Houshmand Masoumi

Houshmand Masoumi
Technische Universität Berlin | TUB · Center for Technology and Society (ZTG)

Professor

About

93
Publications
49,906
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552
Citations
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September 2011 - present
Technische Universität Berlin
Position
  • Project Manager

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
Problem Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the asso...
Article
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The micro-level urban morphology of large cities in the Middle East and North Africa and southeastern Europe has not been thoroughly investigated, and its transformation during the past decades has remained less-studied. Hence, this study is meant to partially explain urban morphology of Istanbul, Cairo, and Tehran, three megacities of the region b...
Article
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Although there is considerable number of studies on urban travel mode choice, there are still two gaps: we have limited understanding of perceived and attitudinal barriers of sustainable modes and motives of personal car use, and the causes (not correlations) of mode choice decisions are almost unknown for certain geographical contexts such as the...
Article
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There are significant deviations in travel mode choice drivers between developed and developing countries. This study investigates the determinants of car ownership and public transit ridership in Iran. Using survey data from 800 respondents, the determinants of travel behaviour of Kerman residents were investigated, based on gender, age, household...
Article
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Contemporary challenges for development should involve a sustainable approach. One of the important sectors where such challenges are observed is transport. In a wide range of studies addressing environmental, social, and economic dimensions of sustainability, an approach that combines these dimensions as an integrated technique to assess sustainab...
Article
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This study proposes a Geographic Information Systems-based methodology to measure accessibility to urban services from the elderly perspective to support urban planning processes. Specifically, it seeks to understand and clarify how the urban environment can influence the quality of life for older adults, mostly through pedestrian and public transp...
Article
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The body of research on the determinants of pedestrian commuting and the characteristics of on-foot commuters at the international level and especially in the Global South is inconsistent; hence, this study focuses on this topic with the case of megacities in the Middle East and North Africa. The study is based on 8284 face-to-face interviews with...
Article
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To support the global strategy to raise public health through walking among adults, we added the evidence on predictors of walking behavior in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region by emphasizing the mediator—COVID-19. During the COVID-19 outbreak, public restrictions to encompass the spread of the disease have disrupted normal daily lifes...
Article
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The existing literature of emerging markets fails to provide evidence to clarify if people choose their residential location based on commuting to work or other socioeconomic or household factors. The present paper seeks to provide such evidence in South Asia using the case study of a small city in Pakistan. This exploratory study was facilitated b...
Article
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Cycling as an attractive mode of transport is a challenge, especially in developing countries like Pakistan. Previous research on cycling in developing countries is insufficient to answer that how people can be encouraged to bike in different regions and cultures. This research, therefore, directs two research questions based on the perceptions of...
Article
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Urban sprawl is a particular pattern of the street network and land use. The relationship between street networks and sprawl has been discussed by urban scholars in developed and high-income countries. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research on the relationships between street connectivity and urban travel behavior, particularly among emerging ma...
Article
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This study focuses on how different urban built environment characteristics can influence choosing non-work destinations and non-commuting travel behavior. In other words, the different types of neighborhoods including sprawled and compact districs, and their power to keep non-work trips were studied in this paper.
Article
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Unlike literature and studies coming from high-income or Western countries, the existing conducted on the Middle East and North Africa fail to draw a nearly complete image of the characteristics of passenger travel behaviors in the urban areas of the region. This gap necessitates a holistic review of the previous studies and comparing their results...
Article
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The determinants of travel demand, i.e., commute and non-commute trip generation, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are unknown, while the main factors behind travel generation in high-income countries have been studied since the 1990s. This paper aims at shedding light on these determinants and comparing them in Cairo, Istanbul, an...
Article
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The determinants of residential location choice have not been investigated in many developing countries. This paper examines this topic, including the influence of urban travels on house location decision-making in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Based on 8284 face-to-face interviews in Istanbul, Tehran, and Cairo, the dummy variable of re...
Article
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The present paper attempts to fill a part of the gap in the studies on residential location choices and their relations to urban mobility, socio-economics, and the built environment by presenting the results of a study on Alexandria, Egypt, by analysing the results of a survey in eight neighbourhoods undertaken in 2015. Four questions were answered...
Article
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The determinants of biking behavior are less studied in a wide range of developing countries including South Asia. This study takes Lahore, Pakistan as a case-study city to explore the factors defining commute and non-commute bike trips as well as commuting by bike. These issues were analyzed by collecting data from 379 subjects accommodating in th...
