Houinato Marcel

Houinato Marcel
University of Abomey-Calavi | UAC · Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (FSA), Ecole des Sciences et Techniques de Production Animale

Professeur Titulaire (CAMES)

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144
Publications
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Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Full-text available
Cet article vise à analyser la perception du pastoralisme par les principaux groupes de population des régions de l’Est, des Hauts Bassins et du Sahel au Burkina Faso. La méthodologie de collecte de données a consisté en une enquête par sondage aléatoire auprès d’un échantillon de 1 614 ménages dans ces trois régions du pays. Les résultats montrent...
Article
Description of the subject. Poor germination associated with physical dormancy was experienced in the legume Aeschynomene histrix Poir. seeds and can reduce the establishment and growth of this species. Objectives. To evaluate the effects of different pre-planting treatments, including digestion by Lagune cattle or other preplanting treatments on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In tropical arid and semi-arid areas, tree and shrub fodders (TSF) largely contribute to sheep nutrition. Despite the important nutritional characteristics of TSF, the preference of most of these plants by small ruminants in these regions is still little known and could be helpful to develop strategies for the effective TSF utilization. Therefore,...
Article
Full-text available
The sustainable use of rangelands in pastoral areas requires the inclusion of all stakeholders to develop sound management strategies. However, the role of these actors in the sustainable management of natural resources is still poorly understood. The present study aims to (i) assess the perception of farmers and herders of the risks and opportunit...
Article
Full-text available
In sub-Saharan Africa, pasture is the most used practice in ruminant production, and grazing areas characteristics varied in different environment. To improve ruminants' performances, the quality of forages represents one of the most important factors to keep under control. This study aims to quantify the effects of grazing stocking rate on the nut...
Article
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Diospyros mespiliformis est une espèce d’arbre très peu étudiée malgré son importance pour les communautés locales au Bénin. Cette étude a évalué la variabilité des usages de l’espèce et de ses organes suivant les facteurs sociodémographiques (la provenance, les catégories socioculturelles, le sexe, l’âge et la profession des utilisateurs). Une enq...
Article
An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants was carried out among the Mitsogho people of thefour (4) villages located from Oyane 4 to Four-Place (Estuaire-Gabon). The objective of this study was firsttodraw up an inventory of plants used in their traditional medicine against infant diarrhea and then to describe the recipes applied by the local popu...
Article
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Dans les pays en développement, la demande en lait et produits laitiers ne cesse de croître. Face à une telle demande, les principaux défis à relever dans les élevages bovins sont sanitaires et alimentaires. Pour cela, une expérimentation a été menée à la Ferme d'Elevage d'Okpara (FEO) au Bénin pour évaluer l'effet de la complémentation à base de l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Considering small ruminant farmers perceptions of the constraints induced by climate variability are important for the effectiveness of adaptation actions to be undertaken for ensuring production systems resilience and sustainability. This study aimed at understanding small ruminant farmers’ perception and coping strategies face to the current clim...
Conference Paper
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In order to understand the use of different feed resources in traditional small ruminant farms, a socio-economic survey was carried out in 640 farms in Benin. Data was collected on the production strategies, feeding practices and feed resources used in the farms. A categorical principal component and two-step cluster analysis were performed on the...
Article
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Pages (pp.) 10-19. echerche Agronomique du Bénin (BRAB)-Numéro 86-Le BRAB est en ligne (on line) sur le site web http://www.slire.net et peut être aussi consulté l'Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB) http://www.inrab.org ISSN sur papier (on hard copy) : 1025-2355 et ISSN en ligne (on line) Bibliothèque Nationale (BN) du Béni...
Conference Paper
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Worldwide, insufficient knowledge of the genetic and phenotypic variabilities within and between local goat populations and of their suitability to diversified production environments hampers the development of programs for their rationale selection, use and management. This study explored the current geographical distribution of goat populations i...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Plant parts are often used by local people to treat their affections. This study addressed the classification of diseases treated with woody species in Benin and the dependence of medicinal use of woody species on climatic zones. Aim of the study: It reports (i) the main diseases categories treated with woody spec...
