Henry J. Liu

Henry J. Liu
University of Canberra · School of Design and the Built Environment

PhD, MPhil (Const Mgmt), MSc (Mgmt Sci), LLB (1st Hons), FHEA

About

58
Publications
58,277
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
961
Citations
Introduction
Dr Henry Liu is an Assistant Professor of and Discipline Lead for Building & Construction Management at University of Canberra, Australia. Henry's current research is focused on transport resilience, PPPs and decision-making modelling. His funded project relates to VfM-oriented decision making of transport infrastructure delivery.
Additional affiliations
February 2020 - March 2021
University of Canberra
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
December 2016 - February 2020
Northumbria University
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2016 - December 2016
Curtin University
Position
  • Engineer
Education
May 2012 - March 2016
Curtin University
Field of study
  • Performance Measurement
July 2009 - July 2011
Deakin University
Field of study
  • Construction Management
October 2004 - November 2005
University of South Wales
Field of study
  • Management Science

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Purpose In Hong Kong, over 20,000 private residential buildings will be 50 plus years old by 2039. However, building maintenance has not been owners’ popular interest because of the high cost as well as the complexities in justifying whether the quantities and prices of the maintenance works are reasonable. This paper therefore aims to validate the...
Article
Purpose This study aims to develop a collaborative governance framework (CGF) to systematically investigate the impeding factors (IFs) in terms of the operational sustainability of PPPs. It examines the transmission pattern (i.e. the way in which network members react to each other) of the IFs network. Design/methodology/approach Literature review...
Article
Full-text available
Sponge city (SPC) is currently being promoted as an initiative under the principle of sustainable development to solve the urban water crisis across China. Moreover, with the introduction of the public-private partnerships (PPPs) in SPC development, the public’s concern regarding SPC PPPs has increased in terms of their more sophisticated outcomes...
Article
To enhance resilience for adapting to recent severe issues such as flooding and water shortage, Sponge City (SPC) is being delivered by using Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) across China. Considering a sustainable implementation, an understanding of and effective management for the environment-related underlying dynamics of the adaptability of S...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose-The unprecedented SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic has further constrained the budgets of governments worldwide for delivering their much-needed infrastructure. Consequently, public-private partnerships (PPPs), with the private sector's investment and ingenuity, would appear to be an increasingly popular alternative. Value for money (VfM) has...
Article
Deep learning has been acknowledged as being robust in managing and controlling the performance of construction safety. However, there is an absence of state-of-the-art review that examines its developments and applications from the perspective of data utilization. Our review aims to fill this void and addresses the following research question: wha...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the nebulous value for money (VfM) concept and its widely-criticised use in justifying the adoption of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) for transport infrastructure projects. It draws on the theories of value and identifies that value is generated in the interaction of the supply side (i.e., governments - as project sponsors...
Article
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are an effective vehicle for delivering critical infrastructure worldwide, particularly road transport assets (e.g., bridges, toll roads and tunnels). However, PPPs have been and continue to be controversial forms of project delivery as there are concerns about their ability to provide taxpayers with value for mon...
Article
This paper seeks to investigate the timing of land value uplift associated with an extension to an existing light rail transport system. It seeks to understand the amount of land value increase on residential properties at different stages of the infrastructure delivery process of the Tyne and Wear Metro (TWM) system in the North East of England. T...
Article
Residential construction price is a critical indicator to optimise key-market stakeholders’ decision-making for property development. As an up-stream market, housing market can bring significant effects on the residential construction sector. However, the relationship between housing and construction markets has been overlooked. This study therefor...
Article
The management of the organisational capabilities needed to ensure the resilience of transport infrastructure assets is a challenge for governments worldwide. However, an absence of critical research in this area has exacerbated this challenge. The upshot, in this instance, has been the inability of governments to engender and enact an effective tr...
Article
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are critical for delivering infrastructure assets worldwide. They encompass a variety of public and private organisations and, therefore, the participants’ behaviours can significantly affect the life-cycle performance of the projects. However, extant literature lacks attention to investigating the process efficie...
Conference Paper
Governments worldwide are grappling with their constrained budgets to deliver their much-needed infrastructure, which is exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. As such, public-private partnerships (PPPs), with the private sector's investment and ingenuity, would appear to be a popular alternative. Value for money (VfM) assessment has been acknowledg...
