Hiroyuki Itabe

Hiroyuki Itabe
Showa University · Department of Molecular Biology

Ph.D.

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217
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (217)
Article
Full-text available
Lipid droplets (LDs) are intracellular organelles that are ubiquitous in many types of cells. The LD core consists of triacylglycerols (TGs) surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer and surface proteins such as perilipin 2 (PLIN2). Although TGs accumulate in the phospholipid bilayer of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and subsequently nascent LDs buds...
Article
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The continuous formation and accumulation of oxidized lipids (e.g., lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH)) which are present even in plasma lipoproteins of healthy subjects, are ultimately considered to be linked to various diseases. Because lipid peroxidation mechanisms (i.e., radical, singlet oxygen, and enzymatic oxidation) can be suppressed by certain pr...
Article
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Oxidative modification of lipoproteins is implicated in the occurrence and development of atherosclerotic lesions. Earlier studies have elucidated on the mechanisms of foam cell formation and lipid accumulation in these lesions, which is mediated by scavenger receptor-mediated endocytosis of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). Mounting clinic...
Article
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Aim.: The efficacy of triphala on lipid profile, blood glucose and anthropometric parameters and its safety were assessed. Methods.: Databases such as PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLIS) were systematically searched to review current evidence of randomized controlled trials (RCT) on triphala. RCTs...
Article
Inappropriate polypharmacy increases the risks of adverse drug reactions and hospitalization. Thus, it is important to evaluate the appropriateness of prescriptions in polypharmacy. We designed a checklist based on previous studies and guidelines for pharmacists in our hospital to evaluate the appropriateness of a prescription of multiple medicatio...
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Background: The pellicle, the acellular organic material deposited on the surface of tooth enamel, has been thought to be derived from saliva. In this study, protein compositions of the pellicle, gingival crevicular fluid, and saliva collected from healthy adults were compared to elucidate the origin of pellicle proteins. Results: The pellicle,...
Article
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Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) significantly contribute to various pathophysiological conditions, including cardiovascular diseases. NET formation in the vasculature exhibits inflammatory and thrombogenic activities on the endothelium. NETs are induced by various stimulants such as exogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Oxid...
Article
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Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and oxidized high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL), known as risk factors for cardiovascular disease, have been observed in plasma and atheromatous plaques. In a previous study, the content of oxidized phosphatidylcholine (oxPC) and lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) species stayed constant in isolated in vivo oxLD...
Article
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Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is a known risk factor for atherogenesis. This study aimed to reveal structural features of oxLDL present in human circulation related to atherosclerosis. When LDL was fractionated on an anion-exchange column, in vivo-oxLDL, detected by the anti-oxidized phosphatidylcholine (oxPC) monoclonal antibody, was re...
Article
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Aim: Laser microdissection (LMD) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) enable clinicians to analyse proteins from tissue sections. In nephrology, these methods are used to diagnose diseases of abnormal protein deposition, such as amyloidosis, but they are seldom applied to the diagnosis and pathophysiological understanding...
Article
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The function of oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in the progression of cardiovascular diseases has been extensively investigated and well-characterized with regards to the activation of multiple cellular responses in macrophages and endothelial cells. Although accumulated evidence has revealed the presence of neutrophils in vasc...
Article
An advanced glycation end products (AGE)/a receptor for AGE (RAGE) axis plays a central role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular remodeling. This study was conducted to clarify the role of RAGE in nondiabetic atherosclerosis. We used the aortic and coronary atherosclerotic lesions of Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits prone to my...
Article
Many studies have shown that gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) reflects the inflammatory state of local periodontal tissues. GCF has been collected from several types of teeth in previous studies. However, there is no report that characterizes GCF by the type of tooth. In the present study, the protein profiles of GCF from different sites were compre...
Article
The events that trigger early onset of atherosclerotic lesion formation are poorly understood. Initially, microscopic atherosclerotic lesions appear in the aortic root in 10-week-old apoE-knockout mice that are fed normal chow. Using proteome and immunohistochemical analyses, we investigated proteins in aortic media whose expression changes in athe...
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Hypertension is a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Cardiovascular risk has been reported to be significantly increased in hyperlipidemic patients with hypertension. However, it is not clear whether hypertension can directly destabilize plaques, thereby enhancing cardiovascular events. To examine whether hypertension enhance...
Article
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The dosage and frequency of lamotrigine administration for each patient must be prescribed carefully according to the disease, age, concomitant medications, and administration period. According to Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) reports, either the number of patients with adverse events caused by the inappropriate use of lamotrigi...
Article
Chemokines are secreted proteins that regulate cell migration and are involved in inflammatory and immune responses. Here we sought to define the functional crosstalk between the lipid signaling and chemokine signaling. We obtained evidence that the induction of some chemokines is regulated by group VIA calcium‐independent phospholipase A2β (iPLA2β...
