Horst Meier

Horst Meier
Ruhr-Universität Bochum | RUB · Department of Mechanical Engineering

Prof. Dr.-Ing

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210
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
March 1999 - September 2016
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Position
  • Professor Emeritus

Publications

Publications (210)
Chapter
Hoch dynamische, globale Märkte erfordern kundenindividuelle Gesamtlösungen anstatt traditioneller, rein technologiebasierter Geschäftsmodelle. Industrielle Produkt-Service Systeme (IPSS) stellen diese innovativen Problemlösungen dar. Zentraler Bestandteil von IPSS sind Erbringungsprozesse, die zusammen mit Sachleistungen einen kundenspezifischen M...
Chapter
In diesem Beitrag werden Methoden für die operative Ressourceneinsatzplanung sowie die strategische Netzwerkplanung vorgestellt, um eine effektive und effiziente Erbringung industrieller Produkt-Service Systeme zu ermöglichen. Dabei werden im Vorfeld abgeleitete praxisbezogene Anforderungen adressiert. Für das komplexe Optimierungsproblem der opera...
Chapter
Industrielle Produkt-Service Systeme (IPSS) bieten vielen deutschen Unternehmen einen Wettbewerbsvorteil, so dass ein verstärkter Wandel vom traditionellen Produktanbieter hin zum Anbieten von Industriellen Produkt-Service Systemen zu beobachten ist. Jedoch scheitern viele Unternehmen an der erfolgreichen Umsetzung dieser innovativen Konzepte. Ein...
Chapter
Der deutsche Maschinen- und Anlagenbau stellt ein wichtiges Standbein für den Wohlstand Deutschlands dar. Im Rahmen dieses Beitrags werden der globale Wettbewerb in dieser Branche, insbesondere mit China, betrachtet und Lösungspotenziale für die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit diskutiert. Dabei wird auf die Entwicklung innovativer Geschäftsmodelle im B2C-Bere...
Chapter
Industrielle Produkt-Service Systeme (IPSS) bestehen aus Sach- und Dienstleistungsanteilen sowie aus industriellen Produkt-Service Modulen (IPSM). Alle Anteile müssen integriert geplant, entwickelt und erbracht werden. Das Management des Anbieternetzwerks und die Planung und Steuerung der Erbringung sind aufwendige Aufgaben, denen sich ein IPSS-Anb...
Chapter
In the project “Modular desktop machining centre with SMA actuation” within the SPP1476, the Chair of Production Systems has developed modular and standardised SMA actuators for use in a machine tool axis.
Book
Im zweiten Buch des Sonderforschungsbereichs Transregio 29 „Engineering hybrider Leistungsbündel – dynamische Wechselwirkungen von Sach- und Dienstleistungen in der Produktion“ wird die Entwicklung von Engineeringmethoden zusammengefasst, bei welchen die Integration der entstandenen Werkzeuge und die Berücksichtigung der Dynamik im HLB-Lebenszyklus...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) are delivered in networks consisting of IPS2 provider, customer and various suppliers of service and product shares. For successful IPS2 delivery, these networks must be managed effectively. In particular, having the right resources available when and where needed is crucial to delivering superior customer...
Article
Full-text available
The delivery planning of Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) is a complex task. A highly dynamic network of provider, customers and suppliers needs to be managed and coordinated. Due to this complexity, sophisticated IT-support for IPS2 resource planning is required. For this purpose, the adaptive IPS2 planning method (AIPM) for the schedulin...
Article
Full-text available
Machine manufacturers who additionally offer services and also service providers are facing an increasingly keen competition. This leads to the fact that services have to be performed more effectively and efficiently. As a result, companies are progressively implementing Performance Measurement approaches in order to get an overview of the delivere...
Article
Seamless rings are used in several industrial sectors and are mainly produced by radial-axial ring rolling. To be able to detect process or form errors, which nowadays cannot be detected reliably by the conventional sensor technology of a radial-axial rolling machine, an image pro­cessing device has been mounted above the table of the ring rolling...
