Hisham Zerriffi

Hisham Zerriffi
University of British Columbia - Vancouver | UBC · Department of Forest Resources Management

Ph.D.

About

95
Publications
22,646
Reads
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2,681
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
1998 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Additional affiliations
October 2006 - June 2016
University of British Columbia - Vancouver
Position
  • Head of Department
September 2004 - August 2006
Stanford University
Position
  • Fellow

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
Full-text available
Meeting global sustainability targets under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement requires paying attention to major land-use sectors such as forestry and agriculture. These sectors play a large role in national emissions, biodiversity conservation, and human well-being. There are numerous possible pathways to sus...
Article
Full-text available
There is an urgent need for countries to transition their national food and land-use systems toward food and nutritional security, climate stability, and environmental integrity. How can countries satisfy their demands while jointly delivering the required transformative change to achieve global sustainability targets? Here, we present a collaborat...
Article
We conducted indoor air quality (IAQ) measurements during a multiyear cookstove randomized control trial in two rural areas in northern and southern India. A total of 1205 days of kitchen PM2.5 were measured in control and intervention households during six ∼3 month long measurement periods across two study locations. Stoves used included tradition...
Article
The use of solid fuels stoves contributes to a range of adverse health and social outcomes and can impact regional and global climate. Reducing these impacts requires both adoption and use of cleaner energy solutions and reduction or elimination of solid fuel use. Decades of improved stove and fuel programs in the developing nations have achieved o...
Article
The academic interpretation of the concept of just transitions has evolved considerably over the last two decades. What was generally addressed in academic research in a technocratic way, with a primary focus on job replacement and the costs thereof, has given way to broader societal thinking around the need to address injustice in legacy energy sy...
Article
Full-text available
To limit global warming to well-below 2°C (WB2C), fossil fuels must be replaced by low-carbon energy sources. Support for this transition is often dampened by the impact on fossil fuel jobs. Previous work shows that pro-climate polices could increase employment by 20 million net energy jobs, but these studies rely on Organisation for Economic Co-op...
Article
Increasingly it is recognized that traditional models of rational decision making fail to capture important aspects that extend beyond just assessments of relative costs and benefits, expanding to consideration of other elements such as culture. We studied how ethnicity and religion may influence the use of native forests in the South of Chile, an...
Article
In many developing countries, fuelwood can contribute to 50–90% of all household energy, largely driven by the 2.6 billion individuals dependent on it to meet their daily household cooking energy requirements. This dependency can have negative impacts on forest stocks and climate change. Both, a transition to cleaner cooking and sustainable managem...
Article
We conducted an emission measurement campaign as a part of a multiyear cookstove intervention trial in two rural locations in northern and southern India. 253 uncontrolled cooking tests measured emissions in control and intervention households during three ~3-month-long measurement periods in each location. We measured pollutants including fine par...
Data
We obtained information on coal mines in India, their production, and location by filing applications under the Right to Information (RTI) Act, 2005 with leading coal companies such as Coal India Limited & its subsidiary companies, Singareni Collieries Company Limited and NLC Ltd. We also filed these applications with the Indian Coal Ministry and t...
Article
Full-text available
Coal use needs to rapidly decline in the global energy mix in the next few decades in order to meet the Paris climate goals of keeping global warming well below 2-degrees Celsius. In emerging economies such as India (the second largest producer and consumer of coal) this would entail reducing long-term coal dependency. Prior work has focused on a c...
Article
Synthetic biology and adaptive laboratory evolution are key tools for developing biotechnology platforms for the remediation of oil sands tailings. However, field deployment and subsequent regulation of engineered and/or evolved strains is rife with uncertainties and risks. Here, we detail an innovation strategy to derisk and deploy engineered bior...
Preprint
Full-text available
As global pressure for climate action increases, several countries are beginning to create plans for phasing-out fossil fuel-based energy systems. These energy system changes would entail significant employment impacts for fossil fuel workers and their communities resulting from massive technological and infrastructural changes. Anticipating the im...