Article
Oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is known to be involved in various diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. The presence of oxLDL in the human circulatory system and in atherosclerotic lesions has been demonstrated using monoclonal antibodies. Studies have shown the significance of circulating oxLDL in various systemic dise...
Article
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Intracellular lipid droplets (LDs) are found in a wide variety of cell types and have been recognized as organelles with unique spherical structures. Although LDs are not stable lipid-depots, they are active sites of neutral lipid metabolism, and comprise neutral lipid or cholesterol cores surrounded by phospholipid monolayers containing specialize...
Article
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In order to examine their suitability for studies on coronary atherosclerosis, we evaluated the features of coronary atherosclerotic plaques in myocardial infarction-prone Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHLMI) rabbits, a spontaneous animal model for coronary atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. Coronary segments of the hearts of 187 WHHL...
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Macrophages contribute to the development of atherosclerosis through pinocytotic deposition of native LDL-derived cholesterol in macrophages in the vascular wall. Inhibiting macrophage-mediated lipid deposition may have protective effects in atheroprone vasculature, and identifying mechanisms that potentiate this process may inform potential therap...
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Nephronectin (Npnt), known to be a ligand of integrin α8β1, plays important roles in the development and function of various tissues, including those of the kidneys, liver, bones, and muscles. In previous studies, we showed that the expression of Npnt mRNA was regulated by various cytokines, including transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), tumor nec...
Article
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Lipid droplets (LDs) are functional subcellular organelles involved in multiple intracellular processes. LDs are found in nearly all types of eukaryotic cells, but their properties are highly variable in different types of tissues. Steroidogenic cells synthesize steroid hormones de novo from the cholesterol deposited in cytosolic LDs. However, the...
Article
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Atherosclerotic lesion formation starts during fetal development and progresses with age after adolescence. However, atherogenesis during the juvenile period has not been studied thoroughly. In this study, we examined the atherogenic susceptibility of juvenile rabbits to cholesterol feeding. Male New Zealand White rabbits aged 8 (younger group) and...
Article
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Nephronectin (Npnt), also called POEM, is an extracellular matrix protein considered to play critical roles as an adhesion molecule in the development and functions of various tissues, such as the kidneys, liver, and bones. In the present study, we examined the molecular mechanism of Npnt gene expression and found that oncostatin M (OSM) strongly i...
Article
The adhesion of circulating monocytes to endothelial cells (ECs) is an early and critical event in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Hydrogen peroxide-inducible clone 5 (Hic-5) serves as an adaptor molecule in cell adhesion complexes. However, the role of endothelial Hic-5 in monocyte-EC interaction and atherogenesis remains unclear. We exa...
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Lowering the blood concentration of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is the primary strategy employed in treating atherosclerotic disorders; however, most commonly prescribed statins prevent cardiovascular events in just 30% to 40% of treated patients. Therefore, additional treatment is required for patients in whom statins have been ineff...
Article
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Although increased amounts of reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) are well documented, the precise molecular mechanisms by which reactive oxygen species induce AAAs have not been fully elucidated. This study focused on the role of hydrogen peroxide-inducible clone 5 (Hic-5), which is induced by hydrogen pe...
Article
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Oxidized phosphatidylcholines (oxPC) and lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) generated during the formation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) are involved in atherosclerotic lesion development. We investigated the time course-changes in phosphatidylcholine (PC) molecular species during oxidation of LDL to determine how those atherogenic PCs...
Article
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Oral health conditions have a significant relationship with diabetes mellitus (DM) as well as dislipidemia. In this study, we investigated the levels of apolipoprotein B (apoB) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from patients with DM. GCF and blood samples from 18 DM patients and 18 healthy subjects...
Article
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Cytosolic lipid droplets (LDs), which are now recognized as multifunctional organelles, accumulate in leukocytes under various inflammatory conditions. However, little is known about the characteristic features of LDs in neutrophils. In this study, we show that perilipin-3 (PLIN3; formerly called TIP47) is involved in LD formation and the inflammat...
Article
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) have a high prevalence of cardiovascular events. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in dialysis patients has been shown to be susceptible to in vitro peroxidation; therefore, oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL) could be generated in these patients. Moreover, myeloperoxidase (MPO) released from activ...
Article
There is little information regarding whether patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high incidence of vulnerable plaques in their coronary arteries. To gain additional evidence on this, we conducted a population-based study by randomly selecting 126 subjects from 844 consecutive autopsies of elderly residents of Hisayama, Japan. We then...
Article
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Oxidized low-density lipoprotein is known as an important factor in the development of atherosclerosis. The introduction of a sensitive procedure for the determination of oxidized low-density lipoprotein in human circulating plasma using a monoclonal antibody recognizing oxidized phosphatidylcholines has opened new fields of research based on in vi...
