Hubert De Brabander

Hubert De Brabander
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety

Em. Prof. Dr.

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172
Publications
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5,729
Citations
Citations since 2016
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1814 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (172)
Article
Detection of the abuse of synthetic steroids in food production is nowadays relatively straightforward using modern techniques such as gas or liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS or LC-MS/MS, respectively). However, proving the abuse of ‘endogenous’ (or naturally occurring) steroids is more difficult. Despite these difficult...
Article
We present a comprehensive overview of recent developments in analytical chemistry for the most environmentally important groups of chemicals of emerging concern (CECs), including pharmaceuticals and personal-care products, pesticides, steroid hormones, perfluorinated compounds, alkylphenolethoxylates, bisphenol A and phthalates. Due to both the ty...
Article
Boar taint is an off-odour that can occur when meat or fat from entire male pigs is heated. Most of the currently available analytical methods are not capable of detecting the three known boar taint compounds (indole, skatole and androstenone) simultaneously, which renders their analysis often labour-intensive and time-consuming as separate analyse...
Article
Full-text available
Thyreostatic drugs, illegally administrated to livestock for fattening purposes, are banned in the European Union since 1981. For monitoring their illegal use, sensitive and specific analytical methods are required. In this context, the knowledge of the stability in a matrix is of primary importance. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of pr...
Article
The bee diseases American and European foulbrood and nosemosis can be treated with anti-infectious agents. However, in the EU and the USA the use of these agents in beekeeping is strictly regulated due to the lack of tolerance (e.g. Maximum Residue Limit) for residues of antibiotics and chemotherapeutics in honey. This article reviews the literatur...
Article
The growing interest of consumers in healthy food challenges growers to continuously improve the nutritional quality of their crops. In this research, the potential of a more saline growth environment for improved antioxidant concentration in tomato fruit was studied, and an U-HPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of lycopene, β-carotene, and α-t...
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The presence of both pharmaceuticals and pesticides in the aquatic environment has become a well-known environmental issue during the last decade. An increasing demand however still exists for sensitive and reliable monitoring tools for these rather polar contaminants in the marine environment. In recent years, the great potential of passive sample...
Article
An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry multi-residue method for the determination of 34 anabolic steroids (10 estrogens including stilbenes, 14 androgens and 10 gestagens) in meat of bovine origin is reported. The extraction and clean-up procedure involved homogenization with methanol, defatting with hexane, liquid...
Article
Since the onset of residue analysis some 40 years ago, much attention has been paid to several analytical aspects [e.g., the fight to achieve lower limits of detection (LODs), the gain in specificity, and quality assurance]. In recent years, “omic approaches” have also been introduced to accomplish these purposes. However, when reviewing the litera...
Article
In recent years, questions have been raised on the possible semi-endogenous status of the alleged xenobiotic thyreostatic drug thiouracil; thiouracil has been detected in the urine of various animals (livestock and domesticated) at concentrations between 1 and 10 μg L(-1) and also in human urine. Although several studies suggest Brassicaceae-derive...
Article
Organic micropollutants such as pharmaceuticals, perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), and pesticides, are important environmental contaminants. To obtain more information regarding their presence in marine organisms, an increasing demand exists for reliable analytical methods for quantification of these micropollutants in biotic matrices. Therefore, we...
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In this paper, the past, present, and (possible) future of the European analytical criteria for residues are described. The elaboration of the revision of Commission Decision 9312561EC was a long process starting in 1996 and ending with the formation of a European Commission (EC) working group in 1998. This working group took account of development...
Article
The biochemicals utilized in the Charm MRL beta-Lactam test (8 min test) were applied to faster flowing lateral components to create a new 3 min, one-step beta-lactam test called Charm MRL-3 (Charm Sciences Inc., Lawrence, MA). This new test was validated at T&V-ILVO according to Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. The following analytical parameters...
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Full-text available
Thiouracil belongs to the xenobiotic thyreostats, which are growth-promoting agents illegally used in animal production. Recently it has been reported that thiouracil is suspected to have a natural origin. The European Union of Reference Laboratory guidance paper of 2007 acknowledged this by stating that thiouracil concentrations below 10 µg l⁻¹ mi...
