Huanming Yang

Huanming Yang
BGI Human Genome Center

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865
Publications
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27,613
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Publications

Publications (865)
Article
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Non-fasting lipidemia (nFL), mainly contributed by postprandial lipidemia (PL), has recently been recognized as an important cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk as fasting lipidemia (FL). PL serves as a common feature of dyslipidemia in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), albeit effective therapies targeting on PL were limited. In this study, we aimed to evaluate...
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Pigs are valuable large animal models for biomedical and genetic research, but insights into the tissue- and cell-type-specific transcriptome and heterogeneity remain limited. By leveraging single-cell RNA sequencing, we generate a multiple-organ single-cell transcriptomic map containing over 200,000 pig cells from 20 tissues/organs. We comprehensi...
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Ant colonies with permanent division of labour between castes and highly distinct roles of the sexes have been conceptualized to be superorganisms, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate caste/sex-specific behavioural specialization have remained obscure. Here we characterized the brain cell repertoire of queens, gynes (virgin queen...
Article
The South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis, SCT) is the most critically endangered subspecies of tigers due to functional extinction in the wild. Inbreeding depression is observed among the captive population descended from six wild ancestors, resulting in high juvenile mortality and low reproduction. We assembled and characterized the first...
Article
Targeted therapy for lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) remains a challenge due to the lack of robust targets. Here, we identified MECOM as a candidate of therapeutic target for LUSC by screening 38 genes that were commonly amplified in three pairs of primary tumors and patient-derived xenografts (PDX) using a clustered regularly interspaced short...
Preprint
Respiratory diseases impose an immense health burden worldwide. Epidemiological studies have revealed extensive disparities in the incidence and severity of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) between males and females . It is recently hypothesized that there might also be a nasal microbiome axis contributing to the observed sex disparities, but wi...
Article
Understanding the complex functions of plant leaves requires a thorough characterization of discrete cell features. Although single-cell gene expression profiling technologies have been developed, their application in characterizing cell subtypes has not been achieved yet. Here, we present scStereo-seq (single-cell spatial enhanced resolution omics...
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Spatially resolved transcriptomic technologies are promising tools to study complex biological processes such as mammalian embryogenesis. However, the imbalance between resolution, gene capture, and field of view of current methodologies precludes their systematic application to analyze relatively large and three-dimensional mid- and late-gestation...
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Background: Extrachromosomal circular deoxyribonucleic acid (eccDNA) is evolving as a valuable biomarker, while little is known about its presence in urine. Methods: Here, we report the discovery and analysis of urinary cell-free eccDNAs (ucf-eccDNAs) in healthy controls and patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) by Circle-Seq. Res...
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Incomplete lineage sorting (ILS) makes ancestral genetic polymorphisms persist during rapid speciation events, inducing incongruences between gene trees and species trees. ILS has complicated phylogenetic inference in many lineages, including hominids. However, we lack empirical evidence that ILS leads to incongruent phenotypic variation. Here, we...
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The intricate processes of microbiota-gut-brain communication in modulating human cognition and emotion, especially in the context of mood disorders, have remained elusive. Here we performed faecal metagenomic, serum metabolomics and neuroimaging studies on a cohort of 109 unmedicated patients with depressed bipolar disorder (BD) patients and 40 he...
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Studying tissue composition and function in non-human primates (NHPs) is crucial to understand the nature of our own species. Here we present a large-scale cell transcriptomic atlas that encompasses over 1 million cells from 45 tissues of the adult NHP Macaca fascicularis. This dataset provides a vast annotated resource to study a species phylogene...
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Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells derived from placenta (PMSCs) are an attractive source for regenerative medicine because of their multidifferentiation potential and immunomodulatory capabilities. However, the cellular and molecular heterogeneity of PMSCs has not been fully characterized. Here, we applied single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and as...
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Cycads represent one of the most ancient lineages of living seed plants. Identifying genomic features uniquely shared by cycads and other extant seed plants, but not non-seed-producing plants, may shed light on the origin of key innovations, as well as the early diversification of seed plants. Here, we report the 10.5-Gb reference genome of Cycas p...