Article
Universal electrification by 2030 is an important goal of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7. Electricity provision no longer relies only on centralized grid expansion, but also on off-grid and mini-grid systems. Although this technological diversity holds promise, the technologies differ both physically and institutionally in electricity deliver...
Article
Full-text available
Coal mining directly employs over 7 million workers and benefits millions more through indirect jobs. However, to meet the 1.5°C climate target, coal's share in global energy supply should decline between 73-97% by 2050. But what will happen to coal miners as coal jobs disappear? Answering this question is necessary to ensure a just transition and...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving universal access to electricity by 2030 is a key part of the Agenda for Sustainable Development, and has its own Sustainable Development Goal, SDG 7.1. This is because electricity services are required for almost all aspects of a modern economy, from the cooling of vaccines to irrigation pumping, to manufacturing and running a business. T...
Article
Although India’s Ujjwala programme has encouraged adoption of modern cooking gas, households have not shifted away from using highly polluting solid fuels. Additional incentives to encourage regular use of cooking gas are necessary to enable a more rapid and complete transition to clean cooking fuel among poor rural households. Capital cost subsidi...
Article
Full-text available
Across the tropics, in both forested and agricultural landscapes, many households are highly dependent on forest resources. Small-holder farmers, many with few alternatives, collect fuelwood, building materials, wild foods, medicinal plants, and other forest products for subsistence or sale. Given continued tropical forest loss coupled with househo...
Article
Full-text available
Promoting access to clean household cooking energy is an important subject for policy making in low- and middle-income countries, in light of urgent and global efforts to achieve universal energy access by 2030 (Sustainable Development Goal 7). In 2014, the World Health Organization issued “Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality: Household Fuel Combusti...
Article
Full-text available
Consensus on the state of rangelands is often elusive. This is especially true in the primarily agropastoral former Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan. Some argue Kyrgyz rangeland is being rapidly degraded by overgrazing. However, poor data and climatic changes confound this assessment. Thus there is contention amongst researchers, state officials, and...
Article
Food insecurity persists globally, with lack of access to farmland among the main factors contributing to chronic undernourishment. Population resettlement to areas of low density presents a possible but controversial solution to land scarcity. This paper examines the case of Malawi’s Community Based Rural Land Development Project, a World Bank fun...
Article
Full-text available
More than 70 million poor women in India have received liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves within the first 35 months under a government programme, Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY). Here, we analyse multi-year LPG sales data from a district in Karnataka to assess enrolment and consumption trends for both PMUY beneficiaries and general (non-PMU...
Article
Full-text available
The international community has committed to combat climate change and achieve 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Here we explore (dis)connections in evidence and governance between these commitments. Our structured evidence review suggests that climate change can undermine 16 SDGs, while combatting climate change can reinforce all 17 SDGs bu...
Article
Full-text available
Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) programs are reshaping the governance of ecosystems and natural resources around the world. These programs often occur in spaces that are unceded, contested, or otherwise not legally recognized as Indigenous homelands, customary areas, and territories. Building on the discourses of Indigenous self‐determination...
Article
Full-text available
Roughly 2.8 billion people depend on solid fuels for cooking needs, resulting in a tremendous burden of disease from exposure to household air pollution. Despite decades of effort to promote cleaner cooking technologies, displacement of polluting technologies has progressed slowly. This paper describes results of a randomized controlled trial in wh...
Article
The transformational potential of Agenda 2030 lies in the synergies to be found among the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs were designed to be interdependent, requiring enhanced policy coherence for sustainable development, and forests have a prominent role to play in their success. To support SDGs integration and highlight challenges...
Article
In developing countries, woodfuels (fuelwood and charcoal) can contribute 50-90 percent of all household energy and contribute up to 8 percent of total household income. This demand for woodfuels is largely driven by 40% of the world's population dependant on solid fuels (primarily fuelwood) to meet their daily household cooking energy requirements...