Article
Purpose This study aims to develop a Stackelberg Game Model for seeking the optimal subsidy plans with varying levels of government financial capability (GFC). Furthermore, the scenario-based analysis is conducted and will enable governments to identify a comprehensive subsidy plan as follows: improve project performance and optimise social welfare...
Article
Purpose Modular construction is considered a well-established construction method for improving the efficiency of the construction industry worldwide. However, the industry struggles to achieve higher levels of modularisation in urban areas. Previous studies on decision-making for modularisation have, so far, not focussed much on its application in...
Article
Purpose The accuracy and reliability of subjectively assessing a construction project's complexity at the pre-construction stage is questionable and relies upon the project manager's tacit experiences, knowledge and background. The purpose of this paper is to develop a scientifically robust analytical approach by presenting a novel classification m...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this study is for examining the evolution of stakeholder influence and the trans-period effect (TPE) of process performance of Public–Private Partnerships (PPPs). TPE refers to the ripple effect of project performance across different phases of a PPP. Design/Methodology/Approach – Social network analysis is used to analyse...
Article
Purpose This study aims to examine the impacts of formal and informal hierarchical governances (HGs) on the performance of mega-projects and the mediating role of contractor behavior (i.e. perfunctory and consummate behaviors) in these relationships. Design/methodology/approach A total of 375 valid data entries from managers representing 375 mega-...
Article
Purpose: This paper develops a platform that can be used to determine how to effectively and efficiently deal with a large number of temporary facilities under a constrained site condition(s). The ultimate goal is to reduce the material handling costs between transformation phases of construction works occurring during the project’s developmentperi...
Article
Performance evaluation (also measurement) provides a mechanism to ensure that organisations thrive in today’s complex and dynamic business environment. Performance evaluation is widely used for not only interpreting present performance but also for examining the future production output. An understanding of the ‘future’ is reliant on ‘prediction’,...
Article
Purpose – This study aims to address the gap by empirically exploring how residential construction production progress, which includes project commencement, under-construction, and project completion, responds dynamically to fluctuations in house prices. Design/methodology/approach – A vector autoregressive model and an impulse response function a...
Article
Transport infrastructure is pivotal for economic and social development. Over the past decade, Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have been widely adopted for its delivery in developing and developed economies due to increasingly limited public budgets. Therefore, deciding whether to use PPPs is a critical topic for governments and relies on an ess...
Article
Purpose The performance of public–private partnerships (PPPs) can be determined by a variety of factors, i.e. influencing factors (IFs). This study is undertaken for a purpose of identifying how such factors determine the project's performance (i.e. factor transmission patterns), particularly from the key stakeholders' perspectives. Design/methodo...
Article
Purpose – This paper investigates the policy changes made towards infrastructure Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). The purpose of the study is to empirically identify the policy risks associated with the development of PPPs and to assess their impacts on the projects. Design/methodology/approach – A case study of the policy changes that have bee...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have been adopted to deliver transport infrastructure worldwide, attributing to governments’ increasingly limited fiscal budget. However, the key issue about whether PPPs can provide taxpayers with better value for money (VfM) is still under controversy. As an integral component of infrastructure procurement proce...
Article
Having efficient and effective transport infrastructure (e.g. bridges, roads, railways, airways and tunnels) in place is essential for supporting the economic and social well-being of an economy. External disturbances that emerge as a result of climate change, for example, are impacting its performance. Delivering, managing and maintaining transpor...
Article
The process of evaluation is pivotal for ensuring infrastructure assets meet the demands and needs of business and the wider community. An empirical ex-post evaluation of the impact of regional heterogeneities for economic infrastructure assets in Australia is undertaken using a panel error correction model. The paper provides governments with an i...
Conference Paper
Sustainable construction and green buildings have become increasingly popular in different sectors over the globe. Heightened awareness of environmental impacts of production and consumption pattern increases the willingness-to-pay premium for green products / services. The Building Environmental Assessment Method Plus (BEAM Plus) is a Hong Kong ba...
Article
The development of policies to support an agenda of urban rehabilitation as a part of a city’s approach to engender sustainability is a difficult process owing to the need to consider a large number of stakeholder needs and demands. For example, Hong Kong has accumulated a considerable amount of building stock due to its rapid economic development...
