Herbert F Jelinek

Herbert F Jelinek
Charles Sturt University · School of Community Health

PhD, BSc(Hons, Human Genetics), GradDip(Neuroscie)

About

433
Publications
124,132
Reads
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8,581
Citations
Citations since 2017
116 Research Items
4678 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - January 2014
Khalifa University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Research involved biochemical markers in disease progression and biosignal processing of heart rate. Some work was also conducted in balance using a FLOAT device. Teaching included Cell Biology and Genetics
January 1996 - January 2017
Charles Sturt University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (433)
Preprint
p>Emotion is a complex combination of experiences of consciousness, bodily sensation and behavior, reflecting personal significance of externally and/or internally triggered changes. As an indispensable part of human communication, emotions could be represented within the digital world as means that could control the human interaction with the digi...
Preprint
p>Emotion is a complex combination of experiences of consciousness, bodily sensation and behavior, reflecting personal significance of externally and/or internally triggered changes. As an indispensable part of human communication, emotions could be represented within the digital world as means that could control the human interaction with the digi...
Article
Background: Patients with severe COVID-19 are at an increased risk of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and mortality. This is due to the increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines that amplify downstream pathways that are controlled by immune regulators. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between cytokine ge...
Article
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Background As a form of the Internet of Things (IoT)–gateways, a smart helmet is one of the core devices that offers distinct functionalities. The development of smart helmets connected to IoT infrastructure helps promote connected health and safety in various fields. In this regard, we present a comprehensive analysis of smart helmet technology an...
Article
Full-text available
Artifacts in the Electrocardiogram (ECG) degrade the quality of the recorded signal and are not conducive to heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. The two types of noise most often found in ECG recordings are technical and physiological artifacts. Current preprocessing methods primarily attend to ectopic beats but do not consider technical issues...
Chapter
Full-text available
We have previously shown that the consumption of GABA-enriched oolong tea is effective in reducing stress in a student cohort. However, key constituent content has not been previously investigated, especially as applied to a standard cup of tea. Further, it has not been substantiated whether it is the suggested GABA content or other constituents th...
Article
Background Despite evidence suggesting that excess weight is linked to gait alterations and foot disorders, its effect on peak plantar pressure (PPP) variability and complexity during walking remains poorly understood. Research question This study aimed to examine the influence of overweight (BMI ≥ 25) on the dynamic PPP distribution during gait u...
Preprint
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Context Deforestation remains one of the most pressing threats to biodiversity. Characterizing the resulting forest loss and fragmentation efficiently from remotely sensed data therefore has strong practical implications. Data are often separately analyzed for spatial fragmentation and disorder, but no existing metric simultaneously quantifies the...
Article
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Citrus bioflavonoids are polyphenolic plant-derived pigments found in high levels in oranges, lemons, grapefruits and other citrus fruits. The three most abundant types of citrus bioflavonoids are hesperidin, naringenin and eriocitrin. Citrus bioflavonoids have long been known to possess powerful free radical-scavenging properties and cardioprotect...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Although the use of face masks has increased as a result of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, face masks have an important role in the health and industrial sectors as wearable devices. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to review the use of face masks as reported in current academic publications and in reports on commercially...
Article
Unstructured: Face masks are an important way to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the prolonged pandemic has revealed confounding problems of the current face masks, not only the spread of the disease but also concurrent psychological, social, and economic complications. As face masks have been worn for a long time, people have been intereste...
Preprint
Full-text available
Artifacts in the Electrocardiogram (ECG) degrade the quality of the recorded signal and are not conducive to heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. The two types of noise most often found in ECG recordings are technical and physiological artifacts. Current preprocessing methods primarily attend to ectopic beats but do not consider technical issues...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most common complications during pregnancy is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hyperglycemia that occurs for the first time during pregnancy. The condition is multifactorial, caused by an interaction between genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for its pathogenesis remain elus...
Article
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Global and local whole genome sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 enables the tracing of domestic and international transmissions. We sequenced Viral RNA from 37 sampled Covid-19 patients with RT-PCR-confirmed infections across the UAE and developed time-resolved phylogenies with 69 local and 3,894 global genome sequences. Furthermore, we investigated specifi...
Article
Risk assessments for numerous conditions can now be performed cost-effectively and accurately using emerging point of care devices coupled with machine learning algorithms. In this article, the case is advanced that point of care testing in combination with risk assessments generated with artificial intelligence algorithms, applied to universal, sc...
