Hipólito Simón

Hipólito Simón
University of Alicante | UA · Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado

Professor

About

100
Publications
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Introduction
Hipólito Simón currently works at the Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado, University of Alicante. Hipólito does research in Labor Statistics, Development Economics and Labor Economics. Their current project is 'Labour and territory. Local labour markets'.

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the differences in commuting length between native and immigrant employees in Spain, a relevant issue since immigrants' longer commuting times may, among other factors, reflect an imperfect spatial matching of their labour supply and demand with negative implications for their relative labour outcomes and their individual well...
Article
After the increase in inequalities following the Great Recession, studies on wage bargaining systems have increasingly focused on wage inequality. This research examines wage inequality associated with collective bargaining levels in Spain, based on matched employer–employee microdata and quantile regression methods. These methods are applied acros...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El objetivo de este informe es examinar la precariedad laboral en España desde una doble perspectiva novedosa, centrada, por una parte, en la precariedad general que existe en el conjunto del mercado de trabajo y, por otra, en la precariedad que sufre específicamente el colectivo más amplio de la fuerza laboral, el conformado por asalariados. Para...
Chapter
El objetivo de este texto es realizar un balance de la evolución del mercado de trabajo de la provincia de Alicante desde 2006 hasta 2018. Aunque en nuestro país no son muy abundantes los datos laborales para ámbitos provinciales, los datos de la Encuesta de Población Activa (EPA) y de los registros administrativos del Servicio Público de Empleo Es...
Article
Casado-Díaz, J.M.; Driha, O.; Simón, H. (2020) The Gender Wage Gap in Hospitality: New Evidence From Spain, Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, OnlineFirst https://doi.org/10.1177/1938965520971273 ABSTRACT: This article examines the gender wage gap in the Spanish hospitality industry versus the rest of the economy. Decomposition techniques are applied t...
Article
Free eprints: https://rsa.tandfonline.com/eprint/RyDNyt6CUeSsHirRIVMR/full This paper examines the relationship between commuting time and satisfaction with different life domains. Based on data for Spain, the results show that commuting time exerts a negative impact on all areas of satisfaction for male and female workers, and that longer commute...
Chapter
Full-text available
En el presente estudio se pretende analizar las diferencias que existen en relación con las estilos de aprendizaje del alumnado universitario diferenciando por sexo, y el impacto sobre su rendimiento académico. Para ello se ha desarrollado una encuesta específica para el alumnado de segundo curso de los grados de ADE, TADE, I2-ADE y Marketing de la...
Article
This article examines the evolution of employment precariousness in Spain based on a new method of constructing multidimensional precarious measures. This methodology resembles the one proposed by Alkire and Foster (2007, 2011) for multidimensional poverty in the framework of the counting approach. The main novelty of the approach adopted resides i...
Article
This article examines wage differences across Spain's NUTS‐2 regions along the entire wage distribution based on matched employer‐employee microdata from 2006 to 2014. Unlike previous related studies, we properly control for differences in regional purchasing power parities, which are very large in practice. Although part of the raw regional wage d...
Article
The aim of the article is to examine the commuting behaviour of self‐employed workers in Spain as well as its relationship with satisfaction with job and housing. According to our results although conventional estimations indicate that commuting trips are shorter among the self‐employed, the differences with employees vanish when the potential endo...
Chapter
Full-text available
En esta investigación se examina el efecto que sobre los resultados académicos del alumnado universitario tienen el tipo de alojamiento de los estudiantes (en función de la permanencia o no en el domicilio familiar) y el tiempo de desplazamiento entre el domicilio y la universidad, cuestiones para las que no existe evidencia previa para España. En...
Article
Employees’ job satisfaction influences their commitment, affects quality and productivity and is, therefore, crucial for a labour-intensive industry such as tourism. In this article, the determinants of job satisfaction are examined in comparative terms for tourism workers versus those employed in the rest of the service sector. In contrast with pr...
