Henryk Bukowski

Henryk Bukowski
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain | UCLouvain · Psychological Sciences Research Institute

Professor
Setting my new lab and my teaching... work in progress.

About

41
Publications
16,531
Reads
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522
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2010 - October 2014
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
Emotions and perspective-taking are ubiquitous in our daily social interactions, but little is known about the relation between the two. This study examined whether and how emotions can influence even the most basic forms of perspective-taking. Experiment 1 showed that guilt made participants more other-centered in a simple visual perspective-takin...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to test whether individual differences in perspective taking could be explained with two underpinning cognitive dimensions: The ability to handle the conflict between our egocentric perspective and another person’s perspective and the relative attentional focus during processing on the egocentric perspective versus another person’s...
Chapter
Full-text available
DEFINITION: The temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is a heteromodal association cortex located, in each hemisphere, at the intersection of the parietal and the temporal lobe. Its functions are mainly associated with attention and social cognition. Its anterior and posterior parts have distinct connectivity and functional profiles, suggesting that they...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review: Visual perspective taking (VPT) enables us to understand, anticipate, and interact with other social beings by accurately computing how and what they see in their environment. The present review provides an up-to-date review of the neural mechanisms underpinning VPT that integrates all neuroscientific methods and, importantly, or...
Preprint
Full-text available
Self-other distinction is crucial for empathy, since it prevents the confusion of self-experienced emotions with those of others. We aimed to extend our understanding of the neurocognitive mechanisms of self-other distinction. Thirty-one female participants underwent continuous theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (cTBS) targeting the supr...
Poster
Full-text available
Identifying transdiagnostic socio-cognitive profiles across 4 clinical populations o Distinct profiles of perspective-takers found in healthy participants 1,2. o Socio-cognitive impairments and interpersonal difficulties are frequently observed in various mental disorders 4-5. o But inconsistent findings: possibly due to overreliance on single-scor...
Preprint
Self-other distinction (SOD) is a process, with which we disentangle self- from other-related mental representations. This online study investigated two unresolved questions: (1) whether SOD is underpinned by a unitary process across three types of mentalrepresentations: motor, cognitive, and affective representations, and (2) whether SOD largelyco...
Presentation
Full-text available
La Cognition Sociale désigne les compétences cognitivo-émotionnelles régulant les interactions entre l’individu et son environnement social (Allain et al., 2012 ; APA, 2020). Ces compétences sont principalement scindées en cinq sous-domaines dont la compréhension des émotions et l’empathie (APA, 2020 ; Godefroy et al., 2008). La littérature médico-...
Research
Full-text available
De federale overheid (FOD) Volksgezondheid heeft KeFor en CRDS de opdracht gegeven om onderzoek te doen naar de personen met een interneringsstatuut die moeilijkheden ondervinden om aangepaste zorg te vinden1 (vanaf hier hebben we het over ‘residuele geïnterneerden’) en formuleerde drie onderzoeksvragen: 1. Op welke manier verloopt de doorstroom va...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Physicians’ cognitive empathy is associated with improved diagnosis and better patient outcomes. The relationship between self-reported and performance-based measures of cognitive empathic processes is unclear. Design Cross-sectional analysis of the association between medical students’ empathy scale scores and their empathic performance...
Article
Objectives This study examined the relationship between self-reported empathy and breaking bad news (BBN) communication skills performance in a sample of undergraduate medical students (n = 100) in the clinical years of their programme. Methods Correlational and regression analysis examined the relationship between Jefferson Scale of Physician Emp...
Article
Full-text available
Training to inhibit imitative tendencies has been shown to reduce self-other interferences in both automatic imitation and perspective taking, suggesting that an enhancement of self-other distinction is transferrable from the motor to the cognitive domain. This study examined whether socio-cognitive training specifically enhances self-other distinc...
Article
Full-text available
Narcissism is a prevalent personality trait associated with low concern for others and high self-focus. Congruently, reduced automatic imitation in narcissists was reported in one study (23 participants), but it was not replicated in another (57 participants). In this study, 100 participants completed the previously used narcissism and automatic im...
Preprint
Empathic abilities are increasingly shown to be modulated by interpersonal and contextual factors. However, causal evidence regarding self-other distinction abilities in empathy, as measured by egocentric and altercentric biases, is virtually non-existent. This study aimed to demonstrate how malleable such biases are by investigating the impact of...
Preprint
Scientific evidence indicating that humans are tuned to rapidly notice and respond to others’ behaviors mainly stem from the laboratory observations that we spontaneously imitate others’ movements even when such imitation interferes with a task at hand. For instance, seeing another person’s index finger being lifted slows us down when tasked to lif...
Preprint
Full-text available
