H.H. Masjuki

H.H. Masjuki
International Islamic University Malaysia | iium · Department of Mechanical Engineering

Bachelor of Science (Hons) MechEng, MSc(Tribology), PhD(Superlaminar Flow in Journal Bearing)).

About

648
Publications
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Introduction
Energy and Bioenergy and Tribology

Publications

Publications (648)
Article
Palm oil is an incredibly efficient crop, but our dependence on this crop as a primary biodiesel feedstock has threatened food insecurity as it is still perceived as the main source for vegetable oil throughout the world rather than being utilized for fuel. Therefore, the idea of utilizing non-edible food crops and waste vegetable oils could help t...
Article
Biodiesel or biodiesel–diesel fuel is the current fuel used to power transportation engines. Contamination on lubricating oil is a common issue due to leakage or extensive use of engines. This study explores the lubricant oil blend’s friction and wear with the biodiesel derived from waste cooking oil, waste cooking oil blend withCalophyllum inophyl...
Article
Thermal behavior of diesel, Jatropha curcas methyl ester (JOME), and its B20 blend (20% biodiesel and 80% diesel) are examined from the profiles of thermogravimetry – differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) under air. TG profiles of samples indicate the mass loss steps to volatilization and combustion of methyl esters. Due to the higher temperat...
Article
Full-text available
The development of bio-lubricant is an immerging area of research considering the rapid depletion of petroleum reserve and environmental concern. This study aims to develop non-edible jatropha oil-based bio-lubricant and investigate the tribological properties considering commonly used piston ring-cylinder liner materials of stainless steel and cas...
Article
The purpose of this study is to improve the tribological characteristics of cotton-biolubricant by adding nanoparticles at extreme pressure (EP) conditions in comparison with commercial lubricant SAE-40. This research involved the synthesis of cotton-biolubricant by transesterification process and then the addition of nanoparticles in it to improve...
Article
Biodiesel is auto-oxidative in nature. It can change its composition due to auto-oxidation. Therefore, it causes fluctuation in its lubrication property during application. The present study aims to assess the effect of Pyrogallol (PY), Propyl gallate (PG) and Butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT) additives on the sustainability and lubrication behaviour...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental concerns associated with artificially formulated engine oils have forced a shift towards bio-based lubricants. The deposition of hard coatings on engine components and migrating to environmentally friendly green lubricants can help in this regard. Chemically modified forms of vegetable oils, with better low-temperature characteris...
Article
An increase in energy demand is leading to the continuous rise in global temperature above pre-industrial levels with the discharges of toxic gases and radiations leading to severe climatical circumstances. Thus, it is mandatory to develop ever-lasting, highly efficient thermal systems to overcome this issue. Scientific works on different nanofluid...
Article
Reserves of fossil fuel are being depleted, and its use to generate energy also affects the environment. Sustainable and clean energy sources, therefore, need to be produced to meet the demands. In this research, combined blended fuels were produced from cottonseed and palm oil methyl esters with petroleum diesel fuel. To achieve the benefits of pa...
Chapter
This chapter discusses all types of feedstocks used for synthesizing biodiesel and feedstock's selection criteria. Moreover, all biodiesel production methods (i.e Dilution with hydrocarbons blending, Micro-emulsion, Pyrolysis, and Transesterification) are also described in detail with their advantages and disadvantages. The major focus is given to...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiesel is a clean, renewable, liquid fuel that can be used in existing diesel engines without modification as pure or blend. Transesterification (the primary process for biodiesel generation) via heterogeneous catalysis using low-cost waste feedstocks for catalyst synthesis improves the economics of biodiesel production. Heterogeneous catalysts...
Article
This study aims to investigate the density and viscosity of ternary biodiesel blends. Fuel density and viscosity play an important role in the fuel injection system, flame propagation, and combustion process in compression ignition engine. The density and viscosity of biodiesel are higher than high-speed diesel which is an implication in the commer...
Article
Full-text available
Dilution of engine oil with unburned fuels alters its lubricity and tribological properties. In this research paper, SAE-40 lubricating oil samples were contaminated with known percentages (5%) of fuels (diesel, palm-sesame biodiesel blend (B30), B30 + ethanol, B30 + dimethyl carbon-ate, B30 + carbon nanotubes and, B30 + titanium oxide). The effect...
Article
The conventional method of synthesizing carbon-based nanofluids produces harmful products that are highly toxic and hazardous. The present investigation deals with the effects of using eco-friendly, non-corrosive, covalent functionalized Graphene Nanoplatelets with gallic acid (GGNPs) as heat transfer fluid on energetic and exergetic performance of...
