Henrique O. Santos

Henrique O. Santos
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | RPI · Tetherless World Constellation

D.Sc. in Applied Informatics

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19
Publications
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82
Citations

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Common-sense reasoning has recently emerged as an important test for artificial general intelligence, especially given the much-publicized successes of language representation models such as T5, BERT and GPT-3. Currently, typical benchmarks involve question answering tasks, but to test the full complexity of common-sense reasoning, more comprehensi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Programming machines with commonsense reasoning (CSR) abilities is a longstanding challenge in the Artificial Intelligence community. Current CSR benchmarks use multiple-choice (and in relatively fewer cases, generative) question-answering instances to evaluate machine commonsense. Recent progress in transformer-based language representation models...
Chapter
Policies are often crucial for decision-making in a wide range of domains. Typically they are written in natural language, which leaves room for different individual interpretations. In contrast, computable policies offer standardization for the structures that encode information, which can help decrease ambiguity and variability of interpretations...
Preprint
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Policies are authoritative assets that are present in multiple domains to support decision-making. They describe what actions are allowed or recommended when domain entities and their attributes satisfy certain criteria. It is common to find policies that contain geographical rules, including distance and containment relationships among named locat...
Article
Full-text available
Developing agents capable of commonsense reasoning is an important goal in Artificial Intelligence (AI) research. Because commonsense is broadly defined, a computational theory that can formally categorize the various kinds of commonsense knowledge is critical for enabling fundamental research in this area. In a recent book, Gordon and Hobbs descri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Commonsense question-answering (QA) tasks, in the form of benchmarks, are constantly being introduced for challenging and comparing commonsense QA systems. The benchmarks provide question sets that systems' developers can use to train and test new models before submitting their implementations to official leaderboards. Although these tasks are crea...
Preprint
Full-text available
Because radio spectrum is a finite resource, its usage and sharing is regulated by government agencies. These agencies define policies to manage spectrum allocation and assignment across multiple organizations, systems, and devices. With more portions of the radio spectrum being licensed for commercial use, the importance of providing an increased...
Chapter
Because radio spectrum is a finite resource, its usage and sharing is regulated by government agencies. These agencies define policies to manage spectrum allocation and assignment across multiple organizations, systems, and devices. With more portions of the radio spectrum being licensed for commercial use, the importance of providing an increased...
Article
Full-text available
It is common practice for data providers to include text descriptions for each column when publishing data sets in the form of data dictionaries. While these documents are useful in helping an end-user properly interpret the meaning of a column in a data set, existing data dictionaries typically are not machine-readable and do not follow a common s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To investigate the cause and progression of a phenomenon, such as chronic disease, it is essential to collect a wide variety of data that together explains the complex interplay of different factors, e.g., genetic, lifestyle, environmental and social. Sharing information between studies is therefore of paramount importance. However, data that needs...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ontologies are being widely used across many scientific fields, most notably in roles related to acquiring, preparing, integrating and managing data resources. Data acquisition and preparation activities are often difficult to reuse since they tend to be domain dependent, as well as dependent on how data is acquired: through measurement, subject-el...
Article
Full-text available
As part of Smart Cities initiatives, national, regional and local governments all over the globe are under the mandate of being more open regarding how they share their data. Under this mandate, many of these governments are publishing data under the umbrella of open government data, which includes measurement data from city-wide sensor networks. F...
Article
Full-text available
Significant efforts have been made to understand and document knowledge related to scientific measurements. Many of those efforts resulted in one or more high-quality ontologies that describe some aspects of scientific measurements, but not in a comprehensive and coherently integrated manner. For instance, we note that many of these high-quality on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the context of Smart Cities, indicator definitions have been used to calculate values that enable the comparison among different cities. The calculation of an indicator values has challenges as the calculation may need to combine some aspects of quality while addressing different levels of abstraction. Knowledge graphs (KGs) have been used succe...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we describe an automatic generator to support the data scientist to construct, in a user-friendly way, dashboards from data represented as networks. The generator called SBINet (Semantic for Business Intelligence from Networks) has a semantic layer that, through ontologies, describes the data that represents a network as well as the p...
Article
Full-text available
In the Law Enforcement context, more and more data about crime occurrences are becoming available to the general public. For an effective use of open data, it is desirable that the different sources of information follow a pattern, which allows reliable comparisons. In addition, it is expected that the task of creating a correspondence between the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although there are increasingly more initiatives for the generation of semantic knowledge based on user participation, there is still a shortage of platforms for regular users to create applications on which semantic data can be exploited and generated automatically. We propose an architecture, called Semantic Maps (SeMaps), for assisting the autho...
Article
Full-text available
The authors describe WikiCrimes, a project founded on a website of the same name that aims to offer a common interaction space for the general public where they can note criminal activity and track the locations where such crimes occur. The goal is to encourage collaborative participation that generates useful information for everyone. The authors...
Article
The use of widgets is a very popular manner to make a website customization. From widget's creation the content creator configures the website with functions that he/she consider adequate to the users. Typically, widgets relies on syndication (RSS) in which a website content is made available to other websites. Even though there is a huge popularit...

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