Hilde Gunnink

Hilde Gunnink
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Languages and Cultures

PhD

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17
Publications
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101
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Publications

Publications (17)
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper deals with two seldom described discourse functions of the reflexes of Proto-Bantu applicative ✶-ɪd in Fwe (K402), a Bantu language spoken in Zambia and Namibia. These functions are: (i) signaling some sort of narrow focus on an applied phrase expressing General Location, and (ii) widening the “orientation” of a locative phrase from invo...
Article
Language contact with Khoisan languages has resulted in the adoption of click phonemes in certain southern African Bantu languages. Contact-induced changes outside the phonological domain, however, are less commonly recognized. This paper provides a first ever analysis of morphological influence from Khoisan languages in Yeyi, a Bantu language spok...
Article
Full-text available
Shekgalagadi is an endangered Bantu language of the Sotho cluster spoken in Botswana. While it is known that the language shows extensive regional variation, very little documentation exists of smaller, more remote varieties. This paper provides a first ever description of the northern-most Shekgalagadi variety known as Shetjhauba, spoken along the...
Article
Language contact between migrating Bantu speakers and resident Khoisan speakers has resulted in the adoption of clicks in various southern African Bantu languages. This paper uses the comparative method to show that for one particular cluster of Bantu click languages, the Nguni languages, a large number of phonemic clicks can be reconstructed to it...
Book
This book provides a first-ever comprehensive overview of the grammatical structure of Fwe. Fwe is a Bantu language spoken on the border between Zambia and Namibia, by some 20,000 people. Very little previous documentation exists on the language, and the current description of Fwe is based exclusively on newly collected field data. It includes an a...
Article
In this paper we present a new, lexicon-based phylogeny of 34 Southern Bantu languages, and combine it with previous insights from linguistics, archaeology, and genetics to study the history of Southern Bantu languages and their speakers. Our phylogeny shows all Southern Bantu languages to derive from a single, direct ancestor, which contrasts with...
Article
Full-text available
South Eastern Bantu-speaking (SEB) groups constitute more than 80% of the population in South Africa. Despite clear linguistic and geographic diversity, the genetic differences between these groups have not been systematically investigated. Based on genome-wide data of over 5000 individuals, representing eight major SEB groups, we provide strong ev...
Preprint
Full-text available
South Eastern Bantu-speaking (SEB) groups constitute more than 80% of the population in South Africa. Despite clear linguistic and geographic diversity, the genetic differences between these groups have not been systematically investigated. Based on genome-wide data of over 5000 individuals, representing eight major SEB groups, we provide strong ev...
Article
In southern Africa, contact with the typologically and genealogically diverse Khoisan languages has resulted in various changes in Bantu languages. The most salient and well-studied change is the acquisition of clicks, cross-linguistically uncommon phonemes that are a strong indicator of Khoisan influence. However, not all southern African Bantu la...
Chapter
Full-text available
This is a short overview of African languages and linguistic structures. The paper has been published as: Sands, Bonny & Hilde Gunnink. (2019). Languages of Africa. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders. ed. Jack S. Damico & Martin J. Ball. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers. pp. 1020-1024. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10...
Thesis
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Deze scriptie bespreekt de grammatica van het Fwe. Het Fwe is een Bantoetaal die gesproken wordt in de Zambezi regio van Namibië (voorheen bekend als Capri-vistrook), en in aangrenzende delen van Zambia, in de zuidwestelijke punt van de Western Province. Met ongeveer 20,000 moedertaalsprekers is het Fwe een kleine taal, maar desondanks niet bedreig...
Article
Full-text available
Click consonants are one of the hallmarks of "Khoisan" languages of southern Africa. They are also found in some Bantu languages, where they are usually assumed to have been copied from Khoisan languages. We review the southern African Bantu languages with clicks and discuss in what way they may have obtained these unusual consonants. We draw on bo...
Article
This paper describes the use of verbal locative clitics in Fwe. The status of these morphemes is ambiguous between free word and affix, motivating their analysis as clitics. They have a locative use, expressing anaphoric reference to a location, but also three non-locative uses, expressing a partitive, a polite command, or progressive aspect. Diach...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we show that the influence of Khoisan languages on five southwestern Bantu click languages spoken in the Kavango-Zambezi transfrontier area is diverse and complex. These Bantu languages acquired clicks through contact with both Khwe and Ju languages. However, they did not simply copy these Khoisan clicks words. They adapted them ph...
Article
Tsotsitaal is a language variety widely spoken in South Africa. It is recognisable by its distinct lexicon, which is usually combined with the grammar of another language. In this paper I present data of a tsotsitaal variety spoken in Soweto that uses the grammatical structure of Sowetan Zulu, as well as certain grammatical characteristics that are...

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