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Background Programmed death 1 (PD-1) and the ligand of PD-1 (PD-L1) are central targets for immune-checkpoint therapy (ICT) blocking immune evasion-related pathways elicited by tumor cells. A number of PD-1 inhibitors have been developed, but the efficacy of these inhibitors varies considerably and is typically below 50%. The efficacy of ICT has be...
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DNA is a promising data storage medium due to its remarkable durability and space-efficient storage. Early bit-to-base transcoding schemes have primarily pursued information density, at the expense of introducing biocompatibility challenges or decoding failure. Here we propose a robust transcoding algorithm named the yin–yang codec, using two rules...
Preprint
Sensitive and high-throughput evaluation of CRISPR RNA-guided nucleases (RGNs) off-targets (OTs) in cells are essential for safety assessment and advancing RGN-based gene therapies. Here we apply a modified library approach, SURRO-seq, for simultaneously evaluating thousands of off-target sites for therapeutic RGNs in cells. The SURRO-seq captures...
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Cystic echinococcosis is a socioeconomically important parasitic disease caused by the larval stage of the canid tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus , afflicting millions of humans and animals worldwide. The development of a vaccine (called EG95) has been the most notable translational advance in the fight against this disease in animals. However, alm...
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Biological age (BA) has been proposed to evaluate the aging status instead of chronological age (CA). Our study shows evidence that there might be multiple “clocks” within the whole-body system: systemic aging drivers/clocks overlaid with organ/tissue-specific counterparts. We utilize multi-omics data, including clinical tests, immune repertoire, t...
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Several studies have demonstrated that the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire is associated with prognosis and immune therapy response in several types of cancer. However, the comprehensive features of TCR repertoire in tumor-infiltrating and circulating T cells, as well as its clinical significance of diagnosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) pati...
Preprint
Placenta play essential role in successful pregnancy, as the most important organ connecting and interplaying between mother and fetus. However, the cellular and molecular characteristics of fetal origin and maternal origin cell populations within the fetomaternal interface still is poorly understood. Here, we profiled the transcriptomes of single...
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver cancer with a high rate of metastasis. However, the molecular mechanisms that drive metastasis remain unclear. We combined single-cell transcriptomic, proteomic, and chromatin accessibility data to investigate how heterogeneous phenotypes contribute to metastatic potential in five HCC cell lin...
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Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides), a horticulturally multipurpose species in the family Elaeagnaceae, can build associations with Frankia actinomycetes to enable symbiotic nitrogen‐fixing. Currently, no high‐quality reference genome is available for an actinorhizal plant, which greatly hinders the study of actinorhizal symbiotic nodulation. Here...
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Background There is a need for functional genome-wide annotation of the protein-coding genes to get a deeper understanding of mammalian biology. Here, a new annotation strategy is introduced based on dimensionality reduction and density-based clustering of whole-body co-expression patterns. This strategy has been used to explore the gene expression...
Article
The pathogenesis of COVID-19 is still elusive, which impedes disease progression prediction, differential diagnosis, and targeted therapy. Plasma cell-free RNAs (cfRNAs) carry unique information from human tissue and thus could point to resourceful solutions for pathogenesis and host-pathogen interactions. Here, we performed a comparative analysis...
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Clarifying the evolutionary processes underlying species diversification and adaptation is a key focus of evolutionary biology. Begonia (Begoniaceae) is one of the most species-rich angiosperm genera with ~2,000 species, most of which are shade-adapted. Here, we present chromosome-scale genome assemblies for four species of Begonia (B. loranthoides...
Preprint
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Studying tissue composition and function in non-human primates (NHP) is crucial to understand the nature of our own species. Here, we present a large-scale single-cell and single-nucleus transcriptomic atlas encompassing over one million cells from 43 tissues from the adult NHP Macaca fascicularis. This dataset provides a vast, carefully annotated,...
Article
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The availability of viral entry factors is a prerequisite for the cross-species transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Large-scale single-cell screening of animal cells could reveal the expression patterns of viral entry genes in different hosts. However, such exploration for SARS-CoV-2 remains limited. Here,...
