Hien Quoc Ngo

Hien Quoc Ngo
Queen's University Belfast | QUB

PhD

About

212
Publications
44,011
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10,979
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2017 - present
Queen's University Belfast
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (212)
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper considers orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS)-based uplink multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) systems in the ultra-reliable-and-low-latency communication (URLLC) space. The maximum-ratio-combining (MRC) scheme is first applied at the base station (BS) to combine all the received symbols and then the maximum likelihood...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Federated learning (FL) with its data privacy protection and communication efficiency has been considered as a promising learning framework for beyond-5G/6G systems. We consider a scenario where a group of downlink non-FL users are jointly served with a group of FL users using massive multiple-input multiple-output technology. The main challenge is...
Preprint
Full-text available
Terahertz (THz) communication is widely deemed the next frontier of wireless networks owing to the abundant spectrum resources in the THz band. Whilst THz signals suffer from severe propagation losses, a massive antenna array can be deployed at the base station (BS) to mitigate those losses through beamforming. Nevertheless, a large number of anten...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its communication efficiency and privacy-preserving capability, federated learning (FL) has emerged as a promising framework for machine learning in 5G-and-beyond wireless networks. Of great interest is the design and optimization of new wireless network structures that support stable and fast operation of FL. Cell-free massive multiple-inpu...
Preprint
Federated learning (FL) with its data privacy protection and communication efficiency has been considered as a promising learning framework for beyond-5G/6G systems. We consider a scenario where a group of downlink non-FL users are jointly served with a group of FL users using massive multiple-input multiple-output technology. The main challenge is...
Preprint
Full-text available
With its privacy preservation and communication efficiency, federated learning (FL) has emerged as a promising learning framework for beyond 5G wireless networks. It is anticipated that future wireless networks will jointly serve both FL and downlink non-FL user groups in the same time-frequency resource. While in the downlink of each FL iteration,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We consider a cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network utilizing a virtually full-duplex (vFD) mode, where access points (APs) with a downlink (DL) mode and those with an uplink (UL) mode simultaneously serve DL and UL users (UEs). In order to maximize the sum spectral efficiency (SE) of the DL and UL transmissions, we formul...
Preprint
We consider a cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network utilizing a virtually full-duplex (vFD) mode, where access points (APs) with a downlink (DL) mode and those with an uplink (UL) mode simultaneously serve DL and UL users (UEs). In order to maximize the sum spectral efficiency (SE) of the DL and UL transmissions, we formul...
Preprint
For downlink massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) operating in time-division duplex protocol, users can decode the signals effectively by only utilizing the channel statistics as long as channel hardening holds. However, in a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted massive MIMO system, the propagation channels may be less hardene...
Preprint
Full-text available
This letter considers the development of transmission strategies for the downlink of massive multiple-input multiple-output networks, with the objective of minimizing the completion time of the transmission. Specifically, we introduce a session-based scheme that splits time into sessions and allocates different rates in different sessions for the d...
Article
Full-text available
This letter considers the development of transmission strategies for the downlink of massive multiple-input multiple-output networks, with the objective of minimizing the completion time of the transmission. Specifically, we introduce a session-based scheme that splits time into sessions and allocates different rates in different sessions for the d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For downlink massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) operating in time-division duplex protocol, users can decode the signals effectively by only utilizing the channel statistics as long as channel hardening holds. However, in a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted massive MIMO system, the propagation channels may be less hardene...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Federated learning (FL) with its data privacy protection and communication efficiency has been considered as a promising learning framework for beyond-5G/6G systems. We consider a scenario where a group of downlink non-FL users are jointly served with a group of FL users using massive multiple-input multiple-output technology. The main challenge is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We consider the downlink of cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation. Two pilot-based channel estimation schemes, namely superimposed pilot-based (SP-CHE) and embedded pilot-based channel estimation (EP-CHE), are applied to estimate the channels at the access points (APs)...
Preprint
Full-text available
We provide a performance evaluation of orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation in cell-free massive MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output) systems. By leveraging the inherent sparsity of the delay-Doppler (DD) representation of time-varying channels, we apply the embedded pilot-aided channel estimation method with reduced guard intervals a...
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider the downlink of cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation. Two pilot-based channel estimation schemes, namely superimposed pilot-based (SP-CHE) and embedded pilot-based channel estimation (EP-CHE), are applied to estimate the channels at the access points (APs)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper considers uplink multiple-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) systems, in which multiple single-antenna users transmit signals to a multiple-antenna base station (BS) simultaneously. The maximum-ratio-combining (MRC) detection scheme is applied at the BS. Our main focus is on the non-asymptotic concentration of measure analysis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We provide a performance evaluation of orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation in cell-free massive MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output) systems. By leveraging the inherent sparsity of the delay-Doppler (DD) representation of time-varying channels, we apply the embedded pilot-aided channel estimation method with reduced guard intervals a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dense arrays can facilitate the integration of multiple antennas into finite volumes. In addition to the compact size, sub-wavelength spacing enables superdirectivity for endfire operation, a phenomenon that has been mainly studied for isotropic and infinitesimal radiators. In this work, we focus on linear dipoles of arbitrary yet finite length. Sp...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper considers the fundamental power allocation problem in cell-free massive mutiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) systems which aims at maximizing the total energy efficiency (EE) under a sum power constraint at each access point (AP) and a quality-of-service (QoS) constraint at each user. Existing solutions for this optimization problem...