Article
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We are routinely exposed to low frequency noise (LFN; below 0.5 kHz) at moderate levels of 60-70 dB sound pressure level (SPL) generated from various sources in occupational and daily environments. LFN has been reported to affect balance in humans. However, there is limited information about the influence of chronic exposure to LFN at moderate leve...
Data
Exposure to low frequency noise does not affect body weight of ICR mice. Body weights (mean ± SD) were monitored at 1 week (1W), 2 weeks (2W), and 4 weeks (4W) during exposure to LFN. No significant difference (n.s.) of body weight was observed in LFN-exposed and non-exposed mice. (TIFF)
Data
NADH-tetrazolium (NADH-TR) staining. (DOC)
Data
Morphological analysis of cerebellum and soleus muscle in LFN-exposed and non-exposed mice. (A, B) Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining of the cerebellum in LFN-exposed (B) and non-exposed mice (A) was performed with 5-µm-thick serial paraffin sections. (C, D) NADH-TR staining for the soleus muscle in exposed (D) and non-exposed mice (C) was performed....
Article
Full-text available
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness among the elderly in developed countries. Although pathogenic factors, such as oxidative stress, inflammation and genetics are thought to contribute to the development of AMD, little is known about the relationships and priorities between these factors. Here, we show that chro...
Article
Agaricus blazei (A. blazei) Murrill mycelia-dikaryon has attracted the attention of scientists and clinicians worldwide owing to its potential for the treatment of cancer. However, little is known about its effect on other pathologies. This study sought to extend the potential medical usefulness of A. blazei for preventing vascular damage and to un...
Article
Periodontitis is characterized by chronic gingival tissue inflammation, and inflammatory mediators such as IL-8 and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) are associated with disease progression. Previously we showed that oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) was present in gingival crevicular fluid. In this study, the role of oxLDL in the ging...
Data
The inactive (dehydrocorticosterone) and active (corticosterone) forms of glucocorticoids in the liver of apoE-KO mice were analyzed by LC-MS/MS (n = 3). (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
Cholesterol metabolism is tightly regulated by both cholesterol and its metabolites in the mammalian liver, but the regulatory mechanism of triacylglycerol (TG) synthesis remains to be elucidated. Lipin, which catalyzes the conversion of phosphatidate to diacylglycerol, is a key enzyme involved in de novo TG synthesis in the liver via the glycerol-...
Article
Oxidative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) might play a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We recently identified a vascular endothelial scavenger receptor, collectin placenta 1 (CL-P1), which acts as a receptor for oxidized LDL as well as for microbes. We demonstrate how hypoxic and ox...
Article
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4-Oxo-2(E)-nonenal (ONE), a peroxidation product of ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, covalently reacts with lysine residues to generate a 4-ketoamide-type ONE-lysine adduct, N(ε)-(4-oxononanoyl)lysine (ONL). Using an ONL-coupled protein as the immunogen, we raised the monoclonal antibody (mAb) 9K3 directed to the ONL and conclusively demonstrated t...
Article
In recent years, the role of mitochondria in apoptotic cell death has received considerable attention. One of the key events in apoptosis is the increase in mitochondrial membrane permeability, which leads to the release of apoptogenic factors from mitochondria into the cytoplasm. Cytochrome c released from mitochondria activates the cascade of cas...
Article
Full-text available
Accumulating evidence indicates that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) is a useful marker for cardiovascular disease. The uptake of OxLDL by scavenger receptors leads to the accumulation of cholesterol within the foam cells of atherosclerotic lesions. OxLDL has many stimulatory effects on vascular cells, and the presence of OxLDL in circulat...
Article
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Cellular lipid droplets (LD) are organelles involved in cellular lipid metabolism. When liver cellular components were fractionated using sucrose density gradient centrifugation, adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) was distributed in both the top and bottom fractions, which correspond to the LD and membranous fractions, respectively, in...
Article
Recent epidemiological studies have shown a correlation between periodontitis and hyperlipidemia. We have found high levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) in the gingival crevicular fluid of dental patients. In the present study, we tried to examine the possible role of OxLDL in periodontal inflammation in vitro. Cells of the human gin...
Article
Vpr, a HIV-1 accessory protein, was believed to be present in the plasma of HIV-1-positive patients, and our previous work demonstrated the presence of plasma Vpr in 20 out of 52 patients. Interestingly, our data revealed that patients' viral titer was correlated with the level of Vpr detected in their plasma. Here, we first show that rVpr, when in...
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13-Hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE) is a major component of oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL), which has been shown to have a crucial role in atherogenesis. Of the 13-HODE stereoisomers, 13(S)-HODE and 13(R)-HODE, little is known about the latter in contrast to the former. To detect 13(R)-HODE in atherosclerotic lesions, we prepared a m...
Article
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Perilipin and adipophilin, PAT family proteins, play important roles in lipid metabolism. Although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is initiated by hepatocyte lipidation, little is known about the relationship between these proteins and hepatocellular injury. We investigated the expressions of perilipin and adipophilin and their relation to...