Article
Full-text available
While the IPS2-Execution System (IPS2-ES) supports the IPS2 provider during the IPS2 delivery, there is still no adequate tool to measure and evaluate the performance of the organization of the IPS2 delivery system. Especially the complexity of the automatic planning and control mechanisms of the IPS2-ES leads to the problem that the output of the...
Article
Full-text available
Due to ongoing globalization, manufacturing companies are increasingly facing new challenges for which new business models are required. Nowadays, just selling products is not sufficient to provide customer value and thus to stay in business. In order to stay competitive, the integration of services can be a solution. Therefore, an approach is pres...
Article
Full-text available
After having been planned, developed and implemented, Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) enter the operation phase of the IPS2 lifecycle. During the operation phase, the IPS2 provider is facing the challenge to effectively and efficiently schedule IPS2 delivery processes and assign available resources from the IPS2 network. IPS2 delivery pla...
Article
Full-text available
Learning factories have been developed to impart substantial knowledge about improvement process concepts and methods to seminar participants within a real-world manufacturing environment. Thus, it is possible to teach the curriculum's contents in a very practice-oriented manner. The advantages of a real-world manufacturing environment can be used...
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Full-text available
Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) are integrated product and service offerings that deliver superior customer value in industrial applications by mutually determined planning, development, delivery and use of product and service shares. A particular challenge for the provision of IPS2 is the planning of resources, e.g. field service enginee...
Article
Full-text available
In the manufacturing industry competitors are continuously struggling to differentiate from other companies in the market. Industrial Product- Service Systems (IPS2) offer this differentiation by representing a paradigm shift from traditional product selling and service offering to providing customer value. To support the IPS2 provider during the d...
Article
Full-text available
For the management of the delivery of Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2), an IPS2-Execution System (IPS2-ES) can be used. This software system provides means of managing the provider network as well as planning the IPS2 delivery. However, to execute these tasks, different types of data are required and have to be collected from the different...
Article
Kurzfassung Durch die hohe Anzahl an Vorteilen von Dienstleistungen, wie z. B. hohe Margen, steigt die Anzahl an Mitbewerbern im Servicegeschäft. Dadurch stehen Serviceabteilungen von Maschinenbauunternehmen zunehmend unter Druck, ihre Organisation effektiver und effizienter zu gestalten. Während in der Vergangenheit Bemühungen zur Effizienzsteiger...
Article
Full-text available
Radial-axial rolled rings are produced in a hot forming process and the manufacturing still requires the use of allowances to ensure that the dimensions of the finished ring will be inside the given tolerances. To enable the production of near-net shape rings an evaluation of the rolled rings directly after the rolling process is necessary. For thi...
Article
Additive manufacturing provides an attractive processing method for nickel–titanium (NiTi) shape memory and pseudoelastic parts. In this paper, we show how the additive manufacturing process affects structural and functional properties of additively manufactured NiTi and how the process parameter set-up can be optimized to produce high quality NiTi...
Article
Full-text available
Shape memory alloys (SMAs) belong to the group of functional materials that can be thermally activated. After plastic deformation, they can remember any previously imprinted shape and reveal large actuating forces. This is attractive for actuator applications as well as for connecting elements. The increasing complexity of products makes their disa...
Chapter
Incremental sheet metal forming processes have a high potential for flexible and cost efficient production of prototypes and parts in small lot sizes. Recent developments in this field bring incremental sheet metal forming one step closer to industrial application. Amongst these are improvements concerning geometrical accuracy, part complexity and...
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Full-text available
Infolge technologischen Fortschritts sowie veränderter Kundenbedürf-nisse werden Produkte und Wertschöpfung zunehmend komplexer. Spezialisierung wird für Unternehmen immer wichtiger, was zu einer Fragmentierung der Wertschöpfung führt. Deshalb entwickeln sich ganzheitliche Produktlösungen zunehmend zum Erfolgsfaktor. Im internationalen Wettbewerb e...
Article
Full-text available
A lot of technical applications are realizable with SMA actuators. Nevertheless industry use of SMA is limited only to a few actuator applications, because companies are overwhelmed with the complexity of this technology. This paper fills this gap by presenting a design methodology for mechatronic systems of SMA actuators, which guides users throug...
