietary studies to estimate diversity, composition, and frequency of occurrence of prey items. However, few studies have assessed how technical and biological replication affect the accuracy of diet estimates. This study addresses these issues using the European free‐tailed bat Tadarida teniotis, involving...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how the spatial distribution of ecological resources shape species’ diversity and abundance in human-modified landscapes is a central theme in conservation biology. However, studies often disregard that such patterns may vary over time, thereby potentially missing critical environmental constraints to species persistence. This may be...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding aging is a grand challenge in biology. Exceptionally long-lived animals have mechanisms that underpin extreme longevity. Telomeres are protective nucleotide repeats on chromosome tips that shorten with cell division, potentially limiting life span. Bats are the longest-lived mammals for their size, but it is unknown whether their telo...
Article
The interaction between agricultural production and wildlife can shape, and even condition, the functioning of both systems. In this study we i) explored the degree to which a widespread European bat, namely the common bent-wing bat Miniopterus schreibersii, consumes crop-damaging insects at a continental scale, and ii) tested whether its dietary n...
Poster
This poster focus on a methodology to model the range of expansion of Vespa velutina nigrithorax in Europe
Article
Full-text available
Increasing conflicts and social insecurity are expected to accelerate biodiversity decline and escalate illegal wildlife killing. Sahara‐Sahel megafauna has experienced recent continuous decline due to unsustainable hunting pressure. Here, we provide the best available data on distribution and population trends of threatened, large vertebrates, to...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is a major threat to global biodiversity that will produce a range of new selection pressures. Understanding species responses to climate change requires an interdisciplinary perspective, combining ecological, molecular and environmental approaches. We propose an applied integrated framework to identify populations under threat from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The effects of roads on bats are still a poorly documented issue. Most research focuses on large and high- trafc highways, while low to medium-trafc roads are often assumed to have negligible impacts. We examined the effects of roads and habitat quality on species richness and ight activity of three bat guilds (short-, mid- and long-range echolo...
Poster
Full-text available
Trying to sub-sample the outstanding number of automatic acoustic bat samples to characterize bat communities
Article
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Modelling species distribution is one of the most widely used approaches used by modern ecologists to predict species occurrence as well as to explore the environmental variables that determine the presence of a species in an habitat. Given the outstanding importance of mammals in the context of conservation or management actions, it is not surpris...
Conference Paper
Understanding the drivers of long-term biodiversity change at local, regional and global scales requires detailed information on the diversity, composition and structure of biological communities, and on species interactions. For most species groups, this information is often scarce due to high biological diversity and limited taxonomic expertise....
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian Peninsula supports a high diversity of bumblebees, with 38 species all of which are at or near the south-western edge of their range. We might expect them to be threatened by climate change, but their distributions within Iberia are poorly documented. In this study, we examine the climatic conditions that explain the distribution of Ibe...
Conference Paper
Understanding what factors influence species diversity and abundance in human-modified landscapes is a central theme in conservation biology. However, studies frequently overlook the possibility of habitat selection varying seasonally, which may undermine the identification of key habitats for conservation. Our main goals were to 1) examine how cli...
Article
Full-text available
Species distribution models were used to predict bat species richness across southern Africa and to identify potential drivers of these spatial patterns. We also identified species richness within each biotic zone and the distributions of species considered of high conservation priority. We used this information to highlight conservation priorities...
Article
Aim Climate change assessments are largely based on correlative species distribution models (SDMs) that are sensible to spatial biases or incompleteness of input distribution data. We tested whether changes on the species’ climatic niche resulting from recent human-induced range contractions have a significant influence on SDM predictions of future...
Article
Full-text available
The transformation of native habitats into forest plantations for industrial purposes frequently has negative consequences for biodiversity. We evaluated the impact of eucalypt plantations on native bats in a Mediterranean area, taking Portugal as a case study. We compared the overall bat activity, species richness and Kuhl's bat Pipistrellus kuhli...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in molecular methods and analyses, such as DNA sequencing and phylogenetic reconstructions, are being widely used to help clarify the taxonomic challenge posed by cryptic species. While almost morphologically indistinguishable, such species can also present other diagnostic features, including ecological and physiological characteristics....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Here we present a framework to design optimised multi-species monitoring networks and two case studies showing its application. This framework combines species distribution models and conservation planning tools to optimize the location of monitoring stations. In Case Study 1 we developed a monitoring network to detect potential range shifts drive...
Article
AimThere is widespread concern over the current state of global pollinator populations; however, lack of monitoring means patterns of decline are not well characterized. We aimed to investigate the influence of habitat and climate specializations on bumblebee distribution trends over time using long-term species data.LocationOur study is based on d...
Article
Full-text available
Increases in the frequency and severity of droughts are expected in the Mediterranean region under ongoing climatic change, but their potential effects on bat populations still remain largely unstudied. Here we address this issue, by using data from a monitoring program of Tadarida teniotis to assess the reproductive consequences of a severe drough...