Hilde Lysvand

Hilde Lysvand
Norwegian University of Science and Technology | NTNU

About

44
Publications
5,175
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653
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
510 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus; GBS) is an important human pathogen causing pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis in neonates, as well as infections in pregnant women, immunocompromised individuals, and the elderly. For the future control of GBS-inflicted disease, GBS surface exposed proteins are particularly relevant as they may act as...
Article
Full-text available
Background : The importance of endemic human coronavirus (HCoV) in children has been insufficiently elucidated upon. Our aims were to develop subgenomic (sg) mRNA tests for HCoV species OC43 and NL63, and to evaluate the relationships to HCoV genomic loads, single HCoV detections and clinical manifestations. Methods : We have used an 11-year-long...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: There is an urgent need for new antivirals with powerful therapeutic potential and tolerable side effects. Methods: Here, we tested the antiviral properties of interferons (IFNs), alone and with other drugs in vitro. Results: While IFNs alone were insufficient to completely abolish replication of severe acute respiratory syndrome c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is an urgent need for new antivirals with powerful therapeutic potential and tolerable side effects. Methods: Here, we tested the antiviral properties of interferons (IFNs), alone and with other drugs in vitro. Results: While IFNs alone were insufficient to completely abolish replication of severe acute respiratory syndrome corona...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 and its vaccine/immune-escaping variants continue to pose a serious threat to public health due to a paucity of effective, rapidly deployable, and widely available treatments. Here, we address these challenges by combining Pegasys (IFNα) and nafamostat to effectively suppress SARS-CoV-2 infection in cell culture and hamsters. Our results...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Every year, millions of people are hospitalized and thousands die from influenza A virus (FLUAV) infection. Most cases of hospitalizations and death occur among the elderly. Many of these elderly patients are reliant on medical treatment of underlying chronic diseases, such as arthritis, diabetes, and hypertension. We hypothesized that...
Preprint
Background: Every year, millions of people are hospitalized, and thousands die from influenza A virus (FLUAV) infection. Most cases of hospitalizations and death occur among elderly. Many of these elderly patients are reliant on medical treatment of underlying chronic diseases, such as arthritis, diabetes, and hypertension. We hypothesized that the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Every year, millions of people are hospitalized, and thousands die from influenza A virus (FLUAV) infection. Most cases of hospitalizations and death occur among elderly. Many of these elderly patients are reliant on medical treatment of underlying chronic diseases, such as arthritis, diabetes, and hypertension. We hypothesized that the...
Preprint
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 and its vaccine/immune-escaping variants continue to pose a serious threat to public health due to a paucity of effective, rapidly deployable, and widely available treatments. Here we address these challenges by combining Pegasys (IFNa) and nafamostat to effectively suppress SARS-CoV-2 infection in cell culture and hamsters. Our results...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The role of Parechovirus A (PeV-A) in hospitalized children with respiratory tract infections (RTIs) is unclear. We studied the occurrence and impact of PeV-A over 10 years. Methods: Children from Sør-Trøndelag County, Norway, hospitalized with RTI and a comparison group of asymptomatic children admitted to elective surgery, were pro...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is an urgent need for new antivirals with powerful therapeutic potential and tolerable side effects. In the present study, we found that recombinant human interferon-alpha 2a (IFNa2a) triggers intrinsic and extrinsic cellular antiviral responses, as well as reduces replication of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in...
Article
Full-text available
Combination therapies have become a standard for the treatment for HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. They are advantageous over monotherapies due to better efficacy, reduced toxicity, as well as the ability to prevent the development of resistant viral strains and to treat viral co-infections. Here, we identify new synergistic combination...
Preprint
Full-text available
Combination therapies have become a standard for the treatment for HIV and HCV infections. They are advantageous over monotherapies due to better efficacy and reduced toxicity, as well as the ability to prevent the development of resistant viral strains and to treat viral co-infections. Here, we identify several new synergistic combinations against...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The evidence that pan-Bcl-2 or Bcl-xL-specific inhibitors prematurely kill virus-infected or RNA/DNA-transfected cells provides rationale for investigating these apoptotic inducers further. We hypothesized that not only invasive RNA or DNA (biological factors) but also DNA/RNA-damaging chemical or physical factors could trigger apoptos...
