Hernan Neira

Hernan Neira
University of Santiago, Chile | USACH · Filo

About

52
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Current human technical capacities may produce a world scale ecocide. It is convenient to give a theoretical foundation to the fact that ecocide must be considered a crime that affects the whole humanity. The concept of ecocide arises in the context of war theory and right. Since then, the concept relocates into common language and, recently, into...
Article
The interpretation of Memories by Carlos Prats grows difficult if we consider the scarcity of academic analysis on them. This complexity may be overcome by the orientation of the theory of narrative genres. Considering this theory as well as the support of some literary works by General Prats he was the author of a laureate short story it is possib...
Article
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Resumen Muchas veces los humanos requieren de un abogado para hacer valer sus derechos. El ejercicio de los derechos animales también: en eso, todas las especies animales son iguales jurídicamente. La base del ejercicio de los derechos es lo que Rousseau denomina ser juez de los medios para conservarse. En las últimas décadas, una multitud de estud...
Article
Resumen: El presente trabajo trata de la relación entre la misión suicida y el concepto de suicidio. Las misiones suicidas se han convertido en un importante instrumento de lucha política en la era contemporánea. Desde el punto de vista del atacante, el suicidio es una condición para el éxito de la acción y, desde el punto de vista del análisis, un...
Article
The concept “animal” is not frequently analysed, neither the fact of how we can speak about something as “animals”. On the road leading to come to understanding of how human beings distinguish themselves from other animals, we have examined the proposals of Bimbenet, Heidegger, Rousseau and Lévi-Strauss as well as those of the empirical anthropolog...
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Al definir “suicidio”, la Real Academia Española toma una opción filosófica que se aleja de algunos propósitos y puntos de vista de la salubridad pública, y acentúa su carácter de actividad íntima que realiza un sujeto capaz de acción. Los límites del concepto no son claros; hay un continuo entre el suicidio y encontrar la muerte por causa natural,...
Article
During French modernity, comparison between animals and humans is a key to understand what “human” is, as shown by Descartes’s and Condillac’s works. An analysis of these works allows us to see how, during modernity, two questions about animals arise. (i) How might one establish a foundation for a resemblance between humans and animals or, on the c...
Article
Enésimo viaje a Eldorado (Umpteenth Journey to Eldorado, 1985) by the Spanish theater company Guirigai may be interpreted from the cultural discontent in relation to Franco’s regime, from the perspective of the celebrations of the 5th centenary of 1492, and mainly from the theatrical culture. These perspectives bring out one of the most original pl...
Article
Enésimo viaje a Eldorado (Umpteenth Journey to Eldorado, 1985) by the Spanish theater company Guirigai may be interpreted from the cultural discontent in relation to Franco's regime, from the perspective of the celebrations of the 5th centenary of 1492, and mainly from the theatrical culture. These perspectives bring out one of the most original pl...
Article
Full-text available
Aristóteles sostiene que los animales no requieren un monarcon con poderes arbitrarios para gobernarse, como tampoco lo requiere una ciudad bien gobernada. Con ello inaugura una analogía entre la vida animal y la vida política. Examinando algunos textos de él y de filósofos posteriores (Vitoria, Locke, Condillac y Rousseau), se constata que la anal...
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Heidegger genera la idea de que el animal es “pobre de mundo”, a diferencia del Dasein, que es “configurador de mundo”. Sobre esta distinción entre animales y el Dasein caben dos hipótesis: si se trata de algo puramente descriptivo, no implica jerarquía de lo humano sobre lo animal. Si, en cambio, en la descripción se mezclan aspecto valóricos o ag...
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Twentieth century criticism has pointed out that many of Jonathan Swift´s works are linked with Irish conditions as well as some theories, which have remained particularly obscure for many literary investigations, in spite of the fact that they might be the key to a better understanding of the Irish author. Remarkable scholars noticed three main th...
Article
In On the Recently Discovered American Indians (1538), Francisco de Vitoria states that there is natural communication and society among all human beings. Forty years later, in Lima, the Jesuit Jose de Acosta, in On the Salvation of the Indians (1576), writes a report about how to put into practice this communication through peaceful preaching. It...
Article
This brief study deals with the cycle lane project in the city of Valdivia and the inefficiency of the consultancy firm hired to construct the lanes according to international standards. Among other issues, we analize how the model of the cycle lane in Valdivia shows a lack of awareness of the city functioning, its weather and historical experience...
