Hernan Casakin

Hernan Casakin
Ariel University · School of Architecture

Ph.D, Architect

About

105
Publications
52,854
Reads
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1,807
Citations
Introduction
I am currently working on design creativity, design expertise, design education, semantic analysis and design creativity, the role of the brief in design problem solving. In addition, I am carrying our a research on place attachment and the design features of the neighborhood.
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - present
Ariel University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2013 - July 2013
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • Research Associate
March 2012 - September 2012
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (105)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Immersive Virtual Reality (iVR) systems form a representational medium for student-tutor collaboration in studio crits through a shared presence in a life scale display of the design, making them relevant for design crits where students and tutors interact in developing a solution to a design problem. iVRs are known to support design activity. Howe...
Conference Paper
Education in digital fabrication design is characterized by a dynamic project-based learning environment, where ideas are materialized into prototypes. This environment affects the way design activities are conducted, the content that is learned, and the types of outcomes. However, existing research into digital fabrication curricula focuses on the...
Article
Full-text available
Fabrication laboratories (FabLabs) and makerspaces are used to transform ideas into tangible products. Used in a design–learning context, they can enhance cognitive and creative skills. Creativity is the pivotal ability to produce innovative outcomes in makerspaces, and several studies have attempted to understand the role of makerspaces and creati...
Article
Full-text available
In the last few decades, increasing attention has been given to gender issues in urban design. However, research on the urban environment continues to show large gender inequalities, which are especially evident when studying the use and enjoyment of the public space. This study aims to identify predominant patterns of use in public places and to e...
Article
Full-text available
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21650349.2022.2021480
Conference Paper
This study is aimed at ways to assess and improve design students’ creative outcomes and assist educators in crafting design briefs for design studios. The procedure entails a controlled yet analytical experiment in a university setting intended to test the potential of using analogical thinking to enhance the Novelty and Usefulness of design solut...
Article
Full-text available
This study centers on using different types of brief information to support creative outcomes in architectural and engineering design and its relation to design expertise. We explore the influence of design briefs characterized by abstract representations and/or instructions to frame design problems on the creativity of concept sketches produced by...
Article
Full-text available
Increased interest has been shown in the study of attachment to place of residence. In this work, we adopted the comprehensive model of Scannell and Gifford (2010) to gain further insights into people's attachment to their neighborhoods by means of the psychological elements of affect, cognition, and behavior. Our objectives were to: (1) verify the...
Article
This study explored ways to construct design briefs to identify which formats best foster creativity among undergraduates in their projects. The early-stage ideas of 158 novice designers were assessed in an empirical study using a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods. Collaborative sketching and 6-3-5 method were combined to use drawings as...
Article
The analysis of conversations during design activity can facilitate deeper insights into design thinking and its relation to creativity. A semantic analysis approach was employed to explore the semantic content of communication and information exchange between students and instructors. The goal was to examine design conversations in terms of abstra...
Article
Full-text available
Prototyping physical artifacts is a fundamental activity for both product development in industrial and engineering design domains and the development of digital fabrication skills. Prototyping is also essential for human-centric problem-solving in design education. Digital fabrication assists in rapid prototype development through computer-aided d...
Article
Full-text available
Creativity is fundamental to design problem-solving. This paper sets out a systematic review of the literature in relation to its role in the architectural design studio in order to identify central issues that impact upon this activity. Challenges and best practices in relation to systematic reviews are outlined, and the procedure followed in this...
Article
The question of how individual features affect the development of design expertise has yet to be thoroughly researched. While some works acknowledged the importance of design abilities and creative ideation for design expertise, there is no theoretical framework that explicates their relationships and supports it empirically. The present research p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The analysis of conversations maintained during the design activity can help to gain a better insight into design thinking and its relation to creativity. A semantic analysis approach was employed to inspect the content of communications and information exchange between students and instructors. The goal was to explore design conversations in terms...
Article
Full-text available
Design fixation refers to the designers’ inability to avoid becoming stuck with preexisting ideas in order to generate new ones. With the recent fast advancements and developments, XR has emerged as a powerful promising technology that can shed new light on this issue. Consequently, this paper aims at: (1) investigating the underlying mechanisms of...
Article
Full-text available
Design and design thinking are increasingly being taught across several disciplines—ranging from arts, architecture, and technology and engineering to business schools—where expertise plays a central role. A substantial corpus of literature on research in regard to design expert and design expertise has accumulated in the last decades. However, in...