Article
Full-text available
The world’s need for energy is increasing with the passage of time and the substantial energy demand of the world is met by fossil fuels. Biodiesel has been considered as a replacement for fossil fuels in automotive engines. Biodiesels are advantageous because they provide energy security, they are nontoxic, renewable, economical, and biodegradable...
Article
The present study is to investigate the feasibility of mixed non-edible oils, Sterculia foetida (SFO), and rice bran oil (RBO) for biodiesel production. The transesterification process variables of SFO50RBO50 as the suitable blend were optimized using response surface methodology. The optimum conditions of the transesterification process are as fol...
Article
Synthesis of carbon-based working fluid involves toxic acids that are hazardous to the human and surrounding environment. In the current experimental investigation, thermal analysis of liquid flat plate solar collector was carried out using distilled water and environmentally friendly, covalent functionalized graphene nanoplatelets. Gallic acid was...
Article
Full-text available
Depletion of mineral reservoirs along with health and environmental concerns have led to a greater focus on bio-lubricants. The purpose of this study was to analyze and optimize the reaction conditions of the transesterification process for cotton biolubricant synthesis by using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). In RSM, Rotatable central composit...
Article
In this study, a study of the effects of Moringa Oil Biodiesel (MOB) biodiesel-diesel blends on the engine's performance, exhaust particulate matter, gaseous emissions and combustion characteristics was carried out in a multi-cylinder high-pressure common-rail diesel engine. The experiment involved the use of baseline diesel and several MOB blends...
Article
In this study, a novel modeling approach (artificial neural networks (ANN) and ant colony optimization (ACO)) was used to optimize the process variables for alkaline-catalyzed transesterification of CI40CP60 oil mixture (40 wt% of Calophyllum inophyllum oil mixed with 60 wt% of Ceiba pentandra oil) in order to maximize the biodiesel yield. The opti...
Article
Two-stroke also known as two-cycle gasoline engine is a spark ignition engine. Its uniqueness to the four-stroke engine is that this engine does not require lubricant sump, which makes construction lightweight and simple. Its lubricant is mixed with gasoline and burnt together during combustion. There are reports which stated that higher spark plug...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Surface textured and DLC coated (hydrogenated amorphous carbon) samples were assessed for their coating performance at 40 ºC, 80 ºC and 125 ºC. As a result, textured a-C:H DLC demonstrated higher but stable coefficient of friction (COF) at high temperatures as compared to un-textured DLC samples. However, textured DLC samples showed higher wear res...
Article
Tribological properties of tetrahedral diamond-like carbon (ta-C DLC) coating were investigated to assess the effects of the counter surfaces under the boundary condition in the presence of biodegradable oil. The tribological tests were performed using steel/steel, steel/DLC and DLC/DLC contacts, and found that the coefficient of friction was 0.062...
Article
In this article, wear performance of patterned and non-patterned tetrahedral carbon thin film (ta-C) is compared in the presence of various lubricants. For this purpose, wear tests were conducted at temperatures (40 °C–125 °C) which are normally found during automotive engine operation. Wear test were conducted at 100 N load and 120 min. The result...
Article
Diesel engine is widely used as prime mover due to its high thermal efficiency. Usage of renewable biodiesel in diesel engine is also widely studied due to its potential in reducing emission and as a replacement of conventional diesel. Biodiesel performance could be improved by blending it with petroleum diesel besides introducing appropriate injec...
Article
Recycling waste cooking vegetable oils by reclaiming and using these oils as biodiesel feedstocks is one of the promising solutions to address global energy demands. However, producing these biodiesels poses a significant challenge because of their poor physicochemical properties due the high free fatty acid content and impurities present in the fe...
Article
In this work, the effects of adding of inedible Calophyllum Inophyllum biodiesel to diesel fuel on performance, gaseous emissions, particulate matter (PM) and combustion characteristics were studied in a medium-duty, high-pressure common-rail turbocharged four-cylinder diesel engine under different speed and torque conditions. The key physicochemic...
Article
In this study, experiments were conducted on a four-cylinder spark-ignition engine to investigate the effects of iso-butanol additives in ethanol-gasoline blend on fuel properties, performance and emission characteristics of a SI engine. The engine tests were carried out at 50% wide open throttle and variations of engine speed from 3000 to 5000 RPM...
Article
Purpose There is a continuous drive in automotive sector to shift from conventional lubricants to environmental friendly ones without adversely affecting critical tribological performance parameters. Because of their favorable tribological properties, chemically modified vegetable oils such as palm trimethylolpropane ester (TMP) are one of the pote...
Article
This study investigated the corrosion characteristics of widely used automotive materials: copper (Cu), aluminum (Al) and stainless steel (SS) in Jatropha biodiesel. The corrosion rate of the materials was measured by the weight loss and changes in the surface morphology using immersion test in biodiesel. Before and after the immersion test, fuel s...
