Hinrich Bents

Hinrich Bents
Universität Heidelberg · Center of Psychological Psychotherapy, Psychological Institute, University of Heidelberg

Dr. phil. Dipl.-Psych.

About

136
Publications
26,232
Reads
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1,386
Citations
Citations since 2017
31 Research Items
785 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - present
Universität Heidelberg
Position
  • Managing Director
January 1993 - February 2002
Christoph-Dornier-Klinik für Psychotherapie
Christoph-Dornier-Klinik für Psychotherapie
Position
  • Head Psychologist
April 1985 - June 1987
Universitätsklinikum Münster
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (136)
Article
Full-text available
Social anxiety disorders (SAD) are among the most prevalent mental disorders (lifetime prevalence: 7–12%), with high impact on the life of an affected social system and its individual social system members. We developed a manualized disorder-specific integrative systemic and family therapy (ISFT) for SAD, and evaluated its feasibility in a pilot ra...
Article
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Objectives Based on the current literature, mindfulness seems to have positive effects on mental and physical health not only in adults but also in children and adolescents. Research should further investigate these findings and needs properly validated measures. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to validate a German version of the Child a...
Article
Full-text available
Background The investigation of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in cognitive-behavioral therapy has greatly increased over the past years. However, most MBI research with youth focuses on structured, manualized group programs, conducted in school settings. Knowledge about the implementation and effects of MBIs in individual psychotherapy wit...
Article
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Mindfulness in Trainee Psychotherapies with Children and Adolescents The implementation of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in cognitive-behavioral therapy has greatly increased over the past few years. However, there is little research about the implementation of MBIs in individual child and adolescent psychotherapy. The present paper gives...
Chapter
Achtsamkeit und Selbstmitgefühl sind zwei populäre Ansätze bei der Behandlung psychischer Störungen, die im folgenden Kapitel näher beleuchtet werden sollen. Beide Bereiche werden getrennt voneinander hinsichtlich geschichtlicher Hintergründe und wissenschaftlicher Konzeptionen vorgestellt. Anschließend werden jeweils die wichtigsten Gruppenprogram...
Chapter
Achtsamkeit und Selbstmitgefühl sind Prinzipien mit mehr als zweitausend Jahre Tradition. Die moderne westliche Welt hat diese als ein potenzielles Gegengewicht zu den Anforderungen einer schnelllebigen, multipel vernetzten Welt wiederentdeckt. Diesem Trend hat sich die Psychotherapie angeschlossen, worüber das vorliegende Werk einen kleinen Überbl...
Book
Dieses Buch gibt einen Überblick über Konzepte und Praxis von Achtsamkeit und Selbstmitgefühl in der Psychotherapie, stellt störungsspezifische Anwendungen in der Erwachsenenpsychotherapie und in der Kinder- und Jugendlichenpsychotherapie vor und skizziert Entwicklungen in unterschiedlichen Settings (von Paartherapie bis Onlinetherapie). Achtsamke...
Article
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This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to pilot the newly developed manualized and monitored systemic therapy (ST) for social anxiety disorder (SAD), as compared to manualized and monitored cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). We conducted a prospective multicenter, assessor-blind pilot RCT on 38 outpatients (ICD F40.1; Structured Clinical Int...
Article
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Nicole Baltruschat ist heute an der Medizinisch-Psychosomati-schen Klinik Roseneck, Prien tätig; Edgar Geissner ist heute an der Medizinisch-Psychosomatischen Klinik Roseneck, Prien und am Zusammenfassung. Theoretischer Hintergrund: In der Behandlung von Bulimia nervosa erwiesen sich kognitiv-verhal-tenstherapeutische Verfahren als besonders wirksa...
Article
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of the interactions between mindfulness‐based session introductions and general change mechanisms on outcome in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Method We investigated the effects of different session introductions on change mechanisms and their prediction of clinical outc...
Article
Heart rate variability (HRV) can be conceptualized as a marker of an individual's capability to adaptively respond to its environment and has been linked with mental health. Although conceptually and empirically linked to social behavior and thus relevant in the therapeutic setting, HRV is seldom investigated directly within therapy sessions. In th...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Theoretischer Hintergrund: Zur Frage, was Psychotherapie wirksam macht, wurde in den letzten Jahren viel hinsichtlich Wirkfaktoren und Techniken geforscht. Allerdings besteht weiterhin eine Forschungslücke in der Untersuchung konkreter kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutischer Interventionen in der Psychotherapieausbildung. Fragestellung:...
