Hsi-Hsien Chen

Hsi-Hsien Chen
Taipei Medical University | TMU · College of Medicine

About

89
Publications
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916
Citations

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Full-text available
Objective Plasma dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) levels were significantly lower in patients with colorectal and liver cancers, and animal studies also showed DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4is) have procarcinogenic effects in colorectal cancer. Until now, whether DPP4is therapy affects the progression of liver cancer and colorectal cancer in patients with T2DM...
Article
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Chronic inflammation is the cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The nucleotide-binding domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome plays a vital role in the inflammation process and is associated with the regulatory effects of NLRP3 gene polymorphisms. This study evaluated the association between NLRP3 gene polymorphisms and CKD, and fur...
Article
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Pharmacological studies indicate that Salvia miltiorrhiza extract (SME) can improve cardiac and blood vessel function. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the effects (exerted through epigenetic regulation) of SME and newly derived single compounds, with the exception of tanshinone IIA and IB, on obesity-induced metabolic disorders. In th...
Article
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This study hypothesized that plasma folate and vitamin B12 levels modified the association between blood lead and cadmium and total urinary arsenic levels and bone loss. A total of 447 study subjects who received a physical examination at the Wanfang Hospital Medical Center were recruited. Bone loss was defined as a calcaneus bone mineral density T...
Article
Purpose of the study The risk of bone fracture is high in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and aggressive treatment to reduce fragility fracture risk is the major strategy. However, the outcomes of osteoporosis medications in patients with CKD remain unclear. Study design Patients with stage 3–5 CKD during 2011–2019 were enrolled. Patie...
Article
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Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are an emerging group of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and have attracted attention again according to the progress in high-throughput sequencing in recent years. circRNAs are genome transcripts produced from pre-messenger (m)RNA regions in a specific process called “back-splicing,” which forms covalently closed continuous...
Article
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Metal exposure and lifestyle are important risk factors for osteoporosis. Our study aimed to investigate the association between red blood cell lead and cadmium, total urinary arsenic, and plasma selenium levels and bone mineral density (BMD). In addition, we explored whether alcohol and coffee consumption modified the association between BMD and m...
Article
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Heavy metals causing chronic nephrotoxicity may play a key role in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study hypothesized that plasma folate and vitamin B12 would modify the association of CKD with total urinary arsenic and blood lead and cadmium levels. We recruited 220 patients with CKD who had an estimated glomerular filtratio...
Article
Nucleotide-binding domain-like receptors protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes are associated with neuroinflammation and multiple NLRP3 genes regulate NLRP3 expression. Our study aimed to investigate the association of NLRP3 polymorphisms with developmental delay in preschool children. We also explored whether NLRP3 modified the effects of total urinary...
Article
Introduction: The characteristics in dialyzer is associated with mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving hemodialysis (HD). This study is to investigate the effects of dialyzer membranes on 3-year mortality in ESRD patients. Methods: From the long-term nationwide population database database. Prevalent HD patient duri...
Article
Sepsis-induced lung injury is a lethal complication with no effective treatment options, affecting millions of people worldwide. Oroxylin A (OroA) is a natural flavonoid with potent anticancer effects, but its modulating effect on inflammation through microRNAs (miRs) is not apparent. In this report, we investigated the target genes of the miR path...
Article
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Acute kidney injury (AKI), caused mainly by ischemia-reperfusion, sepsis, or nephrotoxins (such as contrast medium), is identified by an abrupt decline in kidney function and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite decades of efforts, the pathogenesis of AKI remains poorly understood, and effective therapies are lacking. MicroRNAs...
Article
Background Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) despite clinical guideline recommendations that the use of NSAIDs be avoided in this population. However, the relationship between NSAID use and adverse cardiovascular events remains unclear. Thus, this study investigated the...
Article
An integrated transmission surface plasmon resonance platform with microfluidic sensor has a high potential to be a medical diagnostic tool. There has been extensive research into the potential use of transmission surface plasmon resonance, but here we demonstrate the practical application of transmission surface plasmon resonance to monitor and co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and aim Several studies showed plasma dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) levels were significantly lower in patients with colorectal and liver cancers, and animal studies also showed DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4is) have procarcinogenic effects in colorectal cancer. The aims of this study were to investigate the association between cumulative defined...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Energy requirements must be estimated before nutritional care can be provided for patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). However, the recommended caloric intake for patients has not been conclusively determined because of insufficiently large sample sizes. Method: This cross-sectional observational study recruited patients undergoing...
