Hitoshi Suzuki

Hitoshi Suzuki
Hokkaido University | Hokudai · Graduate School of Environmental Science

Doctor of Philosophy

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193
Publications
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Publications

Publications (193)
Article
Reliable estimates of evolutionary rates of mitochondrial DNA might allow us to build realistic evo- lutionary scenarios covering broad time scales based on phylogenetic inferences. In the present study, we sought to obtain estimates of evolutionary rates in murine rodents using calibrations against historical biogeographic events. We first assumed...
Article
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The Eurasian house mouse Mus musculus is useful for tracing prehistorical human movement related to the spread of farming. We determined whole mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences (ca. 16,000 bp) of 98 wild-derived individuals of two subspecies, M. m. musculus (MUS) and M. m. castaneus (CAS). We revealed directional dispersals reaching as far as the...
Article
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We have previously estimated the evolutionary rate (number of substitutions/site/million years) of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene (Cytb) sequences in rodents and moles to be about 0.11 at more recent divergence times of tens of thousands of years, and to decrease rapidly to about 0.03 at more distant divergence times. Because this time dependency...
Article
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For more than 100 years, house mice (Mus musculus) have been used as a key animal model in biomedical research. House mice are genetically diverse, yet their genetic background at the global level has not been fully understood. Previous studies have suggested that they originated in South Asia and diverged into three major subspecies, almost simult...
Article
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While the house mouse (Mus musculus), widely distributed in Eurasia, is known to have substantial coat color variation between and within local populations, in both primary and secondary distribution areas, including the Japanese archipelago, the evolutionary history of the color variation is poorly understood. To address the ventral fur color vari...
Preprint
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In Madagascar, the house mouse ( Mus musculus ) is thought to have colonized along with humans and is now one of the most successfully colonized rodents on the island. In this study, we determined the whole-genome sequences of the Madagascar house mouse captured from the wild. We examined the evolutionary history of its population regarding the mit...
Article
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Hantaviruses are harbored by multiple small mammal species in Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas. To ascertain the geographic distribution and virus-host relationships of rodent-borne hantaviruses in Japan, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Madagascar, RNAlater™-preserved lung tissues of 981 rodents representing 40 species, collected in 2011–2017, were ana...
Article
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We addressed the spatiotemporal characteristics of four commensal rodent species occurring in Myanmar in comparison with other areas of the Indo-Malayan region. We examined sequence variations of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene (Cytb) in the Pacific rat (Rattus exulans), roof rat (Rattus rattus complex, RrC), lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota ben...
Article
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The melanocortin-1 receptor gene (MC1R) controls production of the pigments eumelanin and pheomelanin. Changes in MC1R lead to variation in coat color in mammals, which can range from entirely black (melanism) to yellowish. In this study, we report a case of a wild-caught Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) from Sado Island, Japan with a yellowish coat...
Article
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences have long been the most popular marker for assessing phylogenetic relationships and uncovering population dynamics. However, the mechanism of the nucleotide substitution rate of mtDNA remains unclear. While the evolutionary rate over tens of thousands of years is thought to be time dependent, the overall picture...
Article
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Quaternary environmental changes fundamentally influenced the genetic diversity of temperate-zone terrestrial animals, including those in the Japanese Archipelago. The genetic diversity of present-day populations is taxon- and region-specific, but its determinants are poorly understood. Here, we analyzed cytochrome b gene (Cytb) sequences (1140 bp)...
Preprint
Full-text available
For more than 100 years, house mice ( Mus musculus ) have been used as a key animal model in biomedical research. House mice are genetically diverse, yet their genetic background at the global level has not been fully understood. Previous molecular phylogenetic studies suggested that three major subspecies originated in South Asia and spread across...
Article
Ribosomal RNA genes have been widely used for the identification and phylogenetic analysis of various organisms, including parasitic protozoa. Here, we report nine near full-length Theileria orientalis 18S rRNA gene sequences from cattle from different areas of Myanmar. Phylogenetic analysis of the 18S rRNA genes revealed a considerably close genet...
Article
A loss-of-function mutation in the melanocortin 1 receptor gene (MC1R), which switches off the eumelanin production, causes yellowish coat color variants in mammals. In a wild population of sables (Martes zibellina) in Hokkaido, Japan, the mutation responsible for a bright yellow coat color variant was inferred to be a cysteine replacement at codon...
