Holger Hesse

Holger Hesse
Technische Universität München | TUM · Electrical and Computer Engineering

About

76
Publications
77,298
Reads
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2,589
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - present
Technische Universität München
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
The amount of deployed battery energy storage systems (BESS) has been increasing steadily in recent years. For newly commissioned systems, lithium-ion batteries have emerged as the most frequently used technology due to their decreasing cost, high efficiency, and high cycle life. As a result of a multitude of cell internal aging mechanisms, lithium...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster was awarded the 2nd prize in the Best Poster Awards.
Article
Full-text available
Reduced-order battery lifetime models, which consist of algebraic expressions for various aging modes, are widely utilized for extrapolating degradation trends from accelerated aging tests to real-world aging scenarios. Identifying models with high accuracy and low uncertainty is crucial for ensuring that model extrapolations are believable, howeve...
Article
The increasing feed-in of intermittent renewable energy sources into the electricity grids worldwide is currently leading to technical challenges. Stationary energy storage systems provide a cost-effective and efficient solution in order to facilitate the growing penetration of renewable energy sources. Major technical and economical challenges for...
Article
Produzierende Unternehmen stehen aufgrund steigender Preise für elektrische Energie großen Herausforderungen gegenüber. Der durchschnittliche Strompreis für die Industrie stieg in Deutschland von 12,07 ct pro kWh im Jahr 2010 auf 21,38 ct pro kWh im Jahr 2021. Batteriespeicherlösungen bieten vielfältige Anwendungsfälle, um Industriebetriebe energie...
Article
Full-text available
The market ramp-up of electromobility is shifting vehicle-to-grid (V2G) issues into the focus of research and industry. Electric vehicles (EVs) have the potential to support the trend towards renewable energies in their role as storage units during idle times. To participate in balancing power and energy markets, EVs are pooled via aggregators. Ins...
Article
Full-text available
Driven by the need for a sustainable energy transition and a paradigm shift in the energy and mobility sectors, the popularity of electric vehicles is on the rise. Learning curve effects and falling investment costs further accelerate the deployment of electric vehicles with lithium-ion batteries; and as a multi-purpose technology, they are predest...
Article
Full-text available
The growing global electricity demand and the upcoming integration of charging options for electric vehicles is creating challenges for power grids, such as line over loading. With continuously falling costs for lithium-ion batteries, storage systems represent an alternative to conventional grid reinforcement. This paper proposes an operation strat...
Article
Full-text available
Electrical energy storage systems are key to the integration of intermittent renewable energy technologies such as photovoltaic solar systems and wind turbines. As installed battery energy storage system capacities rise, it is crucial that the environmental impacts of these systems are also positive. In this work, a methodology to ascertain the eff...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid decentralization of energy generation and storage facilitates an opportunity to redesign existing energy systems. Here, peer-to-peer energy trading in local markets offers advantages for demand response and flexibility of energy delivery, yet it still faces problems of customer acceptance, namely, concerns over sharing control of batterie...
Article
Full-text available
Both global climate change and the decreasing cost of lithium-ion batteries are enablers of electric vehicles as an alternative form of transportation in the private sector. However, a high electric vehicle penetration in urban distribution grids leads to challenges, such as line over loading for the grid operator. In such a case installation of gr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Electric vehicles (EVs) can participate in various markets through a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interface. Aggregators can combine the individual contributions of EVs to offer them, for example, on the frequency containment reserve (FCR) market or to use them for arbitrage trading. A simple approach is combining EVs in random fashion until the pool is a...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of a battery energy storage system (BESS) to serve multiple applications makes it a promising technology to enable the sustainable energy transition. However, high investment costs are a considerable barrier to BESS deployment, and few profitable application scenarios exist at present. Here, we show that by tapping into multiple revenue...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-ion batteries are used for both stationary and mobile applications. While in the automotive industry standard profiles are used to compare the performance and efficiency of competing vehicles, a similar comparative metric has not been proposed for stationary battery energy storage systems. Because standard profiles are missing, the comparab...
Article
Full-text available
Dispatch of battery storage systems for stationary grid applications is a topic of increasing interest: due to the volatility of power system's energy supply relying on variable renewable energy sources, one foresees a rising demand and market potential for both short- and long-term fluctuation smoothing via energy storage. While the potential reve...
