Héloïse Petit

Héloïse Petit
Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers | CNAM · LIRSA - CEET

Professor

About

69
Publications
13,981
Reads
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342
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - present
Université de Lille
Position
  • Professor
September 2007 - September 2012
CEE (centre d'étude de l'emploi)
Position
  • Researcher
September 2003 - September 2015
Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (69)
Book
Full-text available
Peut-on faire reculer le chômage ? Endiguer les emplois précaires ? Le Smic réduit-il le nombre d’emplois peu qualifiés ? À quoi servent les syndicats ? Comment lutter contre la discrimination ? Où en est-on de l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes ? L’économie du travail et de l’emploi traite de ces multiples enjeux. Loin de tout jargon et avec...
Article
In this comparative study, the authors analyse the relationships between industrial relations and workforce or wage adjustments in response to the 2007–08 crisis, using two highly comparable establishment‐level surveys conducted in Great Britain (WERS) and France (REPONSE) in 2010–12. Notwithstanding contextual differences in the countries’ product...
Article
Resumen En este estudio comparativo, los autores analizan los vínculos entre las relaciones laborales y los ajustes salariales o de plantilla tras la crisis de 2007–2008, a partir de dos encuestas comparables sobre empresas de Gran Bretaña (WERS) y de Francia (REPONSE) en 2010–2012. Pese a las diferencias contextuales (composición del tejido produc...
Article
RÉSUMÉ Cet article s’intéresse aux liens entre relations professionnelles et ajustements (des effectifs et des salaires) à la crise de 2007–2008, sur la base d’une analyse comparative d’établissements britanniques et français. Une étude statistique est conduite sur deux enquêtes collectées en 2011–2012 et fortement comparables, l’une britannique (W...
Article
RÉSUMÉ Cet article s'intéresse aux liens entre relations professionnelles et ajustements (des effectifs et des salaires) à la crise de 2007–2008, sur la base d'une analyse comparative d'établissements britanniques et français. Une étude statistique est conduite sur deux enquêtes collectées en 2011–2012 et fortement comparables, l'une britannique (W...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Applied research shows higher wages are associated with lower mobility at the establishment level. A usual interpretation is that high pay decreases labour turnover. The purpose of this paper is to test if such relationship holds for every type of worker in every type of firm. Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on a li...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of our findings and offers some conclusions. It first outlines the motivation for our study of workplace employment relations in Britain and France, and highlights the distinctiveness of our approach, based around comparable linked employer–employee surveys. It then goes on to sum up our key comparative findings ab...
Chapter
This chapter examines workplace-level responses to the biggest economic recession in living memory. The chapter begins by establishing the degree to which there was heterogeneity in both the size of the economic shock and the responses to it across workplaces in the two countries. It then examines workplaces’ reactions to the crisis in terms of wag...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the key elements of our comparative study. We set out two broad hypotheses: first, that an understanding of the economy and working conditions is incomplete without knowing what happens within and across workplaces; and second, that ‘local’ factors play a key role in shaping the practice of workplace employment relations, bu...
Chapter
This chapter examines the approaches that firms take towards recruitment, skill development and pay. These are some of the most central elements of the firm’s employment system, and go some considerable way towards determining the shape of employees’ careers. The chapter shows that there is substantial heterogeneity in both countries, with workplac...
Book
This comprehensive study provides a perceptive portrait of workplace employment relations in Britain and France using comparable data from two large-scale surveys: the British Workplace Employment Relations Survey (WERS) and the French Enquête Relations Professionnelles et Négociations d’Entreprise (REPONSE). These extensive linked employer-employe...
Article
Full-text available
The combined increase in firm or company-level and industry-level collective bargaining over recent decades in France has renewed the debate over the potential complementarity or the substitution effect between the two bargaining levels. In this article we study how the two bargaining levels are associated at the workplace level in France in the wa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper revisits empirical evidence on worker flows in France. We use much more recent and complete data than previous studies, and we innovate by estimating hires and separations separately for open-ended contract workers. Focusing on open-ended contracts for France yields a picture strikingly close to the US labor market. Our results downplay...
Article
Full-text available
The concomitant transformations of compensation policies and the wage collective bargaining system over the course of recent decades invite comparison between the two: how far are changes in pay practices and patterns of wage collective bargaining connected? How do actors bargain given complex and diverse compensation policies? These issues are exa...
Article
Full-text available
The combined increase in firm or company-level and industry-level collective bargaining over recent decades in France has renewed the debate over the potential complementarity or the substitution effect between the two bargaining levels. In this article we study how the two bargaining levels are associated at the workplace level in France in the wa...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the trajectory of independent firms absorbed by a business group. Business groups traditionally buy high performance independent firms but do they also contribute to their growth after? We use an original dataset built with two administrative files and a survey and we are able to follow firms 3 years before and 3 years aft...