Article
Full-text available
Analysing verbal data produced during the design activity is helpful to gain a better understanding of design creativity. To understand exchange of information in terms of creative outcomes, a semantic analysis approach was used to measure the semantic content of communications between students and teachers. The goal was to use this tool to analyse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The dynamics of design teams play a critical role in product development, mainly in the early phases of the process. This paper presents a conceptual framework of a computational model about how cognitive and social features of a design team affect the quality of the produced design outcomes. The framework is based on various cognitive and social t...
Article
Full-text available
Metaphor is a fundamental heuristic supporting cognitive and communicative requirements in design problem solving. This reasoning mechanism helps structure how architects reason about problems, and how they approach design situations from novel perspectives. This paper investigated empirically the use of metaphors during the conceptual front edge d...
Article
Full-text available
Urban design is a complex problem-solving activity that commonly requires the aid of a variety of methods to support the process and enhance the quality of the outcomes. How to help designers with suitable methods to deal with ill-defined urban problems constitutes a major challenge in the urban design domain. In this regard, the use of urban desig...
Preprint
Full-text available
Urban design is a complex problem-solving activity that commonly requires the aid of a variety of methods to support the process and enhance the quality of the outcomes. How to help designers with adequate methods to deal with ill-defined urban problems constitutes a major challenge in the urban design domain. In this regard, the use of urban desig...
Article
Metaphors play a key role in architectural practice. These tools are seen as critical heuristics supporting cognitive and communicative necessities in design problem solving. By structuring the way architects think about problems, reasoning by metaphor enables to approach design situations from unorthodox perspectives, and to produce innovative ide...
Article
Economic crisis in the early 1980s, followed by heavy debt, challenged the existence of the kibbutz. In order to prevent disintegration, rigorous privatization- related economic and structural reforms were implemented. In this study, we evaluate if these transformational changes affected the perception and emotional ties of kibbutz members. Specifi...
Article
Full-text available
This study deals with the role of mental models in the coordination of team activities during design problem-solving. The work centers on the sharedness of mental models in a design team setting, mainly on the interaction between an architect and two clients. A major goal is to gain insight into how modifications in mental models affect coordinatio...
Article
The study deals with the roles and interrelations of the meaning-based assessments of dwellings, pathways and metaphors in design performance. It is grounded in the Meaning Theory [Kreitler, S., and H. Kreitler. 1990. The Cognitive Foundations of Personality Traits. New York: Plenum], which enables identifying the cognitive contents and processes u...
Article
Full-text available
We explore the use of scenarios and design patterns by a team of designers, and analyze their contribution in the early phases of the urban design process. The results show that design patterns aided in defining problems and analyzing idea solutions, mainly from a technical and functional perspective. Scenarios, on the other hand, were helpful to g...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the early eighties the kibbutz movement began to undergo a process of structural change including the privatization of services, a separation of the economic- business organization from the social ones, and the establishment of a direct connection between the work and the remuneration of the member. A consequence of the many and significant c...
Chapter
Full-text available
In recent years, there has been an increasing call for multi-disciplinarity in higher education. The literature stresses the importance of multi-disciplinarity in architectural and engineering design education. The present study describes a framework that has been developed to focus on the identification of the profile of engineering and architectu...
Chapter
In recent years, there has been an increasing call for multi-disciplinarity in higher education. The literature stresses the importance of multi-disciplinarity in architectural and engineering design education. The present study describes a framework that has been developed to focus on the identification of the profile of engineering and architectu...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter deals with the dynamic development of sharedness of mental models in design problem solving. It presents an overview of prior studies in the field, and discusses the important role of mental models in team collaboration and team coordination. A basic tenet is that sharedness of individual mental models is achieved through verbal communi...
Article
The present research investigates academic social climate in architectural studies as perceived by students. It studies the importance that the various measures of academic social climate have in the studio and in architectural classes. It also investigates the relation between the personal background of students and their sense of academic social...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the reported study was to gain further insight into how two cognitive strategies – analogical reasoning and mental simulation – influence team dynamics in innovative product design. A particular emphasis was placed on exploring the association between these two strategies and team cohesion and team collaboration. Analogies were coded for...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter introduces a new approach to social and personal motivation for creativity grounded in the cognitive orientation (CO) theory, and discusses its relation as a major drive to design motive in the pre-design and post-design phases. The instrument for assessment of motivation for creativity – the cognitive orientation questionnaire of creat...
Chapter
Mental models play a decisive role when it comes to cooperate and coordinate team activities in complex environments and contexts. However, scientific knowledge about the coordination of mental models in heterogeneous groups, and even more across different disciplines, has not yield much progress in the last decades. Mental models affect design act...
