Hernán Mugni

Hernán Mugni
Instituto de Limnología "Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet" | ILPLA

About

35
Publications
6,258
Reads
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1,316
Citations
Citations since 2016
11 Research Items
774 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to determine the impact of horticultural land use on the taxonomic composition and the composition of functional feeding groups of freshwater macroinvertebrate assemblages in lowland streams. Three streams running through intensively cultivated plots were compared to three less impacted streams, two of which run through a UNESCO Bi...
Article
Horticulture has greatly increased in Argentina in recent decades mainly due to increasing greenhouse utilization and agrochemical consumption, thus representing a threat to adjacent water bodies. Riparian wetlands, however, could attenuate agrochemical contamination. The present work therefore compared insecticide concentrations in bottom sediment...
Article
In recent decades agriculture has intensified in the Argentine Pampa, and pesticide application has also increased. Livestock fields, although being progressively replaced by crops, are still commonly interspersed with crop fields. The objective of the present work is to assess the effects of land use on the benthic invertebrate assemblages of stre...
Article
Full-text available
Pyrethroids are among the most widely applied insecticides worldwide and cypermethrin is the pyrethroid most used in Argentina. Pesticides used in crops can reach adjacent watercourses through runoff and may lead to non-target fauna receiving toxic pulse exposures. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of cypermethrin pulse exposures o...
Article
Full-text available
The present study reported the effect of natural and anthropic environmental variables on the fish assemblages in the pampean streams, in the coastal strip along the Río de la Plata, Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Five streams were sampled at 12 sites surrounded by land devoted to different uses. A correspondence analysis sorted the streams into...
Article
Full-text available
The agrochemicals used on crops can reach watercourses, affecting water quality and biologic communities. The aim of this research was to study the effects of horticulture on the water quality and invertebrate assemblages of adjacent streams in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Four streams draining horticultural basins were compared with another f...
Article
The use of agrochemicals in Argentina has increased over the last decades and may represent an environmentalrisk for adjacent water bodies. In this work we study the invertebrate assemblages in nine streams sampled at 11sites with different land use on the adjacent plots in the years 2011–2014. Four sites were located inside a biosphere reserve, 4...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the work reported here was to determine the acute toxicity of chlorpyrifos—the most commonly used pesticide in Argentina—to the amphipod Hyalella curvispina, with that species being widely distributed in South America. The 50% lethal concentration (LC 50) of chlorpyrifos to H. curvispina was determined and compared to that of other...
Article
Agriculture intensification in Argentina has increased agrochemicals consumption in the last decades and might represent an environmental risk for adjacent water bodies. The objective of the present work was to assess the effect of land use on water quality and invertebrate assemblages in the Argentine Pampas streams. Eight streams were sampled on...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural practices have been intensified in recent decades in Argentina. The Pampa plain is the main agricultural region of the country. The effect of increased application of agrochemicals on the invertebrate fauna of the Pampasic streams remains unreported. In the present study, we compared the abundance and composition of invertebrate assemb...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture and livestock may contribute to water quality degradation in adjacent waterbodies and produce changes in the resident invertebrate composition. The objective of the present study was to assess land use effects on the stream invertebrate assemblages in rural areas of the Argentine Pampa. The four sampling events were performed at six sit...
Article
Full-text available
In the Argentine Pampa fertile soils were originally covered by grasslands, but at present are intensively cultivated. We assessed the specific composition of the fish assemblage of El Pescado stream and compared it with that recorded in 1991–1993, when land use in the watershed consisted in natural pastures. The persistence of the fish assemblage...
Article
Full-text available
Pesticide consumption in Argentina has steadily increased over the last two decades, while one of these compounds, namely endosulfan, is commonly found in environmental samples. Also the fish Cnesterodon decemmaculatus and the amphipod Hyalella curvispina are widely distributed in agricultural areas of southern South America. The aim of the present...
Article
Full-text available
Toxicity persistence to the nontarget amphipod Hyalella curvispina in runoff events following chlorpyrifos applications to soy experimental plots was compared in conventional and no-till management. Two application scenarios were compared: an early-season application with the soil almost bare and a late-season application after the foliage had atta...
Article
Full-text available
Glyphosate is the most used pesticide in Argentina. Hyalella curvispina is a widely distributed and commonly abundant component of the invertebrate assemblages in shallow waters of southern South America. The aim of this study was to assess the acute toxicity of the increasingly common Roundup Full II®, commercial formulation of the herbicide glyph...
Article
Full-text available
Chlorpyrifos is the most used insecticide in Argentina. Cnesterodon decemmaculatus is a widely distributed, endemic fish from Neotropical America. It attains high densities in the shallow water assemblages of Argentina and Brazil. The aim of this study was to assess the acute toxicity of chlorpyrifos to C. decemmaculatus. The mean 96-h LC50 of thre...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of land use on nutrient concentrations in a Pampasic stream. Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) concentrations in the stream were higher at a site surrounded by fertilized double-cropped wheat/soybeans than at unfertilized soybeans plots. Nitrate and SRP concentrations in the stream were lower at...
Data
