Himansu K De

Himansu K De
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture | CIFA · Social Science

B Sc(Ag.) M Sc. Doctor of Philosophy

About

53
Publications
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Introduction
Dr Himansu Kumar De is Principal Scientist in the ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar. He received his Ph.D. in Agricultural Extension from Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. Community based aquaculture, women in aquaculture, operationalizing Aquaculture Field School to promote farmer to farmer extension, evaluation of extension programmes are the key areas of his research. He has undergone specialized training at World Fish Center, Malaysia and at University of Stirling, UK.

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
The investigation was carried out with an objective to disseminate the technology of carp polyculture among rural women in Boudh District of Odisha to strengthen their livelihood. Polyculture of carps was demonstrated in four seasonal ponds covering 9.5 ha of water spread area through participatory approach. Mixed fingerlings of Labeo rohita, Catla...
Article
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Research in aquaculture extension commenced at the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Bhubaneswar, since 1987. During the past 25 years of research, several issues pertaining to socio-economic aspects of fish farmers were addressed. Notable among them are: behavioural dynamics of fish farmers, socio-economic status of fish farmers...
Article
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Aquaculture as a weapon to fight malnutrition and poverty has been recognized in developing countries. Both public as well as private sector have been actively involved in promoting small scale aquaculture among women through training and demonstration with a view to empower them socially as well as economically. The review was conducted on women,...
Article
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To find out why average yields obtained by farmers are well below those obtained in research stations, carp cultivation practices of 142 farmers, chosen on the basis of multistage random sampling, were examined. The sample was drawn from South 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal in India. The respondents on average obtained 3.67 t/ha a...
Article
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Ornamental Aquaculture Field School is a new concept of extension approach where there is interaction among the farmers in a informal way, where they can express their problems and views freely.
Article
The present study explores agrobiodiversity in the changing shifting cultivation landscapes (SCL) in India’s North East, a region that accounts for 83% of the area under SCL in India and also encompasses the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. Based on a survey of 481 households across 52 villages in six states in India to quantify agrobiodiversity us...
Article
Under the farmer FIRST project about 400 beneficiary farmers were provided access toimproved agricultural technologies in Khordha district. Skill training and demonstration ofmodules on improved technologies on Crop, Horticulture, Livestock and Fishery wereconducted. Following the DFID framework (1999) the impact on livelihoods of farmerswas measur...
Article
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There is increasing concern about unequal distribution of income and wealth especially in developing economies, and to address this issue, there is greater thrust for inclusive development in the recent years. In this context, this paper looks into growing income inequality among the forest dwellers based on the empirical study conducted in North E...
Book
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India is the second largest fish producing country in the world, but our per capita fish consumption is less than the global average. Blessed with abundant water resources across the country, we are yet to exploit the full potential of the available resources. As the marine production is almost stagnant, the additional fish production has to be sou...
Article
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The study attempts to understand the recent trends of social media use and the phenomenon of distractions among agriculture collegian in NorthEastern Hill states of India. A sample of 343 students drawn from 7 colleges of six NorthEastern Hill states was surveyed. The results showed rampant usage of social media among the agriculture collegians in...
Article
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The study was undertaken in South 24 Paraganas district of West Bengal with an aim to study the adoption of Composite Carp Culture technology. Primary data were collected from 142 fish farmers practicing composite carp culture using structured schedule. The study indicates that 16.2, 61.3 and 22.5 per cent of the respondents were in the category of...
Article
Shifting cultivation (SC), or swidden, continues to be a predominant agricultural practice in some parts of North-East India despite efforts by the state to discourage that practice. The indigenous people persist in practising SC because it is part of their culture and traditions, because SC means much more to them than a means of livelihood, and a...
Article
ABSTRACT This study is focused on the agrarian change and well-being status among Mara hill tribe practicing Shifting Cultivation (SC) in Saiha, a remote Hill district in North Eastern Region of India. Using a mixed methods research design, 50 tribal households were interviewed with the help of structured interview schedule. The findings reveal tra...
Article
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The North Eastern Region (NER) is predominantly dependent on cultivation of crops, animal husbandry is an inseparable part of the farmers’ economy and it supplements the livelihood of all categories in the NER. Animal husbandry is a secured source of livelihood for the tribal. But, the return is low due to lack of knowledge of modern animal husband...
Article
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This study is focused on the livelihood transition and happiness status among Konyak Naga tribe whose living primarily depends on Shifting Cultivation (SC) in Mon, a remote Hill district of Nagaland. Using a resilience approach, 50 tribal households were interviewed with the help of structured interview schedule. The findings reveal transition in t...
Experiment Findings
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GFAR Let us present here the success story of a group of women belonging to families with poor economic status. They have defied dogmas of the community and came out of shell with drive and determination to turn around things. In 1999, 13 motivated rural poor women formed a Women Self-help Group (WSHG) called "Pragati" in the village Jaipur of Saty...
Conference Paper
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Mainstreaming gender concerns in freshwater aquaculture development
Article