Article
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Elucidation of the evolutionary history of the subgenus Mus, including the House Mouse Mus musculus, is essential to understanding species diversification mechanisms in the Indomalayan region, which is a global biodiversity hotspot. In terms of interspecific relationships, the topography of India, Myanmar, and other Southeast Asian regions has been...
Article
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Murid and cricetid rodents were previously believed to be the principal reservoir hosts of hantaviruses. Recently, however, multiple newfound hantaviruses have been discovered in shrews, moles, and bats, suggesting a complex evolutionary history. Little is known about the genetic diversity and geographic distribution of the prototype shrew-borne ha...
Article
The genetic diversity of the genus Ligidium in Hokkaido and Niigata, northern Japan, was investigated by analyzing the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) region in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The genetic diversity in Hokkaido was much lower than that in Niigata. Nine different operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were identified. Only a single O...
Article
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Bandicoot rats (genus Bandicota), widely known as rodent pests, are abundant and widespread throughout the continental part of the Indo-Malayan realm. However, their evolutionary history is not yet well understood. The molecular phylogenetic relationships of the three bandicoot rat species, Bandicota bengalensis, Bandicota indica, and Bandicota sav...
Article
The species composition and genetic diversity of the subgenus Mus in Myanmar are not yet fully understood. In this study, mice were trapped in rural areas near the Ayeyarwady River basin, spanning five Myanmar cities from north to south: Mandalay, Bagan, Magway, Pyay, and Yangon. Mitochondrial cytochrome b (Cytb) and nuclear melanocortin 1 receptor...
Article
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The Japanese archipelago is comprised of four main islands-Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu-which contain high mountainous areas that likely allowed for lineage differentiation and population genetic structuring during the climatic changes of the late Pleistocene. Here, we assess the historical background of the evolutionary dynamics of herbiv...
Article
Tick-borne intracellular protozoan parasites of the Theileria genus infect a wide range of both domestic and wild animals. In the present study, we describe the first PCR detection of Theileria luwenshuni in the blood of goats in Myanmar. Nested PCR targeting the Theileria 18S rRNA gene resulted in seven positive goats in central and northern Myanm...
Article
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The murid rodent genus Rattus Fischer 1803 contains several species that are responsible for massive loss of crops and food, extinction of other species and the spread of zoonotic diseases to humans, as well as a laboratory species used to answer important questions in physiology, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, nutrition, behaviour and learn...
Article
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We investigated evolutionary trends of the 5S ribosomal RNA gene in the house mouse, Mus musculus. First, we assessed the 5S cluster and copy numbers in eight laboratory strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The copy numbers in seven lines were estimated to be around 130–170 copies per cluster, with 63 copies in the remaining strain, implyin...
Article
The circum-Japan Sea region (CJSR) greatly impacted animal diversity in the Eastern Palearctic during the Quaternary. However, its role in avian diversification has been underestimated because of the high dispersal capabilities of birds over the sea. We investigated the phylogeographic and demographic history of the Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandariu...
Article
The high O2 affinity of European mole (Talpa europaea) blood is postulated to largely arise from the presence of two β-globin chain residues (β4 Ser and β5 Gly) that weaken the interaction of its hemoglobin (Hb) with the red cell organophosphate 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG). This latter trait is generally accepted to be an 'adaptation to subterrane...
Article
The occurrence of black fur, or melanism, in many mammalian species is known to be linked to DNA sequence variation in the agouti signaling protein (Asip) gene, which is a major determinant of eumelanin and pheomelanin pigments in coat color. We investigated 38 agouti (i.e., banded wildtype) and four melanistic Rattus rattus species complex (RrC) l...
Article
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The wood mouse (genus Apodemus) is one of the most common rodents in broad-leaf forests in the temperate zone of the Palaearctic region. Molecular studies of wood mice have critically enhanced the understanding of their evolution and ancestral biogeographic events. However, their molecular data are currently only limited to partial mitochondrial se...
Article
In this study, phylogenetic analysis of relatively long sequences of mitochondrial DNA (4225 bp) in the Japanese house mouse Mus musculus provides the first evidence that both southern Asian subspecies of Mus musculus castaneus (CAS) and northern Asian subspecies of Mus musculus musculus (MUS) arrived in Japan through rapid population expansion eve...
