H.G. Callaway

H.G. Callaway
Temple University | TU · Department of Philosophy

Ph.D., in philosophy
Writing and publishing.

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138
Publications
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Introduction
I work primarily in the philosophy of meaning and interpretation with an additional focus on American philosophy and American intellectual history.
Education
September 1970 - May 1976
Temple University
Field of study
  • Philosophy
September 1967 - July 1970
Pennsylvania State University
Field of study
  • Philosophy

Publications

Publications (138)
Article
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This is my expository and critical review of Paul Gochet's book on Quine's philosophy from 1987. I chiefly dispute Gochet on Quine's doctrine of ontological commitment. It was published, under the Editorship of Henri Lauener, in the Swiss journal of the philosophy of knowledge, Dialectica, 42, 1, 1988, pp. 45-58
Article
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Abstract This paper explores the relationship between semantic contextualism and philosophical pluralism. Semantic contextualism is understood here as a philosophical approach to linguistic meaning and interpretation and an intuitively plausible ground or rationale of a moderate anti-formalism—one which attempts to make good use of formal methods w...
Book
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Meaning without Analyticity draws upon the author’s essays and articles, over a period of 20 years, focused on language, logic and meaning. The book explores the prospect of a non-behavioristic theory of cognitive meaning which rejects the analytic-synthetic distinction, Quinean behaviorism, and the logical and social-intellectual excesses of extre...
Chapter
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This paper focuses on abduction as explicit or readily formulatable inference to possible explanatory hypotheses--as contrasted with inference to conceptual innovations or abductive logic as a cycle of hypotheses, deduction of consequences and inductive testing. Inference to an explanation is often a matter of projection or extrapolation of element...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that the influence of language on science, philosophy and other field is mediated by communicative practices. Where communications is more restrictive, established linguistic structures exercise a tighter control over innovations and scientifically motivated reforms of language. The viewpoint here centers on the thesis that argume...
Book
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The papers assembled in this book originated from, and span, the recent decades of intensive economic globalization and international interaction-up to the present period of the commercialized, digital world-accompanied by American and international crisis. High hopes of the benefits of trade expansion, international cooperation, growing prosperity...
Book
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Preface The papers assembled in Essays in Radical Empiricism chiefly date from the late work of William James, 1904-1907-the single exception being the final 1884 essay "Absolutism and Empiricism." James conceived a plan for a book in 1907 and placed a collection of his essays in an envelope carrying the title "Essays in Radical Empiricism," maki...
Preprint
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This paper examines and evaluates the notion of "pure experience" found in the late philosophical writings of psychologist and philosopher William James. In his later writings, James largely put aside the scientific naturalism emphasized in his Principles of Psychology (1890) in order to examine philosophical presuppositions of natural science and...
Conference Paper
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This paper focuses on moral, legal and constitutional issues arising from debates and political conflicts centered on identity, human dignity, recognition and identity politics. In his 2018 book, Identity, the Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment, Stanford University political scientist Francis Fukuyama addresses themes which may prope...
Conference Paper
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This paper draws on recent work on face recognition to provide details and empirical context for outlining a functional approach to consciousness and its contents. Human beings are able to detect and recognize a given face, distinct from an extensive gallery of others, usually in less than a second. The process occurs accurately and with little or...
Presentation
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In the opening chapter of his Principles of Psychology, William James reflects on an argument by analogy, premised on the fact that a machine, such as a clock, will produce correct results when it is in good working order, and produce incorrect results if it is out of order, though both kinds of results equally follow a causally determined sequence...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the opening chapter of the Principles of Psychology, William James reflects on an argument by analogy to the effect that a machine, such as a clock, will produce correct results when it is in good working order, and produce incorrect results if it is out of order, though both kinds of results equally follow a causally determined sequence depende...
Article
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This paper briefly explains and offers criticism of the so-called "Iron law of oligarchy." According to the classical formulation due to Robert Michels (1876-1936) in his study of political parties, oligarchy arise out of efficient and effective organization itself which privileges leadership positions. The thesis has been subject to long and varie...
Chapter
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Theories of linguistic meaning have been a major influence in twentieth century philosophy. This is due, in part, to the assumption that meaning is the crucial and interesting thing about language. To know the meaning of an expression is to understand it, and since understanding is central to philosophy in many different ways, it should be no surpr...
Chapter
Full-text available
POWER The essay "Power" was first published in Emerson's 1860 book of essays, The Conduct of Life. It there follows the more famous essay "Fate." Having rejected passive fatalism in the opening essay, Emerson leaves the reader in no doubt on the existence of distinctively human powers. Human powers always have their limits, and if "we thought men w...