Article
A clean cooking energy transition necessitates effortful behaviour changes by cooks, financial decision makers, and other family members. A new inter-disciplinary CI-CHANGE model, rooted in technology adoption and behaviour change literature, provides an integrated framework to study the transition process. It provides new testable hypotheses on th...
Article
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Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the factors influencing household participation in and withdrawal from a World Bank-funded voluntary resettlement scheme moving 15,000 low-income farming households within and across rural districts in Malawi. Using a survey of 203 beneficiary households, focus groups and in-depth interviews, we identify a lack of access to land...
Article
In this paper, a novel risk analysis methodology is presented to evaluate the economic performance of a biorefinery given the volatility in the market price of the final product and the variability in the biomass delivered cost. In addition, potential economic incentives for participating biomass producers are quantified for different farm particip...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Los bosques nativos en Chile están entre las 25 ecorregiones con prioridad de conservación a nivel mundial, debido a su alto nivel de endemismo y presión antropogénica. El 70% de estos bosques son de propiedad privada, y la extracción de leña es su principal uso. Sin embargo, los factores que propician la producción de leña aun no se han estudiado...
Article
The authors regret a citation error referencing authorship of an article by Hoppe et al. (2016) as having been authored by Franziska et al. (2016). The authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused.
Article
Chile's native forests are one of the world's 25 priority conservation ecoregions due to their high levels of endemism and anthropogenic pressure. Seventy percent of these forests are in private lands, and firewood is the main use for native woods (93% of the total timber extracted from native forests). Yet, drivers of firewood production have not...
Article
Rangelands are among the most extensive anthropogenic landscapes on earth, supporting nearly 500 million people. Disagreements over the extent and severity of rangeland degradation affect pastoralist livelihoods, especially when impacts of drought and over-grazing are confounded. While vegetation indices (such as NDVI, or Normalized Difference Vege...
Article
Full-text available
Over two-thirds of Indians use solid fuels to meet daily cooking energy needs, with associated negative environmental, social, and health impacts. Major national initiatives implemented by the Indian government over the last few decades have included subsidies for cleaner burning fuels like liquid petroleum gas (LPG) and kerosene to encourage a tra...
Article
Climatic variation and intersectoral water competition increasingly challenge the effective provision of irrigation services. This article explores their combined effects on irrigation allocation from the Angat Reservoir (Philippines), where domestic water use in Metro Manila has overtaken regional irrigation as the dominant right-holder. Rules pro...
Article
(Full paper now available to view here: http://rdcu.be/GVA4) Despite internationally recognized definitions, there remains debate over what constitutes ‘actual’ degradation in various agro-pastoral contexts. This contention is especially pronounced in post-Soviet Central Asia. In this paper, we report on new interview data from the post- Soviet K...
Book
La presente investigación analiza si la producción de leña es un objetivo de producción primario (la causa de intervenir el bosque), o más bien es una consecuencia de otros procesos. Se realizó un muestreo de corte transversal en base a 275 encuestas a propietarios de bosque nativo en la Región de los Ríos. Como resultado se encontró que la decisió...
Article
Full-text available
Agropastoral systems in Kyrgyzstan have undergone dramatic change in recent decades. In large part, change has resulted from the introduction of legislation that devolves authority and responsibility for the management of common-pool agropastoral resources to community-level pasture users associations. By applying Ostrom's principles of common reso...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity conservation, as an environmental goal, is increasingly recognized to be connected to the socioeconomic well-being of local communities. The development of a widespread community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) program in Namibia makes it an ideal location to analyze the connection between conservation and socioeconomic well-...
Article
"Improved" cooking technologies have been generally understood to be a "win–win" development intervention creating both environmental and development benefits. Yet dissemination of improved cooking technologies has faced many challenges. Carbon finance provides an opportunity to address some of the financial barriers in dissemination initiatives. H...