Chapter
Full-text available
En esta investigación se examina si los resultados académicos del alumnado universitario están estadísticamente relacionados con el tipo de centro (público o de otro tipo) en el que los estudiantes cursaron la educación secundaria, y enlaza, por tanto, con una línea de trabajo cada vez más relevante en numerosos países pero en la que los trabajos r...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción. La investigación tiene dos objetivos: caracterizar a los estudiantes universitarios que simultanean trabajo y estudios y el tipo de trabajo que desempeñan, por un lado, y analizar el efecto que tiene trabajar sobre distintas medidas de su rendimiento académico, por otro.Método. El análisis se desarrolla a partir de información individ...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines regional differences in the gender wage gap in Spain using matched employer–employee microdata, two different econometric decomposition methods and panel data techniques. Our findings suggest that Spain shows a significant regional heterogeneity in the size of the raw gap, roughly comparable to cross-country differences observed...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a new methodology to measure precarious employment with a multidimensional approach. The adjusted multidimensional precariousness rate employed to measure job precariousness is calculated on a counting approach and exhibit several advantages, including its decomposability according to the relative contribution to total precari...
Article
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FULL TEXT ALSO AVAILABLE IN SPANISH Introduction: The research has two objectives: to characterise college students who combine work and studies, and their jobs, on one hand; and to analyse the effect of work on various measures of academic performance, on the other. Method. The study is developed using individual information derived from a survey...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine wage differences between part- and full-time workers distinguishing by gender by using a large Spanish matched employer-employee data set and an econometric decomposition that permits to decompose wage differences by quantiles of the wage distribution. Design/methodology/approach The research is ba...
Article
The use of part-time jobs is steadily increasing in most advanced economies. Previous literature has concluded that part-time workers suffer a wage penalty, but its magnitude varies across studies and countries. The part-time penalty is the otherwise unexplained element of the gap between full-time and part-time hourly earnings. One potential facto...
Article
The article examines relative wages of immigrants in Spain, with a particular focus on the impact of the Great Recession. The empirical analysis is restricted to men and is based on matched employer-employee microdata and the decomposition techniques of Juhn et al. (1991, 1993) and Fortin et al. (2011). Our results show that the significant native-...
Article
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261517715001399 The article examines the origin of differences between wages in the hospitality sector and the rest of the private sector in Spain. The evidence obtained for the 2002–2010 period shows that the wage disadvantage of hospitality presents an increasing profile along the wage distributi...
Data
Full-text available
The article examines the evolution of the wage structure for men in Spain between 2002 and 2010 on the basis of microdata from the Encuesta de Estructura Salarial and a decomposition econometric methodology developed by Fortin, Lemieux and Firpo (2011). It is observed that real wages grew moderately over the entire period, regardless of the economi...
Article
The objective of this article is to analyse the role played by the different components of human capital in the wage determination of immigrants in the Spanish labour market. Using microdata from the Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes, we find that human capital of immigrants acquired in Spain presents higher returns than human capital obtained in ho...
Article
The article examines the evolution of the wage structure for men in Spain between 2002 and 2010 on the basis of microdata from the Encuesta de Estructura Salarial and a decomposition econometric methodology developed by Fortin, Lemieux and Firpo (2011). It is observed that real wages grew moderately over the entire period, regardless of the economi...
Article
Full-text available
The article examines the evolution of the wage structure for men in Spain between 2002 and 2010 on the basis of microdata from the Encuesta de Estructura Salarial and a decomposition econometric methodology developed by Fortin, Lemieux and Firpo (2011). It is observed that real wages grew moderately over the entire period, regardless of the economi...
Article
This research examines wage differences between part-time and full-time workers using microdata from the Spanish Structure of Earnings Survey. The main contribution of the paper is related to the analysis of differences along the wage distribution using econometric decomposition methods and introducing a regional perspective. The evidence shows tha...
Article
In this article the wage distribution in Spain is modelled using parametric models and microdata from the Encuesta de Estructura Salarial. Our evidence corroborates that, as in other areas in the economic literature, these modelling techniques are also appropriate and useful in the case of wage distributions. An additional noteworthy finding is tha...
Article
This article examines the occupational mobility of immigrants between their countries of origin and Spain on the basis of one of the few surveys available internationally with longitudinal information on immigrant employment in home and host countries. The evidence shows that the occupational status of immigrants in the Spanish labour market is, in...
Article
The literature on immigrant assimilation highlights the imperfect portability of the human capital acquired by immigrants in their country of origin, which accounts for their low levels of labor market integration upon arrival in the new country, as well as their initially wide earnings gap. Recent studies have examined this issue from the perspect...
