Henrique Matias

Henrique Matias
University of Lisbon | UL · Centro de Arqueologia

MSc

About

30
Publications
12,854
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Introduction
Henrique Matias currently works at the Centro de Arqueologia, University of Lisbon. Henrique does research in Archaeology, Mineralogy and Petrology.
Additional affiliations
July 2013 - January 2016
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Gruta do Caldeirão features a c. 6 m-thick archaeological stratification capped by Holocene layers ABC-D and Ea, which overlie layer Eb, a deposit of Magdalenian age that underwent significant disturbance, intrusion, and component mixing caused by funerary use of the cave during the Early Neolithic. Here, we provide an updated overview of the strat...
Article
Sourced from the Tyrrhenian Islands and exchanged over long distances, obsidian was used widely across prehistoric Western Europe. An obsidian core and bladelets from a newly discovered rockshelter site in south-eastern Spain, however, raised the possibility of an unrecognised mainland source of obsidian. EDXRF analysis of the Early Magdalenian fin...
Article
Marine food–reliant subsistence systems such as those in the African Middle Stone Age (MSA) were not thought to exist in Europe until the much later Mesolithic. Whether this apparent lag reflects taphonomic biases or behavioral distinctions between archaic and modern humans remains much debated. Figueira Brava cave, in the Arrábida range (Portugal)...
Article
Bifaces dominate the Acheulean stone tools recovered during the archaeological excavation of layer X of Gruta da Aroeira, dated to 389–436 ka. Faunal remains and a human cranium were found in association with this lithic assemblage. The raw materials used are mostly quartz and quartzite cobbles available in the vicinity of the site. Technological a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The pit-site of Horta do Cabral 6. Contributes to the definition of the Bronze Age in the region of Torrão (Alcácer do Sal, South Portugal). The Horta do Cabral 6 site is located near the town of Torrão. It covers a flat area with a calcrete bedrock, in which some filled‑up pit features were identified. The 17 excavated features yielded pottery she...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Moita do Ourives site is located on a Quaternary terrace of the left bank of the lower Tagus. Quartz and quartzite are abundant in these siliciclastic deposits, and were knapped expediently to produce flakes and cobble tools. Flint sources are unknown in the left bank of the Tagus. Therefore, here, flint can be used as a proxy for regional and...
Article
Full-text available
The late persistence in Southern Iberia of a Neandertal-associated Middle Paleolithic is supported by the archeological stratigraphy and the radiocarbon and luminescence dating of three newly excavated localities in the Mula basin of Murcia (Spain). At Cueva Antón, Mousterian layer I-k can be no more than 37,100 years-old. At La Boja, the basal Aur...
Article
Full-text available
The cave site of Gruta da Oliveira is located in the Almonda karst system, at the interface between the Central Limestone Massif of Portuguese Estremadura (CLM) and the adjacent Sedimentary Basin of the River Tagus (TSB). The cave presents a stratification dated to ~37-107 ka containing hearth features, Neanderthal skeletal remains, as well as faun...
Poster
Full-text available
The geographic and temporal diversity of Middle Paleolithic technological systems remains poorly understood, due to the limited number of sites with long stratigraphic sequences associated with a reliable chronometric framework. Gruta da Oliveira [1-3] is exceptional in this regard, particularly where the early parts of the Upper Pleistocene (MIS 5...
Article
Full-text available
We present the results of the study of lithic raw materials used in Upper Palaeolithic occupations preserved in caves, rockshelters and open-air sites from two different geological environments in Portugal. For the sites located in the Lusitanian Basin, flint or silcrete sources are easily available in close vicinity. The Côa Valley sites, located...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
No sentido de dar continuidade ao projecto inicial que conduziu ao estudo sistemático do espólio da necrópole do Neolítico médio do Algar do Bom Santo, está neste momento a decorrer um segundo projeto no quadriénio de 2015-2018 (“As populações neolíticas do Algar do Bom Santo (Alenquer, Lisboa) e o seu território”) que tem como um dos seus objetivo...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEn En este trabajo presentamos el estudio de las materias primas utilizadas para la talla lítica en el centro y norte de Portugal, a partir de los trabajos de identificación ar-queopetrológica llevados a cabo considerando los materiales obtenidos en las diversas prospecciones sobre el terreno y su comparación con diversas series arqueológicas....
Article
Full-text available
Solutrean culture has been interpreted as a response to the Last Glacial Maximum in western Europe. However, to establish a link depends on our knowledge of the impact of global climatic changes at a local level and on the differential preservation and signifi cance of the record. The identifi cation of lithic sources, technology, function, and pla...
Article
Full-text available