Article
Full-text available
The depletion of fossil fuels is causing great concern and it is important to search for alternatives. Ethanol and isobutanol are suitable for spark ignition engine due to their favorable physicochemical properties that can be blended with pure gasoline to reduce the dependency on petroleum fuels. Six types of fuel blends consisting of ethanol and...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to develop a comprehensive development and research for performance and emissions of diesel engine fuelled with hydrogen and water at variable injection timing. Experiments have been conducted to compare the performance and emissions between diesel alone, diesel with hydrogen and hydrogen-diesel and water injection pressure. additio...
Article
In this study, microwave irradiation-assisted alkaline-catalysed transesterification was used to produce W70CI30 biodiesel from a mixture of waste cooking oil and Calophyllum inophyllum oil. The methanol/oil ratio, catalyst concentration, stirring speed, and reaction time were optimized using response surface methodology based on the Box-Behnken ex...
Article
The possible scarcity of oil and gas resources in the future (whether in quantity or areas of availability) is a major concern throughout the world. For this reason, governments all over the world are working on reducing their dependence on imported energy resources. Alternative energy resources such as bioethanol, biodiesel and biomass have gained...
Article
Biodiesel can be used as alternative to replace fossil diesel. However, usage of biodiesel in an unmodified diesel engine can cause higher in nitrogen oxides (NOx) emission. In order to reduce the harmful emission, certain injection strategies can be carried out. In this paper, the effects of biodiesel blends, fuel injection timing and split inject...
Conference Paper
Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oils is an effective way to conquer the linked problems with edible oils such as food versus fuel and other environmental impacts. Cerbera odollam oil is one of these possible non-edible feed stocks for future biodiesel production. This study evaluated the potential biodiesel production from cerbera od...
Article
Full-text available
The physiochemical properties of biodiesel are significantly influenced by its fatty acid composition (FAC). This research investigates FAC of Jatropha biodiesel (JB) synthesized using feedstocks originated from the east (JBEM) and west (JBWM) Malaysian regions together with biofuel properties. The critical properties of pure biodiesels and blends...
Article
In this study, the tribological properties of ta-C DLC were largely influenced by the counter surfaces and additives. The DLC/DLC contact showed approximately 60% lower wear when tested with additivated oil compared to that of base oil and this result was 66% in steel/DLC contact. Friction coefficient in DLC/DLC contact was lower than in steel/DLC...
Article
Full-text available
Deformation band at Petani Formation included in the type of disaggregation band, where deformation on this formation resulted from tectonics stress at Plio – Pleistocene affecting sandstone layer that being deformed and resulted strain localization feature, filling with iron oxide sand. The measurement for this research was using grain size analys...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the importance of tribology towards the global economy. The current world energy crisis, the depletion of fossil fuel reserves and the increasing of environmental hazards over the years have urged academicians and scientists to continuously seek for methods to overcome these problems while improving the quality of life in th...
Article
The effect of particle size and surfactant on dispersion stability and wear protection ability was experimentally evaluated for polyalphaolefin (PAO 10) and bio-based base oil (palm trimethylolpropane ester) added with molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) particles. Nanolubricants were developed by adding 1 wt% of MoS2 particles that varied in size. In addi...
Article
Full-text available
Two frost-free household refrigerator-freezers, one with 492 liter capacity and one with 460 liter capacity were tested in the laboratory to determine the sensitivity of several variables those influence consumption refrigerator-freezers energy consumption greatly. The effects of single variables such as room temperature, thermostat setting positio...
Article
Modern industrial applications involve rigorous operating conditions due to which lubricant either slips out of the contact or its thin layer resides between the interacting surfaces. Deposition of diamond-like carbon coatings and using lubricants capable of physically adsorbing on the interacting surfaces can significantly improve tribological per...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Similar properties of biodiesel to conventional diesel have made biodiesel as a promising fuel. However, its NOx emission was reported higher by most researchers in the world. In this study, antioxidants are used in the effort of improving the oxidation stability of biodiesel and reducing the NOx emission while maintaining the engine performance. p...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a four-cylinder common-rail turbocharged diesel engine fuelled with Jatropha curcas biodiesel-diesel blends. A kernel-based extreme learning machine (KELM) model is developed in this study using MATLAB software in order to predict the performance...
Article
Environmental pollution and the declining global supply of accessible fossil fuels are the key drivers of the search for alternative sources of energy. Biodiesel, a renewable liquid transport fuel, is commercially-produced using heterogeneous catalysts. Heterogeneous catalysts obtained from seashells appeared as promising alternatives thanks to the...
