Heritiana Ranaivoson

Heritiana Ranaivoson
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Department of Communication Sciences

About

55
Publications
23,889
Reads
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318
Citations
Citations since 2016
20 Research Items
240 Citations
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Introduction
Heritiana Ranaivoson is Senior Researcher and Project Leader at imec-SMIT-Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium). He holds a MSc in Economics and Management from the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan and a PhD in Industrial Economics from Université Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne. He has led several projects for European Commission, Unesco, Google, etc. His main research interests are cultural diversity, media innovation, wearables and the economic impact of digital technology on cultural industries.
Additional affiliations
April 2010 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (55)
Book
Full-text available
Innovation is about change, and media products and services are changing. The processes of production and distribution of media are changing. The ownership and financing of media are changing. The roles of users are changing. And our ideas about media are changing. This book argues that innovation theory provides better tools for media researchers...
Article
The paper clarifies and goes beyond the standard economic assumption that consumers value diversity. The analysis starts with the explanation of how economists usually assume that consumers value diversity either because they have a personal taste for diversity or because there is a diversity of preferences among them. Economists also put forward t...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the HADOPI Law adopted in France in 2009. It aims to focus on two aspects of the law: the graduated response and the certification of a “legal” offer. It also aims to describe both, analyze their rationale and discuss their likely impact. Design/methodology/approach – The paper combines legal and ec...
Article
Full-text available
Citizens increasingly use online platforms, and in particular YouTube, to get informed. This paper addresses the role of YouTube’s recommendation system in science communication to assess whether YouTube's recommendation system is creating filter bubbles on the climate change issue. It, therefore, contributes to the growing literature that finds th...
Article
Due to the media goods’ dual economic and cultural role, merger and acquisition (M&A) assessments are complex and differ from M&As in other sectors. An additional layer of complexity is added to the assessment when various authorities are involved. An even more complicated matter is when the authorities have different remits. These authorities most...
Article
Due to the media goods’ dual economic and cultural role, merger and acquisition (M&A) assessments are complex and differ from M&As in other sectors. An additional layer of complexity is added to the assessment when various authorities are involved. An even more complicated matter is when the authorities have different remits. These authorities most...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dit hoofdstuk schetst de evolutie van de Vlaamse en internationale me- diamarkten van de afgelopen decennia. Door de opkomst van digitale technologie konden nieuwe spelers (Google, sociale media...) de mediamarkt betreden. Tegelijk kwam er in de Vlaamse nieuwsindustrie een golf van concentratie op gang om het voortbestaan van de Vlaamse nieuwsmerke...
Article
Full-text available
Content sharing at DPG Media’s Flemish newspaper brands Belgium’s Dutch-speaking region Flanders has seen a wave of mergers & acquisitions (M&As) in recent years, leading to, according to the government-owned media watchdog, a highly concentrated Flemish media market (). The latest newly founded company is DPG Media, in which the majority of all co...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we assess the interactions between user metrics and journalists, as newsrooms shift towards "data-informed" models in which the main online news performance indicator becomes the "time spent" metric, instead of the number of clicks. The paper at hand applies a mixed methods approach combining components of ethnographic participant...
Article
Full-text available
News diversity is increasingly gaining momentum and relevance in academic research, but quantifying and qualifying the term remains problematic. This paper presents the results of a structured meta-synthesis literature review, in which all relevant publications dealing explicitly with news diversity, media diversity or content diversity of the 21st...
Preprint
Full-text available
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter provides a brief overview of how cultural diversity has been addressed by cultural economists, in particular in relation to the cultural sector. It first provides a definition of cultural diversity and, secondly, explains how the diversity of cultural identities contributes to team efficiency. The chapter then focuses on the diversity...
Article
Full-text available
This article critically assesses the effects of media mergers on news diversity at Mediahuis, one of the leading players in the media market of the Belgian region of Flanders. The founding of Mediahuis (in 2013) has led to an extremely concentrated Flemish newspaper market, as it owns and publishes four of the seven daily newspapers. We conducted e...
Poster
This paper reports on results from the project WEAR (Wearable technologists Engage with Artists for Responsible innovation), which between 2017-2018 has facilitated sustainable innovation processes in the field of smart textiles and wearable technology. 46 design-technology interdisciplinary projects and start-ups throughout Europe were selected th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the EU-funded innovation action project WEAR Sustain (Wearable technologists Engage with Artists for Responsible innovation), which involved a total of 46 teams in 2 rounds of seed funding with the goal of setting the stage for sustainable and ethical transformation of the field of textile wearable technology. Loo...
Article
Full-text available
In the past decade, public service broadcasters have been confronted with major shifts affecting their remit, portfolio and financing. Heavily fuelled by cutbacks and increasing competition, discussions on 'distinctiveness' have resurfaced again and stand central in many policy discussions on the legitimacy of public service broadcasting. This arti...
