Holli Semetko

Holli Semetko
Emory University | EU · Department of Political Science

About

119
Publications
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6,231
Citations

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
Drawing on social identity theory and research on digital media and polarization, this study uses a quasi-experimental design with a random sample (n = 3304) to provide causal evidence on perceptions of who is to blame for the initial spread of COVID-19 in India. According blame to three different social and political entities—Tablighi Jamaat (a Mu...
Article
Peace communication in media flows fosters civil discourse, emphasizes shared culture, values, collective well-being, and works for reduction in violence and conflict. This study addresses a gap in the literature on citizen-initiated peace communication in the context of interstate relations, conflict and public diplomacy, with a focus on the under...
Chapter
This entry examines the impact of technology and social change on the effects of media content on the opportunities for political manipulation in different national, regional, and regime contexts. It discusses content effects by highlighting the key concepts in the field: need for orientation, agenda-setting, priming, and framing. It then considers...
Conference Paper
What role do issues, leaders, and media play in the short run dynamics of a national election campaign on influencing support for new vs. established political parties? Drawing on a two-wave panel in Delhi in the 2014 national election, described by many observers as "India's first Internet election," we discuss influences on vote preferences durin...
Conference Paper
What role do issues, leaders, and media play in the short run dynamics of a national election campaign on influencing support for new vs. established political parties? Drawing on a two-wave panel in Delhi in the 2014 national election, described by many observers as "India's first Internet election," we discuss influences on vote preferences durin...
Article
Full-text available
Early research in western contexts finds evidence of online participation leading to political engagement. We test this hypothesis in a nonwestern campaign context. We discuss India’s complex “hybrid media system,” political parties, leaders, and issues in the 2014 national election that saw more use of digital information channels by all parties,...
Chapter
Media–politics relations or interactions have long been the subject of considerable discussion and debate among scholars and practitioners. Theoretical perspectives on media–politics interactions from the mid-20th century to the early 21st century are critically assessed before turning to a discussion of the present. A new era of media–politics int...
Chapter
Government communication is a curiously neglected area of discursive analysis. No considered examination of the subject exists which provides either an account of the contemporary governmental landscape or an explanation of the common and divergent themes on both a domestic and international basis. This volume aims to fill that gap, providing a con...
Article
Political communications literature has long been concerned with the question of whether media exposure results in symptoms of “malaise”—disaffection and withdrawal from politics—or, alternatively, whether it can mobilize people for political activity. Thus far, the results of research into this question have been inconclusive and at times contradi...
Book
The SAGE Handbook of Political Communication is an authoritative and comprehensive survey of political communication drawing together a team of the world’s leading scholars to provide a state-of-the-art review that sets the agenda for future study. © Holli A. Semetko and Margaret Scammell Introduction and Editorial Arrangement 2012.
Article
News framing can exert a strong influence on public opinion. Following a media content analysis, this article investigates the effects of news framing on support for membership of Turkey in the European Union. A first experimental study (n = 304) showed a significant difference in the level of support for Turkish membership between respondents who...
Chapter
Wahl ist nicht gleich Wahl, und Wahlkampf ist nicht gleich Wahlkampf. Insbesondere Wahlen und Wahlkämpfe zur nationalen Wahlen zeigen deutliche unterschiede zu jenen auf regionaler Ebene (vgl. Heath 1999; Freire 2004). Letztere werden als zweitrangig und untergeordnet beschrieben, was sich sowohl auf Wahlkampagnen als auch auf das Wählerverhalten a...
Article
In contrast to the United States, Germany has a strong public service broadcasting system that reaches all parts of the country and is mandated to deliver news from around the world each day. We discuss the key characteristics of the German public service broadcasting system and compare the quantity of foreign affairs news in evening news programs...
Article
To what extent are established democracies and new democracies moving closer together in terms of the impact of media messages in electoral campagins? Drawing on our content analysis of main evening television news on flagship programs over two months during the Polish National Election Study’s two-wave panel study (N=1,200) spanning parliamentary...
Article
Some of the key findings are reported from a cross-national comparative content analysis of the flagship main evening TV news programs in five countries, as well as of the flagship Arab-language TV news on the Al-Jazeera network, during March and April 2003, the “official” 3-4-week period of the war in Iraq, to investigate the similarities and diff...
Article
Full-text available
Since the first elections to the European Parliament (EP) in 1979, the institution has grown to become the world’s largest parliamentary debating chamber. In 2009, the EP has representatives from 27 member states in the European Union (EU). Klaus Schönbach was part of the pioneering team of researchers studying the role of the media and communicati...
Article
Full-text available
Support for European integration is a function no longer only of `hard' economic and utilitarian predictors but also of `soft' predictors such as feelings of identity and attitudes towards immigrants. Focusing on the issue of the potential membership of Turkey in the European Union (EU), this study demonstrates that the importance of `soft' predict...
Article
