Hilary du Cros

Hilary du Cros
University of New Brunswick · Department of Humanities & Languages

PhD Arts, Monash University

About

86
Publications
63,851
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Hilary du Cros currently works at the Department of Humanities & Languages, University of New Brunswick. Hilary does research in Archaeology, Cultural Anthropology, Heritage and Tourism Management, Cultural Policy and Arts Events.
Additional affiliations
June 2010 - July 2013
The Education University of Hong Kong
August 2005 - May 2010
Institute for Tourism Studies Macao, China
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2000 - July 2005
The University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Part-time lecturer/Research Fellow

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Purpose Australia appears to be encountering a crisis in the protection of certain heritage places, despite its strong reputation in heritage conservation built up since the 1970s. Consequently, this paper examines changes to national cultural heritage management policy over the last few decades to understand more about this crisis. Design/methodo...
Book
Cultural Tourism remains the only book to bridge the gap between cultural tourism and cultural and heritage management. The first edition illustrated how heritage and tourism goals can be integrated in a management and marketing framework to produce sustainable cultural tourism. The current edition takes this further to base the discussion of cultu...
Chapter
The General Conference of UNESCO directly linked the underlying principles of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) approach to the adoption of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape in November 2011. It has been hailed as ‘a new way to include all these aspects of conservation in an integrated framework’ (Bandarin and Van Oers 2012: xvi)....
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to offer advice to the Macao Special Administrative Region (SAR) Government regarding the tourist and traffic flow concerning how these contribute to congestion in World Heritage Site (WHS) elements and make recommendations regarding the management of tourist flows and traffic congestion. Design/methodology/app...
Presentation
Full-text available
A key element of cultural management is to make heritage and arts attractions accessible physically and intellectually for use, enjoyment and education. Good experience design in cultural tourism involves “edutainment”. This process comprises both elements of education and entertainment. These goals are compatible, for if people cannot access herit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Whitlam Government (1972-1975) was deeply concerned about Indigenous Affairs and cultural heritage. The crucial issue for discussion in this paper is whether the replacement of Whitlam initiatives, active up until 2004 (e.g. the Australian Heritage Commission and its grants program and the Register of the National Estate), has reduced or enhanc...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Article
Planning for tourism at archaeological sites needs to take into account conservation, the host community, and tourist needs in order to create a balanced approach that is sustainable. As tourism involves the consumption of experiences, marketing, site interpretation, and management are increasingly important. However, tourism should never be impose...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Last year was the UNWTO year of sustainable tourism. This keynote will address emerging trends for sustainable cultural tourism in a clear call to build on past achievements and to meet arising challenges. While some authorities may feel sustainable cultural tourism is not working or working as well as it should there has been an increase in awaren...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of the paper is to clarify what kind of cultural heritage responsibilities the relevant international heritage conservation documents ascribe, and to whom. Through a contents analysis of 24 international heritage conservation documents since 1931, this research finds that those responsible cultural heritage protection include, State Par...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Any discussion of either tourism futures or sustainability cannot avoid climate change. However, it is evident that many tourism stakeholders could be more proactive in dealing with its current/future effects. This paper explores the belief landscape associated with the industry along with possible barriers to action and provides some suggestions f...
Article
This paper examines a diverse range of sculpture trails/routes around the world in order to contribute to research currently being undertaken on linear heritage tourism spaces. This is achieved by investigating the scope and settings of sculpture trails and routes; their role in enhancing community heritage and tourism resources and how strong loca...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Drawing upon an analysis of resident and visitor survey data and Macau Government Tourist Office (MGTO) press releases in 2012, the purpose of this paper is to understand the tourism destination image for this tourist historic city produced by these three key stakeholder groups in Macau. Design/methodology/approach – This is achieved usi...
Research
Full-text available
Presentation given at the "Making Waves in Macao," the 3rd International Conference on Events, hosted by the Institute for Tourism Studies (IFT) on 7-9 September 2015.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Book
Full-text available
Cultural Tourism remains the only book to bridge the gap between cultural tourism and cultural and heritage management. The first edition illustrated how heritage and tourism goals can be integrated in a management and marketing framework to produce sustainable cultural tourism. The current edition takes this further to base the discussion of cultu...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid establishment of Confucius Institutes all over the world has raised a question of doubt about the motivation of China. From the perspective of China, the institutes can help to promote Chinese language and culture, and project a positive image of China as a benign country. However, other countries may wonder how far China would like to ex...
Book
Full-text available
Cultural heritage and contemporary arts benefit from being showcased in events. Arts-related events are each unique in reflecting local culture; they may be therefore spontaneous (street art and so on) or planned (i.e. studio tours or arts festivals). The Arts and Events explores the nature and complexity of managing arts events and fills a signifi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
For too long, the area of independent Asian youth tourism has remained under-examined in terms of the kind and depth of urban cultural experiences that could be associated with it. This paper is based on study results that investigated urban cultural experiences of fully independent (of family and tour package decision-making) youth tourists (15-29...
Chapter
Twenty-first century academic studies are beginning to identify how the impact of domestic and regional tourism associated with developing countries such as China, Thailand and India amongst others is bringing new insights on tourism. Of particular interest is how increased attention to Asian tourism will inevitably bring a new examination of the d...
Article
Research on independent youth tourism in Asia has tended to examine visits to peripheral and exotic destinations rather than to developed, urbanised cities such as Hong Kong. The present research addresses this significant gap, with its principal aim being to increase understanding of independent outbound Chinese tourism, before visa arrangements c...
Article
The Historic Centre of Macao was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS) in 2005. The question arises regarding the value of the designation ‘WHS’ and what it means to tourists who visit. The researchers used intercept surveys and participant observation to determine brand awareness among visitors. Regardless of how much the tourism industry an...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have seen increased academic attention in urban studies on the flows of city artefacts and images. Conceptualised as ‘immutable mobiles’, the Macao Pavilion and its associated objects on show at Shanghai Expo 2010 are examined for the ways they encouraged and regulated uniformed flows of people and city images. Specifically, these immu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Intangible heritage is by definition people-orientated rather than object-centred. At its core, implementation of the new initiative (the UNESCO Convention, 2003) will transform the relationships between museums and their audiences and stakeholders. Patrick J. Boylan What is Intangible Cultural Heritage? Intangible cultural heritage is traditional...