Article
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Background: The person of the therapist plays a crucial role in the psychotherapeutic treatment process. Accordingly, the focus of psychotherapy research has also increasingly turned to psychotherapy training as an important factor in the development of therapeutic personality and competence; however, so far little is known about emerging psychothe...
Chapter
Wie motiviert man Patienten, sich mit unangenehmen Emotionen auseinanderzusetzen, neues Verhalten auszuprobieren und Muster zu verlassen, die bislang Sicherheit gaben? In der traditionellen Psychotherapie spielt die therapeutische Beziehung die zentrale Rolle – aber auf welche Ressourcen greifen modernere therapeutische Methoden zurück? Internetbas...
Article
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Objective There is scarce research on the effects of mindfulness in individual therapy. As many practitioners integrate mindfulness exercises into individual therapy, empirical evidence is of high clinical relevance. Method We investigated the effects of a session‐introducing intervention with mindfulness elements (SIIME) in a randomized, controll...
Article
Objective The aim of the current study was the replication of the results of the validation of the Scale for the Multiperspective Assessment of General Change Mechanisms in Psychotherapy (SACiP). So far, the SACiP has been validated only for inpatient therapy. The aim was to replicate the results for the setting of outpatient training therapy. Henc...
Article
Intersections between Grawe’s General Psychotherapy and Prochaska’s Transtheoretical Model were investigated in group therapy in a longitudinal design. It was assumed that general change mechanisms have an impact on patients’ stages of change. Specifically, the main hypotheses were that experiential change mechanisms (ECM; clarification of meaning,...
Article
Background A desirable effect (spill-over effect) of patient-related psychotherapy refers to the reduction of burden of significant others. Most studies have concentrated on the significant others of patients with schizophrenia, psychosis and dementia, as well as on child and adolescent psychotherapy. Objective This study investigated the effects...
Book
In diesem Buch äußern namhafte Vertreterinnen und Vertreter aus Psychologie, Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie ihre Gedanken und Erfahrungen zum Zusammenhang von Psychotherapie und Würde. Wer eine Psychotherapie aufsucht, hat nicht selten die Erfahrung gemacht, verunsichert, gedemütigt, ungeliebt und damit in seiner Würde verletzt zu sein. Psychothera...
Article
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are currently well established in psychotherapy with meta-analyses demonstrating their efficacy. In these multifaceted interventions, the concrete performance of mindfulness exercises is typically integrated in a larger therapeutic framework. Thus, it is unclear whether stand-alone mindfulness exercises (SAMs)...
Article
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Stages of change could be driving forces to activate the realization of therapeutic factors and symptom change. Consequently, the aims of the present study were to investigate whether the stages of change concept is valid in group therapy settings shown by factor analysis, internal consistencies, and criterion validity. A total of 377 patients comp...
Article
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Background Therapeutic intervention programs for somatic symptom disorder (SSD) show only small-to-moderate effect sizes. These effects are partly explained by the motivational problems of SSD patients. Hence, fostering treatment motivation could increase treatment success. One central aspect in SSD patients might be damage to motivation because of...
Article
Objective: The therapeutic alliance is intensively investigated in psychotherapy research. However, there is scarce research on the role of the specific diagnosis of the patient in the formation of the therapeutic alliance. Hence, the aim of this study was to address this research gap by comparing the alliance in different mental disorders. Desig...
Article
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Background: The modules that make up theoretical and practical training in behavioural therapy often bear little relationship to one another. Training, practice intervals and integration into relevant therapeutic interventions need to be interlinked more closely. This manuscript describes an attempt to address this topic by investigating mindfulnes...
Article
Objective The authors compared cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN) in female adolescents. Method In this randomized controlled trial, 81 female adolescents with BN or partial BN according to the DSM-IV received a mean of 36.6 sessions of manualized disorder−oriented PDT or CB...
Article
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In Deutschland sind Kurz- und Langzeittherapie die beiden etablierten Grundformen der ambulanten psychotherapeutischen Versorgung mit kognitiver Verhaltenstherapie (KVT). In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird die empirische Evidenz zu diesen Strukturierungsformen beschrieben und kritisch diskutiert. Dazu werden Befunde aus randomisierten kontrollierten S...