Article
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The determinants of children’s independent school mobility and the contextual discrepancies between these determinants have not been comprehensively investigated in previous studies. It is important to examine these determinants because independent school mobility is associated with children’s physical activity, according to the literature. This pa...
Article
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Like several other sub-topics of urban planning and mobility research, research on the impacts of (urban) transportation on energy consumption is mainly based on the outcomes of studies on high-income and often Western countries. Developing countries and emerging markets have a smaller share of the international research on the topic, while policym...
Article
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Regarding the sharp growth rate of ICT (information and communication technology)-based mobility services like ridesourcing, it is essential to investigate the impact of these new mobility services on the transport mode choices, particularly on active mobility modes like cycling. This impact is more important in the MENA context (the Middle East an...
Article
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The present study aimed to investigate different socioeconomic factors as well as the perceptions and travel behaviors associated with urban sprawl in two cities of different sizes in Iran, as a developing country in the Middle East. Four Weighted Least Squares (WLS) regression models were developed for Hamedan and Nowshahr, as examples of large an...
Article
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Despite the growing share of ridesourcing services in cities, there is limited research about their impacts on other transport mode choices in the large cities of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). There is a debate about whether ridesourcing affects the frequent use of sustainable modes like public transport. This study uses the results of a...
Article
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A very large part of the literature on urban commute travels is related to high-income countries. The determinants of urban commute trip distances are not clear in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA); thus, this study attempts to shed light on this topic in relation to Tehran, Istanbul, and Cairo. The objective is to clarify which environmental...
Article
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Urban sprawl is considered as a western urban development pattern, which is common in different cities around the world. Although a large number of studies have focused on urban sprawl, modeling urban sprawl has been less emphasized, especially in various geographical contexts. The present study aimed to investigate urban sprawl and its determinant...
Article
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The rapid adoption of ridesourcing poses challenges for researchers and policymakers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), as it is an evolving new transport mode, and there is little research explaining its effects on mobility behaviors in this region. There is a concern that ridesourcing, which offers convenient and relatively cheap door to...
Article
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The number of urban mobility studies and projects in the three large metropoles of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, Tehran, Istanbul, and Cairo, is growing while other large cities do not enjoy a large share. It would be efficient for those other large cities to adapt the experiences, projects, and studies of Tehran, Istanbul, and Ca...
Article
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In Europe, the share of people aged 65 years and above is expected to increase exponentially, and in 2050, for the first time in human history, the number of older people will be larger than the number of children under the age of 15. Aging is associated with increased vulnerability and dependence on medical care services. For these reasons, provid...
Article
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The circumstances of passengers’ decisions and behaviours concerning non-commute urban travels in Eastern Europe is not well-studied; most of the studies on this topic was done on Western societies. This paper presents the results of a study on Cracow, Poland. This study is based on a survey in two neighbourhoods of different urban forms in Cracow,...
Chapter
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In Europe, the share of people aged 65 years and over is expected to increase exponentially, and for the first time in human history, in 2050, the number of older people will be greater than the number of children under 15 years old. At the same time, aging is associated to an increased vulnerability and dependence on medical care services. An agei...
Article
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Residential self-selection in developing countries and its relation to urban transportation are understudied and not fully understood. This knowledge gap is even greater in the case of small cities in the developing world. This study takes Hafizabad, Pakistan as a case study with the objective of providing data for future quantitative analyses abou...
Article
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Izbira stanovanjske lokacije v državah v razvoju in njena povezava z mestnim prevozom sta slabo raziskani in ne povsem dobro razumljeni, vrzel v poznavanju razmer pa je še večja v primeru malih mest v teh državah. Avtorji v članku proučujejo pakistansko mesto Hafizabad, pri čemer je njihov cilj zagotoviti podatke za prihodnje kvantitativne analize,...
Article
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The circumstances of the relations of jobs-housing balance and urban travel behavior are not clear in emerging and developing countries. There are limited reliable data suitable for testing the hypotheses regarding the associations of the neighborhood-level number of employment opportunities in these countries. This manuscript summarizes the result...
Article
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Recently a number of cities of the Middle East and North Africa like Tehran, Istanbul, Cairo, Mashhad, and Esfahan have defined a new neighborhood-level division system. According to academic literature and the implemented practice, the Iranian cities have had the main goal of promoting bottom-up approach in urban governance as well as public parti...
Article
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Measuring perceived or objective cyclability or bikeability has drawn less attention compared to walkability, particularly in developing countries like those in South Asia and the Middle East. This paper presents the results of a survey about cyclability in Lahore, Pakistan, focusing on human perceptions rather than the built environment. The overa...