The site of Cardina (Ox Jumping) was the first archaeological site with Paleolithic occupation identi-fied in the Coa Valley. The identification showed that, unlike the generalized theory, the hinterland of the Iberian Peninsula was occupied during the Upper Paleolithic. The archaeological excavations car-ried out between 1996 and 2001 have come to...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract: Geological studies developed in Portugal since the late of nineteenth century have allowed defining the main sedimentary units of the West Portuguese Meso-Cenozoic Border and their related depositional palaeoenvironments. However, despite the use of some flint layers known from this succession as stratigraphic markers and the occurrence o...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Gruta da Oliveira is a Middle Paleolithic site discovered in 1989 in the framework of the speleo- -archeological exploration of the karstic system associated with the spring of the Almonda River. Removal of the thick brecciated rubble that sealed its collapsed entrance allowed excavation, between 1992 and 2012, of the underlying, ~9 m -thick ar...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the relationship between a flint procurement source (Casal dos Matos) and a Neolithic-Chalcolithic site (Cabeça Gorda 1) located in its immediate surroundings. The macroscopical comparison between the raw material used for flaked stone artifacts in Cabeça Gorda 1 and the raw material that occurs in Casal dos Matos suggests at le...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to establish different socio-cultural models based on lithic raw material sourcing integrated with regional rock art distributions to infer social behaviours within the context of central Iberian Upper Palaeolithic societies. Specifically, we focus on Upper Palaeolithic hunter–gatherer mobility and social interaction in the...
Article
Full-text available
O presente trabalho refere-se à conferência apresentada pelos signatários no encontro Reconstruindo os Puzzles do Passado: Colóquio sobre Remontagens de Pedra Lascada organizado por Francisco Almeida e realizado a 4 de Dezembro de 2010 na sede da Associação dos Arqueólogos Portugueses, Lisboa. Pretendia-se apresentar não só os resultados preliminar...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper describes the Neolithic sites of Pedreira do Aires and Monte das Pedras, both located in the Lisbon Peninsula, Portugal. The archaeological assemblages recovered from these sites - mostly lithic materials such as debitage debris, both ‘tested’ and shaped flint blocks, preparation flakes and core rejuvenation elements - and the geological...
Presentation
Full-text available
Lithic refittings and the reinterpretation of Gravettian site of Terra do Manuel (Rio Maior, Portugal).
Presentation
Full-text available
Under Pressure. Flaked stone refittings in the context of emergency interventions: the example of the Tardiglaciar sites of Leiria area Facing always an emergency archaeological intervention as a scientific intervention, the application of the method of flaked stone refittings (understood as a key element in the comprehension of palaeo-human commun...
Data
From an anthropological perspective, the passage from the Gravettian to the Solutrean is one of the most interesting transition periods in Old World Prehistory. Between 22 kyr BP and 21 kyr BP, during the beginning stages of the Last Glacial Maximum, Iberia and Southwest France witness a process of substitution of a Pan-European Technocomplex—the G...
Presentation
This paper describes the Neolithic sites of Pedreira do Aires and Monte das Pedras, both located in the Lisbon Peninsula, Portugal. The archaeological assemblages recovered from these sites - mostly lithic materials such as debitage debris, both ‘tested’ and shaped fl int blocks, preparation fl akes and core rejuvenation elements - and the geologic...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)
Project
The main idea for this project was based on the notion that in the last 20 years, Palaeolithic Archaeology in Portugal has produced some of the most revolutionary and important sites in the world (e.g., Côa Valley Palaeolithic rock art; Lagar Velho child-burial and the 400,000-year-old human skull from Aroeira cave). The present project is designed to fulfill a series of gaps in Palaeolithic Archaeology in Portugal and we propose: a) to develop a program of specialized training, in order to encourage better relations between Archaeology entrepreneurs and universities, by disseminating theoretical knowledge and developing technical field protocols; b) to analyse Palaeolithic sites previously excavated in the context of Preventive Archaeology; c) to compare and cross data on site location, type of geological and geomorphological contexts, using GIS and predictive models for archaeological potential mapping (showing high-susceptibility areas for the preservation of sedimentary packages containing Palaeolithic occupations). This land use planning instrument can help archaeologists working in Preventive Archaeology to ensure faster identification of sites, improving performance of archaeological interventions and reducing the economic impact for developers. This project?s results may also be useful for updating museum contents in subjects such as prehistoric occupation and specifically the Palaeolithic, thus encouraging cultural tourism, seeking a closer relationship with the communities and fulfilling the social responsibilities of archaeological science. https://www.uniarq.net/paleorescue.html
Archived project
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Project
The project started in 2006 under the direction of João Zilhão, with the co-direction of Diego E. Angelucci, Valentín Villaverde and Josefina Zapata, and has involved the excavation and study of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites in the Murcia region: Cueva Antón (Mula valley), Finca Doña Martina and Abrigo de la Boja (Rambla Perea) and Cueva de los Aviones (along the Mediterranean coast near Cartagena). The project has seen the participation of researchers from several countries, as well as funding from distinct institutions – among them the Dirección General del Medio Natural de la Región de Murcia, the Municipality of Mula, the University of Murcia (and the institutions to which the researchers belong), the Fundación Séneca (Murcia), the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of Spain, the Leakey Foundation, the Museo de Arte Ibérico El Cigarralejo (Mula).