Article
The article examines public-private sector wage differentials in Spain using microdata from the Structure of Earnings Survey (Encuesta de Estructura Salarial). The evidence obtained when applying various decomposition techniques shows the importance of distinguishing by gender and type of contract. It also highlights the presence of a positive wage...
Article
This article examines the evolution of the gender wage gap in Spain between 2002 and 2010. The evidence suggests that the significant worsening of the economic situation after the onset of the Great Recession has had two significant impacts on the gap. The first is that it has reversed the trend towards the reduction of the gender pay gap in the Sp...
Article
This article examines the evolution of the gender wage gap in Spain between 2002 and 2010. The evidence suggests that the significant worsening of the economic situation after the onset of the Great Recession has had two significant impacts on the gap. The first is that it has reversed the trend towards the reduction of the gender pay gap in the Sp...
Article
In this article the wage distribution in Spain is modeled using parametric models and microdata from the Encuesta de Estructura Salarial. Our novel evidence corroborates that, as in other areas in the economic literature, these modeling techniques are also appropriate and useful in the case of wage distributions. An additional noteworthy finding is...
Article
The article examines public-private sector wage differentials in Spain using microdata from the Structure of Earnings Survey (Encuesta de Estructura Salarial). When applying various decomposition techniques, we find that it is important to distinguish by gender and type of contract. Our results also highlight the presence of a positive wage premium...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the influence of macroeconomic factors on personal income distribution in developing countries using a parametric modelling approach. The technique is based on the selection and estimation of a theoretical parametric model (a Dagum distribution) which fits accurately to the empirical income distributions of the countries exami...
Article
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This article examines the origin of the cross-country heterogeneity of the gender wage gap in nine European countries using a unique harmonized international matched employer–employee dataset. Our novel findings suggest that cross-country differences in the intensity of female segregation into low-paying workplaces is a relevant source of internati...
Article
Full-text available
By using three indicators of the standard of living (income per capita, the Human Development Index and the Physical Quality of Life Index), this article provides new information regarding the evolution of the differences in well-being between the Spanish provinces throughout the 20th century. The results reveal that the disparities were enormous a...
Article
Esta investigación analiza la movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes entre sus países de origen y España, así como sus principales determinantes. La misma se basa en los microdatos de la Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes y el uso de una escala de estatus ocupacional de carácter internacional (ISEI). La evidencia muestra que, por lo general, los in...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze the occupational mobility of immigrants between their origin countries and Spain and its determinants. We use microdata from the Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes to compute an internationally harmonized occupational status index (ISEI) that permits to quantify and properly analyze this kind of mobility. The obtained evidence shows that,...
Article
Full-text available
This research examines the occupational mobility of immigrants between their countries of origin and Spain, and its main determinants. It is based on microdata from the Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes and the use of an international index of occupational status, the International Socio-Economic Index. The empirical evidence shows that immigrants e...
Article
Using international harmonized matched employer–employee micro data from the European Structure of Earnings Survey for nine European countries, this article examines the origin of international differences in wage inequality. Wage inequality is highly correlated with the magnitude of inter-firm wage differentials. Workplace- and job-related factors...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines wage inequality in the Spanish labour market from a regional perspective, drawing on stochastic dominance techniques. The main findings are, firstly, that wage inequality exhibits a significant regional heterogeneity and, secondly, that the reduction of wage inequality in the Spanish labour market in recent years is a general ph...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo examina a partir de microdatos emparejados empresa-trabajador de carácter armonizado la desigualdad salarial en España y sus determinantes desde una doble perspectiva, un análisis comparado internacional y el examen de su evolución con el transcurso del tiempo. Entre las peculiaridades más significativas de la estructura salarial españo...
Article
On the basis of harmonized matched employer-employee deta, this study examines wage inequality in the Spanish labour market from a comparative point of view and its evolution over time. The evidence obtained reveals that the actual chara cteristics of Spanish employees and firms are associated with comparatively higher levels of wage inequality, wh...
Article
The aim of this paper is to analyse the role played by the different components of human capital in the wage determination of recent immigrants within the Spanish labour market. Using microdata from the Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes 2007, the paper examines returns to human capital of immigrants, distinguishing between human capital accumulated...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del trabajo es analizar el papel de los diferentes componentes del capital humano como determinantes de los ingresos de los inmigrantes recientes en el mercado de trabajo español. A partir de los microdatos de la Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes 2007, se examina la rentabilidad del capital humano de este colectivo, distinguiendo el adqu...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to analyse the role played by the different components of human capital in the wage determination of recent immigrants within the Spanish labour market. Using microdata from the Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes 2007, the paper examines returns to human capital of immigrants, distinguishing between human capital accumulated...