Conference Paper
Metaphors enable understanding a concept on the basis of another concept which is not associated with it. In design education, reasoning by metaphors exerts a significant impact on the development of innovative ideas. Despite the frequent use of metaphors in design, few studies have examined their role in design and their relation to meaning. The M...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For the longest time, design was an activity with no distinction among disciplines. Over time, separate design disciplines had formed their own cultures and their own educational practices. In this paper, we use data from a limited set of design reviews along with a literature survey to conduct a comparative analysis of contemporary reviewing and c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Analogical reasoning can be seen as an important aid in problem solving, and architectural design problem solving in particular. Analogical reasoning was found to be an important aid supporting architectural education. In this paper we explored the use of visual and verbal analogies in the early phases of the design process when student designers w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mental models play a decisive role when it comes to cooperate and coordinate team activities in complex environments and contexts. However, scientific knowledge about the coordination of mental models in heterogeneous groups, and even more across different disciplines, has not yield much progress in the last decades. Mental models affect design act...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive style has a strong predictive power in academic and professional success. This study investigated the cognitive profile of candidates studying architecture. Specifically, it explored the relation between visual and verbal cognitive styles, and the performance of candidates in admission procedures. The cognitive styles of candidates who we...
Article
Full-text available
El estudio del apego y la identidad con el lugar ha dado lugar a numerosas definiciones y posicionamientos teóricos sobre la relación entre ambos. Una línea de investigación que permite clarificar el campo tiene que ver con la comparación de territorios culturalmente diferentes. El propósito de este artículo es comprobar si existen diferencias en e...
Article
The social climate created in the classroom has been recognized to have important implications for learning. This study was motivated by the explore how design students in the design studio compared to other other architectural courses view their social-academic climate. Despite the role played by social climate in classroom, some have argued that...
Article
Full-text available
Research on place attachment and place identity has led to numerous definitions and theoretical positions on how they relate with each other. A line of research that aims to clarify previous results is concerned with the comparison of different cultural territories. The aim of this paper is to determine whether non-native residents differ in the le...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we study the influential role of mental models in the coordination and sharedness of team activities in design problem solving. The study focuses on the development and sharedness of mental models in architectural design teams, mainly between the architect and two clients. It aims at understanding how changes in mental models affect t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores how cultural metaphors in ethnic servicescapes enhance consumer pleasure. To date, marketing researchers have mainly explored how consumers respond to ambient conditions, functional layout and signs/symbols within servicescapes. However, few studies are available on consumer pleasure in ethnic servicescapes or the use of cultura...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study presented in this paper investigates the development of sharedness of mental models in situations of design problem solving. A basic assumption is that sharedness of individual mental models is attained through verbal communication. Thus, the basic theoretical framework we developed is based on the classification of verbal communication o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Creativity is a construct with many different facets and various theoretical interlinks to other psychological concepts such as flexibility or fixation (Cardoso and Badke-Schaub, 2011). Hence, there are different approaches to assess, understand and teach creativity in design. This chapter focuses on the role of team mental models in design and dis...
Article
This paper explores how cultural metaphors in ethnic servicescapes enhance consumer pleasure. To date, marketing researchers have mainly explored how consumers respond to ambient conditions, functional layout and signs/symbols within servicescapes. However, there have been few studies on consumer pleasure in ethnic servicescapes or on the use of cu...
Chapter
Full-text available
Creativity is a construct with many different facets and various theoretical interlinks to other psychological concepts such as flexibility or fixation (Cardoso and Badke-Schaub, 2011). Hence, there are different approaches to assess, understand and teach creativity in design. This chapter focuses on the role of team mental models in design and dis...
Chapter
Full-text available
Contemporary theories define metaphors as devices that aid in structuring our thoughts. Metaphors influence how we perceive the world, classify experiences, and guide our reasoning. These tools can help reflect, understand, and solve a problem from new and unconventional perspectives. For these reasons metaphors play a critical role in the design d...
Article
Full-text available
The chapter presents a new approach to motivation for creativity based on the cognitive orientation theory. The major theoretical constructs of this approach are motivational disposition, themes, four belief types, and behavioral program. The basic tool for assessment of motivation for creativity - the cognitive orientation questionnaire of creativ...
Article
This investigation was concerned with the use of metaphors in architectural design education. Reasoning by means of metaphors helps to understand a design situation in terms of a remote concept normally not associated with it. By juxtaposing the known with the unknown in an unusual way, metaphors can enhance design problem solving. The goal of this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper reports a novel approach to the assessment of design creativity by means of the meaning system. The introduction of main constructs of meaning corresponding to the theory of meaning by Kreitler and Kreitler, is followed by the presentation of theoretical and empirical considerations supporting the hypothesis that it is possible to assess...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter deals with the use of analogy and visual analogy in architectural design problem solving. The purpose is to provide an understanding of how analogy can contribute to enhance problem solving in the early phases of the design process, and gain insight into the effect of visual analogical thinking and visual stimuli in the generation of de...
