Hsiao-Hsuan (Rose) Wang

Hsiao-Hsuan (Rose) Wang
Texas A&M University | TAMU · Department of Ecology and Conservation Biology

PhD

About

90
Publications
10,455
Reads
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925
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
Texas A&M University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Ecological Systems Laboratory
September 2018 - December 2019
Texas A&M University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Ecological Systems Laboratory
September 2016 - August 2018
Texas A&M University
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (90)
Article
Landscapes with more complex composition and configuration are generally expected to enhance natural enemy densities and pest suppression. To evaluate this hypothesis for an invasive aphid pest of sorghum, Melanaphis sorghi Theobald (Hemiptera: Aphididae), sampling in sorghum fields for aphids and natural enemies was conducted over two years in a s...
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Issues of scale pervade every aspect of socio-environmental systems (SES) modeling. They can stem from the context of both the modeling process, and the purpose of the integrated model. A webinar hosted by the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), The Integrated Assessment Society (TIAS) and the journal Socio-Environmental Systems...
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Tubastraea coccinea is an invasive coral that has had ecological, economic, and social impacts in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico (GoM). Tubastraea coccinea is considered a major threat to marine biodiversity, whose occurrence in its non-native range has been associated with artificial structures such as oil/gas platfo...
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The sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.]) agroecosystem of North America provided an opportunity to evaluate agroecosystem response to an invading insect herbivore, Melanaphis sorghi (Theobald) (sorghum aphid) (previously published as Melanaphis sacchari Zehntner) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) onto a widely planted crop that experiences a range of agro-landscape...
Article
Airborne pests pose a major challenge in agriculture. Integrated pest management programs have been considered a viable response to this challenge, and pest forecasting can aid in strategic management decisions. Annually recurrent areawide sugarcane aphid [Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)] infestations of sorghum [Sorghum bicol...
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Amphibians are the most threatened vertebrate class based on the IUCN Red List. Their decline has been linked to anthropogenic activities, with wildfires being among the most conspicuous agents of habitat alterations affecting native amphibians. In 2011, the most destructive wildfire in Texas history occurred in the Lost Pines ecoregion of central...
Article
Models capable of simulating both local population dynamics and long-range dispersal of wind-borne pests show promise as components of adaptive areawide pest management programs. Local life cycles and long-range wind-borne transport patterns, especially for small weak fliers, are relatively well-understood. However, modelling proximate causes of em...
Article
One of the major drivers of amphibian population declines is Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). We sought to identify the major environmental drivers of Bd prevalence in Texas, USA, by drawing results from museum specimens. We sampled one of the largest museum collections in Texas, the Biodiversity Research and Testing Collections (BRTC) at Texas...
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Development of the Pasture and Cattle Management (PCM) method is a priority to control the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus australis, in New Caledonia. The PCM method provides the foundation for sustainable integrated tick control because approximately 95% of cattle ticks in infested pastures are off the host in the non-parasitic life stages, and the pr...
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The tick Rhipicephalus australis, formerly known as Rhipicephalus microplus, is the most economically important ectoparasite of livestock in New Caledonia, affecting cattle health and production. Decades of control attempts based on the application of chemical acaricides have exerted a strong selective pressure on R. australis populations, some of...
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The pathways taken throughout any model-based process are undoubtedly influenced by the modeling team involved and the decision choices they make. For interconnected socioenvironmental systems (SES), such teams are increasingly interdisciplinary to enable a more expansive and holistic treatment that captures the purpose, the relevant disciplines an...
Article
Modeling dispersal of wind-borne pests can be a valuable tool in a broader context of areawide integrated pest management. In such models both biotic and abiotic factors play important roles. Many aspects of the life cycle and dispersal of the focal species are typically well studied and represented with robust measures. However, some important ass...
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Background Cattle fever ticks (CFT), Rhipicephalus ( Boophilus ) annulatus and R . ( B .) microplus , are vectors of microbes causing bovine babesiosis and pose a threat to the economic viability of the US livestock industry. Efforts by the Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program (CFTEP) along the US-Mexico border in south Texas are complicated by th...