Article
Full-text available
In On the Recently Discovered American Indians (1538), Francisco de Vitoria states that there is natural communication and society among all human beings. Forty years later, in Lima, the Jesuit José de Acosta, in On the Salvation of the Indians (1576), writes a report about how to put into practice this communication through peaceful preaching. It...
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Full-text available
Based on the Sloterdijk's concept of sphere, we analyse the protection provided by the malls. Nevertheless, the freedom of choosing in a mall does not have any relation to liberty as it was proposed by John Stuart Mill, neither to the anarcho-individualist one proposed by Henry David Thoreau, nor even to that one proposed by Aldo Leopold, when he p...
Article
In a collection of articles under the title La création du monde ou la mondialisation (2002), Nancy seeks to portray a mondialisation, or "worldlization", that does not consist of an expanded reproduction of capital and that is not a local phenomenon, but rat her a global one. For that purpose, he affirms that the difference between globalization a...
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Based upon Turgot, Condorcet, in the Esquisse d’un tableau historique du progrès de l’esprit humain, elaborates the philosophical idea of «progress». He also realises a triple reduction of space, history and philosophy. He deduces the universal pretention of progress from the western european space, from the western history and, within this one, fr...
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Full-text available
The historical-philosophical epistemology of the vision of the vanquished (visión de los vencidos) supposed the existence of a true, complementary to the defeated s one, in all discourse on America. Nevertheless, that perspective leads, unwillingly, to a weakening of the idea of truth in relation to the continent. This opens the path to its dereali...
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In the following pages, inspiredby Sartre s concept of "regard" and Foucault's concept of "panopticon, " we consider the role of regarding and of panóptica! watching in the film Aguirre, God's Wrath (Aguirre, der Zorn Gottesj, by Werner Herzog. We point out how the bodies of Aguirre 's fellow conquistadors are dominated by him; how, by this relatio...
Article
The Jornada de Omagua y Dorado tells Pedro de Ursúa's expedition to Eldorado and Lope de Aguirre's rebellion in 1560. It quotes also a letter from Lope to Phillip II. It is an unique narration among others of the same time, for aside the accusation text, one find the vision that Lope had about himself and its circumstances. That quotation, bound by...
Article
The Jornada de Omagua y Dorado tells Pedro de Ursua's expedition to Eldorado and Lope de Aguirre's rebellion in 1560. It quotes also a letter from Lope to Phillip II. It is an unique narration among others of the same time, for aside the accusation text, one find the vision that Lope had about himself and its circumstances. That quotation, bound by...
Article
El presente artículo aborda el tema de los espacios públicos urbanos y su contribución para construir la identidad social, el sentido pertenencia, y la confianza pública y privada. Su propósito es aportar a un debate técnico y político sobre la convivencia urbana, a partir de percepciones y aspiraciones de habitantes y usuarios de dichos espacios􀀗1...
Article
The publication of Report on higher education in Chile: 1980-2003 and its contrast with what is happening in some province universities permits to obtain a panoramic view of higher education in Chile. In this article, we analized it, focused on the students, their socio-cultural background, the new participants of the system, the level of achieveme...
Article
Metales Pesados (Heavy Metals), by the Chilean young poet Yanko González, is a collection of poems focused on urban youngster tribes, which are described in a hyperealistic way. Metales Pesados is more than an experimental work, but less than a work of maturity. It forces to review the frontiers between literary genders and it is placed in the hear...
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Analysing Leon Trotsky’s History of the Russian Revolution one can study the relations between fiction and historical narration and understand that they are not contradictory, but they support each other. Paul Ricoeur’s theory of narrative agencement de faits and Alfred Hitchcock’s definition of suspense make possible a detailed analysis of how sus...
Article
Is there a possibility of an universal communication between all the human beings, as the XVIIIth century's rationalism as well as contemporary structuralism state, or on the contrary, the real translation and communication between cultures is an a priori impossible? We study some texts, from the XVIth to the XXth century, on which different author...
Chapter
Based on principles held in common by Husserl and Sartre, namely, (1) the idea that the only origin of meaning is the activity of consciousness and (2) that consciousness is a relationship with the world, two distinct philosophical projects take form. Insofar as he is a phenomenologist, Sartre takes for granted the possibility of the existence of m...

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