Article
Skatole and androstenone are the main boar taint compounds. Whereas nearly everybody is sensitive to skatole, the sensitivity to androstenone is genetically determined and differs between countries. In this study the methodology for testing androstenone sensitivity was refined and applied to 1569 consumers that were approached at six shopping malls...
Article
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), which are extensively used in a wide variety of applications because of their specific surfactant properties, have recently appeared as an important new class of global environmental pollutants. Quantitative analysis of PFCs in aqueous matrices remains, however, a challenging task. During this study, a new analytica...
Article
It has been suggested that skatole, one of the main compounds responsible for boar taint, can be lowered by keeping pigs clean, as skatole can be absorbed through skin and/or lungs (Hansen, Larsen, Jensen, HansenMoller & Bartongade, 1994). With this experiment, we further investigated this hypothesis by comparing extremely clean with extremely dirt...
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The stability constants of the Ag(I) complexes of some ω'-aminoalkylpyridinium compounds are determined by a pH-metrical method, at 25 deg;C and in 0.5 M KNO3. The results are compared with those obtained in a similar investigation of the Ag(I) complexes of ω-aminocarboxylic acids. In both cases complexes of the same type are formed and only quanti...
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Corticosteroids are hormonal substances widely used in human and veterinary medicine for their anti-inflammatory properties. Among the numerous existing artificial corticosteroids, dexamethasone remains the most commonly used, mainly throughout esterified forms such as acetate or phosphate. An experimental study was designed to assess its drug resi...
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The use of anabolic steroids as growth promoting agents in food production is prohibited under European Union legislation, but there is currently no internationally accepted method for detecting the abuse of the anabolic steroid nandrolone in the porcine. Therefore, an analytical biomarker approach based on gas chromatography-tandem mass spectromet...
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The 2-min protocol (1 + 1) for the βeta-s.t.a.r. (manufactured by Neogen Corporation, Lansing, MI, USA) was validated at the Technology and Food Science Unit of the Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research according to Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. The test was very selective for the group of beta-lactam compounds: the only interference...
Article
Adequate glazing (6-10%) of fish fillets prior to frozen storage protects the final product from dehydration, oxidation and quality loss. Excessive glazing (>12%) on the other hand may significantly affect the economic value and end user satisfaction of frozen fish fillets. This paper describes the optimization, validation and application of a grav...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of the presence of micropollutants such as pharmaceuticals, in coastal areas, is very limited; therefore, the main objective of this study was to optimize and validate a new analytical method for the quantitative analysis of 13 multiclass pharmaceuticals in seawater. Target compounds included antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory d...
Article
Thyreostatic drugs, illegally administrated to livestock for fattening purposes, are banned in the European Union since 1981 (Council Directive 81/602/EC). For monitoring their illegal use, sensitive and specific analytical methods are required. In this study an UHPLC-MS/MS method was described for quantitative analysis of eight thyreostatic drugs...
Article
A liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric method for the determination of sulfa drugs in beeswax was developed. When performing residue control on beeswax intended for the fabrication of wax foundations, residues of sulfonamides were found. A migration test was set up to study whether sulfonamide-containing beeswax could lead to the contam...
Article
Full-text available
Illegal steroid administration to enhance growth performance in veal calves has long been, and still is, a serious issue facing regulatory agencies. Over the last years, stating undisputable markers of illegal treatment has become complex because of the endogenous origin of several anabolic steroids. Knowledge on the origin of an analyte is therefo...
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Although beta-boldenone (bBol) used to be a marker of illegal steroid administration in calves, its endogenous formation has recently been demonstrated in these vertebrates. However, research on the pathway leading to bBol remains scarce. This study shows the usefulness of in vivo invertebrate models as alternatives to vertebrate animal experiments...
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A selective and sensitive method for the simultaneous determination of five avermectins (abamectin, ivermectin, doramectin, emamectin and eprinomectin) and one milbemycin (moxidectin) in porcine liver, bovine meat and fish tissue was developed. The method involved extraction with acetonitrile and purification by C18 solid-phase extraction. Detectio...
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Boldenone (17-hydroxy-androsta-1,4-diene-3-one, Bol) and boldione (androst-1,4-diene-3,17-dione, ADD), are currently listed as exogenous anabolic steroids by the World Anti-Doping Agency. However, it has been reported that these analytes can be produced endogenously. Interestingly, only for Bol a comment is included in the list on its potential end...