Conference Paper
Shape memory alloys (SMA) are thermally activated smart materials. They have the ability to change into a previously imprinted shape through thermal or electrical activation. Due to this thermal effect, SMA are suitable as actuators in mechatronic systems. In a current research project, the Chair of Production Systems is examining the use of multip...
Conference Paper
In a current research project, the Chair of Production Systems is examining the use of multiple modular and standardized shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators in the feed axis of a small machine tool. Later on, these machines shall be used to manufacture small work pieces with high precision. Therefore, the actuators must be qualified to handle moveme...
Conference Paper
Shape memory alloys (SMA) are thermally activated smart materials. They have the ability to change into a previously imprinted shape through thermal or electrical activation. This property is based on a reversible, diffusionless transition between the low temperature phase (martensite) and the high temperature phase (austenite). Due to this thermal...
Article
Full-text available
In the delivery of Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS²), a dynamic network of partners is involved. To deliver and use IPS² efficiently, the IPS² has to be managed from several heterogeneous perspectives, namely from a strategic, inter-organizational, operational and information perspective. To manage the information exchange between the partn...
Chapter
SynonymsIntegrated product-service offering (IPSO); Integrated solutions; Product-service system (PSS); Technical product-service system (technical PSS)DefinitionAn industrial product-service system (IPS2) is characterized by the integrated and mutually determined planning, development, provision, and use of products and services including immanent...
Article
Nowadays, changeability is regarded as one of the key factors for enterprises of the producing sector in order to handle the challenges of an increasingly globalized and turbulent environment. The principle of modularization offers - with simultaneous consideration of the intermodular correlations - an efficient possibility to increase the internal...
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Full-text available
Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) are a new way of providing customer value and therefore represent globally competitive manufacturing systems. Multiple networked partners are involved in the delivery of the IPS2, i.e. the customer, the IPS2 provider and suppliers. The information provided by the partners and the supplied resources need to...
Article
Full-text available
The steadily alternating and unpredictable requirements for industrial companies implicate the challenge to enhance production systems. As a consequence, the need for action leads to a paradigm shift in production. A transformation from a flexible production to a changeable company occurs. In this context, changeability will be decisive for the des...
Article
Full-text available
An Industrial Product-Service System (IPS2) is characterized by a high integration of product and service shares. This implies that the providing company develops an IPS2 consisting of product share, e.g. a highly complex precision machine tool, and service share to increase customer value, strengthen the relationship between customer and provider...
Article
Full-text available
The effective delivery of industrial services requires systematic approaches for planning and organizing delivery processes and network partners. In order to be able to assess the performance of the service organization, significant key performance indicators are needed. The performance of the service organization is defined by its ability to effec...
Article
Kurzfassung Zur Bewertung der Qualität eines Erbringungsplanes industrieller Dienstleistungen und zur Identifizierung von Optimierungspotenzialen werden objektive Bewertungskriterien in Form von Kennzahlen benötigt. Das Ziel dieses Beitrags ist die Entwicklung eines Kennzahlensystems für die Erbringungsplanung industrieller Dienstleistungen. Dazu w...
Article
Within classic German manufacturing structures, costs of resources exceed all other cost factors by 46% [1]. Solitary focus on energy or labor costs as sources to raise companies profit no longer seems adequate. Nowadays material costs of the manufacturing industry are about 500 billion euro per year, connected with a saving potential of 100 billio...
Chapter
Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS²) can be used to provide robust manufacturing. To support the providers of IPS² in the management of a provider network and in planning of resources for the IPS² delivery, the cloud-based IPS²-Execution System (IPS²-ES) is proposed in this paper. By analyzing the responsibilities the IPS² provider has to acce...
Article
Today's demands for flexible and economic production of ring-shaped work pieces coated by functional layers can only be met by new manufacturing techniques. These are suitably based on precise process modelling and high-performance control systems. The process-integrated powder coating by radial axial rolling of rings introduces a new hybrid produc...