Article
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The heterogeneous phenotypes among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has drawn worldwide attention, especially those with severe symptoms without comorbid conditions. Immune responses to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative virus of COVID-19, occur mainly by the innate immune response via the i...
Article
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Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disease severity differs widely due to numerous factors including ABO gene-derived susceptibility or resistance. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of the ABO blood group and genetic variations of the ABO gene with COVID-19 severity in a heterogeneous hospital population...
Article
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Aim Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is associated with microvascular complications, including diabetic retinopathy (DR), diabetic nephropathy (DNp), and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). In this study, we investigated genetic variations and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with DR, DNp, DPN and their combinations among T2DM pat...
Article
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Background: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the gold standard for evaluating heart failure (HF) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. It is an essential metric in categorizing HF patients as preserved (HFpEF), mid-range (HFmEF), and reduced (HFrEF) ejection fraction but differs, depending on whether the ASE/EACVI or ESC guidelines...
Article
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Background: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is prevalent in Arabian populations. Several small-scale studies have been performed to investigate the genetic basis of MetS. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine whether candidate gene polymorphisms are associated with MetS susceptibility among ethnic groups of the Arabian world and t...
Conference Paper
Wearable sensors have made an impact on healthcare and medicine by enabling out-of-clinic health monitoring and prediction of pathological events. Further advancements made in the analysis of multimodal signals have been in emotion recognition which utilizes peripheral physiological signals captured by sensors in wearable devices. There is no unive...
Conference Paper
Home-based self-training can be beneficial to neurocardiogenic patients, particularly for those who experience a decreased heart rate during the clinical head up tilt test (HUT). Many patients, however, may not be able to attend a clinic and/or attend clinics which lack HUT devices. Individualized heart rate prediction based on a simulated HUT (sHU...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of heart failure is important in clinical practice to ensure coronary artery disease (CAD) patients will be provided with appropriate timely treatment. The current gold-standard, echocardiography, although reliable, provides a once-off left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measurement and does not provide information about heart functi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Head-up tilt (HUT) testing supports the diagnosis of syncope by detecting abnormalities in heart rate and blood pressure changes. Home-based self-training can be of benefit to neurocardiogenic patients if during clinical HUT, heart rate decreases in the early stage of being in an upright position. However, HUT testing is not always possible in the...
Article
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The class I and class II Human Leucocyte Antigens (HLA) are an integral part of the host adaptive immune system against viral infections. The characterization of HLA allele frequency in the population can play an important role in determining whether HLA antigens contribute to viral susceptibility. In this regard, global efforts are currently under...
Article
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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes that are integral in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. In age or disease, ECM may become dysregulated and contribute to fibrosis, which impairs cardiac electrical conduction. Two alleles regulate matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) activity: one with five adenosine bases (5A; associated with higher M...
Article
PurposeCardiac autonomic dysfunction in idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD) manifests as reduced heart rate variability (HRV). In the present study, we explored the deceleration capacity of heart rate (DC) in patients with idiopathic PD, an advanced HRV marker that has proven clinical utility.Methods Standard and advanced HRV measures derived from...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Gait dysfunction or impairment is considered one of the most common and devastating physiological consequences of stroke, and achieving optimal gait is a key goal for stroke victims with gait disability along with their clinical teams. Many researchers have explored post stroke gait, including assessment tools and techniques, key gait p...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus infections have been a part of the animal kingdom for millennia. The difference emerging in the twenty-first century is that a greater number of novel coronaviruses are being discovered primarily due to more advanced technology and that a greater number can be transmitted to humans, either directly or via an intermediate host. This has...
Preprint
Full-text available
Analysis of heart failure is important in clinical practice to ensure coronary artery disease (CAD) patients will be provided with appropriate timely treatment. The current gold standard, echocardiography, although reliable, provides a once-off left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measurement but does not provide information about heart functi...
Article
Full-text available
The complex nature of physiological systems where multiple organs interact to form a network is complicated by direct and indirect interactions, with varying strength and direction of influence. This study proposes a novel framework which quantifies directional and pairwise couplings, while controlling for the effect of indirect interactions. Simul...
Article
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Background Prolonged electrocardiogram (ECG) QRS duration has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. It is unclear whether the main predictor of cardiovascular risk, the Framingham risk score also predicts short-term changes in ECG QRS duration. Our aim is to determine whether baseline Framingham risk score is associated with baseline...
Article
Background and aims Several commercially available phytosterol supplements are promoted for their cholesterol-lowering effects. However, limited information is available about their potential anti-hyperglycaemic effects. This study aimed to evaluate the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitory effects of phytosterol supplements in silico and in vi...