Preprint
Full-text available
As of June 2020, the number of people infected with severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to skyrocket, with more than 6. 7 million cases worldwide. Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations (UN) has highlighted the need for better control of SARS-CoV-2 infections. However, developing novel virus specific v...
Article
Full-text available
As of June 2020, the number of people infected with severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to skyrocket, with more than 6.7 million cases worldwide. Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations (UN) has highlighted the need for better control of SARS-CoV-2 infections. However, developing novel virus-specific va...
Preprint
Full-text available
Viral diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Virus-specific vaccines and antiviral drugs are the most powerful tools to combat viral diseases. However, broad-spectrum antiviral agents (BSAAs, i.e. compounds targeting viruses belonging to two or more viral families) could provide additional protection of gene...
Preprint
Full-text available
Viral diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Virus-specific vaccines and antiviral drugs are the most powerful tools to combat viral diseases. However, broad-spectrum antiviral agents (BSAAs, i.e. compounds targeting viruses belonging to two or more viral families) could provide additional protection of gene...
Article
Full-text available
Viral diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Virus-specific vaccines and antiviral drugs are the most powerful tools to combat viral diseases. However, broad-spectrum antiviral agents (BSAAs, i.e. compounds targeting viruses belonging to two or more viral families) could provide additional protection of gene...
Preprint
Full-text available
Viral diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Virus-specific vaccines and antiviral drugs are the most powerful tools to combat viral diseases. However, broad-spectrum antiviral agents (BSAAs) could provide additional protection of general population from emerging and re-emerging viral diseases reinforcing th...
Preprint
Full-text available
We demonstrated recently that Bcl-xL-specific inhibitors prematurely killed virus-infected or RNA/DNA-transfected cells. Here we showed that Bcl-xL-specific agent A-1155463 prematurely killed human non-malignant as well as malignant cells and the small roundworm C. elegans when combined with DNA-damaging agent 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO). The s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Viral diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Virus-specific vaccines and antiviral drugs are the most powerful tools to combat viral diseases. However, broad-spectrum antiviral agents (BSAAs) could provide additional protection of general population from emerging and re-emerging viral diseases reinforcing th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Viral diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Broad-spectrum antiviral agents (BSAAs) are key players in control of human viral diseases. Here, we reviewed the discovery and development process of BSAAs, focusing on compounds with available safety profiles in human. In addition, we summarized the information...
Conference Paper
Background Macrolide-resistant strains of Mycoplasma genitalium are an increasing problem throughout the world, and the implementation of a rapid and sensitive assay for mutation detection to guide treatment is needed. Macrolide-resistant strains have been shown to contain base substitutions in positions 2058 and 2059 (Escherichia coli numbering) i...
Article
According to the WHO, there is an urgent need for better control of viral diseases. Re-positioning existing safe-in-human antiviral agents from one viral disease to another could play a pivotal role in this process. Here, we reviewed all approved, investigational and experimental antiviral agents, which are safe in man, and identified 59 compounds...
Article
Full-text available
Autoimmune diseases are characterized by chronic inflammatory reactions localized to an organ or organ-system. They are caused by loss of immunologic tolerance toward self-antigens, causing formation of autoantibodies that mistakenly attack their own body. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune skin disease in which the underlying molecular...
Article
Full-text available
Macrolide resistant strains of Mycoplasma genitalium is an increasing problem throughout the world, and the implementation of a rapid and sensitive assay for mutation detection to guide treatment is needed. Macrolide resistant strains have been shown to contain base substitutions in positions 2058 and 2059 ( E. coli numbering) in region V of the 23...