Article
A phylogenetic tree was reconstructed based on the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene nucleotide sequences of 169 individuals of house shrews (Suncus murinus and S. montanus) from 44 localities in East Asia, Southeast Asia, West Asia, and islands in the western Indian Ocean. Shrews from China (Zhejiang), Japan (Okinawa), Vietnam, and Indonesia (Java)...
Article
Variability in the coat color of the house mouse, Mus musculus, provides an opportunity to study the evolution of phenotypes in this species. Here we associated genetic variations with coat color in seven mice from Madagascar that had identical M. m. gentilulus mitochondrial DNA sequences. The entire coding region of the 948-base pair (bp) coat-col...
Chapter
The Indonesian Archipelago harbors unique fauna with a high level of species diversity and endemism. In this report, we provide basic information on the spatial and temporal aspects of the animal ecosystem in the Indonesian Islands. We discuss four zoogeographic topics, including (1) lineage dispersal events from the continents to the Islands,...
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Background Determining reliable evolutionary rates of molecular markers is essential in illustrating historical episodes with phylogenetic inferences. Although emerging evidence has suggested a high evolutionary rate for intraspecific genetic variation, it is unclear how long such high evolutionary rates persist because a recent calibration point i...
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Here we describe recent advances in our understanding of the natural history of the house mouse, Mus musculus, with a focus on the genetic characteristics of the home territories and how this relates to prehistoric eastward movements from the predicted source areas. Recent studies of mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences provide insight into the...
Article
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The Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia are hotspots of murine biodiversity , but no species from the Arakan Mountain system that demarcates the border between the two areas has been subjected to molecular phylogenetic analyses. We examined the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences in six murine species (the Rattus rattus species complex, R....
Article
We examined genetic variation in house mice from India and Pakistan, a predominant part of the predicted homeland of this species and also the territory of the subspecies Mus musculus castaneus (CAS), using a nuclear marker for seven tandemly arranged genes (Fanca–Spire2–Tcf25–Mc1r–Def8–Afg3l1–Dbndd1) and compared them with those previously determi...
Article
We examined the nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 gene (976 base pairs) for 279 individuals of the sable Martes zibellina (Carnivora, Mustelidae), derived from diverse areas throughout the regions of the Ural Mountains to the Russian Far East on the Eurasian continent and the peripheral peninsula (Kamchatka) and...
Article
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We examined genetic variation in black rats (the Rattus rattus complex) from Kandy District, Sri Lanka using mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb, 1140 bp) and nuclear melanocortin 1 receptor (Mc1r, 954 bp) gene sequences together with database sequences. We confirmed the existence of two divergent mitochondrial lineages in Sri Lankan black rats, with...
Article
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The vertical distribution of introduced Siberian weasels Mustela sibirica and endemic Japanese weasels M. itatsi in the Seburi Mountains in Kyushu, Japan, was examined from October 1996 to February 1998. Siberian weasels occurred near villages with paddy and cultivated fields, whereas Japanese weasels occurred in grasslands and plantations. The dis...
Article
To infer the evolutionary mechanism of phenotypic variation among isolated island populations, we investigated coat colour and genetic variation in the large Japanese field mouse (Apodemus speciosus) on the Izu Islands (Ohshima, Niijima, Kouzushima, and Miyakejima). Coat colour in the most remote population (Miyakejima) was unique and significantly...
Article
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The diversity of fossorial moles in East and Southeast Asia is contained in the 2 species-rich genera Mogera (8 species) and Euroscaptor (8 or more species), and the 3 monospecific genera Scapanulus, Scaptochirus, and Parascaptor. To better understand the evolution and biogeography of these fossorial moles, we conducted molecular phylogenetic analy...
Article
Seasonal changes in fur colour in some mammalian species have long attracted the attention of biologists, especially in species showing population variation in these seasonal changes. Genetic differences among populations that show differences in seasonal changes in coat colour have been poorly studied. Because the Japanese hare (Lepus brachyurus)...
Article
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Commensal plants and animals have long been used to track human migrations, with Rattus exulans (the Pacific rat) a common organism for reconstructing Polynesian dispersal in the Pacific. However, with no knowledge of the homeland of R. exulans, the place of origin of this human-commensal relationship is unknown. We conducted a mitochondrial DNA ph...
Article
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Previous reports have shown that transmitochondrial mito-mice with nuclear DNA from Mus musculus and mtDNA from M. spretus do not express respiration defects, whereas those with mtDNA from Rattus norvegicus cannot be generated from ES cybrids with mtDNA from R. norvegicus due to inducing significant respiration defects and resultant losing multipot...