Article
Biodiesel from non-edible vegetable oil is considered as a monetarily doable source among the conceivable sources. It can be used as a replacement of the fossil diesel without any modification of engine design. In this study, “Millettia pinnata" (MP) which is known as Karanja and "Croton megalocarpus" (CM), non-edible biodiesel feedstock sources us...
Article
Purpose This study investigated the tribological properties of tetrahedral DLC films in self-mated contacts in the presence of additivated and non-additivated vegetable oils. DLC films have high practical value due to its low friction and low wear properties. On the other hand, vegetable oils are considered to be lubricants for future due to its r...
Data
Bioethanol can potentially replace gasoline because of its lower exhaust emissions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the engine performance and exhaust emissions of Manihot glaziovii bioethanol–gasoline blends at different blend ratios (5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%). Tests were performed on a single-cylinder, four-stroke spark-ignition engine...
Article
The efficiency of a flat plate solar collector using water based CuO nanofluid as a working fluid is analyzed theoretically. A mathematical model and a program, written in MATLAB code were used for calculating the efficiency of a flat plate solar collector for a domestic solar water heating system considering weather conditions of a city in Myanmar...
Article
The heavy reliance on petroleum-derived fuels such as gasoline in the transportation sector is one of the major causes of environmental pollution. For this reason, there is a critical need to develop cleaner alternative fuels. Butanol is an alcohol with four different isomers that can be blended with gasoline to produce cleaner alternative fuels be...
Article
In transportation and industrial sectors, the world relies heavily on petroleum-based products which may cause grave concern related to future energy security. On certain cases, these products would end up back to the environment causing serious environmental pollution and hazards. Recognized as potential substitutes to mineral-based lubricants, bi...
Article
Bioethanol can potentially replace gasoline because of its lower exhaust emissions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the engine performance and exhaust emissions of Manihot glaziovii bioethanol-gasoline blends at different blend ratios (5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%). Tests were performed on a single-cylinder, four-stroke spark-ignition engine...
Article
Biodiesel production from Ceiba pentandra oil using immobilized Candida antarctica lipase (Novozym 435) was studied. A drastic change from 20.6% to 78.0% yield for 9:1 methanol to oil molar ratio indicated the significance of methanol stepwise addition method. Tests were done on the effect of enzyme pretreatments to biodiesel yield productivity whi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the polymethyl acrylate (PMA) additive on the formation of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxide (NOX) emission from a diesel coconut and/or Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel-fueled engine. The physicochemical properties of 20% of coconut and/or C. inophyllum biodiesel-diesel blend (B20), 0....
Article
Full-text available
This work presents and discusses the anitwear characteristics of surface modified CuO nanoparticle suspensions in bio-based lubricant. 1.0 wt% unmodified as well as surface modified CuO nanoparticles (nominal size of 50 nm), were dispersed in base oil using an ultrasonic probe. Wear protection was evaluated by using Four-Ball Extreme Pressure (EP)...
Article
Lower emissions of spark ignition engine can be achieved by using alcohol fuels such as methanol as it is more environmental advantage over fossil fuel. The methanol fuels can be further improved by added with iso-butanol as it have higher energy content and able to displace more gasoline fuel. Nevertheless, the research on the addition of lower ra...
Article
In this study, a carbon-based solid acid catalyst was prepared using the de-oiled Jatropha curcas (JC) seed cake waste. The catalyst was consequently used to esterify the JC oil in order to lower the high free fatty acid content (FFA) to an acceptable level (<4 mg KOH g⁻¹) for biodiesel production. The chemical and physical properties of the cataly...
Article
In this study, biodiesel production using ultrasound and infrared techniques is introduced. The ultrasound and infrared techniques are more efficient for biodiesel production since they improve the mass transfer between the immiscible reactants, increase chemical reactions, and decrease the reaction time and energy consumption. The effect of the re...
Article
In this study, kernel-based extreme learning machine (K-ELM) and artificial neural network (ANN) models were developed in order to predict the conditions of an alkaline-catalysed transesterification process. The reliability of these models was assessed and compared based on the coefficient of determination (R²), root mean squared error (RSME), mean...
Article
The depletion of oil reserves as well as environmental pollution resulting from the burning of fossil fuels has led to ongoing research and development of biodiesels in order to substitute fossil fuels. The objective of this study is to investigate the performance and exhaust emissions of a single-cylinder direct injection diesel engine fueled with...
Article
Full-text available
Transportation sector covers a large portion of the total energy consumption shares and is highly associated to global warming. Growing concern over the harmful gases being emitted from vehicles and their environmental implications has urged the need for pollutant reduction through more efficient engines. Good engine thermal management especially d...