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers insights into backpacker tourism from the People’s Republic of China. Chinese backpackers are a distinctively post-Mao reform generation growing up at a time when China shifts from Mao Zedong’s socialist policies to Deng Xiaoping’s policy explorations with capitalism. Through distanced virtual ethnography of a leading internet for...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have seen increased academic attention in urban studies on the flows of city artefacts and images. Conceptualised as 'immutable mobiles', the Macao Pavilion and its associated objects on show at Shanghai Expo 2010 are examined for the ways they encouraged and regulated uniformed flows of people and city images. Specifically, these immu...
Article
City administrations in Asia frequently try to establish or design architecturally grand art hubs or precincts to make a statement about the international status and appeal of their cities. Meanwhile, many of the tourists whom they are hoping to attract continue to visit organically or spontaneously developed art clusters in various heritage settin...
Article
Purpose – This article aims to examine how Macao could become a destination to attract health and medical tourists from the People's Republic of China (China), as since its return from Portuguese control in 1999 it has been capitalising on its position as a cultural link between Portugal and China Design/methodology/approach – A study was conducted...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research on achieving sustainable heritage tourism in Macau advocates a greater collaboration between tourism and heritage management authorities and the local community on reaching sustainable tourism goals. A key theme for Macau in the last ten years has been how the tension between the proponents for greater casino development versus thos...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research on achieving sustainable heritage tourism in Macau advocates a greater collaboration between tourism and heritage management authorities and the local community on reaching sustainable tourism goals. A key theme for Macau in the last ten years has been how the tension between the proponents for greater casino development versus thos...
Article
Full-text available
Little research has been published on the evolution of markets, but markets, like destinations, should evolve over time. A market's collective travel behavior should change as residents become more experienced international tourists. Market evolution may be triggered by rapid economic development. As Tourists become more experienced, their destinat...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how tourists justify inappropriate behaviour at contested cultural heritage sites through an analysis of weblogs of people who climbed Uluru, Australia. The climb is increasingly seen as being inappropriate, culturally insensitive and socially unacceptable. Yet it remains open and up to 150,000 people participate each year. Park...
Article
Full-text available
World Heritage Sites (WHS) are often popular and primary attractions for a destination for many reasons, in particular the economic benefits they bring in terms of increased visitation and extension of stay. However, without active management to reduce negative impacts, such as congestion, both tourists and the host community can become caught up i...
Article
This paper examines the nature of the relationship between tourism and cultural heritage management in the established urban destination of Hong Kong. In the past, conflict theory has formed the basis of most of the studies of relationships between tourism and other sectors. However, a conflict paradigm may not be the most appropriate framework. In...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its rich stock of heritage assets, extraordinary pace of market liberalisation, and its political administration, the People’s Republic of China is at a crossroads in terms of the management of its heritage assets. In order to better understand the threats and opportunities that market liberalisation may pose for cultural heritage assets as...
Article
A supply-side study of cultural attractions was conducted in Hong Kong, using indepth interviews with managers and custodians of built assets having varying degrees of tourism appeal. The purpose of the study was to identify why some places are more popular than others. Five different attribute categories were identified: product, experiential, mar...
Article
Full-text available
This paper tests further a cultural tourism typology based on the interface between centrality of cultural tourism as a trip motive and the depth of experience. Five types of cultural tourist are identified that represent five benefit-based segments. The segments are tested against a variety of trip, demographic, motivational, preferred activity, a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the application of activities-based segmentation as a means of segmenting the cultural tourism market. Activities-based segmentation is predicated on the assumption that different tourism products appeal to different types of tourists. Through an analysis of tourist behavior, discrete market segments can be identified. The valid...
Article
Full-text available
A natural link exists between tourism and cultural heritage management, yet little discourse and debate occurs between them on the sustainability of heritage tourism. What also is missing is a process whereby elements of both areas can be included in the identi®cation and actualisation of the tourism potential of cultural heritage places. This pape...
Article
One of the few inland late Holocene sites to be dated was investigated earlier this year. The excavation was one of very few to occur in Victoria during the last six years. The site (7822/488) is an open Aboriginal site situated on a meander bend on Kororoit Creek at Gisborne South, about 25 km northwest of Melbourne. The site occurs within 5 km of...
Article
The conference was held at Charles Sturt University, Albury, between 8 and 11 of February. There were 102 registrations. Overseas visitors included Dr Meg Conkey (USA), Dr Joan Gero (USA), Dr Alison Wylie (Canada), Chris Jenkins (NZ), Pamela Russell (NZ), and Beverly Parslow (NZ).
Article
This paper is a brief discussion of artefact processing methods used during the excavation of the Commonwealth Centre/Telecom post-contact archaeological sites. It outlines the problems which were encountered in systematically cataloguing and analysing the large number of artefacts excavated within a short period of time. Some solutions are discuss...
Article
This paper asks the provocative question - what happens if heritage practices that use energy and other resources in abundant quantities, though considered fine by International Best Practices (IBP) of heritage management, are found to be in opposition to the achievement of sustainability? Much that is considered intangible heritage today had its b...
Article
Full-text available
Shamian Island is a nineteenth century European designed historical precinct in Guangzhou, which is also one of the oldest cities in China that has always been a key point for trade and communication. Steamships in the nineteenth century use to bring Western tourists to the city and more lately it has developed a reputation for business and heritag...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
I'm particularly interested in their presence in Singapore for a paper I'm writing.
Question
Wondering about the educational and other influences on this group of tourists and whether the Internet is really such a great equalizer these days. I would like to hear from researchers working in China and the rest of Asia on this topic, particularly if they have been analyzing social media, as well as undertaking interviews/surveys, in Chinese and English.
Question
I'm writing a book on arts and events and am wondering if this is potential issue to discuss.

