Hongxin Zhao

Hongxin Zhao
Saint Louis University | SLU · Boeing Institute of International Business

PhD

About

53
Publications
48,579
Reads
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4,134
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1997 - November 2015
Saint Louis University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Using two longitudinal panel datasets of Chinese manufacturing firms, we assess whether state ownership benefits or impedes firms’ innovation. We show that state ownership in an emerging economy enables a firm to obtain crucial R&D resources but makes the firm less efficient in using those resources to generate innovation, and we find that a minori...
Article
In this study, we combine the persistent and progressive perspectives of institutional theory with corporate governance to explore the contingency value of political capital on bank loan acquisition in the context of China's transition economy. Using a large set of national survey data on founder-controlled private firms in China, we find that the...
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The extant research of cross-border knowledge acquisition by multinational enterprises often assumes away the role of local contexts within which knowledge acquisition occurs. To extend this line of research, this study contextualizes the knowledge search by foreign subsidiary executives to examine the contingency value of social ties. The results...
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In this study, we integrate resource dependence theory and agency theory to argue that state ownership has a dual (inducement and constraint) effect on emerging market firms’ export performance. Building on this inducement-constraint framework, we hypothesize a non-linear relationship between state ownership and export performance of emerging marke...
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Manufacturers often use relational governance to manage interfirm relationships with their distributors. Yet recent literature has cautioned that relational governance may only offer conditional benefits. In this study, the authors integrate the resource-, industry-, and institution-based views to examine whether there is a limit to the positive ef...
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Manufacturers often use relational governance to manage interfirm relationships with their distributors. Yet recent literature has cautioned that relational governance may only offer conditional benefits. In this study, the authors integrate the resource-, industry-, and institution-based views to examine whether there is a limit to the positive ef...
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This study argues that the government-relationship building efforts by foreign invested enterprises (FIEs) depend on the perceived level of regulatory uncertainties, which, in turn, is conditioned by the institutional distances between their home and host countries. The regulatory antecedents (regulatory complexity and enforcement uncertainty) to g...
Article
We examine the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) and the mediating effects of country national governance on the welfare and knowledge infrastructure of host countries. Based on a five-year anchored panel data of 175 countries producing over 9,000 observations, we find that in general FDI has a positive influence on both host country welfar...
Article
By proposing a conceptual outline for a general model that explains the link between multinational enterprises' (MNEs') diversification and their performance, this study tests the moderating effects of institutional distance empirically. Integrating literature from a strategic perspective within international business research, the proposed integra...
Article
Despite the urge for broader macro-level examinations of the distinct social constructions within which economic activities take place, numerous national-level studies of the determinants of foreign-invested firms have paid little attention to the roles played by social capital and its contingent value in affecting foreign direct investment (FDI) i...
Article
The post-entry strategic positioning in a host market is important for MNEs' success, as firms must position properly in the marketplace to gain competitive advantage. However, little attention has been paid to firms' strategic positioning in market center as generalist firms or market peripheries as specialist firms in a host market. This study ad...
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This study presents a dual strategic intent perspective, elucidating that international venturing by emerging economy private firms is prompted by exploiting firm-specific advantages, as well as circumventing market imperfection residuals embedded in home country economic transformation. Our analysis of 1,355 Chinese private enterprises shows that...
Article
This study, using a sample of Korean multinational corporations, focuses on testing the relationships between the constructs of experiential knowledge, creativity, and performance in the context of international marketing projects. Relying on a multi-level conceptualization of experiential knowledge and creativity, our findings suggest that process...
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Extensive studies of the organizational slack–performance relationship offer mixed findings in developed economies while little research attends to transition economies. Replicating and extending earlier work by Tan and Peng (2003), this study examines the relationship between organizational slack and firm performance in China and focuses on the mo...
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This article addresses how foreign subsidiaries formulate their relational political strategy by responding to the unique parameters of the economic and institutional environment in an emerging market in an attempt to improve their performance. To this end, the authors have developed a model that assesses economic environment antecedents characteri...
Article
This study attempts to examine empirically how social institutional factors relate to Internet diffusion in 39 countries. Based on nine-year cross-country data, the analytical results show that the rule of law, educational systems, and industrialization significantly influenced the global Internet diffusion, while the economic system did not exert...
Chapter
This study attempts to examine empirically how social institutional factors relate to Internet diffusion in 39 countries. Based on nine-year cross-country data, the analytical results show that the rule of law, educational systems, and industrialization significantly influenced the global Internet diffusion, while the economic system did not exert...
Article
Full-text available
Firms from emerging markets face several challenges when entering and trying to compete in developed markets. One of these obstacles to success is the negative country of origin effects that these firms face. By viewing the country of origin phenomenon through the lens of signaling theory, we propose that firms can reduce the noise caused by the ma...
Chapter
This study attempts to examine empirically how social institutional factors relate to Internet diffusion in 39 countries. Based on nine-year cross-country data, the analytical results show that the rule of law, educational systems, and industrialization significantly influenced the global Internet diffusion, while the economic system did not exert...
Article
Abstract and Key Results This study attempts to document the influence of social ties on two critical components of foreign market entry (FME) decisions by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): timing of entry and resource commitment. An ethnic Chinese group serves as the best candidate to underlie this research because ethnic Chinese networks...
Article