Article
Full-text available
Even though media industry studies are on the rise, there is a major issue: the concept itself is “fuzzy”. The goal of this paper is to shed light on the concept. To do so, the paper analyses existing approaches, combining academic references as well as sources commonly used by practitioners (e.g. the OECD, the EU, DCMS). It allows to give three de...
Article
Wearable technologies are a nascent market, growing exponentially and moving into our everyday lives more and more. They are exciting in their capacity to break down barriers between artists and designers and digital technology companies. Technology is becoming more efficient, accurate, and personalized. Hardware is becoming smaller, less visible,...
Article
Full-text available
Based on an original and comprehensive database of all feature fiction films produced in Mercosur between 2004 and 2012, the paper analyses whether the Mercosur film industry has evolved towards an integrated and culturally more diverse market. It provides a summary of policy opportunities in terms of integration and diversity, emphasizing the limi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Location related services are an integral part of the mobile service landscape today. Detecting one’s whereabouts and relating them to networked information offers benefits for users and businesses. It also entails issues, particularly regarding users’ privacy. This paper assesses LBS as multi-sided markets, where value is collective, actors are in...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose: Though Mobile Wallets have the potential to entirely substitute their physical predecessor, many Mobile Wallets narrow their operations to one particular feature. This might be because of strategic business- model design choices to position themselves strategically as intermediates between users and business partners (third...
Conference Paper
Information and Communication Technology is characterized by far-reaching platformisation that affects a wide range of online services. Platforms focalize principally on attracting, and locking-in, various stakeholders groups - and balancing interests of these - rather than on profit maximization in a single market. One option to reach this objecti...
Article
Full-text available
The concept and phenomenon of media innovation is gaining some attention in the academic community, policy circles and among practitioners. However, the phenomenon is still poorly defined and not well understood. This paper therefore first analyses how media innovation is framed in the literature on media economics and media management. Then it con...
Article
The study examines the factors of success and the factors of fragmentation. In doing so, the study aims at reflecting the interviewees’ perspectives, in particular in Section 3 and 4. Section 5 critically evaluates some of their statements. The study concludes that VoD services face many obstacles in their development, related to the fact that the...
Article
Mobile Wallets innovate by allowing the convergence of services such as payment and loyalty schemes. However they have not been largely adopted so far, neither by the users nor by business partners. The paper focuses on the latter, i.e. it analyses how business partners are integrated in four Mobile Wallet Applications' (MWA) strategies: Key Ring,...
Article
The rapid succession of technological advances leads to important convergences of applications, devices and networks. More and more firms, previously locked in a niche, are exposed to a more global market and interactions with other firms. Pushing a new offer on the market requires a thorough understanding of this altered market. In essence, pushin...
Technical Report
The G@S (Games at School) project aims to research and develop an open platform for the creation and distribution of educational video games. So far, serious games only constitute a minor part of the otherwise huge video games market, and the upsurge of mobile games, mobile applications and social games has led to both a fragmentation and saturatio...
Article
Full-text available
Digitization has greatly influenced the functioning of the television industry. This paper analyzes in particular how French television channels have innovated and adapted to digital technologies. We begin with a typology of innovation in the media by drawing a distinction between product innovations and process innovations, as well as between comp...
Article
For long, Western European governments considered public broadcasters propellers of innovation in the media sector. Pointing at the decline of spectrum scarcity and other technological evolutions, private media companies and some scholars argue that innovation is not a public service task any longer. This article investigates whether government rhe...
Conference Paper
This paper deals with graduated response in France, a public policy through which Internet users are monitored, warned and sanctioned for copyright infringement. Analyzed within the framework of a surveillance society, we argue that graduated response illustrates the global trend for more control over the Internet. The paper provides an in-depth an...
Article
We tackle the issue of innovation policy in the specific context of a small media sector, i.e. the Flemish one. The research question is twofold; firstly, asking which types of innovation should be supported by government; secondly, asking how to organise innovation policy in the broadcasting (and by extension media) sector. This study is based on...
Article
Full-text available
The market structure’s influence on editorial diversity and types of labour force in the magazines The concentration in the media has been very strong over the last two decades, particularly in the magazines. This article aims to analyze the influence of this market structure on diversity of production in the press on one hand; and on the types of...
Article
Full-text available
After the adoption of the Unesco Convention on Cultural Diversity in October 2005, the issue of what may favour diversity of production in the media and cultural industries has become even more crucial. On the other hand there has been a long tradition of economic analysis of diversity of production. However, the analysis so far has had 2 flaws. Fi...