Article
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have become a critical vehicle for delivering infrastructure worldwide. Yet, the use of such a procurement strategy has received considerable criticism, as they have been prone to experiencing time/cost overruns and during their operation poorly managed. A key issue contributing to the poor performance of PPPs is...
Article
Public–private partnerships have become an integral strategy to deliver infrastructure projects in Australia. Yet, public–private partnerships have been plagued with controversy due to recurrent time and cost overruns. The paucity of an approach to evaluate the performance of public–private partnerships throughout their life-cycle has hindered the...
Article
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been extensively used to deliver an array of infrastructure projects in Australia; they have become an integral part of several state governments' procurement strategies. Over the last decade, however, several major PPP projects have incurred significant cost and schedule overruns, which have marred their use...
Article
The construction industry in the developed economy has suffered a shortage of workforce which triggers project cost escalation and project delay and suppresses the whole economy. This paper aims to explore the perceptions of the general public and construction workers towards workforce shortage in the Hong Kong construction industry and identifies...
Article
The cost performance of a wide range of public sector infrastructure projects completed by a contractor are analyzed and discussed. Change-orders after a contract to construct an asset was signed were, on average, found to contribute to a 23.75% increase in project costs. A positive association between an increase in change orders and the contracto...
Article
Full-text available
The construction sector is an important engine for economic development in Australia. A variety of stakeholders are involved in any construction project. Major participants including design teams, clients, contractors and project managers are examples of stakeholders that have the ability to hinder or promote the progress of a construction undertak...
Article
Workforce planning (WP) for infrastructure projects provides a readily available pool of skilled labor that can deliver a nation's societal needs. However, achieving a robust and reliable workforce prediction is a constant challenge, as a variety of variables and factors must be considered. Despite various forecasting techniques and approaches bein...
Article
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have been widely used to deliver infrastructure projects. However, PPPs are being plagued with controversy as some of them were subjected to project overruns and/or poor operations. An underlying issue contributing to unsatisfactory performance of PPPs was a result of an ambiguous accountability of the government....
Article
An effective and efficient performance measurement is deemed to be pivotal for ensuring owners' and stakeholders' needs are being met throughout a project's lifecycle. To determine the nature of performance measurement in Australian public-private partnerships (PPPs), an interpretivist approach that utilized semistructured interviews was undertaken...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have become an integral part of infrastructure procurement strategy in many governments across the world. However, the use of PPPs has been being plagued with controversy, especially in the UK and Australia, as some procured PPP projects have experienced significant time and cost overruns and poor or less than opt...
Conference Paper
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have been widely used to procure infrastructure assets. However, PPPs are plagued with controversy as they have been the subject of cost/schedule overruns and/or unsatisfactory asset operations. An underlying issue contributing to poor performance of PPPs is the absence of effective performance measurement through...
Article
Accurately modeling and forecasting the construction works completed by main contractors is pivotal for policy makers who require reliable market intelligence to adjust or develop optimal labor and housing policies. Yet, despite its importance, limited research has been conducted to systematically develop approaches for investigating the future tre...
Article
Full-text available
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been widely used in the procurement of economic and social infrastructure projects. Since the operation of more and more PPP projects, there have been a number of explorations on the factors that contribute to their success. Project success is often expressed by the quality of the product and project manageme...
Article
Full-text available
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are currently a popular approach for governments to procure social and economic infrastructure. The macroeconomic environment plays a critical role and influences the factors that can lead to the successful delivery of a PPP project. Despite the importance of the macroeconomic environment, limited attention has be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the global financial crisis limited funds have been available for major infrastructure projects, many governments and other agencies have had great difficulty in promoting and financing infrastructure development using public private partnerships (PPPs). Therefore, it is essential that supporting agencies and financiers conduct effective pre-...
Article
Workforce planning is vital for implementing strategic human resource planning. A causal model that incorporates a global economic perspective is derived in this paper by undertaking a detailed review of the normative literature and empirically estimated by a vector error correction (VEC) model. The reliability of the developed VEC model is validat...