Article
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Urban sustainability certifications (USCs) urge developers to exceed the local norms and regulatory requirements to attain sustainability. USCs are gaining international recognition as planning and policy support tools. This study aims to assess the relevance of four USCs (LEED for Neighborhood Development, BREAAM communities, CASBEE for Urban Deve...
Technical Report
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The present discussion paper summarizes an urban mobility survey as a part of the project "Urban Travel Behavior in Large Cities of MENA Region" (UTB-MENA) funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) undertaken in summer and autumn 2017 in Tehran, Istanbul, and Cairo. This data collection was conducted in 18 neighborhoods located in different ur...
Article
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This Special Issue the TeMA Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment focuses on an already researched subject of urban travel behavior and decisions in the less-studied geographical context of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
Article
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This paper reviews the relevant literature of Iran and Egypt as two large countries of the region and concludes that four phenomena are common between the two countries and are accountable for sprawling, namely (1) wholesale land selling to the lower economic class, (2) deficiencies of planning systems in controlling development plans, (3) fast and...
Conference Paper
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این مقاله خلاصه کوتاهی است از نتایج جمع آوری اطلاعات در مورد رفتار سفر شهری و رابطه آن با کاربری زمین شهری، ادراک ساکنین، اولویت ها و روش زندگی، و خصوصیات اقتصادی و اجتماعی مردم در 18 محله سه شهر تهران، استانبول، و قاهره. جمع آوری اطلاعات با انجام 8284 مصاحبه رو در رو در سال 2017 و به وسیله کارشناسان دانشگاه فنی برلین با هدف تهیه داده های باکیفیت ب...
Technical Report
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To identify the local context of each participating country and collect data on the phenomenon of obesity, sports drop out and sedentary lifestyle, with particular reference to the target group of the project (youngsters aged between 9 and 12 years old), in correlation to physical and sport activity. To analyse the context and to collect good prac...
Technical Report
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During the past decade, a number or researchers have focused on the interdisciplinary topic of active transport to school (ATS) and children’s health and wellbeing including their body weight and Body Mass Index (BMI). Most of the recent studies are focused on a handful of high-income societies, leaving other countries less researched. Thus, this s...
Article
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Increasing rates of body weight of children has become a motivation for investigating active transportation to school during the past years. Lack of proper data covering different geographical contexts is a problem seen in the literature of this subject. The present paper reports the findings of a recent survey on nine cities in seven European coun...
Article
Urban sustainability certification (USC) systems are witnessing a wide dissemination and some are used as globally relevant tools. In addition, USCs are being marketed as independent tools capable of assessing sustainability not only comprehensively but also using rigorous measures. The comprehensiveness and rigour of their assessment rest on a com...
Article
Urban sustainability certification (USC) systems are witnessing a wide dissemination and some are used as globally relevant tools. In addition, USCs are being marketed as independent tools capable of assessing sustainability not only comprehensively but also using rigorous measures. The comprehensiveness and rigour of their assessment rest on a com...
Article
Full-text available
The characteristics of urban travel behaviors and the attitudes of passengers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are less-studied. When it comes to the effects of urban form, residential self-selections, and lifestyles, it is entirely not investigated in majority of the countries of the region. There is a considerable knowledge gap about th...
Article
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Car-orientated modal splits represent problems for the city in economic, environmental and social terms. The implementation of policies and other measures can fail if the causes are not well recognized. Mid-sized cities in Mexico are not well-represented in studies where only the capital and other bigger cities are studied. This research aims to re...
Technical Report
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A number or researchers have recently focused on the interdisciplinary topic of active transportation of children and adolescents, their physical activity, and their body weight as an important aspect of their health. Such studies have been dominantly undertaken in a specific geographical context. Lack of contextual studies necessitates data collec...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Problem: A number or researchers have recently focused on the interdisciplinary topic of active transportation of children and adolescents, their physical activity, and their body weight as an important aspect of their health. Such studies have been dominantly undertaken in a specific geographical context. Lack of contextual studies necessitates da...
Article
Full-text available
Because of decreasing physical activity of children, they are becoming more obese. Moreover, commuting to school has become more passive during the past decades. The objective was to update the previous systematic reviews by narrowing down the topic to body mass index of children (3-12 years) as a representative of body composition. Applying search...
Chapter
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آثار محیط مصنوع بر رفتار سفر شهری در ایران موضوعی کمتر شناخته شده است. با نگاهی دقیق تر مشاهده می شود که اصولاً ادبیات علمی در مورد تاثیرات شکل شهر چند هسته ای و مراکز اشتغال بر طول سفر، تعداد سفر، انتخاب وسیله نقلیه، مالکیت خودرو و عواملی از این دست در شهرهای جدید ایران و حومه ها وجود ندارد. بنابراین در این نوشتار سعی شده است ضمن توضیح ادبیات بین...