Within the next few pages, we outline how the U.S. President might employ novel arrangements of human and technology elements to produce improved government efforts involving the collective insights of all government works to: (1) better serve the public, (2) protect our country, and (3) generate innovative solutions that both address present day p...
Article
Support for European integration is a function no longer only of 'hard' economic and utilitarian predictors but also of 'soft' predictors such as feelings of identity and attitudes towards immigrants. Focusing on the issue of the potential member- ship of Turkey in the European Union (EU), this study demon- strates that the importance of 'soft' pre...
Article
Research conducted in the United States and Canada shows that female candidates for political office are covered differently in the news than their male counterparts: Female candidates receive less coverage, their electoral prospects are more negatively assessed, and the focus of reporting is often on “soft” issues compared with coverage of male ca...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates media priming effects in the context of a Summit meeting of European Union (EU) leaders. It differs in four ways from most previous non-experimental priming studies: (1) it provides survey data accompanied by a content analysis of the news, (2) it compares priming effects on evaluations of a number of political leaders, who...
Article
Full-text available
Television news broadcasts are the most popular source of news and information about political information during British general election campaigns. BBC and ITV devoted approximately 60 percent of their flagship evening news programs during the 2005 general election campaign to political news. We investigate the influences of television news on pe...
Article
Die Bundestagswahl 2005 war unter einer Reihe von Gesichtpunkten etwas Besonderes. Nicht nur stellte die Herbeiführung einer Wahl unter diesen Umständen ein Novum dar, auch das unerwartet schlechte Abschneiden der CDU/CSU am Wahltag sowie nicht zuletzt die erste Kandidatur einer Frau für das Amt der Bundeskanzlerin erregten Aufmerksamkeit (Schmitt/...
Chapter
European elections provide unique opportunities for studying the complex interactions between elites and citizens in the interrelated spheres of domestic and European politics, partially because these elections link domestic and European politics. While their nature as second-order national elections makes European elections an integral part of the...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the news coverage of the 2004 European parliamentary elections in all 25 member states of the European Union (EU). It provides a unique pan-European overview of the campaign coverage based on an analysis of three national newspapers and two television newscasts in the two weeks leading up to the elections. On average, the elec...
Article
This book reviews the research on campaigns and elections and investigates the effects of campaigning in referendums, drawing on panel survey data, media content data, focus groups, and interviews with journalists and campaign managers. The authors argue that the media coverage not only influences public perceptions of the campaign, the referendum...
Article
Full-text available
© 2005 – IOS Press and the authors. We outline the competitive television news market in the enlarged European Union (EU) and demonstrate the continued importance of traditional media, in particular television, in the context of proliferation in choice of news sources, including on-line news services. Drawing upon a content analysis of the most wid...
Article
European parliamentary elections are the defining event for political participation in the European Union (EU). Little, however, is known about how recent European parliamentary election campaigns are covered in television news, the most important source of information for most Europeans. We analyzed the main evening television news in 14 EU countr...
Article
This study investigates how the information environment in the Danish 2000 euro referendum campaign served to crystallize opinion on the issue within the context of a number of other hypothesized influences on the vote, based on previous studies of referendum voting. Our data include a nationally representative two-wave panel survey and a content a...
Article
Full-text available
This two-wave panel study was designed to investigate the effects of the media coverage leading up to and including an important European Union event (a summit meeting of EU leaders) on citizens’ attitudes towards the EU and European integration. A random sample of 817 citizens in the Netherlands was surveyed one month before the Amsterdam Summit i...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research tells us little about the ways in which the European Union is portrayed on main evening television news. We therefore content analyzed 11,722 stories broadcast in main evening television news in five EU countries over an 11-month period in 2000. There was an invisible importance to EU news: although the share of the news devoted t...
Article
Research examining media effects on political attitudes has put forth broadly conflicting explanations: media use diminishes knowledge and involvement and contributes to political cynicism and declining turnout; media use contributes to learning, political involvement, trust, efficacy, and mobilization. We address these explanations with detailed m...
Article
This article looks at how political reporting has changed over time in the Bild, Germany's most widely read newspaper. The authors content analyzed the political coverage during the seven weeks prior to the federal elections in 1990, 1994, 1998, and 2002. They found increasing emphasis on the campaign in the news from one election to the next, whic...
Article
Our research investigates the opportunities provided by the Internet for political parties to communicate to the electorate, and the extent to which party websites are used versus other information sources on the Web. We find that parties in Parliament, major parties and newly created parties are more prominent online than others, and, based on sta...
Article
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Previous studies have focused on either media coverage of polls or on their effects. This study investigated the visibility and quality of news reporting of opinion polls and the public evaluations of polls in the context of the 2000 Danish referendum on the introduction of the euro. A content analysis of the news coverage showed that more than one...
Article