•Effect of a socio-cognitive training on self-other distinction and self-salience was tested•Ss trained to imitate, inhibit imitation, or inhibit control stimuli in 2 experiments•Unlike the original study, training did not influence self-other distinction•Imitation-inhibition training increased self-salience in empathy and shape matching
Preprint
Full-text available
Physicians cognitive empathy is associated with improved diagnosis and better patient outcomes. The relationship between self-reported and performance-based measures of cognitive empathic processes is unclear. This study examined the association between medical student empathy scale scores and their empathic performance in a perspective-taking task...
Article
Full-text available
Self-other distinction is crucial for empathy, since it prevents the confusion of self-experienced emotions with those of others. We aimed to extend our understanding of the neurocognitive mechanisms of self-other distinction. Thirty-one female participants underwent continuous theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (cTBS) targeting the supr...
Poster
Full-text available
*Attachment Style and Automatic Imitation: Empirical Support for a Critical Appraisal* Past research has repeatedly linked automatic imitation to attachment style. In this study, we investigate the influence of attachment styles (primary caregiver /romantic partner) on automatic imitation. Using a dimensional model of attachment style, we measured...
Chapter
Full-text available
Self-knowledge refers to the collection of representations believed to truly and accurately depict the Self. Like classic knowledge, Self-knowledge is acquired, stored, retrieved, and organized, and it conveys meaning and guidance on how to interact with the environment, in particular with other social beings. Unlike classic knowledge, Self-knowled...
Chapter
Full-text available
The superior temporal sulcus is a long furrow within the temporal lobes. It is functionally related mainly with speech and social perception. Its anterior and posterior ends are highly associative areas dealing with higher-level processes contributing to recognition, understanding and reasoning about oneself and others.
Article
Full-text available
Total sleep deprivation (TSD) is known to alter cognitive processes. Surprisingly little attention has been paid to its impact on social cognition. Here, we investigated whether TSD alters levels-1 and -2 visual perspective-taking abilities, i.e. the capacity to infer (a) what can be seen and (b) how it is seen from another person's visual perspect...
Article
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a powerful non-invasive technique for the modulation of brain activ- ity. While the precise mechanism of action is still unknown, TMS is applied in cognitive neuroscience to establish causal relationships between stimulation and subsequent changes in cerebral function and behavioral outcome. In addition, T...
Conference Paper
Question While the precise mechanism of action is still unclear, rTMS is an effective FDA-approved treatment in depression and shows beneficial behavioral effects in a range of pathologies. A better understanding could improve treatment success and reduce the number of non-treatment responders. This study is the first to investigate effectiveness a...
Article
Full-text available
Two paradigms have shown that people automatically compute what or where another person is looking at. In the visual perspective-taking paradigm, participants judge how many objects they see; whereas, in the gaze cueing paradigm, participants identify a target. Unlike in the former task, in the latter task, the influence of what or where the other...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroscientific research has identified two fundamental components of empathy: shared emotional representations between self and other, and self-other distinction. The concept of shared representations suggests that during empathy, we co-represent another person’s affect by engaging brain and bodily functions underpinning the first-hand experience...
Thesis
Full-text available
Perspective-taking (PT) performance is widely considered and assessed as a static and one-dimensional ability. This thesis provides evidence across 4 studies that PT performance fluctuates and is underpinned by two dimensions: (1) the ability to handle conflicts between our egocentric perspective and another person’s perspective and (2) the relativ...
Article
Full-text available
The processing of human and nonhuman concepts (e.g., agreeable vs. edible) during basic comprehension and reasoning tasks has become a major topic of scientific inquiry. To ensure that the experimental effects obtained from such studies reflect the hypothesised semantic distinction, potential confounds such as psycholinguistic and/or lexical proper...
Article
Face perception is highly lateralized to the right hemisphere in humans, as supported originally by observations of face recognition impairment (prosopagnosia) following brain damage. Divided visual field presentations, neuroimaging and event-related potential studies have supported this view. While the latter studies are typically performed in rig...
Article
Face processing is a function that is highly lateralized in humans, as supported by original evidence from brain lesion studies (Hecaen & Anguerlergues, 1962), followed by studies using divided visual field presentations (Heller & Levy, 1981), neuroimaging (Sergent et al., 1992) and event-related potentials (Bentin et al., 1996). Studies in non-hum...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I've got 2 identical experiments, each are however under-powered to detect the effects of interests.
I would like to combine the two datasets and re-run an analysis on the combined dataset.
Not surprisingly I got clearer results on the combined dataset.
However since this latter analysis consists in a second peek into my data, doing so increases the risk of false positives (or rate of type I error).
I would like to correct for this inflated risk but I could not find any correction method specific to the analysis of combined experimemnts/datasets.
In my design, I test two hypotheses, which consists in 2 planned t-test contrasts for each of 4 DVs.
What I am looking for is a (not too complicated) way to correct the p-values obtained from the contrasts or the critical p-value threshold.
Do you any suggestions?