Article
Full-text available
The chapter presents a novel approach to design problem solving based on the meaning system. An introduction to problem solving, and design problem solving in particular, is followed by the description of main constructs of meaning corresponding to the theory of meaning by Kreitler and Kreitler. The function of meaning processes in regard to cognit...
Book
Full-text available
As a contribution to previous literature dealing with identity and the physical environment, this eBook offers a deep insight about the role played by place identity with regard to architecture and the city. A major interest resides in exploring from a multidisciplinary perspective, how place identity affects and is affected by the bonds establishe...
Article
The findings demonstrated that creative thinking, operationally defined as the cognitive ability to generate a large number of original ideas/solutions predicted creative thinking in solving problems in architecture. Research participants were 111 students of architectural design. A strong correlation was found between the predictor and criterion m...
Article
Full-text available
The way that elder relate to and identify with their neighborhoods is considered to be an important reason affecting continued living in place. Predilection for ageing in place becomes even more dominant as individuals grow older, despite of undermined social support system, and deterioration in the physical condition of the neighborhood. A positiv...
Chapter
Full-text available
The research investigated the concept of place identity based on the principles presented in the model of identity motivation by Drostelis and Vignoles. The study was carried out in Pilsen, Chicago, a neighborhood with a strong presence of the Mexican community. The major aim was to investigate the importance of place identity principles in this cu...
Chapter
The way that elder relate to and identify with their neighborhoods is considered to be an important reason affecting continued living in place. Predilection for ageing in place becomes even more dominant as individuals grow older, despite of undermined social support system, and deterioration in the physical condition of the neighborhood. A positiv...
Article
The objective of the study was to explore the cognitive profile of creativity in design by applying a new approach to the assessment of creativity based on the theory of meaning (Kreitler & Kreitler). The assessment of meaning enables to identify cognitive processes that characterize an individual as well as those necessary for good performance of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Associative thinking can help designers to reflect over a problem situation by focusing on unrelated perspectives. During this process, a mapping of high order relations can be established between a source and a target situation. Associative thinking has much to contribute to design in general, and to design creativity in particular. This research...
Article
La creatividad es reconocida como una fascinante, enigmática, e inspiradora capacidad humana relacionada con el pensamiento original e innovador. La creatividad se puede definir como un proceso cognitivo necesario para la solución de problemas por medio de los cuales se logran resultados originales (Csikszentmihalyi, 1997). Un resultado puede ser c...
Article
Full-text available
The use of metaphors in design can help students reflect over a problem situation under an innovative point of view. During their design studies, students are supposed to acquire design skills, gain knowledge and enhance their level of expertise. This research explores the aid provided by metaphors in design problem solving, and its relationship to...
Article
Full-text available
The investigation reported here dealt with the study of motivation for creativity. The goals were to assess motivation for creativity in architectural design and engineering design students based on the Cognitive Orientation theory which defines motivation as a function of a set of belief types, themes, and groupings identified as relevant for the...
Article
The findings demonstrated that creative thinking, operationally defined as the cognitive ability to generate a large number of original ideas/solutions predicted creative thinking in solving problems in architecture. Research participants were 111 students of architectural design. A strong correlation was found between the predictor and criterion m...
Article
Analogy is a powerful heuristic for problem solving. In design, where designers are constantly exposed to visual stimuli, visual analogies are considered to be particularly helpful. To date, however, few researchers have given enough attention to visual analogy and visual displays in design contexts. This study deals with the use of these tools by...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of religiosity and settlement size on sense of place was studied among residents of Jewish communal settlements in Judea and Samaria. Sense of place was defined as a multidimensional concept of cognitive, affective, and conative dimensions. Sense of place was found to be significantly higher for religious than for secular residents. Sens...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose was to study motivation for creativity in design students in the framework of the cognitive orientation theory which defines motivation as a function of beliefs of four types (about goals, norms, oneself and reality) concerning themes identified as relevant for creativity. It was hypothesized that scores of the four belief types would e...
Article
Full-text available
In view of unclear previous findings about the validity of self-assessed creativity, the hypothesis guiding the present study was that validity would be proven if self-assessed creativity was examined with respect to a specific domain, specific product, specific aspects of creativity, and in terms of specific criteria. The participants were 52 arch...