Article
Babesiosis is a tick-borne disease that is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia. Common symptoms of babesiosis are generally characterized as nonspecific flu-like symptoms, such as fever or chills. Human infections are reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) through the National Notifiable Di...
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Background Rhipicephalus ( Boophilus ) annulatus and Rhipicephalus ( Boophilus ) microplus (southern cattle fever tick; SCFT), collectively known as cattle-fever ticks (CFTs), are vectors of protozoal parasites ( Babesia bigemina and Babesia bovis ) that cause bovine babesiosis (also known as cattle fever). One traditional strategy for CFT eradicat...
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Species coexistence is a central issue in plant community ecology. Among processes potentially promoting coexistence is the competition-colonization trade-off: the idea that inferior competitors can coexist with superior competitors if they are better colonizers. The competition-colonization trade-off usually assumes superior competitors have an im...
Article
Systems ecology emerged as a discipline in the 1960's as ecologists identified the “systems approach” as a useful method for addressing problems dealing with complex systems. Today systems ecologists are interacting increasingly with physical and social scientists to study coupled human and natural (socio-ecological, socio-environmental) systems (S...
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System-of-systems approaches for integrated assessments have become prevalent in recent years. Such approaches integrate a variety of models from different disciplines and modeling paradigms to represent a socioenvironmental (or social-ecological) system aiming to holistically inform policy and decision-making processes. Central to the system-of-sy...
Article
Airborne invasions of crop pests pose a significant challenge in agriculture. Novel infestations, such as the recently observed invasion of sugarcane aphid [Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner) (Hemiptera:Aphididae)] on sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] in the Great Plains of the U.S., emerge rapidly and require fast management actions to mitigate ec...
Article
Invasive species have large economic and ecological impacts and are the leading driver of extinction for both plants and animals worldwide. In the USA, coral reefs, which provide $3.4 billion per year in ecosystem services, are impacted by invasive marine species. One such species is Tubastraea coccinea, which was the first scleractinia to invade t...
Article
Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne disease that is primarily caused by the rickettsial bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Anaplasmosis is a febrile disease with common symptoms, including headaches, fever, and lethargy, but it can cause serious organ failure and even death if left untreated. Human infections are reported annually to the Centers for Dis...
Article
Aphids are economically important wind-borne crop pests worldwide. Forecasting invasions poses the challenge of modelling both the terrestrial and aerial portions of their life cycle in temporally-variable, spatially-heterogeneous environments. Within the context of area-wide pest management, modelling migrations is particularly problematic. We pre...
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Background: Some tick species are invasive and of high consequence to public and veterinary health. Socioeconomic development of rural parts of the USA was enabled partly through the eradication by 1943 of cattle fever ticks (CFT, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus and R. (B.) microplus). The southern cattle fever ticks (SCFT, R. (B.) microplus)...
Article
Rangelands cover one third of the earth's land area, provide livelihoods for one billion persons, and most have been degraded by overgrazing of domestic livestock. Recent debate about best management practices often has centered on comparison of continuous grazing and rotational grazing. Resolution to this debate may lie in viewing rangelands as co...
Article
Sensitivity analysis (SA) has been used to evaluate the behavior and quality of environmental models by estimating the contributions of potential uncertainty sources to quantities of interest (QoI) in the model output. Although there is an increasing literature on applying SA in environmental modeling, a pragmatic and specific framework for spatial...
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Background The influence of vegetative changes due to livestock grazing on grassland birds is well-recognized because these birds are heavily influenced by vegetative structure. Traditionally, species distribution models (SDMs) use direct variables, resources that the animal consumes or requires to persist in an area (e.g., water) to define and pro...
Article
Human ehrlichioses are tick-borne diseases that have been increasing in incidence in the United States during recent years. Ehrlichia chaffeensis is one of the primary bacteria that cause ehrlichiosis in humans, which typically results in fever-like symptoms, but may also be fatal if left untreated. E. chaffeensis infections are reported to the Cen...