Article
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Située dans la zone soudanienne du Bénin, la forêt classée de l’Alibori supé- rieur est à cheval entre le climat tropical humide et le climat tropical sec. Elle est l’une des destinations privilégiées des transhumants nationaux et étrangers. Ces derniers sont attirés par ses ressources pastorales. Les fortes concentrations de bétail présentes ont...
Article
Morphological characterization is the first step in studying the genetic diversity of cultivated plants. The present study examined agro-morphological performance of the pearl millet local accessions collected across the Niger country, aimed to: (a) characterize, (b) discriminate morphologically the pearl millet accessions groups and (c) identify t...
Article
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Understanding of herbivorous eating behavior on pasture bid interest for breeding and environment. Therefore the objective of the study was aimed to study eating behavior of mixed cattle (Gir x Borgou) on Panicum maximum C1 in North Benin. Twelve young bulls and twelve suckler cows are respectively distributed in three lots of four animals each. Al...
Article
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Arachis pintoi is a valuable forage legume in tropical savannas. However, seeds are expensive, so that, vegetative planting is an option particularly for smallholder farmers. During 3-year, A. pintoi CIAT 17434 seed yield and quality were studied in northern Benin (West Africa). Two treatments (establishment from stolons and from seeds) were tested...
Article
In Benin, rural populations depend heavily on woody plant resources to meet their daily needs. With a rapidly growing population, the woody species of the Guineo-Congolese zone of Benin are subjected to strong harvesting pressure. It is in this context that this study was conducted in this area to assess the vulnerability of woody species used in t...
Article
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Smallholder farmers make intensive use of anthelmintic plant species in the traditional treatment of animal parasitic infections. As a result, populations of these plant species are exposed to increased disturbances such as plant harvesting, threatening their stability. Information on population structure of threatened plant species is important no...
Preprint
Background: Small ruminant health problems still represent a major constraint in Benin. Thus, to treat goats and sheep diseases, breeders use medicinal plants. However, little scientific work has been done on the traditional knowledge of these plants.The specific objectives of the current study were (i) to document the traditional knowledge regardi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’élevage de petits ruminants est une activité essentielle pour de nombreux ménages béninois. Multidisciplinaire, ce projet renforce les capacités des productrices et producteurs, en s’appuyant sur la recherche, des démonstrations en fermes et champs-écoles et d’autres approches participatives.
Article
Le développement du sous-secteur de l‟élevage qui est d‟une importance capitale dans la lutte contre la pauvreté a suscité la réalisation des ouvrages pastoraux et agropastoraux dans le Borgou, au Nord-Est du Benin en vue d‟améliorer les conditions de vie des populations de cette zone. L‟objectif du présent article est d‟évaluer les effets socio-éc...
Poster
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Introduction Human-wildlife conflicts represent a critical threat to several wildlife species as well as human beings worldwide (Bhattacharjee & Parthasarathy, 2013). Understanding these conflicts is necessary to guaranty a better coexistence between human and wildlife and an improved conservation of wildlife species. The current research aims at a...
Article
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Many causes are suspected to explain the decline of medicinal plant species. This study aims to understand the threats on Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloïdes and Morinda lucida in Benin in order to plan sound conservation strategies. A total of 247 respondents of the Southern and Central Zones of Benin were interviewed based on the uses of each target speci...
Article
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The current ram-fattening scheme in Benin requires to feed-intensive using agro-industrials by-products, such as cottonseed cake. The high cost and the inaccessibility of this feed constitutes a contraint of the wide adoption of this fattening technique. The use of some locally available feed resources such as Okara, whose the availability, the acc...
Article
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Deux principaux systèmes d’élevage bovin cohabitent dans le bassin de la Donga au nord du Bénin : l’élevage semi-sédentaire et l’élevage mobile. Ce bassin, situé dans la zone agroécologique subhumide de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, a subi ces dernières décennies deux changements majeurs : a) une augmentation des besoins en produits animaux et b) l’expansi...