Article
The opportunity to apply for carbon credits for cookstove projects creates a source of funding that can be leveraged to promote the 'win-win' environmental and development benefits of improved cookstoves. Yet, as in most environment-development efforts, unacknowledged tradeoffs exist under the all-encompassing 'win-win' claims. This study therefore...
Article
Replacing traditional stoves with advanced alternatives that burn more cleanly has the potential to ameliorate major health problems associated with indoor air pollution in developing countries. With a few exceptions, large government and charitable programs to distribute advanced stoves have not had the desired impact. Commercially-based distribut...
Article
Empirical assessments of the impacts of Fairtrade certification environmental standards are lacking. This paper examines the effects of Fairtrade certification on agricultural practices through the case of coffee in Rwanda, comparing Fairtrade certified cooperative farmers with non-certified cooperative farmers and farmers who do not belong to a co...
Article
Land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) activities will play an important role in global climate change mitigation. Many carbon schemes require the delivery of both climate and rural development benefits by mitigation activities conducted in developing countries. Agroforestry is a LULUCF activity that is gaining attention because of its pot...
Article
Fair Trade certification may have important social effects on small-scale producers but empirical evidence is limited. We conducted logistic regressions using data from a 2009 survey of Rwandan coffee farmers to estimate the link between Fair Trade and social capital—measured as farmer trust and participation—while controlling for various other fac...
Article
Cookstove projects have long been considered "win-win" development projects based on the multitude of benefits they can create. Carbon credits provide a new financing mechanism to fund such cookstove projects, but have been criticized as not always successfully meeting sustainable development goals. By drawing on previous literature this article cr...
Conference Paper
Roughly 2.5 billion people globally using biomass for their primary cooking needs and without changes in the current direction this is not expected to change significantly over the next couple of decades. Prior efforts to diffuse more efficient stoves or induce fuel switching have met with mixed success, in part due to assumptions made about how te...
Article
The provision of adequate, reliable, and affordable energy has been considered as a cornerstone of development. More than one-third of the world's population has a very limited access to modern energy services and suffers from its various negative consequences. Researchers have been exploring various dimensions of household energy use in order to d...
Article
Burning of biomass for cooking is associated with health problems and climate change impacts. Many previous efforts to disseminate improved stoves – primarily by governments and NGOs – have not been successful. Based on interviews with 12 organizations selling improved biomass stoves, we assess the results to date and future prospects of commercial...
Article
Full-text available
At the 2010 Cancun Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the international community agreed in principle to one of the largest development programs in history. The developed nations pledged to mobilize U.S.$100 billion per year by the year 2020 to “address the needs of developing countries”...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a quantitative analysis of international representation in the activities of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change using expert authorship counts by country in each of the four IPCC assessment reports (1990, 1995, 2001 and 2007). Overall, we find that 45% of countries, all Non-Annex 1, have never had authors participate...
Article
At the time of this research approximately 8 million people were without electricity in Brazil. This included roughly 1.2% of urban households in 2002, but the bulk lived in rural regions, particularly in the Amazon region and the Northeast (up to 60% of rural households in some regions with a national average of 27% of rural households without ele...
Chapter
The statistic most often used to measure progress in rural electrification is the number of households (or people) with access to electricity. As a result, a lot of effort is expended on changing this statistics by increasing household connections. Often the access statistic seems to be limited to official connections through licensed or legally re...
Chapter
The previous three chapters provided detailed information on the performance of the business models within each of the three countries included in the study. Each country had unique institutional arrangements and different types of business models, leading to quite different outcomes. However, this variation can also be used to determine whether th...
Chapter
Official estimates in 2004 were that 15% of Cambodians had electricity access. This would not be surprising given that the population is still largely rural or lives in smaller towns. Eighty percent of the population lives below the district town level and 75% live at the commune (or village) level (Cam.NGO.Dom March 2006). Électricité du Cambodge...