Article
With the increasing popularity of combining residential photovoltaic systems with battery storages, research, industry, and customers look for ways to determine if such an investment is economically profitable. Simulation programs may serve to predict the profitability and lifetime of the system. In this paper, we use techno‐economic analysis with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The rapidly falling capital expenditures and rising energy and power densities of battery energy storage systems are leading to more widespread use of these systems in both mobile and stationary applications. In stationary applications, it is expected that the economic potential of a battery energy storage system will improve when serving multiple...
Article
Full-text available
To achieve maximum profit by dispatching a battery storage system in an arbitrage operation, multiple factors must be considered. While revenue from the application is determined by the time variability of the electricity cost, the profit will be lowered by costs resulting from energy efficiency losses, as well as by battery degradation. In this pa...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of the increased acceptance and usage of EV, V2B has proven to be a new and promising use case. Although this topic is already being discussed in literature, there is still a lack of experience on how such a system, of allowing bidirectional power flows between an EV and building, will work in a residential environment. The challenge...
Article
The rapid increase of renewable energy sources made coordinated control of the distributed and intermittent generation units a more demanded task. Matching demand and supply is particularly challenging in islanded microgrids. In this study, we have demonstrated a mixed‐integer quadratic programming (MIQP) method to achieve efficient use of sources...
Article
Full-text available
The connection to the electrical grid is a key component of stationary battery energy storage systems. Utility-scale systems comprise of several power electronics units. Various grid connection topologies may be used, depending on the conversion stages within each unit, the load distribution between the power electronics and additionally the grid l...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a basic concept for the multi-use of stationary battery storage systems with multiple stakeholders to improve the economic value of battery storage systems. An auction market is suggested, where segments of the energy storage system and rights of use are auctioned. The blockchain technology is incorporated to develop a generic...
Article
Full-text available
Recent attention to industrial peak shaving applications sparked an increased interest in battery energy storage. Batteries provide a fast and high power capability, making them an ideal solution for this task. This work proposes a general framework for sizing of battery energy storage system (BESS) in peak shaving applications. A cost-optimal sizi...
Article
This paper presents a comprehensive calendar aging study on a lithium-ion battery with a test duration of 29 months. This aging study was realized with a widely used commercial LiFePO 4 /graphite cell from Sony/ Murata, which promises both long calendar and cycle lifetime, which is especially required for stationary battery applications. The develo...
Article
Full-text available
Utility-scale battery storage systems typically consist of multiple smaller units contributing to the overall power dispatch of the system. Herein, the power distribution among these units is analyzed and optimized to operate the system with increased energy efficiency. To improve the real-life storage operation, a holistic system model for battery...
Article
Full-text available
Self-consumption of household photovoltaic (PV) storage systems has become profitable for residential owners under the trends of limited feed-in power and decreasing PV feed-in tariffs. For individual PV-storage systems, the challenge mainly lies in managing surplus generation of battery and grid power flow, ideally without relying on error-prone f...
Article
Energy efficiency is a key performance indicator for battery storage systems. A detailed electro-thermal model of a stationary lithium-ion battery system is developed and an evaluation of its energy efficiency is conducted. The model offers a holistic approach to calculating conversion losses and auxiliary power consumption. Sub-models for battery...
Article
For reliable lifetime predictions of lithium-ion batteries, models for cell degradation are required. A comprehensive semi-empirical model based on a reduced set of internal cell parameters and physically justified degradation functions for the capacity loss is developed and presented for a commercial lithium iron phosphate/graphite cell. One calen...
Article
Full-text available
Battery energy storage systems have gained increasing interest for serving grid support in various application tasks. In particular, systems based on lithium-ion batteries have evolved rapidly with a wide range of cell technologies and system architectures available on the market. On the application side, different tasks for storage deployment dema...
Chapter
In this review we report on the recent advances concerning molecular design and nano-imprint techniques to improve the morphology of organic solar cells. Advanced scattering techniques allow us to resolve issues pertaining to the alignment and crystallization of the photoactive materials of nanostructured solar cells. Interfacial design at a donor–...
Article
Full-text available
Battery energy storage systems (BESS) coupled with rooftop-mounted residential photovoltaic (PV) generation, designated as PV-BESS, draw increasing attention and market penetration as more and more such systems become available. The manifold BESS deployed to date rely on a variety of different battery technologies, show a great variation of battery...