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Started with research project for Whitlam Institute in regard to Indigenous places in Australia. Now has broadened to including national bureaucratic frameworks in response to disaster management and resilience building. Two latest outputs are: 1. Conference paper ICOMOS 6 Joint ISC's webinar 17 October 2020 https://drive.google.com/file/d/1FvYAh3KyB0Dh9BD0yWZavEruMTnTvycZ/view 2. Presentation for same https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AjuJhlLtxsA&t=12s 3. A paper under review for a leading CHM journal
Project
As you may be aware, Gough Whitlam was the Prime Minister of Australia between 1972-1975 and was deeply concerned about Indigenous Affairs and cultural heritage. The crucial issue for this study is whether the dismantling of Whitlam initiatives, active up until 2004 (e.g. the Australian Heritage Commission and its grants program and the Register of the National Estate), has reduced or enhanced the effectiveness of national policy on Indigenous places. Over the last ten years, there has been an increasing crisis regarding the management of Indigenous places as revealed by the national State of the Environment (SOE) reporting process, which looks at cultural as well as natural heritage Australia-wide. The 2016 SOE report has described these places as under incremental pressure, because of a lack of national assessment/public reporting mechanism or targeted research regarding the cumulative impact of development on Indigenous heritage. The research comprises these in-depth interviews, an online survey, as well as a seminar and webinar. The study will result in a consultation paper on achieving best practice management policy solutions and an academic article.
Project
There has been an increase in debate about suitable digital tourism research methods using ethnography, visual analysis of big data, observation/participation or various other approaches to understand how digital engagement meshes with what is happening on the ground in tourism. Recent research concerning Asian independent youth tourism (in this case Asian youth tourists to Hong Kong) has found that cybercommunities have much more influence than traditional sources in relation to this group’s decision making. A new approach has been tested that combined virtual ethnography/observation, in-depth interviews and semi-structured face-to-face surveys. This chapter outlines the efficacy of applying the approach and the trends revealed by it in regard to spontaneity, adventure-seeking, collective decision-making and peer support to Asian youth tourists from cyber-communities within which they belong and engage.