Hendrik Drachsler

Hendrik Drachsler
DIPF - Leibniz Institute for Research and Information in Education · Educational Technologies

Dr.

About

250
Publications
235,191
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Introduction
I'm interested in research on: - personalisation of learning - educational datasets - linked data - learning networks - data mashups - data visualisations - learning analytics - mobile technologies - science2.0. I apply these technologies in different stakeholder projects esp. in the medical domain. An overview of my projects can be found here: http://www.drachsler.de/?page_id=94
Additional affiliations
April 2006 - April 2015
Open Universiteit Nederland
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (250)
Article
Full-text available
Gender equity in education is an essential UN sustainable development goal. However, it is unclear what aspects of gender are important to consider in regard to research outcomes as well as how findings can be interpreted in the context of gender stereotypes and bias. This lack of clarity is particularly salient in the STEM field. Computer-supporte...
Article
Full-text available
Lay Description What is already known about this topic? Learning design (LD) is the pedagogic process used in teaching/learning that leads to the creation and sequencing of learning activities and the environment in which it occurs. Learning analytics (LA) is the measurement, collection, analysis & reporting of data about learners and their contex...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years, Learning Analytics (LA) has become a very heterogeneous research field due to the diversity in the data generated by the Learning Management Systems (LMS) as well as the researchers in a variety of disciplines, who analyze this data from a range of perspectives. In this paper, we present the evaluation of a LA tool that helps cours...
Chapter
Full-text available
Collaboration is one of the four important 21st-century skills. With the pervasive use of sensors, interest on co-located collaboration (CC) has increased lately. Most related literature used the audio modality to detect indicators of collaboration (such as total speaking time and turn taking). CC takes place in physical spaces where group members...
Article
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) Patient Safety Curriculum Guide defines learning objectives for patient safety. Current implementation in healthcare education is insufficient. Possible explanations may be obsolescence and/or a shift in needs. We investigated whether overarching topics and specific learning objectives of the WHO Pat...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents results from our design and evaluation studies of the Learning Analytics Cockpit (LA Cockpit) for a quiz app, which aims to provide lecturers with important information about students’ knowledge levels. We define a LA Cockpit as a tool for instructors that enables them to steer students’ learning process by providing a LA Dashbo...
Article
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Background The COVID‐19 outbreak came with an unprecedented opportunity to investigate how the new reality of social distancing and limited international travel will affect the organization of academic conferences. Objectives Drawing on conceptualization of academic conferences as professional learning spaces, in this study, we examine the factors...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the CPR Tutor, a real-time multimodal feedback system for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. The CPR Tutor detects training mistakes using recurrent neural networks. The CPR Tutor automatically recognises and assesses the quality of the chest compressions according to five CPR performance indicators. It detects train...
Article
Full-text available
Research shows that various contextual factors can have an impact on learning. Some of these factors can originate from the physical learning environment (PLE) in this regard. When learning from home, learners have to organize their PLE by themselves. This paper is concerned with identifying, measuring, and collecting factors from the PLE that may...
Article
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Digital distractions can interfere with goal attainment and lead to undesirable habits that are hard to get red rid of. Various digital self‐control interventions promise support to alleviate the negative impact of digital distractions. These interventions use different approaches, such as the blocking of apps and websites, goal setting, or visuali...
Article
Full-text available
Collaboration is one of the important 21st-century skills. It can take place in remote or co-located settings. Co-located collaboration (CC) is a very complex process that involves subtle human interactions that can be described with indicators like eye gaze, speaking time, pitch, and social skills from different modalities. With the advent of sens...
Article
Full-text available
Chatbots are a promising technology with the potential to enhance workplaces and everyday life. In terms of scalability and accessibility, they also offer unique possibilities as communication and information tools for digital learning. In this paper, we present a systematic literature review investigating the areas of education where chatbots have...
Article
Full-text available
For service implementations to be widely adopted, it is necessary for the expectations of the key stakeholders to be considered. Failure to do so may lead to services reflecting ideological gaps, which will inadvertently create dissatisfaction among its users. Learning analytics research has begun to recognise the importance of understanding the st...