Conference Paper
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This paper examines the meaning and evidential role of reports of introspection in cognitive psychology. 1 A theory of scientific introspection aims to detail the nature, scope and limits of reports of subjective experience in science. Introspective reports best function as experimental data when combined with objective methods of stimulus control...
Presentation
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The great danger and flaw of over-concentration of political and economic power in the large-scale Madisonian, federal republic is the emergence of pernicious political factionalism. In the absence of a perceived emergency or special conditions of duress or external threat, factionalism arises directly from intensive competition for control of fede...
Article
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This paper sketches a critique of moral and epistemic relativism in political-ethical theory. It draws on recent arguments of Paul Boghossian. The arguments are posed in the context of the salient distinction between cultural pluralism and more recent versions of it-in the form of late twentieth-century multiculturalism. From the perspective of pol...
Article
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Questo lavoro prende le mosse da uno studio (Callaway 1992, pp. 239-240) sul ruolo del conflitto nell’origine dell’adesione a particolari opzioni di valore, ovvero sulla sua funzione di modello sociologico pervasivo nello sviluppo di valori di gruppo unificanti, in grado di trasformare conflitti, o differenze personali, in conflitti collettivi su l...
Research
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This is a short draft paper based on readings from George Packer, Francis Fukuyama and others concerning "Just America" and Identity politics. Additional sources and discussion requested.
Chapter
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This is the second chapter of H.G. Callaway and Guy W. Stroh, American Ethics, A Source Book from Edwards to Dewey, covering the period of the American Enlightenment and the founding of constitutional government. The published chapter has been amended by annotations and additions to the texts.
Chapter
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On the title page of Emerson’s Society and Solitude1 (with “society” receiving preeminence of place), the reader is informed that the book consists of “twelve chapters.” The distinctness of the chapters is emphasized in, and over, the unity of the book in the original 1870 edition. The customary running header for the book title goes missing, a...
Presentation
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Abstract This paper defends a distinction, to be sketched and developed below, between characteristic and supportive structures contributing to oligarchy—illegitimate rule by a self-selecting few—and democratic networks of actors and participants. The cogency of the distinction is highly relevant to the oft encounter claim of the “inevitability of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper draws on recent work on face recognition to provide details and empirical context for outlining a functional approach to consciousness and its contents. Human beings are able to detect and recognize a given face, distinct from an extensive gallery of others, usually in less than a second. The process occurs accurately and with little or...
Article
Full-text available
In his new book, IDENTITY, THE DEMAND FOR DIGNITY AND THE POLITICS OF RESENTMENT, Stanford University political scientist Francis Fukuyama addresses themes which might more properly be considered matters of political and legal philosophy. In particular, though he affirms the importance of the concepts of human dignity and identity, more or less as...
Data
Bibliography for Lincoln Steffens' The Shame of the Cities and the Philosophy of Corruption and Reform
Book
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This is the Preface and Table of Contents for my new book, H.G. Callaway 2020, Lincoln Steffens', The Shame of the Cities and the Philosophy of Corruption and Reform.
Book
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This is the Introduction to my 2020 study edition of Lincoln Steffens, The Shame of the Cities, and the Philosophy of Corruption and Reform.
Data
This is the Preface and Table of Contents of my forthcoming book, Lincoln Steffens' The Shame of the Cities and the Philosophy of Corruption and Reform, due out in January 2020.
Book
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This is the cover imagine of my new Book on Lincoln Steffens, The Shame of the Cities and the Philosophy of Corruption and Reform.
Thesis
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Modern western history exhibits three great episodes of commercial and political globalization. “Globalization” means the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by expansion of trade, free flow of capital and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets. (Compare “globalism” (1943): a national policy of treating...
Book
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We are currently witnessing a renewal of broad public interest in the life and career of Alexander Hamilton – justly famed as an American founder. This volume examines the possible present-day significance of the man, noting that this is not the first revival of interest in the statesman. Hamilton was a major background figure in the GOP politics o...
Thesis
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Alexander Hamilton is best known to Americans and perhaps to people around the world, by that handsome, familiar portrait which graces the $10 bill. This prominence on American currency has everything to do with Hamilton's work as the first Secretary of the Treasury under President Washington. The reverse side of the $10 bill shows the impressive N...