Conference Paper
Early and noninvasive identification of heart failure progression is an important adjunct to successful and timely intervention. Severity of heart failure (HF) was assessed by Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF). In this paper, we explore the circadian (24-hour) heart rate variability (HRV) features from ''normal" (EF >50%), "at-risk" (EF <40...
Article
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to set an optimal fit of the estimated LVEF at hourly intervals from 24-hour ECG recordings and compare it with the fit based on two gold-standard guidelines. Methods: Support vector regression (SVR) models were applied to estimate LVEF from ECG derived heart rate variability (HRV) data in one-hour inter...
Article
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) contributes to increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a high prevalence of MetS which may be linked to modifiable and genetic risk factors in the local population. The association between MetS as a phenotype and key genetic variants in the UAE has not been investigated. T...
Article
Objective Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer. Genetic predisposition has been shown to play a key role in obesity, and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple loci linked with obesity in various ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to...
Article
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Background: Two genome‐wide association studies in European and Japanese populations reported on new loci for diabetic kidney disease (DKD), including FTO. In this study, we have replicated these investigations on a cohort of 410 Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients of Arab origin from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods and Results: The co...
Article
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Purpose Cardiac autonomic dysfunction manifests as reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD), but no significant reduction has been found in PD patients who carry the LRRK2 mutation. Novel HRV features have not been investigated in these individuals. We aimed to assess cardiac autonomic modulation through standard...
Article
Full-text available
The ever decreasing area of forests has lead to environmental and economical challenges and has brought with it a renewed interest in developing methodologies that quantify the extent of deforestation and reforestation. In this study we analyzed the deforested areas of the Apuseni Mountains, which has been under economic pressure in recent years an...
Article
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The time series of interbeat intervals of the heart reveals much information about disease and disease progression. An area of intense research has been associated with cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN). In this work we have investigated the value of additional information derived from the magnitude, sign and acceleration of the RR intervals. When...
Article
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Background: According to dynamical systems theory, an increase in movement variability leads to greater adaptability, which may be related to the number of feedforward and feedback mechanisms associated with movement and postural control. Using Higuchi dimension (HDf) to measure complexity of the signal and Singular Value Decomposition Entropy (Svd...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Complexity versus regularity is an important component of appropriate joint position to retain balance but has not received much attention. The Singular value decomposition entropy (SvdEn) characterizes information content or regularity of a signal depending on the number of vectors attributed to the process. The current study aimed to investigate...
Article
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Aim: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is associated with both microvascular complications such as diabetic retinopathy (DR), and macrovascular complications like coronary artery disease (CAD). Genetic risk factors have a role in the development of these complications. In the present case-control study, we investigated genetic variations associated w...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of the current study is to generate waist circumference to height ratio cut-off values for obesity categories from a model of the relationship between body mass index and waist circumference to height ratio. We compare the waist circumference to height ratio discovered in this way with cut-off values currently prevalent in practi...
Article
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The paper explores the distribution of tree cover and deforested areas in the Central Carpathians in the central-east part of Romania, in the context of the anthropogenic forest disturbances and sustainable forest management. The study aims to evaluate the spatiotemporal changes in deforested areas due to human pressure in the Carpathian Mountains,...
Article
Full-text available
GABA-containing tea has gained popularity as an accessible intervention to reduce the impact of chronic stress-induced autonomic imbalance and increased risk for cardiovascular disease despite a lack of evidence concerning the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) content in a cup of the tea and its effects on physiological and psychological stress as measure...
Conference Paper
Gene Regulatory Networks (GRNs) offer enhanced insight into the biological functions and biochemical pathways of cells associated with gene regulatory mechanisms. However, obtaining accurate GRNs that explain gene expressions and functional associations remains a difficult task. Only a few studies have incorporated heuristics into a GRN discovery p...
Conference Paper
The extraction of Bag of Visual Words (BoVW) features from retinal images for automated classification has been shown to be effective but computationally expensive. Histogram and co-variance matrix features do not generally result in models that have the same predictive accuracy as BoVW and are still computationally expensive. The discovery of feat...
Article
Full-text available
Medical image processing, analysis and classification is a rapidly expanding field providing possible solutions for health care providers including ophthalmologists and optometrists. To be of value, image analysis and classification requires high accuracy and fast processing. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy can lead to better treatment outc...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Within the Emirati population, risk factors and genetic predisposition to diabetic kidney disease (DKD) have not yet been investigated. The aim of this research was to determine potential clinical, laboratory and reported genetic loci as risk factors for DKD. Research design and methods Four hundred and ninety unrelated Emirati national...