Heymut Omran

Heymut Omran
Universitätsklinikum Münster | UKM · Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin - Allgemeine Pädiatrie

MD

About

399
Publications
52,338
Reads
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19,281
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
Universitätsklinikum Münster
Position
  • Chair
January 2008 - January 2013
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 1994 - January 2010
University Medical Center Freiburg
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (399)
Article
Full-text available
The motive forces for ciliary movement are generated by large multiprotein complexes referred to as outer dynein arms (ODAs), which are preassembled in the cytoplasm prior to transport to the ciliary axonemal compartment. In humans, defects in structural components, docking complexes, or cytoplasmic assembly factors can cause primary ciliary dyskin...
Article
Full-text available
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is characterized by dysfunction of respiratory cilia and sperm flagella and random determination of visceral asymmetry. Here, we identify the DRC1 subunit of the nexin-dynein regulatory complex (N-DRC), an axonemal structure critical for the regulation of dynein motors, and show that mutations in the gene encoding D...
Article
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by cilia and sperm dysmotility. About 12% of cases show perturbed 9+2 microtubule cilia structure and inner dynein arm (IDA) loss, historically termed 'radial spoke defect'. We sequenced CCDC39 and CCDC40 in 54 'radial spoke defect' families, as these are the two genes...
Chapter
The ERN-LUNG Population Registry is a new European-wide collection of patients with rare lung diseases, allowing patients to register online in the registry. Medical experts can recruit patients in the registry for disease-specific registries and care options. The Population Registry was implemented on the basis of the open source software OSSE and...
Article
Rationale Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a heterogeneous, multisystem disorder characterized by defective ciliary beating. Diagnostic guidelines of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) recommend measurement of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) for PCD diagnosis. Several studies demonstrated low nNO-production rates...
Article
Full-text available
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetic ciliopathy in which mucociliary clearance is disturbed by the abnormal motion of cilia or there is a severe reduction in the generation of multiple motile cilia. Lung damage ensues due to recurrent airway infections, sometimes even resulting in respiratory failure. So far, no causative treatment is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction In primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) impaired mucociliary clearance leads to recurrent airway infections and progressive lung destruction, and concern over chronic airway infection and patient-to patient transmission is considerable. So far, there has been no defined consensus on how to control infection across centres caring for patie...
Article
TP73 belongs to the TP53 family of transcription factors and has therefore been well studied in cancer research. Studies in mice, however, have revealed non-oncogenic activities related to multiciliogenesis. Utilizing whole-exome sequencing analysis in a cohort of individuals with a mucociliary clearance disorder and cortical malformation, we ident...
Chapter
Full-text available
Rare lung diseases affect 1.5–3 million people in Europe while causing bad prognosis or early deaths for patients. The European Reference Network for Respiratory Diseases (ERN-Lung) is a patient centric network, funded by the European Union (EU). The aims of ERN-LUNG is to increase healthcare and research regarding rare respiratory diseases. An ini...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction In primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) impaired mucociliary clearance leads to recurrent airway infections and progressive lung destruction, and concern over chronic airway infection and patient-to-patient transmission is considerable. So far, there has been no defined consensus on how to control infection across centres caring for patien...
Article
Full-text available
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a rescue therapy for severe respiratory and/or circulatory failure. Few data exist on the potential benefit of ECMO in immunocompromised pediatric patients with cancer and/or hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Over a period of 12 years, eleven (1.9%) of 572 patients with new diagnosis of leukemia...
Article
Full-text available
Axonemal protein complexes, such as outer (ODA) and inner (IDA) dynein arms, are responsible for the generation and regulation of flagellar and ciliary beating. Studies in various ciliated model organisms have shown that axonemal dynein arms are first assembled in the cell cytoplasm and then delivered into axonemes during ciliogenesis. In humans, m...
Article
Full-text available
Motile cilia line the efferent ducts of the mammalian male reproductive tract. Several recent mouse studies have demonstrated that a reduced generation of multiple motile cilia in efferent ducts is associated with obstructive oligozoospermia and fertility issues. However, the sole impact of efferent duct cilia dysmotility on male infertility has no...
Article
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a hereditary disease that belongs to the motile ciliopathies. In addition to the obligatory chronic disturbance of the mucociliary clearance of the upper and lower airways, other organ manifestations regularly occur. Patients with this rare disease have multidisciplinary care and treatment needs. This creates a c...