Book
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This book presents the author’s many and varied contributions to the revival and re-evaluation of American pragmatism. The assembled critical perspective on contemporary pragmatism in philosophy emphasizes the American tradition of cultural pluralism and the requirements of American democracy. Based partly on a survey of the literature on interest-...
Chapter
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The aim of this paper is to defend a famous quotation from Martin Luther King, stating that " The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice. " The quotation is inscribed on the King Memorial in Washington, D.C. and President Obama had it woven into a rug for the Oval Office in the White House. The quotation has become something...
Chapter
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The author’s prior book, a very Aristotelian look at Dewey’s Metaphysics (1988), starts from criticism of the idea of freedom as autonomy. That theme persists, along with an Aristotelian flavoring in the present account of Dewey. “Autonomy as a model of freedom,” Boisvert says, “leads in practice to separation from others, not toward democratic com...
Chapter
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This paper explores the scientific viability of the concept of causality—by questioning a central element of the distinction between " fundamental " and non-fundamental physics. It will be argued that the prevalent emphasis on fundamental physics involves formalistic and idealized partial models of physical regularities abstracting from and idealiz...
Conference Paper
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According to physicist Steven Weinberg, General Relativity, which originated as Einstein's theory of spacetime and gravity, is now widely regarded as an " effective field theory. " It is useful in application to distances much larger than 10-33 cm and particle energies much smaller than the equivalent of the mass of 10 19 protons. Interpreted in th...
Chapter
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This is my Introduction to my recent book devoted to Edmund Burke and the American crisis of the late 18th century. Part of my theme and purpose is to invite comparisons, since the American crisis can be plausibly viewed as arising from the first great episode of Western globalization--connected with the European settlement of the New World.
Data
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Article
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The papers collected in the present volume arose from a 2009 seminar organized by the Society of Legal Scholars and the University of Birmingham, and convened at the Law Society’s Hall in Bristol, England. The seminar, “Judges and Jurists: Reflections on the House of Lords,” commemorated the centenary of the Society; and it chiefly focused on the t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores the scientific viability of the concept of causality—by questioning a central element of the distinction between " fundamental " and non-fundamental physics. It will be argued that the prevalent emphasis on fundamental physics involves formalistic and idealized partial models of physical regularities abstracting from and idealiz...
Research
Full-text available
This paper sketches a critique of moral and epistemic relativism in political-ethical theory; drawing on recent arguments of Paul Boghossian. The arguments are posed in the context of the salient distinction between cultural pluralism and more recent versions of it—in the form of late 20th century multiculturalism. From the perspective of political...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This paper explores the relationship between semantic contextualism and philosophical pluralism. Semantic contextualism is understood here as a philosophical approach to linguistic meaning and interpretation and an intuitively plausible ground or rationale of a moderate anti-formalism—one which attempts to make good use of formal methods w...
Book
Full-text available
This is a new, critical edition of Arthur S. Eddington's 1928 book, The Nature of the Physical World, presently in press. Eddington was one of the most important British scientists of this times, and the first major expositor of Einstein's work to the English-speaking world. At the time which he wrote the book, he was also familiar with the major a...
Chapter
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This is my Introduction to the reprint of Eddington's 1927 Gifford Lectures which I annotated and published in 2014. The Introduction gives an overview of Eddington's life and work and engages with chief themes of the book in both expository and critical ways.
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper focuses on abduction as explicit or readily formulatable inference to possible explanatory hypotheses—as contrasted with inference to conceptual innovations or abductive logic as a cycle of hypothesis, deduction of consequences and inductive testing. Inference to an explanation is often a matter of projection or extrapolation of elements...
Chapter
Full-text available
This is my draft opening for a critical edition of A.S. The Nature of the Physical World. The plan is to annotate the entire book and write a new Introduction. The result will be supplemented with an extensive bibliography, based on Eddington's sources and more recent materials, and a new index. The objective is a contemporary re-evaluation of Eddi...
Chapter
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This is my draft of the 4th chapter of Eddington, titled "The Running-Down of the Universe," which concerns the relationship of time to entropy.
Article
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Focused on five prominent scholars of international law, and casting light on the related institutions which frequently engaged them, the present book provides insight into chief currents of international law during the last decades of the twentieth century. Spanning the gap, in some degree, between Anglo-American and continental approaches to inte...
Conference Paper
This paper aims to develop a deeper conception of law, especially international law, in the early republic--and in early American republican thought. It draws primarily on the work of the Philadelphia lawyer and politician, Alexander James Dallas, who wrote his (1814) Exposition of the Causes and Character of the war to defend and explain America's...