Preprint
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Genetically tailored pigs to eliminate human immune rejection of xenografts is one promising solution to the global donor organ shortage. The development of xenograft transplantation has however been hampered by incomplete understanding of its immune rejection and the inability to test this in a human transplantation setting. Here we use an ex vivo...
Preprint
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Cell free extrachromosomal circular DNA (eccDNA) is evolving as a potential biomarker in liquid biopsies for disease diagnosis. In this study, an optimized next generation sequencing-based Circle-Seq method was developed to investigate urinary cell free eccDNA (ucf-eccDNA) from 28 adult healthy volunteers (mean age = 28, 19 males/ 9 females). The g...
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a global pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the microbial composition of the respiratory tract and other infected tissues as well as their possible pathogenic contributions to varying degrees of disease severity in COVID-19 patients remain unclear. Betwee...
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Although a few studies have reported the effects of several polymorphisms on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), these genotypes account for only a small fraction of the variation and evidence is insufficient. This study aims to ide...
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The oral microbiota contains billions of microbial cells, which could contribute to diseases in many body sites. Challenged by eating, drinking, and dental hygiene on a daily basis, the oral microbiota is regarded as highly dynamic. Here, we report significant human genomic associations with the oral metagenome from more than 1915 individuals, for...
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Zero hunger and good health could be realized by 2030 through effective conservation, characterization and utilization of germplasm resources ¹ . So far, few chickpea ( Cicer arietinum ) germplasm accessions have been characterized at the genome sequence level ² . Here we present a detailed map of variation in 3,171 cultivated and 195 wild accessio...
Preprint
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Solid tumors are complex ecosystems, and heterogeneity is the major challenge for overcoming tumor relapse and metastasis. Uncovering the spatial heterogeneity of cell types and functional states in tumors is essential for developing effective treatment, especially in invasive fronts of tumor, the most active region for tumor cells infiltration and...
Preprint
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Numerous studies have investigated the risk factors of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), however, AD- risk factors related miRNAs were rarely reported. In this study, AD- risk factor related miRNAs of 119 Chinese individuals (47 AD patients and 62 cognitively normal controls) were investigated. The results showed that education, tea consumption, leisure ac...
Preprint
Aquatic vertebrates consist of jawed fish (cartilaginous fish and bony fish), aquatic mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of 630 aquatic vertebrate genomes to generate a standardized compendium of genomic data. We demonstrate its value by assessing their genome features as well as illuminating gene families r...
Preprint
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Invertebrates, animals (metazoans) without backbones, encompass ~97% of all animal yet remains understudied. They have provided insights into molecular mechanisms underlying fundamentally identical mechanisms in phylogenetically diverse animals, including vertebrates. Marine invertebrates have long fascinated researchers due to their abundance, div...
Preprint
Trillions of marine bacterial, archaeal and viral species contribute to the majority diversity of life on Earth. In the current study, we have done a comprehensive review of all the published studies of marine microbiome by re-analyzing most of the available high throughput sequencing data. We collected 17.59 Tb sequencing data from 8,165 metagenom...
Preprint
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Brain regeneration requires a precise coordination of complex responses in a time- and region-specific manner. Identifying key cell types and molecules that direct brain regeneration would provide potential targets for the advance of regenerative medicine. However, progress in the field has been hampered largely due to very limited regeneration cap...
Preprint
Solid tumors are complex ecosystems, and heterogeneity is the major challenge for overcoming tumor relapse and metastasis. Uncovering the spatial heterogeneity of cell types and functional states in tumors is essential for developing effective treatment, especially in invasive fronts of tumor, the most active region for tumor cells infiltration and...
Preprint
Understanding the complex functions of plant leaves requires spatially resolved gene expression profiling with single-cell resolution. However, although in situ gene expression profiling technologies have been developed, this goal has not yet been achieved. Here, we present the first in situ single-cell transcriptome profiling in plant, scStereo-se...
Article
Full-text available
Background The incidence of hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has increased in recent years, making it a very common childhood illness worldwide. The relationship between different enterovirus genotypes and disease severity is not clearly understood. Given that enteroviruses are transmitted through the gastrointestinal tract, we hypothesized that...