Article
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Billions of people have obesity-related metabolic syndromes such as diabetes and hyperlipidemia. Promoting the browning of white adipose tissue has been suggested as a potential strategy, but a drug still needs to be identified. Here, genetic deletion of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3 -/- ) in mice under a high-fat diet (HFD) resulted in o...
Article
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A valid diet quality assessment scale has not been investigated in hemodialysis patients. We aimed to adapt and validate the alternative healthy eating index in hemodialysis patients (AHEI-HD), and investigate its associations with all-cause mortality. A prospective study was conducted on 370 hemodialysis patients from seven hospital-based dialysis...
Article
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Background: To investigate the association between insulin resistance (IR) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among hemodialysis patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study between 2013 and 2017, on 384 hemodialysis patients from seven hospital-based-dialysis centers. HOMA-IR is classified according to median value. The CVD risks...
Article
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The association between body fat and mortality in hemodialysis patients remains controversial. We examined the effect of percent body fat (PBF) on all-cause mortality among adequate hemodialysis patients with and without insulin resistance (IR). A prospective cohort study was conducted on 365 adequate hemodialysis patients (equilibrated Kt/V ≥ 1.2)...
Article
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Background: The hyperhomocysteinemia was with high prevalence and has been considered as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients. These patients also experienced a high risk of muscle wasting caused by the comorbidity, malnutrition, and low physical activity. We investigated the associations of homocysteinemia with muscle...
Article
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Background: Pain is one of the most common symptoms experienced by patients with end-stage renal disease. Although NSAIDs may lead to adverse events, NSAID use appears to be considerably high in patients with end-stage renal disease. However, whether NSAID use is associated with an increased risk of mortality in this population remains unknown. Aim...
Article
This study aimed to determine the interaction of red blood cell cadmium and lead, total urinary arsenic, and plasma selenium in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We recruited 220 CKD patients as well as 438 gender- and age-matched controls, and we defined CKD as <60 mL/min/1.73 m ² estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)for three or more consecutiv...
Article
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Objectives: The total medical (economic) costs of haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD), including direct medical costs, out-of-pocket (OOP) costs and productivity losses, have become an important issue. This study aims to compare the direct non-medical costs and indirect medical costs of both modalities in Taiwan. Design and setting:...
Article
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Hemodialysis patients are at the high risk for morbidity and mortality. Evaluation and management of body composition and biochemical values are important to improve dialysis outcomes. We aimed to examine the effects of the mid-arm circumference, body fat, nutritional and inflammatory biomarkers, blood glucose, and dialysis adequacy on the mortalit...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Muscle wasting (cachexia) is common in hemodialysis patients and links to several adverse outcomes. We examined the association between cachexia indicators and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2013 and April 2017 on 391 hemodialysis patients from seven hospi...
Article
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Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been established as a risk for cardiovascular diseases and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Energy intake (EI) is an important nutritional therapy for preventing MetS. We examined the association of self-reported dietary EI with metabolic abnormalities and MetS among hemodialysis patients. Methods A cros...
Article
Clinical assessment of short-stranded nucleic acid biomarkers such as miRNAs could potentially provide useful information for monitoring disease progression, prompting definitive treatment decisions. In the past decade, advancement in biosensing technology have shifted towards rapid, real-time and label-free detection systems, in such surface plasm...
Conference Paper
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Objective: To modify the hemodialysis eating index (m-HDEI) aligning with the Healthy Eating Index released by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA); and to investigate the associations of the m-HDEI with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: In a clinical cross-sectional study, we recruited 492 HD patients,...
Article
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The current study was to examine the association of adequate intake of macronutrients and micronutrients with traditional and nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors in hemodialysis patients. A clinical cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2013 and April 2017 on 492 hemodialysis patients aged 20 years and above, received thrice-...
Article
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Dietary energy intake strongly linked to dialysis outcomes. We aimed to explore the optimal cut-off point of energy intake (EI) for identification of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in hemodialysis patients. The cross-sectional data of 243 hemodialysis patients from multi-dialysis centers in Taiwan was used. The dietary intake was assessed by using the t...
Article
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The effect of dyslipidemia on peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients based on the presence of residual renal function (RRF; renal creatinine clearance >2 mL/min/1.73 m 2) is unknown. Data from the Taiwan Renal Registry Data System between 2005 and 2012 were analyzed to estimate the association between dyslipidemia and mortality in PD patients. Long-term...