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Community attachment to places or practices and the cultural contexts of tribes are subjects of long traditions of research. A few studies, however, have extended these traditions into increasingly marginalized areas located beyond historically deprived upland communities. This study addresses issues related to the sentiments of attachment and cons...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to identify the appropriate technological interventions to manage jhum land and forest fallow based on jhumia’s preference and to analyze the problems as perceived by them. Vegetable cultivation (MS, 4.23), fruits orchard (MS, 4.19) and spice production (MS, 4.18) were identified by the respondents as top three strateg...
Article
The present study was conducted during 2016-17 in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura states of the North-Eastern Himalayan (NEH) region to analyze the extent of institutional support, viz. information, credit and market access in the tribal dominated districts. Findings of the study reveal that 87.80% respondents o...
Article
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The study has made an attempt to identify various climate change risks encountered by the fish farmers in freshwater aquaculture in India. This paper also demonstrates in detail the relevant measures adopted by them to mitigate various types of climate change risks in freshwater aquaculture. A simple random sample of 368 fish farmers were selected...
Chapter
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Rural youths represent both a challenge to and an opportunity for reducing rural poverty. To overcome this challenge and seize the opportunity concerted efforts are needed to generate decent employment opportunities. A complementary set of awareness generation, entrepreneurship development, enabling policy, capacity building and technical support a...
Article
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We surveyed the fish farmers of five states, viz. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Odisha and West Bengal of India for adaptation and mitigation strategies of climate change impact in freshwater aquaculture. In monsoon period especially when the cyclone occurred, overall 9% fish farmers responded regarding fish migration from one pond to another...
Book
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The book is a e-souvenir of the National Consultation on Fostering Faster reach of innovations from Aquaculture Research through Media: A Science Communication Perspective organized by ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, Odisha in October, 2017. The book has 14 chapters focusing on the role of media in fostering faster re...
Article
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Rainfed agriculture by resource-poor farm families plays a pivotal role in maintaining global food security. Poor access to resources has been a major concern for the farming community of such risk-prone areas. It is also characterized by social maladies like poverty, malnutrition and migration. Judicious and systematic use of available limited res...
Article
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Community based aquaculture, a subset of the rural aquaculture, is characterised with low fish production level. Sustainable improvement of productivity levels in such resources has remained a challenge. The study adopted a novel approach of technology transfer through aquaculture field school which involves provision of technical advices and no ph...
Article
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The study on pond fish culture entrepreneurship was undertaken in Tripura through survey among 240 fish farmers. Seven attributes, viz. innovativeness, farm decision making, achievement motivation, knowledge of farming enterprises, risk taking ability, leadership ability and cosmopolitan nature were measured to study the overall entrepreneurial att...
Article
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Agro-input dealers play a very useful role in agricultural production system. They contribute towards strengthening the Agricultural Extension System by providing valuable service to the farming community. It is essential that they are equipped with latest know how through refresher training. The present study was conducted during 2013-14 in South...
Article
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Tripura, second smallest state in the north-eastern part of India has been witnessing significant growth in freshwater aquaculture in recent years. Entrepreneurial interest coupled with support from the Government is the main reason for this development. Entrepreneurial attributes like innovativeness, achievement motivation, risk taking and leaders...
Article
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Rural prosperity and women empowerment are the two sides of a coin. Promoting aquaculture and related enterprises among women holds immense potential for ensuring their livelihood and socioeconomic empowerment. A study was undertaken in three villages namely Jaipur, Fakirpada and Paribasudeipur of Puri and Khordha districts of Odisha during the per...
Article
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Information is the key resource for right decision making process by farmers. Effective delivery of information to farming community has remained a challenge for agriculture extension. Understanding information usage pattern by farmers is of paramount importance. The present study was carried out in Tripura Sate in north-eastern India to identify d...
Article
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Rural aquaculture as a weapon to fight poverty and reduce inequality has received renewed attention in recent years. It contributes to poverty alleviation and provides employment to millions of people, both in the sector itself as well as in support services. Rural aquaculture pertains to the farming of aquatic organisms by small-scale farming hous...
Article
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The present study was conducted in Paribasudeipur village of Khurda district of Odisha in May, 2012. A simple random sample of 30 farmers was selected and the participatory rural appraisal tool was applied in order to enable them for identification of their problems relating to fish farming in that village. Six key informants were also selected. Ra...
Article
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The article reviews Aquaculture field school (AFS) as an innovative way of providing extension services to farmers. It discusses growth and genesis of farmer field school (FFS) methodology and its spread to over 75 countries. FFS approach adopted in major fisheries development projects; its impact and lessons learnt from establishing two AFS by the...
Article
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Community-based aquaculture (CBA) management, based on the principles of participation is receiving increased attention. In eastern India too several fish farming groups have been organised, who have been given lease of community tanks for productive use. In the present study an attempt is made to evaluate the socio-economic impact of CBA. Factors...

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Projects (4)
Project
Farmers first is an approach which focuses enriching knowledge and integrating technologies in the farmer’s conditions and to enhance farmers-scientist interface. Emphasis of the project will be on farmers’ farm, innovations, resources, science and technology. Small holders, landless and farm women will be specially addressed through technology integration modules. It has four components – enhancing farmer-scientist interface; economically viable technology options; partnership and institution building and e-enabled knowledge sharing.