Article
Full-text available
Axonemal dynein ATPases direct ciliary and flagellar beating via adenosine triphosphate (ATP) hydrolysis. The modulatory effect of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) on flagellar beating is not fully understood. Here, we describe a deficiency of cilia and flagella associated protein 45 (CFAP45) in humans and mice that pre...
Article
Full-text available
Ciliopathies are clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases. We studied three patients from two independent families presenting with features of Joubert syndrome: abnormal breathing pattern during infancy, developmental delay/in-tellectual disability, cerebellar ataxia, molar tooth sign on magnetic resonance imaging scans, and polydactyly. W...
Article
Die Primäre Ciliäre Dyskinesie (PCD, MIM 242650) ist eine seltene hereditäre Multisystemerkrankung mit klinisch heterogenem Phänotyp. Leitsymptom ist eine chronische Sekretretention der oberen und unteren Atemwege, welche durch die Dysfunktion motiler respiratorischer Zilien entsteht. In der Folge kommt es zur Ausbildung von Bronchiektasen, häufig...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Die Primäre Ciliäre Dyskinesie (PCD, MIM 242650) ist eine seltene hereditäre Multisystemerkrankung mit klinisch heterogenem Phänotyp. Leitsymptom ist eine chronische Sekretretention der oberen und unteren Atemwege, welche durch die Dysfunktion motiler respiratorischer Zilien entsteht. In der Folge kommt es zur Ausbildung von Bronchi...
Article
Motile cilia are highly complex hair-like organelles of epithelial cells lining the surface of various organ systems. Genetic mutations (usually with autosomal recessive inheritance) that impair ciliary beating cause a variety of motile ciliopathies, a heterogeneous group of rare disorders. The pathogenetic mechanisms, clinical symptoms and severit...
Article
Full-text available
Primary ciliary dyskinesia, a rare disease causing bronchiectasis, lacks a sound evidence base for treatment. @beatpcd proposes 1) forming a PCD European clinical trial network to address this situation and 2) conducting n-of-1 trials to access medication. https://bit.ly/3j5blfM.
Article
Full-text available
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a human condition of dysfunctional motile cilia characterized by recurrent lung infection, infertility, organ laterality defects, and partially penetrant hydrocephalus. We recovered a mouse mutant from a forward genetic screen that developed many of the hallmark phenotypes of PCD. Whole exome sequencing identifie...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection is a public health emergency. COVID-19 typically exhibits respiratory illness. Unexpectedly, emerging clinical reports indicate that neurological symptoms continue to rise, suggesting detrimental effects of SARS-CoV-2 on the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we show that a Düsseldorf isolate of SAR...
Article
Full-text available
Crisponi syndrome/Cold induced sweating syndrome type 2 (CS/CISS2) is a rare disease with severe dysfunctions of thermoregulatory processes. CS/CISS2 individuals suffer from recurrent episodes of hyperthermia in the neonatal period and paradoxical sweating at cold ambient temperatures in adolescence. Variants in CLCF1 (cardiotrophin-like-cytokine 1...
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection is a public health emergency. COVID-19 typically exhibits respiratory illness. Unexpectedly, emerging clinical reports indicate that neurological symptoms continue to rise, suggesting detrimental effects of SARS-CoV-2 on the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we show that a Düsseldorf isolate of SAR...
Article
Background Use of maintenance antibiotic therapy with the macrolide azithromycin is increasing in a number of chronic respiratory disorders including primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). However, evidence for its efficacy in PCD is lacking. We aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of azithromycin maintenance therapy for 6 months in patients with...
Article
Full-text available
Cytokine receptor like factor 1 (CRLF1) is the gene implicated, when mutated, in Crisponi syndrome/cold-induced sweating syndrome type 1 (CS/CISS1). Here, we report the establishment of induced pluripotent stem cell lines (iPSCs) from fibroblasts of a Turkish CS/CISS1 individual with a homozygous variant in CRLF1 (c.708_709delinsT; p.[Pro238Argfs*6...
Article
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a life-threatening respiratory condition caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and was initially detected in China in December 2019. Currently, in Germany over 140,000 cases of COVID-19 are confirmed. Here we report a nosocomial outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 infections in...
Preprint
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a human condition of dysfunctional motile cilia characterized by recurrent lung infection, infertility, organ laterality defects, and partially penetrant hydrocephalus. We recovered a mouse mutant from a forward genetic screen that developed all the phenotypes of PCD. Whole exome sequencing identified this primar...
Article
Full-text available
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare inherited disease characterised by malfunctioning cilia leading to a heterogeneous clinical phenotype with many organ systems affected. There is a lack of data on clinical presentation, prognosis and effectiveness of treatments, making it mandatory to improve the scientific evidence base. This article revi...