Article
Full-text available
Collaboration is an important 21st Century skill. Co-located (or face-to-face) collaboration (CC) analytics gained momentum with the advent of sensor technology. Most of these works have used the audio modality to detect the quality of CC. The CC quality can be detected from simple indicators of collaboration such as total speaking time or complex...
Article
Full-text available
Learning to solve graph tasks is one of the key prerequisites of acquiring domain-specific knowledge in most study domains. Analyses of graph understanding often use eye-tracking and focus on analyzing how much time students spend gazing at particular areas of a graph—Areas of Interest (AOIs). To gain a deeper insight into students’ task-solving pr...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to explore the expectations of academic staff to learning analytics services from an ideal as well as a realistic perspective. This mixed-method study focused on a cross-case analysis of staff from Higher Education Institutions from four European universities (Spain, Estonia, Netherlands, UK). While there are some diffe...
Chapter
Im Forschungsfeld Learning Analytics haben Studien konkrete Beispiele dazu geliefert, wie die direkte Interaktion mit sog. Learning-Management-Systemen zur Optimierung und zum besseren Verständnis von Lernprozessen dienen kann. Allerdings findet Lernen nicht nur in der unmittelbaren Interaktion mit einem solchen System statt. Mittels Sensoren könne...
Chapter
In this demo paper we present a tool that provides an overview of learning analytics indicators, metrics, and learning design activities in the field of learning analytics over the past decade. The system is based on our literature review from a total of 123 scientific publications, where we fetched 132 indicators and their metrics, 40 learning act...
Book
Full-text available
Die vorliegende Bestandsaufnahme ist das Ergebnis einer umfassenden Recherche zum Themenfeld Digitalisierung in Schulen im Jahr 2019. Die Recherche beinhaltete die Darstellung der aktuellen rechtlichen Lage in den Bundesländern vor dem Hintergrund des beschlossenen Digitalpaktes des Bundes, einschließlich der vorhandenen Ressourcen und erkannten He...
Article
Full-text available
Unequal stakeholder engagement is a common pitfall of adoption approaches of learning analytics in higher education leading to lower buy-in and flawed tools that fail to meet the needs of their target groups. With each design decision, we make assumptions on how learners will make sense of the visualisations, but we know very little about how stude...
Chapter
We developed the CPR Tutor, a real-time multimodal feedback system for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. The CPR Tutor detects mistakes using recurrent neural networks for real-time time-series classification. From a multimodal data stream consisting of kinematic and electromyographic data, the CPR Tutor system automatically detects the...
Chapter
Suppose you developed a blended learning concept, also known as “flipped classroom”, where your students can access content and continue learning at home, in addition to learning in a classroom. Now you just finished this course for the first time using the Moodle platform, and you would like to revise how it went and what aspects could still be im...
Chapter
Among trending topics that can be investigated in the field of educational technology at present—Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), Open Educational Resources (OERs), wearables, and so on—there is a high demand for using educational data to improve the whole learning and teaching cycle, from collecting and estimating students’ prior knowledge of...
Chapter
The amount of digital data about learning-related activities and achievements is steadily increasing. Yet, it is very difficult to combine all this data and to visualize learning patterns, even when data is readily available. The challenge is that data is gathered from various sources and might be stored in completely different formats. Therefore,...
Chapter
Informal learning activities, like searching for information on the Internet, can enhance students’ learning. However, not everything we find on the Internet is factual. If teachers could understand where the students look for information during their course, they could help them improve the quality of their informal learning through the Internet....
Chapter
Nowadays, teachers often use digital platforms to support their face-to-face activities in the classroom. This can spice up the teaching or facilitate learning activities from home. After using such platforms, it could be interesting and beneficial to visualize the students’ actions to better understand the patterns in the students’ learning and pe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Many stakeholders, including educators, researchers, university administrators, and others might be interested in implementing learning analytics solutions, but they have only limited experience with it, lack the technical expertise or funding, or simply don’t know where to begin. This cookbook brings learning analytics a step closer to educators,...
Chapter
Misuse of students’ data may cause significant harm. Educational institutions have always analyzed their students’ data to some extent, but earlier that data was stored locally and in analog form. The digital revolution has led to more data being generated, stored, and linked, and more conclusions drawn from it. These new possibilities demand a new...