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This study investigates the effects of exposure to strategic news coverage on political cynicism and campaign evaluations using a nationally representative two-wave panel study and a content analysis of the national news media coverage of the 2000 Danish referendum campaign on the introduction of the euro. The study shows (a) voters were generally...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the effects of live and non-live reporting on recall and appreciation of political television news. A sample of 161 randomly selected adults participated in an experiment testing the effects of format difference (a live cross-talk between reporters vs a canned field report). Using an authentic experimental news bulletin prod...
Chapter
Full-text available
In June 1999, European Parliamentary elections were held for the fifth time in 20 years. One would have thought that after two decades of voting experience at the European level, voter acceptance for the institution would take hold in the countries that had participated in the European construction since its very inception. We now know that this di...
Article
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This study of the main evening television news programs in four European countries focuses on the framing of news surrounding a major European event, the January 1, 1999, introduction of the common European currency, the euro. We investigated the visibility of political and economic news in general and of the launch of the euro in particular. We fo...
Article
„Noch nie“ — immer wieder benutzten die Kommentatoren des Bundestagswahlkampfs 1998 diesen Ausdruck, um deutlich zu machen, welch dramatischen Wandel sie zu beobachten glaubten: noch nie soviel „Inszenierung“, noch nie so viel „Personalisierung“, noch nie „so wenig Inhalt“ (z.B. Schnibben 1998; Weischenberg 1998; Herz 1998). Solche Klagen über deut...
Article
Full-text available
A comprehensive framework for analysis of the impact of European integration on political communication needs to take account of developments in four areas: media and political systems, media and political organisations, media content and potential effects, and media audiences and audience characteristics. In this study, the focus is, first, on cha...
Article
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We investigated the prevalence of 5 news frames identified in earlier studies on framing and framing effects: attribution of responsibility, conflict, human interest, economic consequences, and morality. We content analyzed 2,601 newspaper stories and 1,522 television news stories in the period surrounding the Amsterdam meetings of European heads o...
Article
We investigated the prevalence of 5 news frames identified in earlier studies on framing and framing effects: attribution of responsibility conflict, human interest, economic consequences, and morality. We content analyzed 2,601 newspaper stories and 1,522 television news stories in the period surrounding the Amsterdam meetings of European heads of...
Chapter
Immer noch ist die Legende weit verbreitet, dass Journalisten in Wahlkämpfen ihre Lieblinge unterstützen. Das seien im Zweifelsfall immer die Politiker der Linken. Zumindest für die aktuellen Formen der Medienberichterstattung jedoch galt und gilt in Deutschland offenbar ein „Sichtbarkeitsbonus“ der Regierung. Dabei kommt es auf deren Couleur nicht...
Article
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This study investigated whether and how journalistic news frames affect readers' thoughts about and recall of two issues. A sample of 187 participants was randomly assigned to one of four experimental framing conditions, which included (a) conflict, (b) human interest, (c) attribution of responsibility, and (d) economic consequences, as well as a c...
Article
This study established the longitudinal relationships between attentiveness to political news and an individual's sense of internal political efficacy. Respondents were surveyed at one-year intervals in 1992, 1993, and 1994, resulting in N=1,268 in West Germany and N= 1,001 in East Germany. Structural equation modeling (EQS) was used to investigate...
Chapter
The concept of media agenda-setting has moved media effects scholarship away from the “limited effects” model ...
Article
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This article compares news making on television during recent national election campaigns in the United States, Britain, and Germany and focuses on one of the most interesting problems confronting news professionals in modern democracies at election time: the concept of balance. The principle of balance conflicts with the principle of objectivity....
Article
If an issue is frequently reported in the news, but in a way that diminishes the urgency of the problem, it may cause a decline in salience. In this two-wave national panel study, it was discovered that interest in political stories on television news was positively associated with an increase in the salience of environmental problems as an issue (...
Article
Full-text available
This article assesses the potential for US news coverage of foreign affairs to influence US public opinion about foreign countries during the latter part of 1989 and early 1990, a time of dramatic changes in central Europe. The study draws on two sources of data: content analysis of US network news and wire service coverage of nine countries (West...
Article
This article compares election campaign news on Britain's flagship main evening news programs in the 1983 and 1987 general election campaigns, to assess how election news changed in response to developments in Britain's political communication system. Content analysis shows that British election campaign news in 1987 remains heavily focused on the...
Article
Small or new political parties may be specially dependent upon media attention and a country's election communication arrangements may have an important impact on a new party's recognition-gaining chances. This article focuses on the response of Britain's broadcast media to the SDP-Liberal Alliance, drawing on a content analysis of television news...
Article
Examines the media's role and impact in U.S. presidential and congressional election processes in relation to 1988 and poses several research questions. Discusses the invisible primary, the primary-caucus season, the convention phase, the general election campaign, and the role of the media in House and Senate campaigns. (GEA)

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