This study attempts to examine empirically how social institutional factors relate to Internet diffusion in 39 countries. Based on nine-year cross-country data, the analytical results show that the rule of law, educational systems, and industrialization significantly influenced the global Internet diffusion, while the economic system did not exert...
Article
The aim of this study is to provide empirical evidence, using the theory of planned behavior, as to whether local consumers prefer culturally adapted web sites or standardized web sites The study contributes to the existing literature by showing that consumers from Germany, China, and India prefer web sites adapted to their local culture, and that...
Article
Despite a variety of technology sourcing modes that have been identified in the current literature, the existing studies tend to either focus their analysis on either a single mode of sourcing or on the choice of external and internal sources. This study goes beyond the existing literature by identifying the types of various technology sourcing mod...
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Full-text available
Purpose – This study aims to explain the internationalization speed of e-commerce companies (ECCs). Design/methodology/approach – Based on the archive data of the American ECCs, the study used multiple regression analysis to estimate the influences of a number of micro- and macro-factors. Findings – The results show that the speedy foreign market e...
Article
In the academic literature and the business press, there seems to be a lack of guidance and lack of cross-cultural models to support companies localization strategies on the Web. To address this deficit in literature and to provide marketers and Web designers with insights into website localization, this paper conducted a comparative analysis of th...
Article
Purpose – To explore the depiction of cultural values on international web sites. Design/methodology/approach – To measure cultural content on the web Singh and Matsuo's conceptual framework was used. Content analysis was used to study the cultural content on web sites from China, India, Japan and the US. Findings – The results indicate that local...
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This study examines antecedent factors that influence organizational knowledge sharing between emerging market subsidiaries and their peer subsidiaries in other countries. We demonstrate that knowledge sharing itself is also an organizational variable, which requires proper configuration with both strategic properties (strategic interdependence, te...
Chapter
In the academic literature and the business press, there seems to be a lack of guidance and lack of cross-cultural models to support companies localization strategies on the Web. To address this deficit in literature and to provide marketers and Web designers with insights into website localization, this paper conducted a comparative analysis of th...
Article
This study examines how the corporate link between a foreign subsidiary and its corporate members (parent and peer subsidiaries) is influenced by the subsidiary's competitive strategy in a specific host country. The mainstream logic, especially that of Michael Porter, suggests that corporate link should be stronger when a multinational enterprise (...
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Entry mode choice is a critical ingredient of international entry strategies, and has been voluminously examined in the field. The findings, however, are very mixed, especially with respect to transaction-cost-related factors in determining the ownership-based entry mode choice. This study conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively summarize the l...
Article
In the academic literature and the business press, there seems to be a lack of guidance and lack of cross-cultural models to support companies localization strategies on the Web. To address this deficit in literature and to provide marketers and Web designers with insights into website localization, this paper conducted a comparative analysis of th...
Article
Given the large size and rapid growth of foreign direct investment (FDI) in China, a systematic analysis of the connection between FDI and the characteristics of source countries provides clearer insights into the roles of home-country factors in the vast but still fast-growing foreign investment in China. Unlike the existing mainstream studies of...
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Recent export studies have focused on the internal/controllable determinants of export performance. The external/uncontrollable determinants of export performance have received scant research attention. In this study, the authors examine two key external/uncontrollable factors, namely, industry concentration and firm location, in the context of Chi...
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This paper presents a taxonomic study of sourcing strategy types and their relationships to subsidiary profitability. Using the taxonomic approach, this study identifies five sourcing strategy types based on the decision rules of direction and volume of sourcing activities, namely market access, offshore platform, offshore manufacturing, local sour...
Article
China has exhibited fast Internet growth. The number of Internet users in China doubled every six months in the last two years. What accounts for such a rapid adoption of the Internet in China? What are the constraints and opportunities? This article describes the facilitating roles played by the large pool of Information Technology (IT) personnel,...
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Given the large size and rapid growth of foreign direct investment in China, the subject of ownership preference is of great interest to academics as well as to firms intending to invest in China. This study focuses on two sets of variables: industry-specific factors and venture-specific factors. Statistical tests based on information of 818 intern...
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Synthesizing the paradigms of neotechnology theory of trade and the economics of technological innovation, this study analyzes the role of R&D in explaining export propensity and export growth based on a large data set of manufacturing firms in China. The results of logistic and simultaneous analyses show that the influence of R&D on both export pr...
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This paper reports a survey of 1000 firms in Singapore about their adoption and implementation of advanced manufacturing technology (AMT). Statistical analysis such as factor analysis and discriminant analysis were used to identify those “Successful factors” that contribute positively to adoption and implementation of advanced manufacturing technol...
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This article analyses the pattern of technology imports and its influences on China's indigenous technology. Indigenous technology consists of two dimensions: technology generation measured by R&D and spending on technical upgrading; and application measured by output value of heavy industry and its export value respectively. The analysis reveals i...
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Technology abandonment may have serious repercussions for individuals with disabilities and for society. The purpose of this study was to determine how technology users decide to accept or reject assistive devices. Two hundred twenty-seven adults with various disabilities responded to a survey on device selection, acquisition, performance, and use....
Article
Transferring and utilizing technology in developing economies is a vital issue for economic growth. Often the separation between R&D institutes and industrial concerns limits the transfer of technology. The People's Republic of China, which has conducted R&D in institutes separate from the potential user firms, has recently moved to facilitate dome...

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