Article
El objetivo del trabajo es analizar el papel de los diferentes componentes del capital humano como determinantes de los ingresos de los inmigrantes recientes en el mercado de trabajo español. A partir de los microdatos de la Encuesta Nacional de Inmigrantes 2007, se examina la rentabilidad del capital humano de este colectivo, distinguiendo el adqu...
Article
This study examines the determinants of the gender gap in earnings and its evolution between 1995 and 2002. We use an extension of the decomposition methodology of Juhn et al. (1991, 1993) adapted to matched employer-employee data drawn from the Encuesta de Estructura Salarial. Our analysis reveals that female segregation in low-paying firms and un...
Article
Full-text available
The existing literature on immigrant assimilation has highlighted the imperfect portability of human capital acquired by immigrants in their country of origin (Chiswick, 1978; Friedberg, 2000). This would explain the low levels of assimilation upon arrival in the new country, as well as the wide initial earnings gap. Recent studies (Chiswick and Mi...
Article
The existing literature on immigrant assimilation has highlighted the imperfect portability of human capital acquired by immigrants in their country of origin (Chiswick, 1978; Friedberg, 2000). This would explain the low levels of assimilation upon arrival in the new country, as well as the wide initial earnings gap. Recent studies (Chiswick and Mi...
Article
Chile has been at the forefront of pension reform, having switched in 1980 from a pay-as-you-go system to a fully funded privatized accounts system. The Chilean system served as a model for reform in many other Latin American countries and has also been considered by U.S. policy makers as a possible prototype for social security reform. Some of the...
Article
This study examines the general influence of collective bargaining on inter-industry wage differentials drawing on an unique data set on industry minimum wages for Spain. Our novel evidence confirms the untested hypothesis that inter-industry wage premia are driven by industry minimum wages in corporatist countries with centralized collective barga...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on immigrant assimilation has highlighted the imperfect portability of human capital. Recent studies have dealt with this issue from the perspective of over-education. This study analyses the portability of immigrants' human capital into the Spanish job market. The results obtained indicate differing degrees of the transferability of...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo examina los determinantes del diferencial salarial por razón de sexo y de sus cambios entre 1995 y 2002 mediante una extensión de la metodología propuesta por Juhn et al. (1991, 1993) adaptada a los microdatos emparejados empresa-trabajador de la Encuesta de Estructura Salarial. La evidencia obtenida muestra que el origen fundamental de...
Article
This study examines the determinants of the gender gap in earnings and its evolution between 1995 and 2002. We use an extension of the decomposition methodology of Juhn et al. (1991, 1993) adapted to matched employer-employee data drawn from the Encuesta de Estructura Salarial. Our analysis reveals that female segregation in low-paying firms and un...
Article
Full-text available
The paper examines the origin of the differences in the wage distribution between native-born and immigrant workers in the Spanish labour market, paying special attention to the effect of immigrant segregation into low-paying occupations and firms. Our evidence reveals that immigrants from developing countries exhibit lower wages and a more compres...
Article
Full-text available
El trabajo examina el origen de las diferencias en las estructuras salariales de la población nativa e inmigrante en el mercado laboral español, prestando especial atención al efecto de la segregación de los inmigrantes por razón de ocupación y establecimiento. Se constata que los inmigrantes procedentes de países en desarrollo presentan un salario...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the origin of the gender wage gap and of its cross-country heterogeneity using unique harmonized international matched employer-employee microdata for nine representative European countries. Evidence obtained uncovers that female segregation into low-paying workplaces is by and large an outstanding origin of both the gender pay...
Article
Full-text available
En el trabajo se analizan las características del empleo de bajos salarios en España. La evidencia revela que se trata de un fenómeno que si bien afecta a los mismos colectivos que en otros países de nuestro entorno, está comparativamente mucho más extendido en nuestro mercado laboral. El riesgo de estar mal remunerado es especialmente elevado para...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo analiza el origen de las diferencias salariales por razón de sexo en España desde una perspectiva comparada con otros países europeos a partir del uso de microdatos empresa-trabajador armonizados procedentes de la Encuesta Europea de Estructura Salarial 1995. Se constata que las mujeres españolas están segregadas en establecimientos de...