Poster
Full-text available
Despite the steady increasing lifetime of newly available lithium-ion batteries, the degradation of capacity and performance of these batteries is still one of the most important influencing parameters for the design and operation of mobile and stronger for stationary battery systems. Therefore battery degradation must be determined by measurements...
Chapter
The decrease of PV feed-in tariff and the progress on battery manufacture has significantly fostered the application for residential storage system. In order to save expense by increasing self-consumption rate, it is necessary to achieve an efficient usage of battery by developing a power control strategy in a household grid-connected PV-storage sy...
Thesis
The growth of variable renewable energy (VRE) generation has expanded dramatically in the electricity sector of emerging economies. Electricity storage is one of the potential options that can be used to support the integration of variable renewable power generation. This study develops a framework for valuation of energy storage and places this va...
Poster
Full-text available
SimSES is a holistic modeling tool programmed in Matlab®, which allows the techno-economic simulation of stationary battery energy storage systems (BESS). The tool provides a framework that enables the interchange of sub-models (shown below), such as different battery aging models. A co-simulation of multiple storage units is feasible via object-or...
Article
Due to their decreasing cost, lithium-ion batteries (LiB) are becoming increasingly attractive for grid-scale applications. In this paper, we investigate the use of LiB for providing secondary reserve and show how the achieved cost savings could be increased by using model-based optimization techniques. In particular, we compare a maximum use dispa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The power demand of many islands in Southeast Asia is projected to increase rapidly over the next decades. Especially on island systems, where the installation of large-scale fossil-fired power plants is not appropriate, renewable energy sources could contribute to an independent, economic and sustainable power supply. To analyze the cost-effective...
Article
Full-text available
The application of stationary battery storage systems to German electrical grids can help with various storage services. This application requires controlling the charge and discharge power of such a system. For example, photovoltaic (PV) home storage, uninterruptible power supply, and storage systems for providing ancillary services such as primar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy storage system integration in residential buildings equipped with solar power generators can help to balance the electrical power grid. The photovoltaic/energy storage system configuration should increase the grid independence of individual households. Therefore, such configuration needs an optimized power dispatch strategy. This paper prese...
Article
Full-text available
Residential photovoltaic (PV) battery systems increase households’ electricity self-consumption using rooftop PV systems and thus reduce the electricity bill. High investment costs of battery systems, however, prevent positive financial returns for most present residential battery installations in Germany. Tesla Motors, Inc. (Palo Alto, CA, USA) an...
Book
Full-text available
Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die möglichen ökonomischen und ökologischen Vorteile der Weiterverwendung von Traktionsbatterien in Second-Life(SL)-Anwendungen. Sie orientiert sich dabei mit Blick auf die Batterie an den vier Kernprozessen der Umsetzung von SL-Konzepten: Fahrzeugbetrieb, Wiederaufbereitung, SL-Anwendung und Recycling. Durch eine...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most electric vehicles use lithium-ion batteries as energy storage system. As this battery technology shows degradation during service life, lifetime analyses are of interest to understand aging phenomena and to optimize batteries and their operation. For these analyses, we have carried out laboratory aging tests. Test conditions were defined accor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The current debate about the application of storage systems at scientific conferences and symposiums shows the strongly increasing relevance of battery storage systems for a successful completion of the energy transition in Germany and the entire world. Grid operators may be able to substitute grid reinforcement otherwise necessary, electricity uti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the ETG (Energietechnische Gesellschaft) Task Force "Energy Storage in Distribution Networks". The principle result of the former ETG study "Energy Storage for the Energiewende - Need for Storage Systems and Impacts on the Transmission Network in Different Scenarios until the Year 2050" is, that due to energy econ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The application of stationary battery storage systems in distribution grids can serve different purposes. Especially in grid areas with a high photovoltaic penetration, storage systems can increase the level of self-sufficiency for consumers using privately owned photovoltaic systems as well as offload the grid in times of high photovoltaic generat...
Chapter
In der Studie werden Speicheranwendungen in der Nieder- und Mittelspannungsebenein Deutschland für den Zeithorizont bis zum Jahr 2025betrachtet. Diese Studie beschränkt sich auf Batteriespeicher, die elektrischeEnergie aufnehmen und wieder abgeben. Diese Speicher könnensowohl an Netze der allgemeinen Versorgung als auch an geschlosseneVerteilernetz...