Article
Robot based incremental sheet metal forming (Roboforming) is an innovative die less forming process, which is developed by the Chair of Production Systems at Ruhr-University Bochum. Suitable for rapid prototyping and manufacture of small batch sizes with low costs, this forming process is based on flexible shaping through the synchronous movement o...
Conference Paper
Processing of Nickel-Titanium shape memory alloys (NiTi) is by no means easy because all processing steps can strongly affect the properties of the material. Hence, near-net-shaping technologies are very attractive for processing NiTi due to reduction of the processing route. Additive Manufacturing (AM) provides especially promising alternatives to...
Conference Paper
This work covers different aspects of additive manufacturing of Nitinol parts. Firstly, requirements for the powder material and guidelines for the powder preparation are described in detail because the use of proper powder is essential for additive processing of high quality parts. Next, this work presents examples for Nitinol actuators, smart str...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowadays companies working in the field of industrial applications realize that traditional electromagnets reach their technical limits. Additionally, there is an increasing awareness for resource-efficiency and safety, due to shortages in resources and rise in legal requirements. Furthermore customers demand more and more system solution, because...
Conference Paper
Shape memory alloys (SMA) are smart materials with the ability to remember a previous imprinted shape after plastic deformation. The shape memory actuator effect is induced by thermal energy. Its bases on crystalline transformation of NiTi-alloys from the austenitic B2 to the martensitic B19′ phase. Usually, SMA actuators show a large temperature h...
Article
This paper introduces a Supply Chain Platform to improve the process quality and reducing the costs in dentistry. The platform supports the dental based processes and provides the deployment of specific workflows rested on a generic workflow process.
Article
In a current project, the Chair of Production Systems (LPS) is examining the use of standardized shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators in the feed axis of a small machine tool. These machines are used to manufacture small work pieces with high precision. Therefore, the actuators must be qualified to handle movements in the micrometer range. To achieve...
Conference Paper
The steadily alternating and unpredictable requirements for industrial companies implicate the challenge to enhance production systems. As a consequence, the need for action leads to a paradigm shift in production. A transformation from a flexible production to a changeable company occurs. In this context, changeability will be decisive for the des...
Article
This work presents the first use of tool holders for turning which were manufactured via the selective laser melting. These tool holders were applied for the turning of a a+b titanium alloys. By application of SLM process different geometrical designs could be realized, thus a filling of the tool holders with metal powder was possible. Because of t...
Article
This paper describes new developments in an incremental, robot-based sheet metal forming process (‘Roboforming’) for the production of sheet metal components in small batch sizes. The dieless kinematic-based generation of a shape is implemented by means of two industrial robots which are interconnected to a cooperating robot system. Compared to oth...
Conference Paper
Shape memory alloys (SMA) can be utilized as thermal and electrical activated drives for valve applications. By using the high actuation forces and medium strokes in combination with SMA intrinsic sensor functions, smart and versatile valve elements for multi-purpose applications can be designed. The sensoric functions, based on the change of the e...
Conference Paper
SMA actuators offer a particularly good relation between size and work capacity. This advantage makes them ideal for miniaturization. In a current research project the use of SMA actuators in a machine tool for micromachining is investigated. The machines currently used in this field show an extensive disproportion between workspace and cross secti...
Conference Paper
Actuators based on shape memory alloys (SMAs) have been developed to be used only in specialized applications. Therefore solutions based on SMAs generally cannot be transferred to other tasks. Focusing on the development for specialized applications has two important disadvantages. Firstly, the efforts and costs reach a high level due to the indivi...
Article
ncremental sheet metal forming with direct resistance heating is used for flexible sheet metal forming at elevated temperature, where electric current is conducted through the forming tool (s) into the forming zone. The electrical and mechanical contact combined with a high temperature of up to 600°C in steel forming results in complex tool require...
Article
The industrial application of incremental sheet metal forming is still limited by certain constraints, e.g. low geometrical accuracy and geometrical complexity. In order to overcome these constraints, this paper presents two approaches which have been carried out within the research project Development of a robot-based dieless incremental sheet met...