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Full-text available
The trend in residue analysis has changed from target-oriented procedures - mainly based on liquid chromatography combined with triple-quadrupole mass spectrometric (MS) detection - towards accurate mass full-scan MS techniques [e.g., time-of-flight (TOF) and Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FT-M,S)]. Full-scan MS approaches allow the retrospec...
Article
The presence and metabolism of endogenous steroid hormones in meat-producing animals has been the subject of much research over the past 40 years. While significant data are available, no comprehensive review has yet been performed. Species considered in this review are bovine, porcine, ovine, equine, caprine and cervine, while steroid hormones inc...
Article
Thyreostatic drugs (TS), illegally administrated to livestock for fattening purposes, are banned in the European Union since 1981 (Council Directive 81/602/EC). This paper reviews the trends in the analytical approaches for the determination of TS drugs in biological matrices. After a brief introduction on the different groups of compounds with a t...
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Full-text available
A residue is a trace (microg kg(-1), ng kg(-1)) of a substance, present in a matrix. Residue analysis is a relatively young discipline and a very broad area, including banned (A) substances as well as registered veterinary medicinal products (B substances). The objective of this manuscript is to review future trends in the analysis of residues of v...
Article
This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of reducing boar taint in boars (Piétrain×Hybrid) by addition of different feed ingredients (raw potato starch (RPS) 10%, raw potato starch 10%+wheat bran 5% (RPS+WB), lupins 10%, inulin 5%, clinoptilolite 1%) to a standard diet over a period of 4-6 weeks before slaughter. Control boars (CBOAR) as well a...
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The development of an analytical method that enables routine analysis of annatto dye, specifically bixin and norbixin, in meat tissue is described. Liquid-solid extraction was carried out using acetonitrile. Analysis was by HPLC with photodiode array detection using two fixed wavelengths (458 and 486 nm). The possibilities of ion trap mass spectrom...
Article
Flow-through reactors with manganese oxides were examined for their capacity to remove 17 alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2) at microg L(-1) and ng L(-1) range from synthetic wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent. The mineral MnO(2) reactors removed 93% at a volumetric loading rate (B(V)) of 5 microg EE2 L(-1) d(-1) and from a B(V) of 40 microg EE2...
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Influent and effluent samples originating from two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) (treating hospital wastewater and domestic wastewater, Belgium) have been analyzed in order to estimate their steroid hormone content. The natural estrogens estrone (E1), 17Β -estradiol (E2), and the synthetic 17α -ethinylestradiol (EE2) together with other stero...
Article
This paper reviews recently published multi-residue chromatographic methods for the determination of steroid hormones in edible matrices. After a brief introduction on steroid hormones and their use in animal fattening, the most relevant EU legislation regarding the residue control of these substances is presented. An overview of multi-residue anal...
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17alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2), the active compound of the contraceptive pill, is a recalcitrant estrogen, which is encountered at ng/l levels in wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents and rivers and can cause feminization of aquatic organisms. The aim of this study was to isolate micro-organisms that could remove such low EE2 concentrations....
Article
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is a carcinogenic heterocyclic amine formed in meats during cooking. Although the formation of PhIP metabolites by mammalian enzymes has been extensively reported, the involvement of the intestinal bacteria remains unclear. This study examined the urinary and fecal excretion of a newly identifi...
Article
Boar taint in entire male pigs remains a problem for fresh pork production. Since castration of pigs will be prohibited in the future on animal welfare reasons, attempts are made to detect boar taint pre and post mortem. Post mortem techniques focus on simultaneous quantification of the three boar taint substances by one simple and reliable method....
Article
Regarding anti-infectious agents, no maximum residue limits are fixed for honey in the European legislation. Discussions are being conducted in order to set working limits at the European level; for example, for tetracyclines, 20 microg/kg was proposed. The Tetrasensor Honey test kit is a receptor-based assay using dipsticks for a rapid screening (...
Article
A residue is a trace (microg kg(-1), ng kg(-1)) of a substance, present in a matrix. Banned substances, such as growth promoters, which are abused in animal fattening and where this article is focused on, may be divided into four major groups: thyreostats, anabolics or anabolic steroids, corticosteroids and beta-agonists or repartitioning agents. T...