Article
This article examines the sources of the gender earnings gap in Spain by using international comparisons with four other European countries (Belgium, Italy, Denmark and Ireland) and cross-country harmonized matched employer-employee microdata from the 1995 European Structure of Earnings Survey. The extent of female segregation into low-wage firms a...
Article
This article examines employer wage differentials in five European countries using a unique cross-country matched employer–employee dataset. The evidence reveals that their magnitude varies greatly across countries and that wage-setting institutions do not easily explain these inter-country differences.
Article
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This article analyses the importance of labour market institutions and, in particular, collective wage bargaining in shaping regional wage differences in the Spanish labour market. Using microdata from the Spanish Structure of Earnings Survey, our results reveal that there are significant inter-regional wage differences for similarly skilled worker...
Article
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La evidencia obtenida en este trabajo muestra que la percepción individual de bajos salarios es un fenómeno fuertemente asociado en España a la situación de pobreza de los hogares. Esta relación se acentúa notablemente si quien detenta el empleo de bajos salarios es el cabeza de familia del hogar, pero es significativa incluso en el caso de percept...
Article
La evidencia obtenida en este trabajo muestra que la percepcion individual de bajos salarios es un fenomeno fuertemente asociado en Espana a la situacion de pobreza de los hogares. Esta relacion se acentua notablemente si quien detenta el empleo de bajos salarios es el cabeza de familia del hogar, pero es significativa incluso en el caso de percept...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Los historiadores económicos han estimado tradicionalmente el bienestar en términos de renta por persona. Durante la última década se han publicado, sin embargo, diversos trabajos que utilizan otros indicadores. Siguiendo esta línea de investigación, el artículo contrasta cuatro indicadores del bienestar en España (renta per capita , Índice...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo analiza los determinantes de la afiliación sindical en España a partir de la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida en el Trabajo elaborada por el Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales. A diferencia de lo observado para otros países desarrollados, en España las características personales influyen significativamente en la decisión de afiliarse...
Article
La dispersión de los salarios individuales en España está determinada en mayor medida por las características del establecimiento de pertenencia del trabajador, que por el capital humano o las características productivas de los trabajadores. Esta es la conclusión que se deriva de comprobar que los salarios de trabajadores de similares característic...
Article
En el presente artículo se analizan los factores que influyen en la determinación de los salarios pactados en la negociación colectiva de ámbito sectorial en España. Los salarios pactados presentan importantes diferencias entre convenios para trabajadores productivamente similares, resultando dichas diferencias muy similares para diferentes tipos d...
Article
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En el presente artículo se caracteriza la estructura de salarios pactados en la negociación colectiva de ámbito sectorial en España. Entre los hallazgos más reseñables destacan las importantes diferencias entre convenios que presentan las tarifas salariales pactadas para trabajadores similares, así como que dichas diferencias salariales resultan mu...
Article
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En este artículo se analizan las pautas de diferencias sectoriales y territoriales presentes en la estructura salarial en España, así como el papel que en la determinación de las mismas desempeña la negociación colectiva. Los resultados obtenidos permiten comprobar que las diferencias de corte geográfico y sectorial presentes en los salarios pactad...
Article
En la tesis se procede a caracterizar la estructura de salarios pactados en el conjunto de la negociación colectiva de ámbito sectorial en nuestro país. Asímismo, se analizan los factores que subyacen a los salarios pactados. Entre los principales hallazgos destaca la existencia de muy importantes diferencias salariales entre convenios para la mism...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El trabajo examina el origen de las diferencias en las estructuras salariales de la población nativa e inmigrante en el mercado laboral español, prestando especial atención al efecto de la segregación de los inmigrantes por razón de ocupación y establecimiento. Se constata que los inmigrantes procedentes de países en desarrollo presentan un...
Article
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Resumen: Este trabajo aborda la asimilación de los inmigrantes en el mercado de trabajo español y algunos de sus principales factores explicativos a través del análisis de la sobreeducación de este colectivo. De entrada, el análisis confirma que la sobreeducación está estrechamente vinculada a la diferencia salarial entre nativos e inmigrantes. La...