Conference Paper
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Abstract The War of 1812 has been called America’s second War of Independence. This paper takes up that view, and it aims to elucidate the war objectives and geopolitical perspective of the Madisonian Republicans who launched the War in June of 1812. Given that the Revolutionary War was America’s anti-colonial war, which successfully removed Great...
Conference Paper
This was the somewhat shorter conference paper from which the later, similarly named publication developed.
Conference Paper
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In his final book, The Revolt of the Elites (1996), American social historian and social critic Christopher Lasch draws upon and recommends Jonathan Edwards for his “challenge to complacency and pride,” and in criticism of religion narrowly conceived as “a source of intellectual and emotional security.” According to Lasch, “Edwards’ view of God bea...
Chapter
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This paper focuses on John Witherspoon (1723-1794) and the religious background of the American conception of religious liberty and church-state separation, as found in the First Amendment. Witherspoon was strongly influenced by debates and conflicts concerning liberty of conscience and the independence of the congregations in his native Scotland;...
Article
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Alison L. LaCroix is Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Chicago Law School, where she specializes in legal history, federalism, constitutional law and questions of jurisdiction. She has written a fine, scholarly volume on the intellectual origins of American federalism. LaCroix holds the JD degree (Yale, 1999) and a Ph.D. in history (H...
Book
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Alexander James Dallas' An Exposition of the Causes and Character of the War was written as part of an effort by the then US government to explain and justify its declaration of war in 1812. However publication coincided with the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War. The Exposition is especially interesting for the insight it pr...
Chapter
In a naturalistic approach, this chapter explores the tradition conception of grace, thus the reference to "natural grace." A chief idea is that natural grace is closely related to locality and particular conditions and moral traditions of up-bringing, education and socialization: actualization in a specific social and moral environment.
Book
In 'Memories and Portraits, Explorations in American Thought', philosopher H. G. Callaway embeds his distinctive contextualism and philosophical pluralism within strands of history and autobiography - spanning three continents. Starting in Philadelphia, and reflecting on the meaning of home in American thought, he offers a philosophically inspired...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores the relationship between semantic contextualism and philosophical pluralism. Semantic contextualism is understood here as a philosophical approach to linguistic meaning and interpretation and an intuitively plausible ground or rationale of a moderate anti-formalism—one which attempts to make good use of formal methods where they...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: American philosopher William James (1842-1910) traveled to Oxford, England and Manchester College in 1908. Between 4 May and 28 May, he deliver the Hibbert Lectures, which were originally published in 1909 as A Pluralistic Universe. This was to be the last major book James published during his life time. Manchester College had been founde...
Article
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American historian Daniel Walker Howe is emeritus Professor of History at both UCLA and Oxford. His prior books are indicative of the focus in the present volume, which basically functions to revise long habitual conceptions of the Jacksonian era. He published The Politi­cal Culture of the American Whigs in 1979 and The Making of the American Self:...
Article
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This concise, well written and often convincing book of 9 short chapters is designed to defend “the intuitive view that there is a way things are that is independent of human opinion, and that we are capable of arriving at belief about how things are that is objectively reason able” and thus “binding on anyone capable of appreciating the relevant e...
Article
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Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. War and the American Presidency. New York: W.W. Norton Co., 2004. This book collects and focuses recent writings of Arthur Schlesinger on the themes of its title. In its short Foreword and seven concise essays, the book aims to explore, in some contrast with the genre of “instant history,” the relationship between Pres...
Chapter
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This is the Introduction I wrote for my edited edition of R.W. Emerson's 1870 book, Society and Solitude, published in 2008. The work is particularly interesting, because it formulates Emerson's late philosophy at the time just after the American Civil War of 1861-1865. The title themes involve Emerson's objective of reconciliation of social engage...
Book
Full-text available
American philosopher William James (1842-1910) traveled to Oxford, England and Manchester College in 1908. Between 4 May and 28 May, he deliver the Hibbert Lectures, which were originally published in 1909 as A Pluralistic Universe. This was to be the last major book James published during his life time. Manchester College had been founded in the E...
Book
Full-text available
This new edition of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Society and Solitude reproduces the original 1870 edition—only updating nineteenth-century prose spellings. Emerson’s text is fully annotated to identify the authors and issues of concern in the twelve essays, and definitions are provided for selected words in Emerson’s impressive vocabulary. The work aims...