Chapter
Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS²) are socio-technical systems which provide the customer with a certain function, a promised availability or a contracted result rather than a mere physical product. Thus, IPS² represent solutions which can be dynamically adapted over the lifecycle in order to meet changing customer requirements and supplier...
Chapter
In order to remain competitive, IPS² providers have to react flexibly to changes which are caused by environmental dynamics and the long duration of the business relationship. To ensure this, the provider can provision flexibility either by short-term or long-term actions which differently affect the IPS² profitability. Accordingly, the paper at ha...
Article
Nickel–Titanium shape memory alloys (NiTi-SMA) are of biomedical interest due to their unusual range of pure elastic deformability and their elastic modulus, which is closer to that of bone than any other metallic or ceramic material. Newly developed porous NiTi, produced by Selective Laser Melting (SLM), is currently under investigation as a poten...
Chapter
Nowadays, different measurement and test techniques are used to investigate the interaction between processes and machine tool structures. Machine and workpiece properties are determined after analyzing the individual factors of process metrology, which have an effect on the process. This chapter explains the measurement methods for the structural...
Chapter
Depending on the contracted business model of an Industrial Product-Service System (IPS2), different processes have to be carried out during the operation phase. The required resources to carry out these processes have to be planned with strategic and operational methods. However, these methods have not yet been utilized in industrial applications....
Chapter
The experiences of 31 collaborative research projects, financed by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, were connected through the “Efficiency Factory”. The focal point of support was “resource efficiency in production”. One of the selected projects “reBOP”(efficient production by resource-based evaluation and optimization of process cha...
Chapter
Product-Service Systems have gathered a strong focus in research during the last years. Especially Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) focusing on industrial applications need new methods and tools that support the integration of products and services over the whole life cycle. The collaborative research project SFB/TR 29 has developed a rang...
Chapter
The principle of robot-based incremental sheet metal forming is based on flexible shaping by means of a freely programmable path-synchronous movement of two tools, which are operated by two industrial robots. The final shape is produced by the incremental infeed of the forming tool in depth direction and its movement along the geometry’s contour in...
Chapter
To support the Industrial Product-Service System (IPS²) provider during the delivery phase of IPS², an IPS²-Execution System (IPS²-ES) is needed for the planning, scheduling and organization of the required delivery processes and the partner network. To be able to build such an IPS²-ES, the requirements for this system have to be collected in a use...
Article
The constantly alternating and unpredictable requirements for industrial companies implicate the challenge to a further development of production systems. As a consequence, the need for action leads to a paradigm shift in production. A transformation from a flexible production to a changeable company occurs. In this context, the article introduces...
Article
This work presents the first use of tool holders for turning which were manufactured via the selective laser melting. These tool holders were applied for the turning of a α+β titanium alloys. By application of SLM process different geometrical designs could be realized, thus a filling of the tool holders with metal powder was possible. Because of t...
Book
“An Industrial Product-Service System is characterized by the integrated and mutually determined planning, development, provision and use of product and service shares including its immanent software components in Business-to-Business applications and represents a knowledge-intensive socio-technical system.” – Meier, Roy, Seliger (2010) Since the f...
Article
Full-text available
Robot based incremental sheet metal forming, also called Roboforming, is a dieless incremental forming process. It is especially suitable for rapid prototyping and manufacture of small batch sizes with low costs. This paper introduces the whole process Chain of this method, including CAD, CAM and CAE. With the use of this process chain, not only th...
Chapter
Delivering Industrial Product Service Systems (IPS2) is a strategic priority for many companies, since IPS2 represent an opportunity to differentiate from competitors and to build long-term customer relationships. However, these relationships have to be characterized, e.g. in terms of delivering value, generating revenues, and sharing risks, which...
Chapter
In contrast to current product-oriented solutions, Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) involve the integrated development of products and services, thereby guaranteeing high customer value. As a consequence, an IPS2 business model characteristically delivers value in a long-term customer relationship. To date, comprehensive research on the de...
Conference Paper
Processing of Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) shape memory alloys (SMAs) is challenging because smallest compositional variances and all types of microstructural features strongly affect the elementary processes of the martensitic transformation and thus the functional properties of the material. Against this background, powder metallurgical near net shape...