Article
Full-text available
The digitization of copyrighted goods and the dematerialization of their distribution over the Internet have caused a weakening of copyright, a key institution of the creative industries. One reason is that, during the broadband roll-out, copyright enforcement costs have become superior to the estimated benefits of copyright. This paper analyses th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Problem The rapid development and spreading of ICT and the increased competitive pressure make it necessary for all organizations to innovate constantly. Based on the concepts of Business Model Innovation and Open Innovation, we propose a reformulation of the concept of Open Business Model Innovation to indicate the process of creating innovative b...
Article
Full-text available
Dans le cadre des négociations commerciales internationales, les politiques en faveur de la diversité culturelle désignent un objectif qui consiste à limiter l'uniformisation censée résulter du fonctionnement du marché et du libre-échange. Depuis quelques années, le véritable débat ne porte plus sur l'objectif lui-même qui semble faire l'objet d'un...
Article
Full-text available
DRMS are often described as essential in the development of the legal online supply of content, notably of music (In this paper, we do not study the cases of sites that sell pre-recorded music, such as Amazon). That is why they are becoming a crucial stake for the whole recovering music industry. In the first section, we will precise the strategic...
Article
Free market and free trade are said to lead to the homogenization of cultures. Policies in favour of cultural diversity have been debated in international trade negotiations that are supposed to prevent such an evolution. Nowadays cultural diversity stands as a rather consensual aim; however there is no agreement on the ways to promote it. In this...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis that a general definition of diversity of production has been missing throughout extensive and lasting research, this study has aimed to provide a three-dimensional definition of diversity based on an extensive overview of literature on diversity. Thereafter, this definition enables me to look into the relationships between diversity o...
Article
In the context of international trade negotiations, policies on cultural diversity aim to counter the growing cultural uniformity that free-market trading is alleged to encourage. In recent years, the focus of debates has shifted from cultural diversity itself, on which there seems to be general agreement, to ways of achieving it. This paper return...
Article
Full-text available
Accessible en ligne : http://hdl.handle.net/2042/9495
Article
Full-text available
Product diversity is a long-debated issue in economics. We remind that mainly two questions have been given answers : (a) To which extent does the market provide diversity ? (b) Why should this diversity be promoted ? The first one stands out as the core of most articles on product diversity, whereas the second one is more evoked than really deepen...
Article
Full-text available
Economists agree upon the beneficial effects of diversity hardly produced by the market, nevertheless they are less than forthcoming about the means to defend diversity. Highlight that cultural diversity cannot be reached through strictly national politics. The international organisation of "La Francophonie" has a political role to play in order to...
Article
Full-text available
A partir d’une revue extensive de la littérature consacrée à la diversité, nous fournissons une définition tridimensionnelle de la diversité de la production. Une telle définition nous permet de remédier à une lacune de l’analyse économique. Elle nous donne la possibilité également d’étudier sous un angle nouveau les relations entre la structure de...

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Project (1)
Project
Research assumptions Information media diversity is essential for the working of contemporary democracies. Often dealt with separately in previous research, we examine altogether three dimensions of diversity in journalistic practice: 1.Diversity of issues or the extent to which different news themes are covered. 2.Diversity of actors (or identities), looking at actors, belonging to different societal groups (in terms of age, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability and class). 3.Viewpoint (or opinion) diversity, or exposure to a variety of perspectives on the issue. Although quintessential, information media diversity is currently under threat. Our research will be articulated around three main assumptions: 1.When including Internet-based information supply, there is more diversity of media content than ever before, despite ongoing trends of media concentration. Diversity of media overall is increasing. 2.Media concentration can contribute to more diversity, but this will not be the case on politically or socially sensitive themes. Diversity of supply on political and ideological themes in mass media is decreasing. We analyse the news content in general, but focus especially on four sensitive news cases: the coverage of refugees, the coverage of terrorism, the reporting of unemployment issues, and the reporting of diverse identities in sports journalism. 3.Because media increasingly target content to specific audiences along socio-economic and cultural lines, the use of media content is increasingly segmented. At the level of the individual user, diversity of news use is decreasing. Valorization goals The research data will be essential information for the development of six valorization outputs. 1.Our first aim is to develop a news use monitor that can be integrated with existing monitoring instruments, leading to a yearly evidence-based assessment of and debate on news diversity in Flanders. 2.A second valorization target is the development of measures for policy and self-regulation. 3.Thirdly, In order to support news diversity a software package will be developed. The ”Diversity Checker Pro” will allow to electronically screen an article on diversity of issues, actors and viewpoints. 4. A fourth valorization objective is the development of training sessions for practicing journalists and journalism courses for journalism students. 5.The fifth and the sixth valorization objective specifically target civil society. To empower civil society an indexing tool will be developed that allows a quick check of media.. 6.This tool is based on the more elaborate monitoring in other work packages, and goes together with Diversity Seminars for civil society actors to introduce the working of the tool.