Conference Paper
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Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. This study was to investigate the association between IR and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: A clinical cross-sectional study was conduc...
Article
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Biomarkers of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) correlate with morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. However, the comparative roles of each CKD-MBD biomarker remained undetermined on long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This retrospective study, employing a population-based database, aimed to evaluate the pe...
Article
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Objective Adverse neurological effects may be common following acute kidney injury (AKI). The purpose of our study was to investigate the long-term risk of dementia following AKI and temporary dialysis during hospitalization. Materials and Methods The study was based on data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Patients...
Article
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Background and aims: Previous studies show that serum bilirubin has potent antioxidant effect and is associated with protection from kidney damage and reduce cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to examine the association of serum total bilirubin level and mortality in uremia patients who underwent hemodialysis. Methods: This is a na...
Article
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Objectives Taiwan succeeded in raising the proportion of peritoneal dialysis (PD) usage after the National Health Insurance (NHI) payment scheme introduced financial incentives in 2005. This study aims to compare the economic costs between automated PD (APD) and continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) modalities from a societal perspective. Design and set...
Article
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Background Goblet cell carcinoid is a rare variant of appendiceal carcinoid with mixed endocrine and exocrine features. The most common symptom and signs are abdominal pain, acute appendicitis and palpable mass. Additionally, abdominal pain is common in patient on peritoneal dialysis, which may confound the diagnosis in such patient. Case presentat...
Article
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Objectives In Taiwan, peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis are fully accessible to patients with end-stage renal disease. However, the usage of PD is considered low in Taiwan. Since 2005, 4 major policies have been implemented by Taiwan's Ministry of Health and Welfare, namely a multidisciplinary predialysis care programme and usage increasin...
Article
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Background Studies on the association of total cholesterol (TC) levels and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients demonstrated conflicting results. The differenct effect of Hypercholesterolemia on HD patients based on the presence of myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Methods We analyzed data from the Taiwan Re...
Article
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Recent studies have indicated that the ratio of C-reactive protein to albumin (CRP–Alb ratio) is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with disease. We examined the predictive value of this ratio in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). In this cross-sectional study, 91 eligible adult HD patients were analyzed, and the correlation between...
Data
The certification of Taipei Medical University Joint Institutional Review Board. (PDF)
Article
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Diabetic kidney disease is an increasingly frequent cause of end-stage renal disease. However, mixed results were shown between glycated hemoglobin and mortality. Methods: We used the average fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels to predict mortality rates in long-term hemodialysis patients. We enrolled 46,332 hemodialysis patients with diabetes mell...
Article
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is inflammation-related. Patients with chronic renal failure who undergo hemodialysis (HD) have some acute adverse effects caused by dialysis-induced oxidative stress, protein adsorption, platelet adhesion, and activation of coagulation and inflammation. Here, resonantly illuminated gold nanoparticles-modified artificia...
Article
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Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is regulated by transcriptional factors and microRNAs (miRs). However, modulation of miRs by transcriptional factors has not been characterized in AKI. Here, we found that urinary miR-16 was 100-fold higher in AKI patients. MiR-16 was detected earlier than creatinine in mouse after I/R. U...
Article
Objective: n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential nutrients in the human diet and possibly affect muscle mass. We evaluated the association between the dietary ratios of n-3 and n-6 PUFAs and muscle mass, indicated as skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM), in patients with diabetes undergoing...
Article
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Although α-glucosidase inhibitors (AGIs) are commonly used for controlling postprandial blood glucose, AGIs-induced liver injuries have been reported. However, the relationship between AGIs and liver injuries in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients remains unexplored. In this nationwide case-control study, we recruited 1765 advanced diabe...
Article
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Background n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) might be useful nutritional strategy for treating patients with sarcopenia. We evaluated the effect of the intake of dietary n-3 PUFAs on the skeletal muscle mass (SMM), appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM), and its determinants in patients receiving standard hemodialysis (HD) treatment for the...
Article
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Predicting mortality in dialysis patients based on low intact parathyroid hormone levels is difficult, because aluminum intoxication, malnutrition, older age, race, diabetes, or peritoneal dialysis may influence these levels. We investigated the clinical implications of low parathyroid hormone levels in relation to the mortality of dialysis patient...