Chapter
From a psychometric point of view, assessment means to infer what a learner knows and can do in the real world from limited evidence observed in a standardized testing situation. From a learning analytics perspective assessment means to observe real behavior in digital learning environments to conclude the learner status with the intent to positive...
Chapter
Der Forschungsbereich um Learning Analytics hat sich in den vergangenen fünf Jahren rasant entwickelt. Learning Analytics verwenden statische Daten von Lernenden und dynamische in Lernumgebungen gesammelte Daten über Aktivitäten (und den Kontext) des Lernenden, um diese in nahezu Echtzeit zu analysieren und zu visualisieren, mit dem Ziel der Modell...
Article
Full-text available
Learning analytics (LA) as a research field has grown rapidly over the last decade. However, adoption of LA is mostly found to be small in scale and isolated at the instructor level. This paper presents an exploratory study on institutional approaches to LA in European higher education and discusses prominent challenges that impede LA from reaching...
Article
Full-text available
To assist higher education institutions in meeting the challenge of limited student engagement in the implementation of Learning Analytics services, the Questionnaire for Student Expectations of Learning Analytics (SELAQ) was developed. This instrument contains 12 items, which are explained by a purported two‐factor structure of “Ethical and Privac...
Cover Page
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While self-report measures are ubiquitous in the educational research literature, the benefits of self-report are often maligned. Rather than discarding or ignoring data generated from self-report measures of cognitive processing and motivation, research is needed to determine when and if self-report measures can contribute to our collective unders...
Article
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For decades, self-report instruments – which rely heavily on students’ perceptions and beliefs – have been the dominant way of measuring motivation and strategy use. Eventbased measures based on online trace data arguably has the potential to remove analytical restrictions of self-report measures. The purpose of this study is therefore to triangula...
Technical Report
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Dieser Entwurf eines Verhaltenskodex richtet sich an Hochschulen, die mittels Learning Analytics die Qualität des Lernens und Lehrens verbessern wollen. Der Kodex kann als Vorlage zur Erstellung von organisationsspezifischen Verhaltenskodizes dienen. Er sollte an Hochschulen, die Learning Analytics einführen wollen, durch Konsultationen mit allen I...
Poster
Full-text available
The communication behavior of us humans has changed greatly in recent years. The ubiquitous presence of digital media, networked devices and technology has created new types of conversations, discussions and information sharing. However, the resulting possibilities for designing lessons and supporting learners have not yet been fully exploited. Esp...
Book
This book offers an introduction and hands-on examples that demonstrate how Learning Analytics (LA) can be used to enhance digital learning, teaching and training at various levels. While the majority of existing literature on the subject focuses on its application at large corporations, this book develops and showcases approaches that bring LA clo...
Article
One key factor for the successful outcome of a Learning Analytics (LA) infrastructure is the ability to decide which software architecture concept is necessary. Big Data can be used to face the challenges LA holds. Additional challenges on privacy rights are introduced to the Europeans by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Beyond that,...
Conference Paper
Learning design models provide guidelines and guidance for educators and course designers in the production and delivery of educational products. It is seen as beneficial to base learning designs on general learning theories, but these must be operationalised into concrete learning design solutions. We therefore present one such educational design...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Online educational Portals (OEPs) subsume a field of online repositories for a wide range of stakeholders. They are characterized by easily accessible structures that do not require visitor accounts. Most OEPs therefore provide content in one way to all visitors also known as "one size fits all" approach. With this study, we examine if Web Analytic...
Chapter
Full-text available
Collaboration is an important 21st century skill; it can take place in a remote or co-located setting. Co-located collaboration (CC) gives rise to subtle human interactions that can be described with multimodal indicators like gaze, speech and social skills. In this demo paper, we first give a brief overview of related work that has identified indi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dancing is a discipline that makes enhances the mood in people and is challenging to learn because it requires good coordination and feeling of the rhythm. In this paper we present and describe the Dancing Coach (DC), a tutoring system designed to help users to learn and practice dancing steps. The current implementation of the DC provides guidance...