Article
Full-text available
The joint increase in firm-level and branch-level collective bargaining over the past decades in France has brought back the debate over the potential complementarity or the substitution effect between the two bargaining levels. In this article we study how the two bargaining levels are associated at the establishment level in France in the wage de...
Article
Full-text available
This article highlights the importance of power relations in subcontracting relationships and analyzes their impact on firms' employment management practices. We show that the use of subcontracting creates a chain of inter-firm economic dependency because it leads the principal contractor to plan and control the activities of the subcontractors. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The joint increase in firm-level and branch-level collective bargaining over the past decades in France has brought back the debate over the potential complementarity or the substitution effect between the two bargaining levels. In this article we study how the two bargaining levels are associated at the establishment level in France in the wage de...
Article
Full-text available
We address the relation between establishment wage differentials and worker flows, i.e., the churning rate and the quit rate. Our analysis is based on a linked employeremployee dataset covering the French private sector from 2002 to 2005. Our estimations support the hypothesis that wage premium is an efficient human resource management tool to stab...
Article
Full-text available
Quelles sont les trajectoires professionnelles des salariés à la suite d’une démission, d’une fin de contrat ou d’un licenciement ? Nous mobilisons les données de l’enquête Formation et Qualification Professionnelle (FQP) de 2003, et notamment son calendrier rétrospectif sur cinq ans, afin de répondre à cette question. Une typologie de trajectoire...
Chapter
Full-text available
Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis (Doeringer et Piore, 1971) reste, trente ans après sa publication, une référence prégnante pour toute analyse en terme de marché interne ou plus généralement de segmentation du marché du travail. Ce livre a posé les jalons d'un renouvellement du mode d'analyse de la gestion de l'emploi en économie. Les t...
Article
Full-text available
Dans une large mesure, le patronat constitue un point aveugle de l'analyse des acteurs de la relation sociale. C'est dans l'optique de mieux l'appréhender que la recherche s'est construite, qui vise à éclairer la pluralité de l'espace patronal à travers sa relation aux autres acteurs des relations sociales (pouvoirs publics, syndicats de salariés,...
Article
Full-text available
Au cours des trois dernières décennies, les entreprises ont développé des politiques "mixtes" de rémunération, c'est -à-dire des politiques marquées par l'individualisation des salaires et associant part fixe et part variable selon divers combinaisons. Dans le même temps s'est diffusée la négociation au niveau de l'entreprise, rendue obligatoire pa...
Article
Full-text available
A partir de l'exploitation statistique de l'enquête " Relations Professionnelles et Négociations d'entreprise " 2004-2005 (REPONSE, Dares) et de la réalisation d'entretiens dans les secteurs de la construction automobile et des centres d'appels, ce rapport vise à cerner en quoi le renouvellement des formes de rémunération modifie les enjeux de la n...
Article
Full-text available
Quelles sont les trajectoires professionnelles des salariés à la suite d'une démission, d'une fin de contrat ou d'un licenciement ? S'accompagnent-elles d'un retour durable en emploi, d'une alternance répétée de périodes d'emploi, de chômage et d'inactivité ou d'une exclusion de fait du marché du travail ? Dans cet article, nous mobilisons les donn...
Article
Full-text available
Information disclosure requirements significantly increased in French listed companies in the early 2000s, converging toward the U.S./U.K. stock market standards. Following the burgeoning literature on relations between corporate governance and labor, we investigate the consequences of this process regarding worker information: does more informatio...
Article
Full-text available
Quelles sont les trajectoires professionnelles des salariés à la suite d'une démission, d'une fin de contrat ou d'un licenciement ? Nous mobilisons les données de l'enquête Formation et Qualification Professionnelle (FQP) de 2003, et notamment son calendrier rétrospectif sur cinq ans, afin de répondre à cette question. Une typologie de trajectoire...
Article
Full-text available
Pay bargaining in the light of pay policies in France Since the beginning of the 1980s, French pay policies and the pay bargaining system have undergone major changes. How do actors bargain given complex and diversified forms of pay? This issue is examined on the basis of the REPONSE 2004-2005 survey and two case studies carried out in the car indu...
Article
Full-text available
We address the relation between establishment wage differentials and worker flows, i.e. the churning rate and the quit rate. Our analysis is based on a linked employer-employee dataset covering the French private non-farm sector from 2002 to 2005. Our estimations support the hypothesis that wage premium is an efficient human resource management too...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article met l'accent sur le poids des rapports de force dans les relations interentreprises et analyse leur incidence sur la gestion de l'emploi. Nous montrons tout d'abord que le recours à la sous-traitance, parce qu'il conduit les donneurs d'ordres à planifier et contrôler l'activité des sous-traitants, crée une chaîne de dépendance économiqu...
Article
Full-text available
URL des Documents de travail : http://ces.univ-paris1.fr/cesdp/CESFramDP2009.htm Classification JEL : L24, J82, J31.