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider the downlink of a cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system where large number of access points (APs) simultaneously serve a group of users. Two fundamental problems are of interest, namely (i) to maximize the total spectral efficiency (SE), and (ii) to maximize the minimum SE of all users. As the considered problem...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers the fundamental power allocation problem in cell-free massive mutiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) systems which aims at maximizing the total energy efficiency (EE) under a sum power constraint at each access point (AP) and a quality-of-service (QoS) constraint at each user. Existing solutions for this optimization problem...
Article
Full-text available
Cell-Free Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) are two promising technologies for application to beyond-5G networks. This paper considers Cell-Free Massive MIMO systems with the assistance of an RIS for enhancing the system performance under the presence of spatial correlation among the engineer...
Preprint
Full-text available
Future wireless networks require the integration of machine learning with communications, in an energy-efficient and privacy-preserving manner. Finding energy-efficient designs for federated learning (FL)-enabled wireless networks is of great interest. This work first proposes novel synchronous, asynchronous, and session-based designs for energy-ef...
Preprint
Full-text available
We provide the first-ever performance evaluation of orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation in cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. To investigate trade-off between performance and overhead, we apply embedded pilot-aided and superimposed pilot-based channel estimation methods. We then derive a closed-form expre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With its privacy preservation and communication efficiency, federated learning (FL) has emerged as a learning framework that suits beyond 5G and towards 6G systems. This work looks into a future scenario in which there are multiple groups with different learning purposes and participating in different FL processes. We give energy-efficient solution...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the downlink of cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) with zero-forcing processing is considered. To maximize the system energy efficiency (EE), we design power allocation algorithms taking into account imperfect channel state information, hardware, and backhaul power consumption. The total EE optimization problem i...
Preprint
In this paper, we study the performance of wideband terahertz (THz) communications assisted by an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS). Specifically, we first introduce a generalized channel model that is suitable for electrically large THz IRSs operating in the near-field. Unlike prior works, our channel model takes into account the spherical wave...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Federated learning (FL) has been considered as a promising learning framework for future machine learning systems due to its privacy preservation and communication efficiency. In beyond-5G/6G systems, it is likely to have multiple FL groups with different learning purposes. This scenario leads to a question: How does a wireless network support mult...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we study the performance of wideband terahertz (THz) communications assisted by an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS). Specifically, we first introduce a generalized channel model that is suitable for electrically large THz IRSs operating in the near-field. Unlike prior works, our channel model takes into account the spherical wave...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper considers Cell-Free Massive Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems with the assistance of an RIS for enhancing the system performance. Distributed maximum-ratio combining (MRC) is considered at the access points (APs). We introduce an aggregated channel estimation method that provides sufficient information for data processing. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key technology for improving the spectral and energy efficiency in 5G-and-beyond wireless networks. For a tractable analysis, most of the previous works on Massive MIMO have been focused on the system performance with complex Gaussian channel impulse responses under rich-scattering environments. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
With its privacy preservation and communication efficiency, federated learning (FL) has emerged as a learning framework that suits beyond 5G and towards 6G systems. This work looks into a future scenario in which there are multiple groups with different learning purposes and participating in different FL processes. We give energy-efficient solution...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-assisted wireless communication is widely deemed a key technology for 6G systems. The main challenge in deploying an IRS-aided terahertz (THz) link, though, is the severe propagation losses at high frequency bands. Hence, a THz IRS is expected to consist of a massive number of reflecting elements to compensate f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-assisted wireless communication is widely deemed a key technology for 6G systems. The main challenge in deploying an IRS-aided terahertz (THz) link, though, is the severe propagation losses at high frequency bands. Hence, a THz IRS is expected to consist of a massive number of reflecting elements to compensate f...
Preprint
Federated learning (FL) has been considered as a promising learning framework for future machine learning systems due to its privacy preservation and communication efficiency. In beyond-5G/6G systems, it is likely to have multiple FL groups with different learning purposes. This scenario leads to a question: How does a wireless network support mult...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes and analyzes the performance of two simple transmission protocols for a multiuser massive multiple-input multiple-output relaying system, where K single-antenna users transmit data to a massive-antenna destination through an $N$ -antenna relay node. The proposed transmission protocols take imperfect channel state information (...