Article
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La question de sauvegarde des ressources biologiques en l'occurrence celles végétales et la nécessité de satisfaire les besoins en produits vivriers d'une population en pleine croissance a imposé à l'humanité la pratique d'arrangement spatio-temporel des cultures annuelles et des ligneux pérennes. L'objectif de l'étude était de faire la typologie d...
Conference Paper
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Introduction. In Benin, the peri-urban area of Cotonou, the biggest city of the Republic, is characterized by multiple and conflicting activity, such as human settlements, infrastructures, farmlands, grazing, fishing, biodiversity conservation and tourism [1]. In this area, production systems and feeding strategies also varied among seasons. The dr...
Article
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Feeding the herd is one of the main obstacles to the development of the livestock sector, especially in the dry season. It would therefore be interesting if food supplements were brought to the sheep in order to allow them to externalize their production capacities. The research was carried out at the sheep's national center of the stock farm of Be...
Article
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Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) E. A. Bruce is a plant used traditionally to treat a wide range of infectious diseases, including foodborne ones. This study aimed to compare its roots and leaves extract antibacterial effects in vitro. Thus, these organs were collected, dried and powdered for the extractions and phytochemical screening. Four extracts...
Article
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The valorization of food resources which cannot be used by humans in domestic animals’ feeding allows ensuring of sustainable animal production in the tropics. The by-products of cotton and soy are part of the source of food resources that have been resulted in subject of several research works in ruminant feeding in West Africa. The study aimed to...
Conference Paper
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Ruminants around big cities, in sub-Saharan Africa, is the main source of animal protein from ruminant through meat, milk and milk products for urban centers. However, in most African cities, space for agricultural activities is continuously reducing, leading to forage shortage in grazing lands and low performances. My project aims to analyse grass...
Article
Isoberlinia doka Craib & Stapf and Isoberlinia tomentosa (Harms) Craib & Stapf are both native African tree species. Although considered of little value in the past, they are now proving useful to local populations. In Central Benin, traditional knowledge on the genus Isoberlinia is widely applied in local development strategies, but little documen...
Article
In order to characterize current cattle farming systems with respect to herd mobility and its drivers, 803 cattle farmers were surveyed across three vegetation zones along a North-South transect in Benin. Individual interviews were conducted on the basis of a semi-structured questionnaire which included questions on the socio-economic characteristi...
Article
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Quantitative ethnobotany researches can contribute much to guide biodiversity conservation, especially in developing countries. Our study presents a step-by-step approach to identify priority species for local conservation of useful woody species. The presented approach includes (1) an investigation of the popularity and versatility of woody specie...
Article
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Bamboo is a multi-purpose woody grass with international and national interests accentuated by the promotion of green energy. In Asia, bamboo plantations are being successfully promoted and constitute important carbon sinks, while in Africa, they remain unimproved despite their potential service supply. In this study, we assessed ecosystem services...
Article
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Human-wildlife conflicts are any interactions between human and wildlife with a negative impact for both parties. Understanding these conflicts is necessary to guaranty a better coexistence between human and wildlife and an improvement of wildlife conservation. The current research aims at assessing human-wildlife conflicts and analyzing the manage...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to assess the state of plant biodiversity in the natural rangelands of transhumant cattle herds in the Classified Forest of Upper Alibori (CFUA), Northern Benin. Forty-five (45) phytosociological plots were carried out using the Braun-Blanquet method. The phytosociological data were submitted to Detrended Correspondence Ana...
Article
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Browse plants play an important role in feeding ruminants especially in dry seasons when herbaceous forage is unavailable. This paper aim at developing models for leaf biomass estimating for their rapid evaluation and the planning of the rational use conditions. For each of the three main browse species, 25 trees were sampled. Dendrometric measurem...