Article
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The achievement of sustainable transportation and the desire to reduce car ownership are important aspects of urban planning, especially in developing countries. This paper presents an overview of researches and studies conducted on car ownership to find the knowledge gap and neglected modelling methods that should be employed in the further resear...
Article
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Unlike other developing countries, the housing market in Egypt is characterized by densely populated urban areas in old cities and the peripheral urban agglomeration. In contrast, a high rate of vacancy along most of the new cities that have been established since the 1980s is seen. Regardless of such high rate of vacancies, still the variation in...
Article
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Rapid urbanization has turned into a problematic phenomenon laying negative effects on the Middle Eastern cities and their peripheries. Although fast increase in urban population of the countries of the region has been well-researched, the connections to urban development strategies and patterns are being neglected. This paper examines the time coi...
Article
Urban sustainability certification (USC) systems comprehensively assess and benchmark the sustainability of neighborhoods, communities, etc. However, it is important to understand what USCs mean by neighborhoods and communities in terms of definition and their certified developments' size. This study focuses on sustainable transportation and its me...
Poster
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Poster presenting the DFG-funden project UTB-MENA in German language.
Poster
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Poster presenting the DFG-funden project UTB-MENA in English language.
Poster
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Das Workpackage der TU Berlin untersucht Zusammenhänge zwischen aktiven Schulwegen und deren Korrelation mit der städtischen Flächennutzung und dem Körpergewicht von Kindernzwischen neun und zwölf Jahren im europäischen Kontext. This is the German-language poster representing the work package 4 of the European Commission-funded project Multisport A...
Poster
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This poster represents the work package 4 of the European Commission-funded project Multisport Against Physical Sedentary (M.A.P.S.), coordinated by Technische Universität Berlin.
Article
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The Special Issue the Tema Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, collects the proceedings of the Joint workshop, which is to be held by Center for Technology of Society (ZTG) of Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) and Road, Housing and Urban Development Research Center (BHRC) in Tehran on Feb. 29, 2016, under the title “Transit-Oriented De...
Article
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Evaluation of spatial accessibility to public transportation has a weak background in many emerging countries, including Iran. Transit-Oriented Development is of great interest among Iranian planners and academics, but little is known about transit orientation provided by major public transport systems exemplified by the Tehran Metro. Statistical d...
Conference Paper
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نقش برجسته مالکیت وسیله¬نقلیه در زندگی اجتماعی و اقتصادی جوامع امروزی و افزایش روزافزون مالکیت وسیله نقلیه در کشور منجر به تلاش بسیاری به منظور شناسایی عوامل موثر در افزایش مالکیت خودرو شده است. هدف از این پژوهش انجام مطالعه تطبیقی به منظور شناسایی این عوامل موثر در دو کلان شهر ایران است تا بتوان تا انجا که امکان دارد از سیاست¬های موثر در کاهش مالک...
Technical Report
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Problem: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. Literature: Children’s physical activity can have a positive role in decreasing body mass index. Active transport to school ha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
با توجه به رشد روزافزون مالکیت وسیله نقلیه در کشورهای مختلف و نقش برجسته آن در زندگی اجتماعی و اقتصادی جوامع، تلاش بسیاری به منظور شناسایی عوامل موثر در افزایش مالکیت خودرو شده است. هدف از این پژوهش انجام مطالعه تطبیقی به منظور شناسایی این عوامل موثر در کشورهای توسعه یافته نسبت به کشورهای در حال توسعه است تا بتوان تا انجا که امکان دارد از سیاست¬های...
Article
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Research on subjective security in public transport systems has resulted in diverse measures in Germany, but still some gaps can be detected in the basic research related to this topic. That is while German transport authorities have had more effective measures and implementations towards enhanced security compared to other European countries. This...
Article
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The circumstances of urban sprawl in the Middle Eastern cities have been basically examined; now we are aware of the existence of a crawling sprawl in the growth pattern of the region’s cities. Nevertheless, the extent and the causes of this phenomenon have not yet been clearly explained. Thus, two questions are still unanswered: (1) to what extent...
Article
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Car dependence must be avoided to achieve sustainable transportation; the diversity of studies available give a better perspective of the situation and how to tackle it. The reasons behind the increasing car use are still unknown in some regions such as Latin America. The gaps in the current literature are not just for location; some topics and met...