Article
Full-text available
We consider utility maximization problems in the downlink cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) whereby a large number of access points (APs) simultaneously serve a group of users. Four fundamental maximization objectives are of interest: (i) average spectral efficiency (SE), (ii) proportional fairness, (iii) harmonic-rate, and (i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) are two promising technologies for 5G-and-beyond wireless networks, capable of providing large array gain and multiuser spatial multiplexing. Without requiring additional frequency bands, those technologies offer significant improvements in both spectral and...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper proposes a flexible pilot assignment method to jointly optimize the uplink and downlink data transmission in multi-cell Massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems with correlated Rayleigh fading channels. By utilizing a closed-form expression of the ergodic spectral efficiency (SE) achieved with maximum ratio processing, we fo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a flexible pilot assignment method to jointly optimize the uplink and downlink data transmission in multi-cell Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with correlated Rayleigh fading channels. By utilizing a closed-form expression of the ergodic spectral efficiency (SE) achieved with maximum ratio processing, we fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Straggler effect is the main bottleneck in realizing federated learning (FL) in wireless networks. This work proposes a novel user (UE) selection approach to mitigate this effect with UE sampling in cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output networks. Our proposed approach selects only a small subset of UEs for participating in one FL process...
Article
This paper considers the uplink of a massive MIMO system under the multi-keyhole channels. Two capacity bounding techniques, namely use-and-then-forget (UF) and full-side-information (FSI), are used to obtain the achievable rates. With UF scheme, the base station (BS) utilizes the mean value of the effective channel gain to detect the signal, while...
Article
In this paper, we investigate the potential enhancements in signal reliability which can be achieved by using a millimeter-wave distributed antenna system (DAS) within an indoor environment. To achieve this, we measured the signal power simultaneously received at 9 ceiling mounted access point (AP) locations likely to be used in future indoor DAS d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cell-Free Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) are two promising technologies for application to beyond-5G networks. This paper considers Cell-Free Massive MIMO systems with the assistance of an RIS for enhancing the system performance under the presence of spatial correlation among the scatteri...
Article
This paper considers cell-free massive MIMO (cfm-MIMO) for the downlink ultra reliable and low-latency communication (URLLC). At the time of writing, cfm-MIMO has only been considered for communication in the long block regime (LBR), whose throughput is determined by the Shannon function rate with the interference treated as Gaussian noise. Conjuga...
Article
Full-text available
Terahertz (THz) communication is widely considered as a key enabler for future 6G wireless systems. However, THz links are subject to high propagation losses and inter-symbol interference due to the frequency selectivity of the channel. Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) along with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) can be...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate the potential of a novel precoder for a massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system with multiple-antenna users under the influence of both Rayleigh and keyhole channel models. The proposed precoder is based on maximum-ratio processing and aims to enhance the channel hardening effect at the users. This is achi...
Preprint
Full-text available
An intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) at terahertz (THz) bands is expected to have a massive number of reflecting elements to compensate for the severe propagation losses. However, as the IRS size grows, the conventional far-field assumption starts becoming invalid and the spherical wavefront of the radiated waves should be taken into account. In...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) at terahertz (THz) bands is expected to have a massive number of reflecting elements to compensate for the severe propagation losses. However, as the IRS size grows, the conventional far-field assumption starts becoming invalid and the spherical wavefront of the radiated waves should be taken into account. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key technology for improving the spectral and energy efficiency in 5G-and-beyond wireless networks. For a tractable analysis, most of the previous works on Massive MIMO have been focused on the system performance with complex Gaussian channel impulse responses under rich-scattering environments. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
Terahertz (THz) communication is widely considered as a key enabler for future 6G wireless systems. However, THz links are subject to high propagation losses and inter-symbol interference due to the frequency selectivity of the channel. Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) along with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) can be...
Article
Motivated by the ever-growing demand for green wireless communications and the advantages of cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) systems, we focus on the design of their downlink (DL) for optimal energy efficiency (EE). To address this fundamental topic, we assume that each access point (AP) is deployed with multiple...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper considers a massive MIMO system under the double scattering channels. We derive a closed-form expression of the uplink ergodic spectral efficiency (SE) by exploiting the maximum-ratio combining technique with imperfect channel state information. We then formulate and solve a total uplink data power optimization problem that aims at simul...
Article
Full-text available
Cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system is a promising architecture for next generation wireless systems by deploying a very large number of distributed access points (APs), which simultaneously serve a smaller number of user equipments (UEs) over the same time-frequency resources. It guarantees uniformly good service at high...
Article
In cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) the fluctuations of the channel gain from the access points to a user are large due to the distributed topology of the system. Because of these fluctuations, data decoding schemes that treat the channel as deterministic perform inefficiently. A way to reduce the channel fluctuations is to d...
Preprint
Full-text available
In cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) the fluctuations of the channel gain from the access points to a user are large due to the distributed topology of the system. Because of these fluctuations, data decoding schemes that treat the channel as deterministic perform inefficiently. A way to reduce the channel fluctuations is to d...