Article
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Ziel der ArbeitDie international etablierte Kurzversion des therapeutischen Faktoreninventars (TFI) sollte in einer deutschsprachigen Version validiert werden. Damit soll ein zeitökonomisches, psychometrisch hochwertiges Instrument für die Erfassung therapeutischer Wirkfaktoren in der Gruppenpsychotherapie im deutschsprachigen Raum zugänglich gemac...
Article
While the efficacy of group therapy is sufficiently confirmed, there is a research gap concerning relevant therapeutic processes. Particularly, there is a dearth of integrative instruments that assess a broad spectrum of group therapeutic change factors. Hence, the aim of the current investigation was the validation of the newly developed "Scale fo...
Article
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Background: Social anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent anxiety disorders in the general population. The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorders is well demonstrated. However, only three studies point to the efficacy of systemic therapy (ST) in anxiety disorders, and only two of them especially focus o...
Article
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Therapist variables have received growing attention in the context of psychotherapy research. The presented study aims at expanding the knowledge about professional development by examining motives of career choice and choice of therapeutic orientation in psychotherapy candidates. Twenty-four master’s-level psychologists, who had just begun either...
Article
AIM: The current study addresses the impact of training experience on clinical outcome and treatment duration. METHOD: Data of 599 outpatients treated by 66 therapists in training (university based cognitive behavioral therapy training) were collected addressing experience-depending effectivity (symptom reduction, BDI-II and BSI) and effectiveness...
Article
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Self-focused attention (SFA) is considered a cognitive bias that is closely related to depression. However, it is not yet well understood whether it represents a disorder-specific or a trans-diagnostic phenomenon and which role the valence of a given context is playing in this regard. Computerized quantitative text-analysis offers an integrative ps...
Article
Background: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is addressed in various, mostly randomized-controlled trials. However, there is a lack of studies differentially investigating specific CBT techniques in the context of routine psychotherapeutic care. The aim of this naturalistic study was to investigate relation between the application intensity of de...
Article
Previous studies suggest that mood-incongruent processing constitutes an adaptive mood regulation strategy, and that difficulties in this process may contribute to the maintenance of depression. However, no study has yet examined whether mood-incongruent processing predicts the course and severity of clinical depression. To address this question, t...
Article
Hintergrund: Die kognitive Verhaltenstherapie (KVT) bei Depressionen wird in vielen, meist randomisierten kontrollierten Studien adressiert. Allerdings existieren kaum Studien, die spezifische KVT-Techniken im Rahmen der psychotherapeutischen Routineversorgung differenziell betrachten. Ziel dieser naturalistischen Studie war es, die Zusammenhänge z...
Article
Full-text available
Mindfulness has its origins in an Eastern Buddhist tradition that is over 2500 years old and can be defined as a specific form of attention that is non-judgmental, purposeful, and focused on the present moment. It has been well established in cognitive-behavior therapy in the last decades, while it has been investigated in manualized group settings...
Article
Although chronic depression is associated with lower global functioning and poorer treatment response than episodic depression, little is known about the differences between these two forms of depression in terms of psychological factors. Thus, the present study aimed at differentiating chronic and episodic depression regarding cognitive-behavioral...
Article
Inefficient cognitive flexibility is considered a neurocognitive trait marker involved in the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa (AN). Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) is a specific treatment targeting this cognitive style. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy (by estimating the effect size) of speci...
Article
The present study tested a theoretically derived link between rumination and depressive symptoms through behavioural avoidance and reduced motive satisfaction as a key aspect of positive reinforcement. Rumination, behavioural avoidance, motive satisfaction and levels of depression were assessed via self-report measures in a clinical sample of 160 p...
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The therapeutic alliance and disorder specific techniques are two often debated process variables, whose relationships, however, are addressed only in a few studies. Aims: The aim of this naturalistic study was to investigate therapist's ratings of the application intensity of CBT techniques in context with the alliance and therapy outcome by path...
Article
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Hintergrund Empirische Studien zeigen einen Zusammenhang zwischen familiären Faktoren und essgestörtem Verhalten. Ebenso ist ein erhöhtes Schamempfinden mit einer stärkeren Ausprägung von Essstörungssymptomen und mit als dysfunktional wahrgenommenen Familienbeziehungen assoziiert. Scham kommt somit als Mediator der Beziehung zwischen dysfunktional...
Article
Food restriction and weight-loss have been proposed to represent pathogenic mechanisms of emotion regulation in anorexia nervosa (AN). However, there is a lack of studies empirically examining this hypothesis. Therefore, the present study compared 25 women with AN and 25 healthy control women (HC) regarding spontaneous emotional processing of autob...