Article
This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of rabbits fed with rations containing corn bran at different levels of incorporation. Three rations, R5, R11 and R16, were formulated with incorporation rates of corn bran of 5.5%, 11% and 16.5%, respectively. Ninety young rabbits of 5 weeks of age were used for the experiments. The fattening st...
Article
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L’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer au Bénin l’efficacité du réseau des aires protégées dans la conservation des habi- tats favorables et prioritaires de certaines espèces ligneuses d’importance socio-éco- nomique. Il s’agit de Afzelia africana, Anogeissus leiocarpa, Burkea africana, Daniellia oliveri, Detarium microcarpum, Prosopis africana et...
Article
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The natural rangelands of the Classified Forest of Upper Alibori (CFUA) are subject to strong anthropogenic pressures. One can question the capabilities of the classified forest sustainably support this level of control. The aim of this research is to assess the physiognomy changes recorded in these natural rangelands of this forest from 2000 to 20...
Article
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Protected areas are increasingly frequented by transhumant cattle herds. This phenomenon has grown in recent decades in West Africa. In order to make a state of play of the use of areas protected by cattle herds, through its history, the causes of their presence and the consequences on natural resources and propose mechanisms for managing transhuma...
Article
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The Classified Forest of Upper Alibori (CFUA) is one of the favorite destinations of national and foreign transhumant who are attracted by its availability of water and forage resources. The agricultural and pastoral pressures on the biological resources of this reserve forest are intensifying, and it is important to develop the transhumance map an...
Chapter
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La transhumance, dans un environnement en mutation, est devenue un motif de préoccupation internationale. En effet, les facteurs climatiques s'ajoutent aux facteurs anthropiques pour accentuer ces dernières décennies la dégradation des parcours pastoraux. Les aires protégées et les écosystèmes contigus qui représentent des espaces convoités par les...
Article
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Les écosystèmes et les aires protégées en particulier fournissent d’importants services aux communautés locales, services qui représentent des motivations pour la conservation des ressources naturelles. La présente recherche a été conduite dans la Réserve de Biosphère de la Pendjari au Nord-Bénin dans le but d’identifier les services écosystémiques...
Article
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Understanding the role of termite mounds in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is a priority for the management of tropical terrestrial protected areas dominated by savannahs. This study aimed to assess the effects of termite mounds on the diversity of plant functional types (PFTs) and herbaceous' net aboveground primary productivity (NAPP) in...
Article
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In sub-Saharan Africa, farmers use crop residues as livestock feeding strategy in small-scale-farms during the dry season. Due to the ignorance of the nutritional potential of the residues, the amounts of residues used are low and the operation remains rudimentary. The nutritive value of crop residues (cereal and legume) commonly used in ruminant f...
Article
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A study involving 40 cattle herds with a total of 3645 head was carried out in the Classified Forest of Upper Alibori (northern Benin) to compare the productivity of four types of cattle breeding systems: the riparian small transhumant livestock (type 1), the riparian medium transhumant livestock (type 2), the national great transhumant livestock (...
Article
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Silica (SiO 2) in forage grasses has been found in reducing cell-wall digestibility. This study investigates whether: (i) the seasonal variability affects the silica and minerals accumulation and forage values of leaves of R. cochinchinensis and (ii) silica concentration is correlated with minerals and fodder value. In an itchgrass population selec...
Article
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To characterize the cattle herds in transhumance in the classified forest of upper Alibori (CFUA) north of Benin, an investigation of 132 cattle herds with a total of 11,020 head was carried out. Using the methods of factorial analysis of multiple correspondences (FAMC) and ascending hierarchical classification (AHC), a typology of four types of tr...
Article
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Diversity, pastoral and conservation priorities of fodder trees in the Sudano-Guinean pasture lands of Benin. Description of the subject. Fodder trees are important for livestock survival in dryland Africa. In view of the pressure faced by these trees, and their consequent rarity noted in rangelands, a study was conducted in the Sudano-Guinean tran...
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