Conference Paper
Shape memory alloys (SMA) are smart materials which can be activated thermally. They are suitable for the use as actuators due to their ability to remember an imprinted shape through thermal activation. In addition, actuators based on shape memory alloys offer a higher work output in relation to their volume compared to other actuator concepts. Oth...
Chapter
Kunden der Investitionsgüterindustrie erwarten zunehmend maßgeschneiderte Problemlösungen, welche sich einfach in bestehende Wertschöpfungsketten integrieren lassen und austauschbare Prozesselemente ohne starre Bindungen und langfristige Verpflichtungen beinhalten. Die ausschließliche Konzentration auf die Wirtschaftlichkeit, Produktivität und Qual...
Chapter
Die Erbringung hybrider Leistungsbündel erfordert neue Ansätze zur Gestaltung der Aufbau- und Ablauforganisation. Während die Aufbauorganisation die Verteilung der Erbringungsprozesse auf die eigenen oder fremdbezogenen Ressourcen beinhaltet, beschreibt die Ablauforganisation die Koordination zwischen den ausgewählten Ressourcen. Für hybride Leistu...
Chapter
Die Integration von Sach- und Dienstleistungen als hybrides Leistungsbündel bewirkt, dass Kundennutzen über den kompletten Lebenszyklus erzeugt werden kann. Daher ist die detaillierte Planung der Dienstleistungsprozesse entlang des kompletten Lebenszyklus wichtig. Die integrierte Betrachtung führt außerdem dazu, dass die klassischen Planungsmethode...
Chapter
Unternehmen der Investitionsgüterindustrie schrecken trotz der Möglichkeit zu höheren Gewinnmargen, stärkeren Kundenbindungen und einer weitaus geringeren Anfälligkeit gegenüber konjunkturellen Schwankungen davor zurück, sich vom traditionellen Produkthersteller zum Anbieter hybrider Leistungsbündel (HLB) zu entwickeln. Ein Grund dafür sind mangeln...
Article
In this paper, a new hybrid production technique is presented. It exploits the advantage of high temperatures and high forces in the ring rolling process. This manufacturing technique is not only suitable to increase the ring’s diameter but also to apply and compact powder metallurgical multi-functional coatings onto solid substrate rings with the...
Article
The design of production systems towards variable and not predictable requirements will be decisive for the success of industrial companies, for example for manufacturers of household appliances. Up to now, it is rather common to apply technical solutions to increase the flexibility of production systems. For example, these solutions can emphasize...
Book
Das Ziel hybrider Leistungsbündel (HLB) ist die Etablierung eines innovativen, nutzenorientierten Produktverständnisses von Sach- und Dienstleistung. Dieses Produktverständnis betrachtet die Sach- und Dienstleistungsanteile in integrierter und sich gegenseitig determinierender Form als hybride Leistungsbündel und führt zu einem erweiterten Lösungsr...
Article
In this paper, different implementations of elastic joint models of industrial robots are described and compared established in ADAMS and SimMechanics. The models are intended to be used for path prediction under process force load due to Roboforming and high speed cutting, respectively. The computational results have been compared and showed good...
Article
Dieless incremental sheet metal forming is restricted by different effects. Some of the major issues are the limited maximum draw angle, a commonly reduced surface quality of the deformed areas and the low geometrical accuracy in concave features.This paper deals with both theoretical and experimental investigations on the influence of superimposed...
Conference Paper
Nickel-titanium shape memory alloys (NiTi-SMA) are of biomedical interest due to an unusual range of pure elastic deformability with an elastic modulus closer to that of bone than any other metallic or ceramic material. Newly developed porous NiTi, produced by Selective Laser Melting (SLM) is currently analysed as carrier material for human mesench...
Article
Climate change and global warming issues have thrown new challenges for the economic development. Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) are on the global agenda with regard to the climate change. This trend has led to renewed strategies in many sectors. The paper shifts the perspective of life-cycle assessment (LCA) in terms of the CO2 emission from the c...