Article
As part of the Endis-Risks project, the current study describes the occurrence of the chlorotriazine pesticides atrazine, simazine and terbutylazine in water, sediment and suspended matter in the Scheldt estuary (B-Nl) from 2002 to 2005 (3 samplings a year, 8 sampling points). Atrazine was found at the highest concentrations, varying from 10 to 736...
Article
Full-text available
The use of anabolic steroids has been banned in the European Union since 1981. In this study, the metabolism of the anabolic steroid methenolone acetate, was investigated in a male veal calf. After daily oral administration of methenolone acetate, three main metabolites were detected in both urine and faeces samples. Among these metabolites, alpha-...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, it seems that consumers are generally uncertain about the safety and quality of their food and their risk perception differs substantially from that of experts. Hormone and veterinary drug residues in meat persist to occupy a high position in European consumers' food concern rankings. The aim of this contribution is to provide a be...
Article
Since the 1970s, many analytical methods for the detection of illegal growth promoters, such as thyreostats, anabolics, beta-agonists and corticosteroids have been developed for a wide range of matrices of animal origin, including meat, fat, organ tissue, urine and faeces. The aim of this study was to develop an analytical method for the determinat...
Article
Within the scope of the European Community member states' residue monitoring plan, illicit administration of anabolic steroids is monitored at slaughterhouse level as well as on living animals. At farm level, urine is one of the target matrices to detect possible abuse of anabolic steroid growth promoters. Optimisation of the routinely applied anal...
Article
Cholesterol is a well-known component in fats of animal origin and it also is the precursor of natural hormones. Phytosterols appear in plants and only differ slightly in structure from cholesterol. An important difference however is the low absorption in the gut of phytosterols and their saturated derivatives, the phytostanols. As a result, there...
Article
Regularly new anabolic steroids appear on the black market. In most cases these substances are marketed on websites or are confiscated during inspections. 1,(5alpha)-Androstene-17beta-ol-3-one, also known as 1-testosterone, is one of these substances presented to body-builders as a nutritional supplement or a pro-hormone. 1-Testosterone closely res...
Article
Current evidence suggests that neo formation of the anabolic steroid boldenone (androsta-1,4-diene-17-ol-3-one) occurs in calves' faecal material, making it difficult to distinguish between illegally administered boldenone and its potential endogenous presence. This strengthens the urgent need to elucidate the pathway leading to boldenone formation...
Article
Despite the increased research and regulatory interest in numerous bioactive agents, including natural hormones, xeno-hormones and pharmacological agents, little is known about the presence of these compounds in the estuarine and marine environment. In this study, the results of a 2-year survey on the occurrence of the natural female sex hormones,...
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ENDIS-RISKS is a multidisciplinary, research project conducted by five institutes. This project aimed to assess the distribution, exposure and effects of endocrine disruptors in the Scheldt estuary, with specific attention to invertebrates. The Scheldt estuary is known to be one of the most polluted estuaries in the world. The industrial areas of G...
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ENDIS-RISKS, a multidisciplinary research project with five institutes, evaluates the distribution, exposure and effects of endocrine disruptors in the Scheldt Estuary. This estuary is known to be one of the most polluted estuaries in the world. Untreated domestic wastewater and effluents of the industrial areas of Ghent and Antwerp are to a large...
Article
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The complex formation between Cd(II) and 2-mercaptoethanol (MEL) and 3-mercapto-1, 2-propanediol (MPD) was studied by a pH-method at 25°C and in 0.5 M KNO3. The best representation of the complex formation is the ‘core + links’ series B(A5 B3)n, B being the metal ion and A the ligand; n tends to relatively high values. The reduced stability constan...
Article
Full-text available
Thyrostats have been banned for use as veterinary drugs in Europe since 1981 because of their carcinogenic and teratogenic properties. Until now, the identification of thiouracil in animal biological matrices has been interpreted as the consequence of an illegal administration. The present paper studies the influence of a cruciferous-based feed on...
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Full-text available
The continuous introduction of new products used as growth promoters in animal husbandry, for sports doping and as products for body-building requires residue laboratories to initiate research on developing a strategy for the identification of 'unknown' components. In this study, a strategy is presented for elucidating the identity, the structure a...
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Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are important enzymes involved in the regulation of hormone synthesis and in the detoxification and/or activation of xenobiotics. CYPs are found in virtually all organisms, from archae, and eubacteria to eukaryota. A number of endocrine disruptors are suspected of exerting their effects through disruption of normal CYP funct...