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PR/SET domain containing 9 (Prdm9) mediates histone modifications such as H3K4me3 and marks hotspots of meiotic recombination. In many mammalian species, the Prdm9 gene is highly polymorphic. Prdm9 polymorphism is assumed to play two critical roles in evolution: to diversify the spectrum of meiotic recombination hotspots and to cause male hybrid st...
Article
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In Japan, the wild house mouse Mus musculus consists of two lineages, one from Southeast Asia (Mus musculus castaneus; CAS) and one from northern Eurasia (Mus musculus musculus; MUS). However, the exact origins of the parental lineages are unclear. A recent work using mitochondrial sequences revealed that Japanese CAS and MUS are closely related to...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to provide basic knowledge about the Mc1r-Asip system that promotes the evolution of coat color in mammals, and to stimulate genetic, ecological, and phylogeographic studies focusing on color variation in natural populations. The topics reviewed herein include: the genetic system of the Mc1r and Asip genes related to...
Article
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We examined the sequence variation of mitochondrial DNA control region and cytochrome b gene of the house mouse (Mus musculus sensu lato) drawn from ca. 200 localities, with 286 new samples drawn primarily from previously unsampled portions of their Eurasian distribution and with the objective of further clarifying evolutionary episodes of this spe...
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We assessed dispersal and vicariant events in four species of Japanese moles in the genera Mogera and Euroscaptor to better understand the factors shaping intra- and interspecific differentiation in Japanese moles. We used the combined viewpoints of molecular phylogeny and historical geology using nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial (cytochrome b...
Article
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We examined sequence variation in mitochondrial and nuclear genes of seven species of the genus Martes (Mustelidae, Carnivora): Martes americana (American marten), Martes flavigula (yellow-throated marten), Martes foina (beech marten), Martes martes (pine marten), Martes melampus (Japanese marten), Martes pennanti (fisher) and Martes zibellina (sab...
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We examined the phylogenetic status and history of the mountain hare Lepus timidus in and around Hokkaido using mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt b) sequences from 158 samples from Hokkaido and 14 from Sakhalin, as well as four samples from the Korean hare, L. coreanus. The phylogenetic analysis of the cyt b sequences generated in this study and obta...
Article
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The jungle crow Corvus macrorhynchos Wagler, 1827, and the carrion crow Corvus corone L., 1758, are two closely related species with similar ecological requirements that occupy wide distribution ranges in the Palearctic. We studied patterns of their genetic variation by using sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Corvus macrorhynchos de...
Article
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We analyzed a concatenated (8492 bp) nuclear–mitochondrial DNA data set from 44 musteloids (including the first genetic data for Lyncodon patagonicus) with parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian methods of phylogenetic and biogeographic inference and two Bayesian methods of chronological inference. Here we show that Musteloidea emerged approxi...
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We previously revealed the presence of six genetically distinct matrilineal populations of the Japanese dormouse Glirulus japonicus in the distribution range of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu islands. In this study, we extended this analysis using mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences (n = 96) and Y-chromosome-specific SRY gene sequences (n = 22)...
Article
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We examined pelage color variation in wild populations of black rats (the Rattus rattus species complex) in the Yambaru forest area, northern Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Our field study revealed that 8.7% (38/438) and 0.2% (4/2500) of rats exhibited two types of coat color: white spotting and melanism, respectively. Using 34 represen...
Book
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http://www.cambridge.org/gb/knowledge/isbn/item6687735/Evolution-of-the-House-Mouse/?site_locale=en_GB
Chapter
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The house mouse is the source of almost all genetic variation in laboratory mice; its genome was sequenced alongside that of humans, and it has become the model for mammalian speciation. Featuring contributions from leaders in the field, this volume provides the evolutionary context necessary to interpret these patterns and processes in the age of...
Article
The house mouse is the source of almost all genetic variation in laboratory mice; its genome was sequenced alongside that of humans, and it has become the model for mammalian speciation. Featuring contributions from leaders in the field, this volume provides the evolutionary context necessary to interpret these patterns and processes in the age of...
Article
Full-text available
Intra-species genetic variations of the sable Martes zibellina (Carnivora, Mustelidae), originating from Russian Far East and Hokkadio, were assessed by using nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 gene (976 base pairs). Evaluation of the genetic diversity of the sables demonstrated that populations in the southern P...