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The transcription factor cyclic-AMP response element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) responds to cAMP level and controls the expression of target genes, which regulates nutrition partitioning. The promoters of CREB1-targeted genes responsive to cAMP have been extensively investigated and characterized with the presence of both cAMP response element and T...
Article
Helminth diseases have long been a threat to the health of humans and animals. Roundworms are important organisms for studying parasitic mechanisms, disease transmission and prevention. The study of parasites in the giant panda is of importance for understanding how roundworms adapt to the host. Here, we report a high-quality chromosome-scale genom...
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The ancestors of marine mammals once roamed the land and independently committed to an aquatic lifestyle. These macroevolutionary transitions have intrigued scientists for centuries. Here, we generated high-quality genome assemblies of 17 marine mammals (11 cetaceans and six pinnipeds), including eight assemblies at the chromosome level. Incorporat...
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Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) is an economically and ecologically important nontimber forestry species. Further development of this species as a sustainable bamboo resource has been hindered by a lack of population genome information. Here, we report a moso bamboo genomic variation atlas of 5.45 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) f...
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The oral cavity of each person is home to hundreds of bacterial species. While taxa for oral diseases have been studied using culture-based characterization as well as amplicon sequencing, metagenomic and genomic information remains scarce compared to the fecal microbiome. Here, using metagenomic shotgun data for 3346 oral metagenomics samples toge...
Article
Gut microbiome influenced many aspects of host physiology and psychology. Vice versa, lifestyles factors such as exercise and healthy diet are ways to shape the gut microbiota towards balance. We observed two distinct microbe groups characterized by physical fitness in a multi-omic cohort of 2183 young subjects with metagenomics, national physique...
Article
Most of the disease studies for the gut microbiome have collected cases and control samples from the elderly or the middle-aged. Despite general interest in microbiome health, it is not known how microbial biomarkers from metagenome-wide association studies (MWAS) would perform in a cohort of young individuals, who would be largely free of chronic...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has caused over 220 million infections and 4.5 million deaths worldwide. Current risk factor cannot fully explain the diversity in disease severity. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of a broad range of patients’ laboratory and clinical assessments to investigate the genetic contributions to COVID-19 severity. By perfo...
Article
More than a decade of gut microbiome studies have a common goal of improving human health. However, while most of the disease studies have focused on the elderly or the middle-aged, a reference cohort for the gut microbiome in young individuals has been lacking. It is also not clear what other omics data need to be measured to better understand the...
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The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health emergency. Various omics results have been reported for COVID-19, but the molecular hallmarks of COVID-19, especially in those patients without comorbidities, have not been fully investigated. Here we collect blood samples from 231 COVID-19 patients, prefiltered to exclude those...
Preprint
COVID-19 is a huge threat to global health. Due to the lack of definitive etiological therapeutics currently, effective disease monitoring is of high clinical value for better healthcare and management of the large number of COVID-19 patients. In this study, we recruited 37 COVID-19 patients, collected 176 blood samples upon diagnosis and during tr...
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To unravel the source of SARS-CoV-2 introduction and the pattern of its spreading and evolution in the United Arab Emirates, we conducted meta-transcriptome sequencing of 1067 nasopharyngeal swab samples collected between May 9th and Jun 29th, 2020 during the first peak of the local COVID-19 epidemic. We identified global clade distribution and ele...
Preprint
Helminth diseases have long been a threat to the health of humans and animals. Roundworms are important organisms for studying parasitic mechanisms, disease transmission and prevention. The study of parasites in the giant panda is of importance for understanding how roundworms adapt to the host. Here, we report a high-quality chromosome-scale genom...
Article
In this article we describe a sensitive exonuclease III detection method using a DNB nanoarray from a BGISEQ-500 sequencing kit and demonstrate a detection limit as low as 0.001 U/mL. The flow cell of the sequencing kit was loaded with billions of DNA nanoballs (DNBs) to form the DNB nanoarray and initially used for massively parallel sequencing. T...