Article
Full-text available
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. The absence of microbial organisms as potential causal agents has given rise to the hypothesis that the inflammation is due to an autoimmune reaction. The defined inflamed areas of the skin lesions argue for an immunological disease with a local production of a causal antigen. Pso p27 is a protein g...
Article
Full-text available
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with unknown etiology. Infiltration of inflammatory cells as the initial event in the development of new psoriatic plaques together with the defined inflamed areas of such lesions argues for an immunological disease with a local production of a causal antigen. The auto-antigen Pso p27 is a protein ex...
Article
Full-text available
Pso p27 is a protein antigen expressed in psoriatic lesions and is shown to participate in complement activating immune complexes in the affected skin. The objective of the present study was sequencing of the Pso p27 protein in an approach to identify a "Pso p27 gene". The analyses showed that Pso p27 represents several proteins with homologies to...
Article
Pso p27 is shown to be an autoantigen in psoriasis and the objective of the present study was to investigate whether Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) would influence the expression of Pso p27. Skin biopsies obtained from psoriatic patients before and after treatment with TCM were analyzed for the presence of Pso p27 antigen by indirect immunofluo...
Article
To evaluate the effect of combined herbal medicine therapy on the expression of psoriasis-associated antigen (Pso p27) in patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Fifteen psoriasis vulgaris patients were included in the study and they were all treated with combined herbal medicine therapy for 12 weeks. Both psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score a...
Article
This report describes a new PCR-based assay for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa genotype D in occupational saturation diving systems in the North Sea. This genotype has persisted in these systems for 11 years (1993-2003) and represents 18% of isolates from infections analysed during this period. The new PCR assay was based on sequences obta...
Article
Full-text available
The psoriasis-associated antigen, pso p27, can be isolated from psoriasis scale and is present in complement-activating immune complexes in psoriatic scale, and in serum from patients with psoriasis. The antigen is produced by tryptase-positive cells in the skin lesions and is shown to be a major antigen in the immune reactions in psoriasis. The sy...
Article
Eight patients with psoriasis, all with skin scales and 7 with disabling psoriatic arthritis, were subjected to cascade apheresis starting with three treatments per week for 2 weeks, followed by one treatment a week, comprising ten treatments in all. Six out of 7 patients (86%) with arthropathy and 3 out of 8 patients (38%) with scales experienced...
Article
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, predominantly affecting the lung. The increased concentration of pulmonary lymphocytes with specific receptors in subgroups of sarcoidosis patients suggests a local specific immune response. pso p27, a psoriatic scale antigen linked to the pathogenesis of psoriasis, was previo...
Article
Full-text available
Received: 3 May 1994 Key words Psoriasis 9 pso p 27 9 Antigen 9 Mast cells 9 Inflammation A main feature of psoriasis is an inflammatory reaction in the dermis with deposits of immune complexes and infil- tration of inflammatory cells. Recently, we presented evidence that a major antigen in the immune reactions in psoriasis is expressed by a sub- p...
Article
Full-text available
Extractable IgG from psoriatic scale was purified, labelled with biotin and used in ELISA and immunofluorescence (IF) in an attempt to detect and localize prominent antigens in psoriatic scale extracts and in psoriatic lesions, respectively. Biotinylated immunoglobulins isolated from psoriatic scale from each of 5 patients were used. Scale extracts...
Article
Water-soluble extracts from psoriatic scales and normal human skin were prepared using either phosphate-buffered saline, pH 7.2, or 0.1 M carbonate buffer, pH 10.8. Anaphylatoxin C5a des Arg was quantified using a novel sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using neoepitope-specific monoclonal antibodies. Alkali was about five to eight...
Article
Rabbit antisera against the major internal protein, p27, of retrovirus-like particles from psoriatic urine, and against the serologically cross-reacting antigen, pso p27, from psoriatic scale, reacted with the Fc part of human IgG. Evidence indicating that the p27 antigen and the pso p27 antigen are identical has been presented in previous reports....

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
1. To identify autoantigens in chronic inflammatory diseases. 2. To reveal feedback mechanisms of significance for the persisting inflammation in autoimmune diseases.