Article
Full-text available
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been used widely to deliver economic and social infrastructure projects. There has been widespread debate about the factors that contribute to their success and failure. Critical to their successful implementation is effective performance measurement of the projects. With this in mind, a comprehensive review...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the normative literature in regard to public-private partnerships (PPPs) and their evaluations, and attempts to investigate whether the Performance Prism is a feasible framework for effective PPP performance measurement. Design/methodology/approach – An in-depth and critical literature review is con...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper reviews the normative literature of performance measurement within the context of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of current ex post evaluations of PPPs and identify a feasible direction to comprehensively and effectively measure the performance of PPP infrastructure...
Article
Full-text available
Housing supply is an essential component of the property sector. Compared with an increasingly strong housing demand, the growth rates of total housing stock in Australia have exhibited a downward trend since the end of the 1990s. Over the same period, the significant adjustments in the Australian monetary policy were being implemented under a turb...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been a preferred procurement method for infrastructure projects in many countries. Performance measurement/evaluation is an important process in relation to the success of PPP projects and however it has received limited attention under the life-cycle perspective. A conceptual dynamic life-cycle performance m...
Article
Full-text available
This research empirically investigates the impact of monetary policy on the housing market in Australia from 1996 to 2009. Three primary variables associated with the housing sector and monetary policy, including interest rates, money supply and house prices, are estimated by a structural vector autoregression (VAR) model. Depending upon the analys...
Article
Full-text available
New housing supply in Australia has been experiencing a low rate of increase in conjunction with a dramatic increase in residential construction costs since the 1990s. This study aims to estimate the relationship between new housing supply and residential construction costs with the regional heterogeneities. Based on a panel error correction model,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Housing supply is one of important components of the housing sector. Compared with an increasingly strong housing demand, the growth rates of total housing stock in Australia have exhibited a downward trend since the end of the 1990s whilst the significant adjustments in the Australian monetary policy were being implemented. This research aims to e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The supply of new housing in Australia has been experiencing a low increase rate since the 1990s in conjunction with an increasingly strong housing demand. On the contrary, residential construction costs across Australia’s states maintained dramatic increases simultaneously. Economic theory suggests that new housing supply is correlated to the cost...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on market convergence are well considered in the literature. However, the majority of the previous research focused on housing markets and few studies have concentrated on construction markets. Owing to a simultaneously dramatic increase in the construction prices of the sub-markets in the building construction sector in Australia, this pap...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Housing affordability has become a major policy issue in many countries across the world since the rapid inflation of house prices. This paper empirically investigates how monetary policies affect housing affordability in Australia from 1998 to 2009. Three primary variables associated with the housing sector and monetary policy, which are money sup...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
‘Future Proofing’ is the ability of an asset to continue to be of value into the future. As environmental aspects continue to change with increasing speed, the requirements that infrastructure must meet in terms of health and safety, flexibility and cost-effectiveness are becoming ever more demanding. An innate feature of ‘Future Proofing’ infrastructure is determining the ‘best option’ that provides value so as to ensure an asset can be built at minimum expense in consideration of a project’s life cycle. Yet, transportation infrastructure projects (e.g., roads, rail, bridges and tunnels) are prone to cost and schedule overruns during the construction, which invariably result in sub-optimal solutions being delivered to asset owners. This novel and innovative research aims to develop a systemic model that can be used to determine the causal nature of cost and schedule overruns and accommodate their probability of occurrence so as to enable ‘value’ to be added throughout a project’s life. Specific objectives of the research are to: 1. Ascertain and quantify the latent conditions and variables that influence the occurrence of cost and schedule overruns that negatively influence the ability of public and private asset owners to ‘future proof’ their assets. 2. Establish the ‘best-fit’ probability distribution and relationship between causal variables and their influence on cost and schedule performance. 3. Determine and systemically model the interaction and behaviour of variables that contribute to cost and schedule overruns under differing latent conditions. 4. Design, develop and evaluate the effectiveness of various strategies for mitigating the risk of cost and schedule overruns and create initiatives that asset owners can adopt to ensure value is embedded through their project’s life cycle.
Project
Cost overruns occur again and again on infrastructure projects. There is however a poor understanding of the high-level interaction and dynamic nature of the many causal factors of cost overruns. As a move from deterministic single-cause identification and traditional net-effect correlational analysis, this research will attempt to explore high-level interactions between causal recipes using a combination of data science, probabilistic theory and system dynamic modelling.