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Background Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a deadly disease transmitted by the sand fly Phlebotomus argentipes on the Indian subcontinent, with a promising means of vector control being orally treating cattle with fipronil-based drugs. While prior research investigating the dynamic relationship between timing of fipronil-based control schemes and th...
Article
Invasive airborne insects pose major challenges in natural resource and agriculture management, as they can rapidly spread over large distances and cross physical boundaries. Field monitoring and local management are important tools to prevent and control infestations but require additional coordination to be operative region-wide. Computational mo...
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Background: Animal use is a dynamic phenomenon, emerging from the movements of animals responding to a changing environment. Interactions between animals are reflected in patterns of joint space use, which are also dynamic. High frequency sampling associated with GPS telemetry provides detailed data that capture space use through time. However, co...
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In an effort to address challenges arising out of traditional forms of public participation, several alternative strategies for encouraging stakeholder engagement in conservation have been implemented. The role of social learning in addressing these ecological complexities has gained increasing attention in natural resource management over the last...
Article
The mechanistic basis for problem-specific, question-driven ecological simulation models often includes general physical phenomena. Although linking general physical environmental process models with custom-written spatially-explicit ecological models appears conceptually straightforward, practical implementation of such structures is often problem...
Article
Mechanisms underlying the loss of ecological resilience and a shift to an alternate regime with lower ecosystem service provisioning continues to be a leading debate in ecology, particularly in cases where evidence points to human actions and decision-making as the primary drivers of resilience loss and regime change. In this paper, we introduce th...
Article
Mechanisms underlying the loss of ecological resilience and a shift to an alternate regime with lower ecosystem service provisioning continues to be a leading debate in ecology, particularly in cases where evidence points to human actions and decision-making as the primary drivers of resilience loss and regime change. In this paper, we introduce th...
Article
Aim Complex, biotic interactions are notably excluded from species distribution models (SDMs) as they are often difficult to quantify and accommodate in a traditional modeling framework, especially those with a temporal component. The territorial nature of breeding Cactus wren is well-documented and typically involves nest usurping (i.e., destructi...
Article
Integrating population ecology and aeroecology is important for understanding dispersal dynamics of pest insects that depend on aerial habitats. Sugarcane aphid (Melanaphis sacchari) is an economic pest of sorghum in Asia, Africa, Australia, and South America and recently invaded North America, affecting over 90% of the continent's sorghum producti...
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Background The southern cattle fever tick (SCFT), Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, remains endemic in Puerto Rico. Systematic treatment programmes greatly reduced and even eradicated temporarily this tick from the island. However, a systemic treatment programme that includes integrated management practices for livestock against SCFT remains to...
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Ecological niches reflect not only adaptation to local circumstances but also the tendency of related lineages to share environmental tolerances. As a result, information on phylogenetic relationships has underappreciated potential to inform ecological niche modeling. Here we review three strategies for incorporating evolutionary information into n...
Article
The Kemp's ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) is a critically endangered sea turtle that breeds nearly exclusively in the Gulf of Mexico, with scattered nesting along the U.S. Atlantic coast. In 2010, an unprecedented increase in strandings concomitant with a large oil spill in the northern Gulf raised concern about impacts on population recovery. We use...
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The conservation of rare species is typically challenging because of incomplete knowledge about their biology and distributions. Species distribution models (SDMs) have emerged as an important tool for improving the efficiency of rare species conservation. However, these models must include biologically relevant predictor variables at scales approp...
Article
Bridges provide roost structures for bats in temperate regions of the US, including Texas, where Tadarida brasiliensis (Mexican Free-tailed Bats) are common occupants. In March 2018, we documented 1 Mexican Free-tailed Bat with Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the fungal causative agent of white-nose syndrome (WNS), in an artificial structure in Texas...
Presentation
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Navasota ladies'-tresses (Spiranthes parksii) is a federally listed endangered species which is endemic to east-central Texas. It occurs in thirteen Texas counties with ninety-three percent of known population sites in Brazos and Grimes counties, two counties in the Brazos River Valley of east-central Texas. This percentage is considered to be infl...