Article
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is a heterogeneous genetic condition. European and North American diagnostic guidelines recommend transmission electron microscopy (TEM) as one of a combination of tests to confirm a diagnosis. However, there is no definition of what constitutes a defect or consensus on reporting terminology. The aim of this project...
Article
Full-text available
Mucociliary clearance, the physiological process by which mammalian conducting airways expel pathogens and unwanted surface materials from the respiratory tract, depends on the coordinated function of multiple specialized cell types, including basal stem cells, mucus-secreting goblet cells, motile ciliated cells, cystic fibrosis transmembrane condu...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Background: Genetic diagnostics play an important role in pediatrics due to the frequency of hereditary diseases. In recent years the cost of next generation sequencing (NGS) techniques has been greatly reduced, which now enables the clinical use in pediatrics. In contrast to traditional genetic test procedures, in which mostly one gene or a few ge...
Article
Full-text available
Background Nearly one in 100 live births presents with congenital heart defects (CHD). CHD is frequently associated with laterality defects, such as situs inversus , a mirrored positioning of internal organs. Body laterality is established by a complex process: monocilia at the embryonic left-right organizer facilitate both the generation and sensi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRIs) are a major cause of hospitalization for children and adolescents with a tracheostomy. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for LRI. Methods: In this retrospective study, we assessed the number of LRI and hospitalizations for LRI from 2004 to 2014 at the University Hospital Muen...
Article
Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous syndrome. Impaired function of motile cilia causes failure of mucociliary clearance. Patients typically present with neonatal respiratory distress of unknown cause and then continue to have a daily wet cough, recurrent chest infections, perennial rhinosinusitis, otitis media w...
Article
Hydrocephalus is one of the most prevalent form of developmental central nervous system (CNS) malformations. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow depends on both heartbeat and body movement. Furthermore, it has been shown that CSF flow within and across brain ventricles depends on cilia motility of the ependymal cells lining the brain ventricles, which p...
Article
Full-text available
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetically heterogeneous chronic destructive airway disease. PCD is traditionally diagnosed by nasal NO measurement, analysis of ciliary beating, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and/or genetic testing. In most genetic PCD variants laterality defects can occur. However, PCD individuals with central pair...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lung resection is a controversial and understudied therapeutic modality in Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD). We assessed the prevalence of lung resection in PCD across countries and compared disease course in lobectomised and non-lobectomised patients. Methods: In the international iPCD cohort, we identified lobectomised and non-lobe...
Article
Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a critical feature for patients with childhood or juvenile multiple sclerosis (MS). Objective: To promote the understanding of CI and to address the impact of different pharmacological treatment strategies on cognitive performance in this patient group. Methods: A cohort of 19 patients with therapy-naïv...
Article
Introduction: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetically heterogeneous disorder of motile cilia, which leads to recurrent and chronic airway infections. Detailed information about infection causing pathogens is scarce. With this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and susceptibility of the most common respiratory pathogens in P...
Article
Full-text available
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is underdiagnosed in Brazil. We enrolled patients from an adult service of Bronchiectasis over a two-year period in a cross-sectional study. The inclusion criteria were laterality disorders (LD), cough with recurrent infections and the exclusion of other causes of bronchiectasis. Patients underwent at least two of t...
Article
Full-text available
The cilium is an essential organelle at the surface of mammalian cells whose dysfunction causes a wide range of genetic diseases collectively called ciliopathies. The current rate at which new ciliopathy genes are identified suggests that many ciliary components remain undiscovered. We generated and rigorously analyzed genomic, proteomic, transcrip...
Article
About 1% of all newborns are affected by congenital heart disease (CHD). Recent findings identify aberrantly functioning cilia as a possible source for CHD. Faulty cilia also prevent the development of proper left-right asymmetry and cause heterotaxy, the incorrect placement of visceral organs. Intriguingly, signaling cascades such as mTor that inf...
Article
Full-text available
Objective FOXG1 syndrome is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder associated with heterozygous FOXG1 variants or chromosomal microaberrations in 14q12. The study aimed at assessing the scope of structural cerebral anomalies revealed by neuroimaging to delineate the genotype and neuroimaging phenotype associations. Methods We compiled 34 patients with...
Data
Table S1. Quantitative histological data of various cerebral structures in Foxg1+/− mouse model vs. wildtype (WT).
Data
Table S2. Clinical, genetic and neuroimaging features in patients with FOXG1 syndrome.