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The goal of this project is to address the current theoretical and evaluative limitations of perspective-taking abilities. In this project, perspective taking is conceptualized as a multidimensional skill. We aim to study dimension-specific deficits in several clinical populations (i.e., depressive, mental anorexia, alexithymic, forensic, schizophrenic, and with alcohol use disorder) in order to better understand the social-cognitive difficulties they encounter. Our paradigm is rooted in an experimental and transdiagnostic approach consisting in reporting the existence of distinct profiles of maladaptive profiles of perspective takers, beyond the pre-existing diagnosis categorization. Subsequently, we aim to design tailored training programs through an accessible and free digital tool, for each of these profiles in order to improve patients' skills and optimize their well-being and social functioning.
Project
The goal of this project is to address the current theoretical and evaluative limitations of perspective-taking abilities. In this project, perspective taking is conceptualized as a multidimensional skill. We aim to study dimension-specific deficits in several clinical populations (i.e., depressive, mental anorexia, alexithymic, forensic, schizophrenic, and with alcohol use disorder) in order to better understand the social-cognitive difficulties they encounter. Our paradigm is rooted in an experimental and transdiagnostic approach consisting in reporting the existence of distinct profiles of maladaptive profiles of perspective takers, beyond the pre-existing diagnosis categorization. Subsequently, we aim to design customized training programs through an accessible and free digital tool, for each of these profiles in order to improve patients' skills and optimize their well-being and social functioning.
Project
2nd edition of "From Self-knowledge to knowing others” workshop Insights from clinical populations with socio-cognitive disorders www.self-knowing-others.org Thursday 7th of November 2019, UCLouvain, Brussels You are invited to attend a one-day workshop on the research links between self- and others’ understanding! This year the focus is on mental disorders characterized by impairments in both self- and others’ understanding. Active participation of young researchers is particularly encouraged via the presentation of a poster (best poster awarded) and chairing a session. Registration, food and drinks are free. But registration is mandatory and seats are limited! Speakers are: Kai Vogeley (Univ. Cologne), David Williams (Univ. Kent), Benedicte Lowyck (KU Leuven), Celine De Meulemeester (KU Leuven), Jean-Louis Nandrino (Univ. Lille), Christopher Moulin (Univ. Grenoble Alpes), Romina Rinaldi (UMons), Philippe de Timary (UCLouvain), and Dana Samson (UCLouvain). Abstract: Our abilities to know others – e.g. their feelings, beliefs, or personality traits – and to know ourselves develop together, engage overlapping brain regions, and are often concomitantly impaired in mental disorders. Attempts to link the processes underpinning self- and others’ understanding are bourgeoning but scattered; this research has no field or community on its own. This workshop aims to raise awareness and build a community by gathering, for the second time, renowned experts who will share their experience in measuring and linking self- and others' understanding. While last year’s workshop highlighted psychological and neuroscientific methods, this year the workshop will focus on clinical populations with socio-cognitive disorders such as autism, schizophrenia, Alzheimer, borderline personality disorder, substance use disorder, and acquired brain injury. Clinicians and researchers interested in the topic are welcome. Each talk will provide a theoretical introduction of the clinical condition, share practical and methodological advices, inform about important and latest findings, and invite for further reflections and debate. More info on www.self-knowing-others.org Please forward widely, to your colleagues, especially to the young researchers and clinicians.