The study area is the Samborombón Bay in the Atlantic Ocean in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Its coastline experiences important stressors by natural and/or anthropogenic influences. The main goal of this study was to develop a methodology to estimate and identify the changes in the coastal line in Samborombón Bay by mean of the integration of...
Article
The acute toxicity of cypermethrin to the amphipod Hyalella curvispina was evaluated by means of a toxicity test under laboratory conditions. Cypermethrin is one of the most widely used insecticides in Argentina. H. curvispina is a widely distributed and commonly abundant component of the invertebrate assemblages in shallow waters of southern South...
Article
Persistence of toxicity in runoff water and soil was investigated in experimental soybean plots subjected to successive runoff events following pesticide application. Runoff events were produced by irrigation using a sprinkler system. The pesticides applied were cypermethrin and endosulfan, which are widely used in soy production in Argentina. Toxi...
Article
Full-text available
Toxicity persistence in runoff water and soil was studied in experimental soybean plots in successive runoff events produced by an irrigation system. Three chlorpyrifos applications throughout the growing period were assayed. Runoff and soil toxicity to the amphipod Hyalella curvispina and the fish Cnesterodon decemmaculatus was assessed. Toxicity...
Article
Pesticide consumption has increased considerably over the last decades in the Argentine Pampa. The persistence of toxicity of three commonly used insecticides to two regionally abundant organisms was assayed at environmentally realistic conditions. To simulate a runoff event, insecticides were added to aquariums containing water and sediment collec...
Article
Soybean production in Argentina comprises 15 million ha. Cypermethrin is the main insecticide applied amounting 150 g of active ingredient per hectare, thus representing roughly 2.3 thousand tons yearly released to the environment. Toxicity pulses have been observed in small streams draining agricultural basins, most of them sustaining macrophyte g...
Article
Toxicity to the locally dominant amphipod Hyalella curvispina was assessed in a first-order stream running through a cultivated farm. Cypermethrin, chlorpyrifos, endosulfan and glyphosate were sprayed throughout the studied period. Toxicity was assayed under controlled laboratory conditions with runoff and stream water samples taken from the field...
Article
The Pampa plain is intensively cultivated, the genetically modified glyphosate-resistant soybean being the main culture. A small first-order stream draining a cultured farm was studied. During the dry 2007 spring, the channel became a wetland with remnant intercalated shallow pools. Toxicity persistence of cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos to the amphi...
Article
Full-text available
Argentina is the second largest world producer of soybeans (after the USA) and along with the increase in planted surface and production in the country, glyphosate consumption has grown in the same way. We investigated the effects of Roundup (glyphosate formulation) on the periphyton colonization. The experiment was carried out over 42 days in ten...
Article
Full-text available
The study area is the Samborombón Bay in the Atlantic Ocean in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Its coastline experiences important stressors by natural and/or anthropogenic influences. The main goal of this study was to develop a methodology to estimate and identify the changes in the coastal line in Samborombón Bay by mean of the integration of...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the last decades Argentine farmers have massively adopted the genetically modified glyphosate resistant soybean together with no tillage managerial practices. The area cultured with soybeans increased to 15 million ha with consequent higher pesticide consumption. Although recent publications deal with some detailed aspects of pesticide effects o...
Article
The impact of the widely used herbicide glyphosate has been mainly studied in terrestrial weed control, laboratory bioassays, and field studies focusing on invertebrates, amphibians, and fishes. Despite the importance of phytoplankton and periphyton communities at the base of the aquatic food webs, fewer studies have investigated the effects of gly...
Article
The impact of biotech-soybean technology on freshwater ecosystems is being evaluated in the Rolling Pampas region, Argentina. The effect of cypermethrin, the main soybean insecticide, on low-order temperate-stream fish populations was investigated for two consecutive crop cycles under field-use conditions in biotech-soybean production. Cypermethrin...
Article
Full-text available
We analyzed nutrient, chlorophyll, and ionic concentrations in 17 lakes along a strip of land located in the rainy Andes Mountains and the ecotone with the dry Patagonian steppe, from 36 to 44° S latitude. Most of the sampled lakes had the ionic composition of Andean lakes and showed ultraoligotrophic conditions, while a few with the ionic composit...
Article
Full-text available
The first- and second-order streams, Brown and Horqueta, respectively, which are located in the main area of soybean production in Argentina were examined for insecticide contamination caused by runoff from nearby soybean fields. The insecticides most widely used in Argentina (chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin and endosulfan) were detected in sediments, s...
Article
Full-text available
The two local crustacean species Hyalella curvispina and Macrobrachium borelli were chosen for assessment of agricultural contamination in two streams (Horqueta and Maguire) in the Argentine pampa. In parallel with in situ bioassays of both species, the population dynamics and the organismic drift of H. curvispina were investigated throughout the m...
Article
Full-text available
Information in the open literature about the fate and effects of pesticides in small streams from agricultural areas of Argentina is very rare. The objective of the present work was to study the pesticide contamination and potential biological effects in basins that have undergone intense agricultural activity, mainly related to the cultivation of...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Canales de drenaje como fuentes puntuales de contaminación en arroyos. Uso de vegetación en canales para mitigar el impacto de los agroquímicos en los arroyos. Impacto diferencial de diferentes modelos de producción. Adecuación de herramientas de mitigación en base al tipo de producción.** Drainage ditches as point sources of pollution in streams. Use of vegetation in ditches to mitigate agrochemicals' impact on streams. Differential impact of different production modality. Adequacy of mitigation tools according to production modality.