Chapter
Learning design models provide guidelines and guidance for educators and course designers in the production and delivery of educational products. It is seen as beneficial to base learning designs on general learning theories, but these must be operationalised into concrete learning design solutions. We therefore present one such educational design...
Chapter
Full-text available
Interest in learning analytics (LA) has grown rapidly among higher education institutions (HEIs). However, the maturity levels of HEIs in terms of being ‘student data-informed’ are only at early stages. There often are barriers that prevent data from being used systematically and effectively. To assist higher education institutions to become more m...
Article
Full-text available
Dancing is an activity that positively enhances the mood of people that consists of feeling the music and expressing it in rhythmic movements with the body. Learning how to dance can be challenging because it requires proper coordination and understanding of rhythm and beat. In this paper, we present the first implementation of the Dancing Coach (D...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this demo paper, we introduce the Multimodal Pipeline, a prototypical approach for the collection, storing, annotation, processing and exploitation of multimodal data for supporting learning. At the current stage of development, the Multimodal Pipeline consists of two relevant prototypes: 1) Multimodal Learning Hub for the collection and storing...
Article
Full-text available
The development of multimodal sensor-based applications designed to support learners with the improvement of their skills is expensive since most of these applications are tailor-made and built from scratch. In this paper, we show how the Presentation Trainer (PT), a multimodal sensor-based application designed to support the development of public...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated to what extent multimodal data can be used to detect mistakes during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training. We complemented the Laerdal QCPR ResusciAnne manikin with the Multimodal Tutor for CPR, a multi-sensor system consisting of a Microsoft Kinect for tracking body position and a Myo armband for collecting electrom...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We introduce the Multimodal Learning Analytics Pipeline, a generic approach for collecting and exploiting multimodal data to support learning activities across physical and digital spaces. The MMLA Pipeline facilitates researchers in setting up their multimodal experiments, reducing setup and configuration time required for collecting meaningful da...
Conference Paper
This paper introduces the Visual Inspection Tool (VIT) which supports researchers in the annotation of multimodal data as well as the processing and exploitation for learning purposes. While most of the existing Multimodal Learning Analytics (MMLA) solutions are tailor-made for specific learning tasks and sensors, the VIT addresses the data annotat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Goal setting is an important step in Self-Regulated Learning. Setting goals is not a straight forward task. Some types of goals are more useful than others. The SMART goal setting guideline helps to generate more meaningful goals. In this paper, we present a research roadmap designed to assist learners with the generation of meaningful learning goa...
Article
Full-text available
This PhD research project has multiple focus points. Using the help of Multimodal Learning Analytics with the help of sensors to understand how co-located collaboration takes place, identifying the indicators of collaboration (such as pointing at peer, looking at peer, making constructive interruptions, etc.) and designing a collaboration framework...
Article
This article explores the dynamics of collaborative learning in the classroom from the perspective of the commonalities and interdependence in the degree of physiological activation from the sympathetic nervous system (i.e., sympathetic arousal) of group members. Using Empatica E4 wristbands, electrodermal activity—to derive arousal—was measured in...
Article
Full-text available
Multimodality in learning analytics and learning science is under the spotlight. The landscape of sensors and wearable trackers that can be used for learning support is evolving rapidly, as well as data collection and analysis methods. Multimodal data can now be collected and processed in real time at an unprecedented scale. With sensors, it is pos...
Article
Background: Insufficient handoffs lead to an increase in the risk of complications and malpractice, treatment delays, prolonged hospital stays, costs and patient complaints. The German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care (DGAI) and the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) recommend the implementation of a communication procedure accordin...
Preprint
Full-text available
[Note that this is not the final version of the paper and final version will be available in 13th EC-TEL conference at Leeds, UK after September 6th, 2018 for download and reading. This is only a PREPRINT.] Collaboration is an important st century skill; it can take place in a remote or co-located setting. Co-located collaboration (CC) is a very co...
Article
Low arousal states (especially boredom) have been shown to be more deleterious to learning than high arousal states, though the latter have received much more attention (e.g., test anxiety, confusion, and frustration). Aiming at profiling arousal in the classroom (how active students are) and examining how activation levels relate to achievement, w...