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Background: Invasions by non-native plants contribute to loss of ecosystem biodiversity and productivity, modification of biogeochemical cycles, and inhibition of natural regeneration of native species. Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Campus) is one of the most prevalent invasive grasses in the forestlands of Tennessee, Unite...
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Background Temperature is an important factor that influences the biology and ecology of intermediate host (IH) snails and the schistosome parasites they transmit. Although temperature shifts due to climate change has been predicted to affect the life history traits of IH snails and parasite production, the mechanisms of how this may affect parasit...
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Several tick species, in what is now known as the subgenus Boophilus in the genus Rhipicephalus, are economically important ectoparasites of livestock and other ungulates; as vectors of pathogens that kill cattle, they remain among the most studied ticks in the world. Researchers have developed quantitative computer models of Rhipicephalus ticks si...
Article
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are a host for cattle fever ticks (Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) sp.), which are vectors of the pathogens causing bovine babesiosis and anaplasmosis in cattle. Tick eradication efforts focused on cattle along the U.S.-Mexico border are high priority and the potential role of white-tailed deer in compromising t...
Article
Based on analyses of an extensive set of field data collected by the US Forest Service, we identified trends in range expansion of Ligustrim sinense (Chinese Privet) and L. vulgare (European Privet), the most prevalent invasive shrubs within forestlands of eastern Texas. Chinese and European privets increased markedly in northeastern Texas from 200...
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We documented range expansion of Triadica sebifera (Chinese Tallow) within forestlands of eastern Texas based on field data collected by the US Forest Service from 2001 to 2012. Chinese Tallow generally spread northward, with the number of sample plots in which Chinese Tallow was detected approximately doubling and mean percent coverage of Chinese...
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Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a disease caused by two known vector-borne parasite species (Leishmania donovani, L. infantum), transmitted to man by phlebotomine sand flies (species: Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia), resulting in ≈50,000 human fatalities annually, ≈67% occurring on the Indian subcontinent. Indoor residual spraying is the cur...
Data
Time series of minimum daily air temperatures in Bihar, India monitored from October 2009 through September 2010 as part of the study described in [21]. (DOCX)
Data
Total number of sand flies collected per night in three villages in Bihar, India from 28 October 2009 through 20 October 2010. Details of the sampling procedure can be found in [21]. (DOCX)
Article
Brown shrimp (Farfantepenaeus aztecus) support a commercially important fishery in the northern Gulf of Mexico, and juveniles use coastal estuaries as nurseries. Production of young shrimp from any given bay system, and hence commercial harvest of sub-adults and adults from the Gulf, is highly variable from year to year. We describe development of...
Article
Estimates of insect age can be informative in death investigations and, when certain assumptions are met, can be useful for estimating the postmortem interval (PMI). Currently, the accuracy and precision of PMI estimates is unknown, as error can arise from sources of variation such as measurement error, environmental variation, or genetic variation...
Article
Ticks (Ixodidae) are important vectors of infectious agents that affect human and animal health, and the spatial-temporal dynamics of tick-host-pathogen-landscape interactions are difficult to understand based on empirical observations alone. We used a spatially explicit simulation model to examine the effects of changes in host density on the prev...
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Non-native plant invasions and changing management activities have dramatically altered the structure and composition of forests worldwide. Invasive shrubs and fire suppression have led to increased densification and biomass accumulation in forest ecosystems of the southeastern USA. Notably, Chinese and European privets are rapid growing, shade-tol...
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We integrated correlative (species distribution) and process-based (agent-based) modeling approaches—to predict future range expansion of an invasive plant (Leucaena leucocephala) in the lowland rainforest and tropical coastal forest ecosystems of the Hengchun peninsula, Taiwan. We simulated range expansion to the year 2027 using a spatially-explic...
Article
Tick vector systems are comprised of complex climate-tick-host-landscape interactions that are difficult to identify and estimate from empirical observations alone. We developed a spatially-explicit, individual-based model, parameterized to represent ecological conditions typical of the south-central United States, to examine effects of shifts in t...