Article
We use data from REPONSE 2004 and WERS 2004 to analyse whether approaches to HRM differ according to whether an establishment is part of a company with a stock exchange listing. In both countries we find that listing is positively associated with teamworking and performance-related pay, while in France, but not in Britain, it is also linked to work...
Article
We use data from REPONSE 2004 and WERS 2004 to analyse whether approaches to HRM differ according to whether an establishment is part of a company with a stock exchange listing. In both countries we find that listing is positively associated with teamworking and performance-related pay, while in France, but not in Britain, it is also linked to work...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the influence of equity ownership structure (stock market listing and identity of shareholders) on human resource management practices. The empirical analysis uses the 2004-2005 Workplace Industrial Relations Survey (REPONSE survey), based on a sample of 2930 establishments with 20 employees or more, representative of the Fren...
Article
Full-text available
URL des Documents de travail : http://ces.univ-paris1.fr/cesdp/CESFramDP2007.htm
Article
Full-text available
numéro spécial de la revue Socio Économie du Travail (Économies et Sociétés, série AB 28)
Article
This article examines the influence of equity capital ownership on human resource management practices. The empirical analysis uses the 2004-2005 Workplace Industrial Relations Survey (REPONSE survey), based on a sample of 2930 establishments with 20 workers or more, representative of the French private sector. Econometric analysis confirms the imp...
Article
Full-text available
The article analyses how the changes in firm's practices and public policies since the 1980s shaped the dynamics of labour market segmentation in France. First, considering firm's human resources practices at the end of the 1990s, on the basis of statistical exploratory analysis, we were able to draw the contours of labour market structure as compo...
Article
Contrat de recherche pour l'exploitation secondaire de l'enquête REPONSE 2004, DARES
Article
Full-text available
Document de travail CEE, N° 75 Cet article propose de mettre en lumière les différents modes de gestion de l’emploi et du travail développés par les établissements français à la fin des années 1990. L’objectif est d’apporter un éclairage sur les contextes de gestion et d’organisation du travail dans lesquels évoluent les salariés. Cinq profils so...
Book
Les transformations du tissu productif ont profondément modifié les modes d'exercice du pouvoir dans l'entreprise. Les liens de filialisation, de sous-traitance, le prêt de main-d'œuvre ou encore le financement par actions constituent autant de canaux d'influence « extérieurs » à l'entreprise qui introduisent des rapports de dépendance multiples da...
Article
Full-text available
La protection sociale d'origine professionnelle, qu'elle soit impulsée de la branche via les conventions collectives ou de l'entreprise via les accords d'entreprise, est porteuse d'inégalités d'accès et de contenu. Une approche historique des pratiques patronales au XIXe siècle articulées à l'analyse de la constitution de l'Etat social nous permet...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article constitue une analyse critique de la façon dont les théories segmentationnistes ont pris en compte les transformations de la structure du marché du travail sur la période 1970-2000. Traditionnellement très présentes sur ces questions nous nous intéressons aux théories d’inspiration institutionnaliste. Deux branches sont distinguées, l’u...
Chapter
The present paper analyses current employment and work policies in French establishments on the basis of the REPONSE survey that was conducted in 1998. By employment and work policy we mean a parallel study of customary employment relationship characteristics as well as work organisation practices. Our study is rooted in several employment policy v...
Article
Full-text available
[spa] Los determinantes de la aplicación de un modo de gestión del empleo . . La diversidad de los modos de gestión del empleo, resumida por la dualidad entre mercado primario y mercado secundario, ha sido revelada para el mercado laboral francés a ejemplo de lo que antes se había realizado para Estados Unidos. Se ha llevado a cabo una tipología de...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé L'essor des théories segmentationnistes a-t-il buté sur les profondes transformations de la structure du marché du travail au cours des années 1980 ? Afin d'envisager cette question nous avons conduit une analyse critique de la prise en compte des transformations de la structure du marché du travail sur la période 1970-2000. Traditionnelleme...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper analyses current employment and work policies in French establishments on the basis of the REPONSE survey that was conducted in 1998. By employment and work policy we mean a parallel study of customary employment relationship characteristics as well as work organisation practices. Our study is rooted in several employment policy v...
Article
Full-text available
Ce rapport étudie la dynamique de l'usage de deux formes de mobilisation alternative aux CDI : le CDD comme relation d'emploi et la sous-traitance comme relation de travail. Il propose une quantification de l'évolution de l'usage des CDD et de la sous-traitance entre 1984 et 2000 et formule des hypothèses sur les déterminants du recours par les ent...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This project studies how firm economic characteristics (being listed, being a subcontractor, being affiliated to a business group) influences the employment conditions of its workers.
Project
This projects groups empirical and theoretical analysis of labour market segmentation: its causes, contours and consequences for workers.
Project
Multi-level comparison of the two countries in termes of work, employment and industrial relations.