Conference Paper
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In the Preface to his late work, The Problem of Christianity (1913), Royce rejected characterization of his views as Hegelian—preferring to reserve that term for Hegel and his immediate followers. It will be important in this paper to see just where Royce differs from Hegel. "The ghost of Hegel" includes the Absolute which "forms in its wholeness o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Theories of linguistic meaning have been a major influence in twentieth century philosophy. This is due, in part, to the assumption that meaning is the crucial and interesting thing about language. To know the meaning of an expression is to understand it, and since understanding is central to philosophy in many different ways, it should be no surpr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
(Conference paper, 2008) Broad demand for the collection and dissemination of medical records—based on new uses of the computer and computer networks—, and new economic and institutional forms of healthcare, threaten to undermine the physician’s and healthcare provider’s professional interest in the confidentiality of patient information. This sugg...
Chapter
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This book arose from the author’s recent dissertation written under the Gerhard Schönrich at Munich. It focuses on Peirce's theory of categories and his epistemology. According to Baltzer, what is distinctive in Peirce’s theory of knowledge is that he reconstrues objects as “knots in networks of relations.” The phrase may ring a bell. It suggests a...
Article
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Quine's aim in this slim book is to "update, sum up and clarify variously intersecting views on cognitive meaning, objective reference, and the grounds of knowledge." Only nine pages had previously appeared as the book came to print. It is based largely on unpublished lectures and informal discussions of the past ten years back to the Immanuel Kant...
Chapter
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In this paper we briefly examine and evaluate Quine’s physicalism. On the supposition, in accordance with Quine’s views, that there can be no change of any sort without a physical change, we argue that this point leaves plenty of room to understand and accept a limited autonomy of the special sciences and of other domains of disciplinary and common...
Conference Paper
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Published in Flamm, M.C. and K.P. Skowronski, eds. (2008) Under Any Sky: Contemporary Readings of George Santayana. Newcastle, U.K. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 221-230. This paper examines Santayana on imagination, and related themes, chiefly as these are expressed in his early work, Interpretations of Poetry and Religion (1900). My hypothe...
Data
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Emerson supplied no bibliography and few references in his works. The present bibliography was assembled by tracing Emerson frequent mention of authors and themes and historical events --and finding the readings which likely served as his sources. Emerson's sources range widely, but they are centered in an Anglo-American literature going back to th...
Chapter
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The opening essay of Emerson’s 1860 book, The Conduct of Life, posed, in that fateful year of threatening Civil War and disunion, the philosophical problem of human freedom and fate. The essay “Fate” is followed in the present book by a series of essays on related themes, including: “Power,” “Wealth,” “Culture,” “Worship,” “Beauty” and “Illusions.”...
Book
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Ralph Waldo Emerson's 1860 book, The Conduct of Life is among the gems of his mature works. First published in the year of Abraham Lincoln's election as President, this work poses the questions of human freedom and fate. This new edition emphasizes Emerson's philosophy and thoughts on such issues as freedom and fate; creativity and established cul...
Article
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This is a short, generally clearly written book on a difficult, complex and much debated topic in analytic philosophy, and it is therefore deserving of some attention. It will be attractive to those who sympathize with Quine's distinctive semantic theses, centered on the claimed indeterminacy of transla­tion, and to those who view the questions in...
Article
This paper explicates and defends a social-naturalist conception of internationality and intentions, where internationality of scientific expressions is fundamental. Meanings of expressions are a function of their place in language-systems and of the relations of systems to object-level evidence and associated community activities-including deliber...
Article
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Reconciliation of semantic holism with interpretation of individual expressions is advanced here by means of a relativization of sentence meaning to object language theories viewed as idealizations of belief-systems. Fodor's view of the autonomy of the special sciences is emphasized and this is combined with detailed replies to his recent criticism...
Book
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This paper is adapted from the Introduction written for my German translation of Quine’s Kant Lectures, the original English title of which is Science and Sensibilia. The Kant Lectures summarize Quine’s philosophy, as of about 1980. They certainly have had some circulation, subsequent to their original presentation at Stanford, and Quine borrowed f...
Article
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Susan Haack presents a striking and appealing figure in contemporary Anglo-American philosophy. In spite of British birth and education, she appears to bridge the gap between analytic philosophy and American pragmatism, with its more diverse influences and sources. Well known for her writings in the philosophy of logic and epistemology, she fuses s...

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Project
The goal of this project is to understand the roles and importance of interest-group pluralism as contrasted with "corporatism" on the one hand, and cultural pluralism on the other. The question is closely related to a vast literature in political science and political philosophy; it is also closely related to varieties of "group theory," and the topic of the relationship between government and civil society in democratic polities.