Chapter
Despite over a century of investment in electric power systems, there are roughly 1.6 billion people who lack access to electricity service, mainly in rural areas. While there are some open questions regarding the precise cause and effect relationships between rural electrification and human welfare, it is generally considered an important social,...
Chapter
As noted throughout this book, rural electrification is a challenge because the costs of service are generally high and the willingness and ability to pay of the majority of customers are generally low. The prior chapter outlined a new vision for rural electrification based on policies that would include rural development as a priority and would em...
Chapter
The history of distributed rural electrification efforts makes it possible to develop a structured study in order to understand the factors important for both success and failure. In order to do so, it is necessary to be specific regarding the characteristics of the distributed electrification model believed to be important in determining outcomes,...
Article
Despite years of effort primarily by governments and donors the ability of large portions of the world's population to access modern and efficient energy services remains out of reach. Roughly 1.5 billion people live without access to electricity and 2.5 billion rely on biomass for their primary cooking fuel, often using highly inefficient and poll...
Article
This article addresses the role of scientific knowledge in decision-making with respect to climate variability and change in the developing world, with a focus on scientific capacity. We propose a ‘systemic’ view of scientific capacity for studying the relationship between science and decision-making vis-à-vis climate variation, one that encompasse...
Book
For those in developed nations, suddenly being without electricity is a disaster: power cuts have us fretting over the food stored in the freezer, and even a few hours without lights, televisions, or air conditioning is an ordeal. However, for an estimated 1.6 billion people worldwide, the absence of electricity is their daily experience. An untold...
Article
The majority of rural residents in China are dependent on traditional fuels, but the quality and quantity of existing data on the process of fuel switching in rural China are insufficient to have a clear picture of current conditions and a well-grounded outlook for the future. Based on an analysis of a rural household survey data in Hubei province...
Article
a b s t r a c t Renewable energy technologies have the potential to help solve two pressing problems. On one hand, carbon-free energy sources must play a role in climate change mitigation. On the other hand, renewables might help meet needs of rural people without access to modern energy services. However, if renewables are deployed to combat clima...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To rigorously examine success and failure in the use of small scale technologies for rural electrification. Design/methodology/approach Semi‐structured primary field interviews plus secondary sources. Findings Business model differences and influence of institutions important are important for understanding success and failure in rural el...
Article
Electric power systems can be disrupted by a variety of circumstances impacting failure and recovery rates. However, conflict-induced stress, primary fuel supply disruptions, and impediments to repair have rarely been incorporated into a systematic analysis of power planning and dispatch. In this paper, we augment the traditional Monte-Carlo reliab...
Article
Full-text available
▪ Abstract Concerns about safeguarding key infrastructures (such as energy, communications, banking, and roads) from deliberate attack are long-standing, but since the end to the cold war, emphasis has turned to the possible impacts of terrorism. Activities to address these concerns are sometimes called critical infrastructure protection (CIP), a c...
Chapter
This chapter explores the implications of large-scale implementation of DG in a total energy system that includes both the supply of electricity and the supply of heat. The performance criteria examined are system cost and robustness under stress. The first model is a study of the relative economics of distributed and centralized options for provis...
Article
With recent events having highlighted the need to consider deliberate attacks when planning electric power systems, it is pertinent to make a quantitative comparison of an electricity system based on distributed natural-gas-fired units to a traditional system based on large centralized plant. The distributed system proves to be up to five times les...
Article
An informal survey of past and current utility commissioners suggests that large regulatory barriers confront the model of small commercial micro-grids with distributed generation in an unregulated competitive environment underneath traditional distribution systems. Micro-grids operated as co-ops appear to face similar, though somewhat smaller, bar...
Article
U.S. and Russian leaders like nuclear weapons; they believe in them; and they want to keep them.
Article
Full-text available
The record of the conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Lebanon indicates the need to consider deliberate attacks when planning electric power systems in areas with the potential for conflict. It is hypothesized that a distributed system based primarily upon natural gas cogeneration facilities will be more economical and robust. A previously develope...

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