Article
Full-text available
High ambivalence over the expression of emotions (AEE) has consistently been associated with high levels of depression in previous research. However, there is a lack of studies examining this construct and its associations in a clinical sample of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Therefore, the present study compared 76 MDD with 77 non...
Article
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the widely held but insufficiently studied hypothesis of autonomy disturbances in anorexia nervosa. METHOD: A total sample of 112 participants comprising patients with acute anorexia nervosa (AN), women recovered from anorexia nervosa (REC), clinical controls (CC), and healthy controls (HC) completed measures of depen...
Article
Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties have been considered to play an important role in the development and maintenance of various mental disorders such as depression and anorexia nervosa. However, previous research has failed to provide detailed insight into the disorder-specificity of ER difficulties. Therefore, the present study investigated spec...
Article
Impaired mood regulation has been considered to be a vulnerability factor for depression. However, there is a lack of studies specifically testing whether (a) negative mood regulation (NMR) expectancies and (b) emotion avoidance (EA) are associated with the risk for clinical depression. Therefore, the present study investigated these two specific f...
Article
Unlabelled: The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between self-esteem, motive satisfaction, and body weight in acute (acAN) and recovered (recAN) inpatients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and in healthy controls. Both acAN and recAN showed lower levels of self-esteem as compared with healthy controls but did not differ from each...
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There is substantial evidence supporting the hypothesis that cognitive reactivity is an important variable in the etiology of depression. However, there is a lack of studies examining possible mechanisms that underlie cognitive reactivity. The present study tested whether two specific mood regulation processes differentially appear in vulnerable an...
Article
Self-starvation, with concomitant weight loss, may serve as a dysfunctional behavior to attenuate negative affective states in anorexia nervosa (AN). A total of 91 participants composed of patients with acute AN, women recovered from AN, clinical controls with either depression or anxiety disorder, and healthy controls were tested on a measure of e...
Article
Interpersonal behavior is assumed to be motivated by personal goals that an individual develops ontogenetically to satisfy and protect psychological needs. Interpersonal problems are hypothesized to (1) occur as a consequence of strong avoidance goals and (2) lead to decreased satisfaction of the person's approach goals. The hypotheses are tested u...
Article
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Zusammenfassung. Theoretischer Hintergrund: In der Behandlung von Bulimia nervosa erwiesen sich kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutische Verfahren als besonders wirksam. Expositions- bzw. Konfrontationsverfahren gewannen dabei in den letzten Jahren zunehmend an Bedeutung. Fragestellung: Untersuchung der Wirksamkeit eines spezifischen kognitiv-verhaltensth...
Article
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Ein Fallbeispiel eines Patienten mit agoraphobischer Angst illustriert die Symptomatik und Vorgeschichte einer Angststörung, die vor dem Hintergrund lerntheoretischer, kognitiver, schematheoretischer und neurobiologischer Theorien problemanalytisch erklärt und mit einem individuell angepassten Spektrum kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutischer Methoden be...
Article
Psychosomatische Kliniken und Abteilungen stehen unter dem Druck, ihre Verweildauern zu verkürzen. Es wird dargestellt, welche Voraussetzungen notwendig sind, um dabei Verluste in der Ergebnisqualität zu vermeiden. Nach Auffassung der Autoren sind wesentliche Potenziale in der Kooperation stationärer und ambulanter Behandlungsangebote nicht ausgesc...
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Zusammenfassung lm Rahmen dieser Studie soll überprüft werden, ob Patienten mit einer Angststörung, bei denen Arbeitsunlähigkeit im Vorfeld der stationären Aufnahme in eine psychosomatische I(linik vorliegt, einen höheren Störungsgrad aufweisen als noch arbeitsfähige Patienten, und ob sich der Therapieerfolg dieser beiden Gruppen unterscheidet. Hie...
Article
The aim of this study is to explore whether or not being already on sick leave at admission to a psychosomatic clinic indicates a higher level of severity of symptoms in patients with anxiety disorders, and whether or not this has an impact on therapy outcome. We examined 194 in-patients at 8 psychosomatic clinics upon admission and discharge by in...
Article
Summary Predictors of Success and Failure in the Behavior Therapy of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders Background: The aim of the present study was to outline predictors for therapy outcome in the cognitive behavioral therapy of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD). Demographic variables and variables related to the disorder and to psychological compl...